Abstract

We report on the design and experimental demonstration of array-enhanced nanoantennas for polarization-controlled multispectral nanofocusing in the near-IR spectral range. We design plasmonic double bow-tie nanoantennas-coupled to multiple-periodic nanoparticle arrays to harvest radiation of designed wavelengths from a large spatial area and to focus it into a targeted nanoscale region. Near-field calculations were performed on a gold nanoantenna array using three-dimensional finite difference time domain simulations. Cross-shaped optical nanoantennas were fabricated on glass substrates using electron beam lithography. The optical characterization of the fabricated nanoantennas was performed using second harmonic excitation spectroscopy that demonstrates multiwavelength photonic coupling in good agreement with the antenna modeling. The nanoantenna structures introduced in this Letter provide the ability to focus optical energy into deep subwavelength areas and to address multiple spectral regions with polarization control. Such attributes are highly desirable in optical biosensing, enhanced Raman scattering, and for nonlinear plasmonic applications.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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