Abstract

We report, to the best of our knowledge, the first demonstration of 320 Gb/s all-optical clock recovery and all-optical time de-multiplexing after 51 km transmission by exploiting single-quantum dash mode-locked laser diode (QD-MLLD). Based on injection locking of the QD-MLLD, the 40 GHz synchronized optical clock pulses were recovered from the 320 Gb/s with a pulse width of 1.9 ps and timing jitter of 135 fs, which allowed directly time de-multiplexing of 320–40 Gb/s without additional complex optoelectronic circuitry. The 320–40 Gb/s all-optical de-multiplexing was achieved with averaging a power penalty of 4.5 dB at BER of 1E-6.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

2011 (4)

2010 (2)

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S48 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Guan, H. C. H. Mulvad, K. Kasai, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1735 (2010).

2009 (1)

G. H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. Van Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. L. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, Bell Labs Tech. J. 14, 63 (2009).

2008 (1)

H. C. H. Mulvad, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, and H. J. S. Dorren, Electron. Lett. 44, 146 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

J. Renaudier, G. H. Duan, P. Landais, and P. Gallion, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 147 (2007).

B. Lavigne, J. Renaudier, F. Lelarge, O. Legouezigou, H. Gariah, and G. H. Duan, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 170 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. Murakami, K. Kawashima, and K. Atsuki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1196 (2003).

2000 (1)

Y. J. Wen, D. Novak, and H. F. Liu, Electron. Lett. 36, 879 (2000).

1999 (1)

T. R. Clark, T. F. Carruthers, P. J. Matthews, and I. N. Duling, Electron. Lett. 35, 720 (1999).

1993 (1)

Akrout, A.

G. H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. Van Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. L. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, Bell Labs Tech. J. 14, 63 (2009).

Atsuki, K.

A. Murakami, K. Kawashima, and K. Atsuki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1196 (2003).

Besnard, P.

Blache, F.

G. H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. Van Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. L. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, Bell Labs Tech. J. 14, 63 (2009).

Bramerie, L.

Calabretta, N.

R. Maldonado-Basilio, J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, N. Calabretta, and P. Landais, J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 860 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Luo, J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, P. Landais, H. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Quantum dash mode-locked laser based open-loop optical clock recovery for 160 Gb/s transmission system,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest [online] (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh4D.6.

N. Calabretta, J. Luo, J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, P. Landais, and H. J. S. Dorren, “320 Gb/s all-optical clock recovery and time demultiplexing enabled by a single quantum dash mode-locked laser Fabry–Perot optical clock pulse generator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest [online] (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh4D.5.

Carruthers, T. F.

T. R. Clark, T. F. Carruthers, P. J. Matthews, and I. N. Duling, Electron. Lett. 35, 720 (1999).

Cartledge, J.

Chang, F.

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S48 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Clark, T. R.

T. R. Clark, T. F. Carruthers, P. J. Matthews, and I. N. Duling, Electron. Lett. 35, 720 (1999).

Costa e Silva, M.

de Waardt, H.

H. C. H. Mulvad, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, and H. J. S. Dorren, Electron. Lett. 44, 146 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dorren, H.

J. Luo, J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, P. Landais, H. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Quantum dash mode-locked laser based open-loop optical clock recovery for 160 Gb/s transmission system,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest [online] (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh4D.6.

Dorren, H. J. S.

H. C. H. Mulvad, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, and H. J. S. Dorren, Electron. Lett. 44, 146 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Calabretta, J. Luo, J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, P. Landais, and H. J. S. Dorren, “320 Gb/s all-optical clock recovery and time demultiplexing enabled by a single quantum dash mode-locked laser Fabry–Perot optical clock pulse generator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest [online] (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh4D.5.

Duan, G.

Duan, G. H.

G. H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. Van Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. L. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, Bell Labs Tech. J. 14, 63 (2009).

J. Renaudier, G. H. Duan, P. Landais, and P. Gallion, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 147 (2007).

B. Lavigne, J. Renaudier, F. Lelarge, O. Legouezigou, H. Gariah, and G. H. Duan, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 170 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Duling, I. N.

T. R. Clark, T. F. Carruthers, P. J. Matthews, and I. N. Duling, Electron. Lett. 35, 720 (1999).

Gallion, P.

J. Renaudier, G. H. Duan, P. Landais, and P. Gallion, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 147 (2007).

Gariah, H.

G. H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. Van Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. L. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, Bell Labs Tech. J. 14, 63 (2009).

B. Lavigne, J. Renaudier, F. Lelarge, O. Legouezigou, H. Gariah, and G. H. Duan, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 170 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gay, M.

Guan, P.

P. Guan, H. C. H. Mulvad, K. Kasai, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1735 (2010).

Hirooka, T.

P. Guan, H. C. H. Mulvad, K. Kasai, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1735 (2010).

Jinno, M.

Joindot, M.

Kasai, K.

P. Guan, H. C. H. Mulvad, K. Kasai, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1735 (2010).

Kawashima, K.

A. Murakami, K. Kawashima, and K. Atsuki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1196 (2003).

Lagrost, A.

Landais, P.

R. Maldonado-Basilio, J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, N. Calabretta, and P. Landais, J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 860 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. Maldonado-Basilio, S. Latkowski, S. Philippe, and P. Landais, Opt. Lett. 36, 1569 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, and P. Landais, Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 531 (2011).

J. Renaudier, G. H. Duan, P. Landais, and P. Gallion, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 147 (2007).

J. Luo, J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, P. Landais, H. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Quantum dash mode-locked laser based open-loop optical clock recovery for 160 Gb/s transmission system,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest [online] (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh4D.6.

N. Calabretta, J. Luo, J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, P. Landais, and H. J. S. Dorren, “320 Gb/s all-optical clock recovery and time demultiplexing enabled by a single quantum dash mode-locked laser Fabry–Perot optical clock pulse generator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest [online] (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh4D.5.

Latkowski, S.

R. Maldonado-Basilio, J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, N. Calabretta, and P. Landais, J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 860 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. Maldonado-Basilio, S. Latkowski, S. Philippe, and P. Landais, Opt. Lett. 36, 1569 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, and P. Landais, Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 531 (2011).

N. Calabretta, J. Luo, J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, P. Landais, and H. J. S. Dorren, “320 Gb/s all-optical clock recovery and time demultiplexing enabled by a single quantum dash mode-locked laser Fabry–Perot optical clock pulse generator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest [online] (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh4D.5.

J. Luo, J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, P. Landais, H. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Quantum dash mode-locked laser based open-loop optical clock recovery for 160 Gb/s transmission system,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest [online] (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh4D.6.

Lavigne, B.

LeGouezigou, O.

G. H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. Van Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. L. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, Bell Labs Tech. J. 14, 63 (2009).

B. Lavigne, J. Renaudier, F. Lelarge, O. Legouezigou, H. Gariah, and G. H. Duan, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 170 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lelarge, F.

G. H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. Van Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. L. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, Bell Labs Tech. J. 14, 63 (2009).

B. Lavigne, J. Renaudier, F. Lelarge, O. Legouezigou, H. Gariah, and G. H. Duan, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 170 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. F.

Y. J. Wen, D. Novak, and H. F. Liu, Electron. Lett. 36, 879 (2000).

Luo, J.

J. Luo, J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, P. Landais, H. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Quantum dash mode-locked laser based open-loop optical clock recovery for 160 Gb/s transmission system,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest [online] (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh4D.6.

N. Calabretta, J. Luo, J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, P. Landais, and H. J. S. Dorren, “320 Gb/s all-optical clock recovery and time demultiplexing enabled by a single quantum dash mode-locked laser Fabry–Perot optical clock pulse generator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest [online] (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh4D.5.

Maldonado-Basilio, R.

R. Maldonado-Basilio, J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, N. Calabretta, and P. Landais, J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 860 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. Maldonado-Basilio, S. Latkowski, S. Philippe, and P. Landais, Opt. Lett. 36, 1569 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, and P. Landais, Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 531 (2011).

N. Calabretta, J. Luo, J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, P. Landais, and H. J. S. Dorren, “320 Gb/s all-optical clock recovery and time demultiplexing enabled by a single quantum dash mode-locked laser Fabry–Perot optical clock pulse generator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest [online] (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh4D.5.

J. Luo, J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, P. Landais, H. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Quantum dash mode-locked laser based open-loop optical clock recovery for 160 Gb/s transmission system,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest [online] (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh4D.6.

Mallecot, F.

G. H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. Van Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. L. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, Bell Labs Tech. J. 14, 63 (2009).

Martinez, A.

G. H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. Van Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. L. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, Bell Labs Tech. J. 14, 63 (2009).

Matthews, P. J.

T. R. Clark, T. F. Carruthers, P. J. Matthews, and I. N. Duling, Electron. Lett. 35, 720 (1999).

Merghem, K. L.

G. H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. Van Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. L. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, Bell Labs Tech. J. 14, 63 (2009).

Mizuochi, T.

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S48 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mulvad, H. C. H.

P. Guan, H. C. H. Mulvad, K. Kasai, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1735 (2010).

H. C. H. Mulvad, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, and H. J. S. Dorren, Electron. Lett. 44, 146 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Murakami, A.

A. Murakami, K. Kawashima, and K. Atsuki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1196 (2003).

Nakazawa, M.

P. Guan, H. C. H. Mulvad, K. Kasai, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1735 (2010).

Novak, D.

Y. J. Wen, D. Novak, and H. F. Liu, Electron. Lett. 36, 879 (2000).

Onohara, K.

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S48 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Parra-Cetina, J.

R. Maldonado-Basilio, J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, N. Calabretta, and P. Landais, J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 860 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, and P. Landais, Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 531 (2011).

N. Calabretta, J. Luo, J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, P. Landais, and H. J. S. Dorren, “320 Gb/s all-optical clock recovery and time demultiplexing enabled by a single quantum dash mode-locked laser Fabry–Perot optical clock pulse generator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest [online] (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh4D.5.

J. Luo, J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, P. Landais, H. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Quantum dash mode-locked laser based open-loop optical clock recovery for 160 Gb/s transmission system,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest [online] (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh4D.6.

Philippe, S.

Pommereau, F.

G. H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. Van Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. L. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, Bell Labs Tech. J. 14, 63 (2009).

Provost, J.

G. H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. Van Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. L. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, Bell Labs Tech. J. 14, 63 (2009).

Ramdane, A.

G. H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. Van Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. L. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, Bell Labs Tech. J. 14, 63 (2009).

Renaudier, J.

J. Renaudier, G. H. Duan, P. Landais, and P. Gallion, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 147 (2007).

B. Lavigne, J. Renaudier, F. Lelarge, O. Legouezigou, H. Gariah, and G. H. Duan, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 170 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shen, A.

M. Costa e Silva, A. Lagrost, L. Bramerie, M. Gay, P. Besnard, M. Joindot, J. Simon, A. Shen, and G. Duan, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 609 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. Van Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. L. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, Bell Labs Tech. J. 14, 63 (2009).

Simon, J.

Tangdiongga, E.

H. C. H. Mulvad, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, and H. J. S. Dorren, Electron. Lett. 44, 146 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Van Dijk, F.

G. H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. Van Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. L. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, Bell Labs Tech. J. 14, 63 (2009).

Wen, Y. J.

Y. J. Wen, D. Novak, and H. F. Liu, Electron. Lett. 36, 879 (2000).

Yanez, M.

Bell Labs Tech. J. (1)

G. H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. Van Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. L. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, Bell Labs Tech. J. 14, 63 (2009).

Electron. Lett. (3)

H. C. H. Mulvad, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, and H. J. S. Dorren, Electron. Lett. 44, 146 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Clark, T. F. Carruthers, P. J. Matthews, and I. N. Duling, Electron. Lett. 35, 720 (1999).

Y. J. Wen, D. Novak, and H. F. Liu, Electron. Lett. 36, 879 (2000).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S48 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

A. Murakami, K. Kawashima, and K. Atsuki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1196 (2003).

J. Renaudier, G. H. Duan, P. Landais, and P. Gallion, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 147 (2007).

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, and P. Landais, Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 531 (2011).

P. Guan, H. C. H. Mulvad, K. Kasai, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1735 (2010).

Other (2)

N. Calabretta, J. Luo, J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, P. Landais, and H. J. S. Dorren, “320 Gb/s all-optical clock recovery and time demultiplexing enabled by a single quantum dash mode-locked laser Fabry–Perot optical clock pulse generator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest [online] (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh4D.5.

J. Luo, J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, P. Landais, H. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Quantum dash mode-locked laser based open-loop optical clock recovery for 160 Gb/s transmission system,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest [online] (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh4D.6.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of 320 Gb/s AOCR and AOTD after transmission using a QD-MLLD and a NOLM, MLFL, mode-locked fiber laser; PG, pattern generator; MZM, Mach–Zender modulator; MUX, time multiplexer; OBPF, optical bandpass filter; DCF, dispersion compensation fiber; ODL, optical delay line; PC, polarization controller; QD-MLLD, quantum dash mode-locked laser diode; NOLM, nonlinear optical loop mirror; HNLF, highly nonlinear fiber; RX, optical receiver; BERT, bit error rate tester.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Optical spectrum of the 320 Gb/s signal (a) before and (b) after 51 km transmission link, and the corresponding eye diagrams (2ps/div): (c) before and (d) after transmission.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Free-running optical spectrum of the QD-MLLD operated at 149 mA and 21°C.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Optical spectrum at the output of the injection-locked QD-MLLD and the recovered 40 GHz optical clock.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Electrical spectrum. (b) Waveform of the recovered 40 GHz optical clock pulse.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Single sideband phase-noise-spectrum density (SSB-PSD) and timing jitter of the recovered 40 GHz sub-harmonic clock without and with transmission, w/o, without; w/, with.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Power dynamic range of the OCR after transmission: the SSB-PSD and timing jitter of recovered clock with the different injection power, w/o, without; w/, with.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

BER curves of the 320 Gb/s AOCR and AOTD operation without and with transmission.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Power sensitivity at BER of 1E-6 of 320 Gb/s AOCR and AOTD without and with transmission.

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