Abstract

The authors report on the downlink performance of a 10Gb/s long-reach and ultra-dense wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network, based on a multicarrier transmitter realized by using an externally injected gain-switched distributed-feedback laser diode. Each of the comb channels, spaced by 10 GHz, is modulated with a 3 Gbaud dual polarization quadrature phase shift keying signal that included a 20% overhead for forward error correction. Frequency selectivity and enhanced receiver sensitivity is achieved by employing a digital coherent receiver to receive the signal. Experimental results achieved in a back-to-back and 100 km transmission scenarios show an excellent worst case receiver sensitivity of 44dBm.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. F. Ponzini, F. Cavaliere, G. Berrettini, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, N. Calabretta, and A. Bogoni, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 25 (2009).
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    [CrossRef]
  4. D. P. Shea and J. E. Mitchell, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 685 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Lavery, M. Ionescu, S. Makovejs, E. Torrengo, and S. J. Savory, Opt. Express 18, 25855 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Lavery, E. Torrengo, and S. J. Savory, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OTuB4.
  7. P. M. Anandarajah, R. Maher, Y. Q. Xu, S. Latkowski, J. O’Carroll, S. G. Murdoch, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and L. P. Barry, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 112 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Shahpari, J. D. Reis, R. Ferreira, D. M. Neves, M. Lima, and A. L. Teixeira, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5B.3.
  9. S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, E. Gottwald, D. W. Smith, and A. Poustie, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPD4.
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    [CrossRef]
  11. A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 504 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S48 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. J. Savory, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1164 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. J. Savory, Opt. Express 16, 804 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

P. M. Anandarajah, R. Maher, Y. Q. Xu, S. Latkowski, J. O’Carroll, S. G. Murdoch, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and L. P. Barry, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 112 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Zhou, S. Latkowski, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, L. P. Barry, and P. Anandarajah, Opt. Express, 19, B415 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S48 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Savory, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1164 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Lavery, M. Ionescu, S. Makovejs, E. Torrengo, and S. J. Savory, Opt. Express 18, 25855 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

F. Ponzini, F. Cavaliere, G. Berrettini, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, N. Calabretta, and A. Bogoni, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 25 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Davey, D. B. Grossman, M. Rasztovits-Wiech, D. B. Payne, D. Nesset, A. E. Kelly, A. Rafel, S. Appathurai, and S.-H. Yang, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 273 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2005 (1)

A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Anandarajah, P.

Anandarajah, P. M.

P. M. Anandarajah, R. Maher, Y. Q. Xu, S. Latkowski, J. O’Carroll, S. G. Murdoch, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and L. P. Barry, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 112 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appathurai, S.

Barry, L. P.

P. M. Anandarajah, R. Maher, Y. Q. Xu, S. Latkowski, J. O’Carroll, S. G. Murdoch, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and L. P. Barry, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 112 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Zhou, S. Latkowski, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, L. P. Barry, and P. Anandarajah, Opt. Express, 19, B415 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Berrettini, G.

F. Ponzini, F. Cavaliere, G. Berrettini, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, N. Calabretta, and A. Bogoni, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 25 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bogoni, A.

F. Ponzini, F. Cavaliere, G. Berrettini, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, N. Calabretta, and A. Bogoni, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 25 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Calabretta, N.

F. Ponzini, F. Cavaliere, G. Berrettini, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, N. Calabretta, and A. Bogoni, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 25 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cavaliere, F.

F. Ponzini, F. Cavaliere, G. Berrettini, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, N. Calabretta, and A. Bogoni, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 25 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chang, F.

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S48 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ciaramella, E.

F. Ponzini, F. Cavaliere, G. Berrettini, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, N. Calabretta, and A. Bogoni, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 25 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Davey, R. P.

Ellis, A. D.

A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ferreira, R.

A. Shahpari, J. D. Reis, R. Ferreira, D. M. Neves, M. Lima, and A. L. Teixeira, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5B.3.

Gottwald, E.

S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, E. Gottwald, D. W. Smith, and A. Poustie, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPD4.

Grossman, D. B.

Gunning, F. C. G.

A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ionescu, M.

Kelly, A. E.

Latkowski, S.

P. M. Anandarajah, R. Maher, Y. Q. Xu, S. Latkowski, J. O’Carroll, S. G. Murdoch, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and L. P. Barry, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 112 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Zhou, S. Latkowski, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, L. P. Barry, and P. Anandarajah, Opt. Express, 19, B415 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lavery, D.

D. Lavery, M. Ionescu, S. Makovejs, E. Torrengo, and S. J. Savory, Opt. Express 18, 25855 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Lavery, E. Torrengo, and S. J. Savory, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OTuB4.

Lima, M.

A. Shahpari, J. D. Reis, R. Ferreira, D. M. Neves, M. Lima, and A. L. Teixeira, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5B.3.

Maher, R.

P. M. Anandarajah, R. Maher, Y. Q. Xu, S. Latkowski, J. O’Carroll, S. G. Murdoch, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and L. P. Barry, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 112 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Makovejs, S.

Mitchell, J. E.

Mizuochi, T.

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S48 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Murdoch, S. G.

P. M. Anandarajah, R. Maher, Y. Q. Xu, S. Latkowski, J. O’Carroll, S. G. Murdoch, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and L. P. Barry, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 112 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nesset, D.

Neves, D. M.

A. Shahpari, J. D. Reis, R. Ferreira, D. M. Neves, M. Lima, and A. L. Teixeira, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5B.3.

O’Carroll, J.

R. Zhou, S. Latkowski, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, L. P. Barry, and P. Anandarajah, Opt. Express, 19, B415 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Anandarajah, R. Maher, Y. Q. Xu, S. Latkowski, J. O’Carroll, S. G. Murdoch, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and L. P. Barry, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 112 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O’Gorman, J.

P. M. Anandarajah, R. Maher, Y. Q. Xu, S. Latkowski, J. O’Carroll, S. G. Murdoch, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and L. P. Barry, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 112 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Onohara, K.

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S48 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. B.

Phelan, R.

P. M. Anandarajah, R. Maher, Y. Q. Xu, S. Latkowski, J. O’Carroll, S. G. Murdoch, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and L. P. Barry, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 112 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Zhou, S. Latkowski, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, L. P. Barry, and P. Anandarajah, Opt. Express, 19, B415 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ponzini, F.

F. Ponzini, F. Cavaliere, G. Berrettini, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, N. Calabretta, and A. Bogoni, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 25 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Poustie, A.

S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, E. Gottwald, D. W. Smith, and A. Poustie, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPD4.

Presi, M.

F. Ponzini, F. Cavaliere, G. Berrettini, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, N. Calabretta, and A. Bogoni, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 25 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rafel, A.

Rasztovits-Wiech, M.

Reis, J. D.

A. Shahpari, J. D. Reis, R. Ferreira, D. M. Neves, M. Lima, and A. L. Teixeira, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5B.3.

Rohde, H.

S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, E. Gottwald, D. W. Smith, and A. Poustie, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPD4.

Savory, S. J.

S. J. Savory, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1164 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Lavery, M. Ionescu, S. Makovejs, E. Torrengo, and S. J. Savory, Opt. Express 18, 25855 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Savory, Opt. Express 16, 804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Lavery, E. Torrengo, and S. J. Savory, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OTuB4.

Shahpari, A.

A. Shahpari, J. D. Reis, R. Ferreira, D. M. Neves, M. Lima, and A. L. Teixeira, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5B.3.

Shea, D. P.

Smith, D. W.

S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, E. Gottwald, D. W. Smith, and A. Poustie, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPD4.

Smolorz, S.

S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, E. Gottwald, D. W. Smith, and A. Poustie, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPD4.

Teixeira, A. L.

A. Shahpari, J. D. Reis, R. Ferreira, D. M. Neves, M. Lima, and A. L. Teixeira, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5B.3.

Torrengo, E.

D. Lavery, M. Ionescu, S. Makovejs, E. Torrengo, and S. J. Savory, Opt. Express 18, 25855 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Lavery, E. Torrengo, and S. J. Savory, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OTuB4.

Wong, E.

Xu, Y. Q.

P. M. Anandarajah, R. Maher, Y. Q. Xu, S. Latkowski, J. O’Carroll, S. G. Murdoch, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and L. P. Barry, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 112 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S.-H.

Zhou, R.

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S48 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

S. J. Savory, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1164 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

P. M. Anandarajah, R. Maher, Y. Q. Xu, S. Latkowski, J. O’Carroll, S. G. Murdoch, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and L. P. Barry, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 112 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

F. Ponzini, F. Cavaliere, G. Berrettini, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, N. Calabretta, and A. Bogoni, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 25 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Other (3)

D. Lavery, E. Torrengo, and S. J. Savory, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OTuB4.

A. Shahpari, J. D. Reis, R. Ferreira, D. M. Neves, M. Lima, and A. L. Teixeira, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5B.3.

S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, E. Gottwald, D. W. Smith, and A. Poustie, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPD4.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Long-reach ultra-dense wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network (LR UDWDM PON) based on a multicarrier transmitter and coherent detection.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental configuration of the LR UDWDM PON (TOF—tunable optical filter, EDFA—erbium-doped fiber amplifier, PC—polarization controller, AWG—arbitrary waveform generator, Pol. Mux—polarization multiplexed emulation stage, B2B=back-to-back, SSMF—standard single mode fiber, OSA—optical spectrum analyzer, VOA—variable optical attenuator, LO—local oscillator).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Optical spectra: (a) Gain switched comb with CH -5 and ch 9 denoted by a filled circles, (b) filtered output of the comb source with the seven chosen comb tones, (c) even comb tones, and (d) odd comb tones. The OSA resolution was set to 0.02 nm for (a) and 0.05 nm for (b)–(d).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

BER versus the received optical power: (a) back-to-back performance of the 7-channel 3 Gbaud DP-QPSK and (b) 100 km performance of the 7-channel 3 Gbaud DP-QPSK. The single channel (ECL) in back-to-back case is for benchmarking the performance of the comb source.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

BER as a function of the received optical power: back-to-back performance of the 2 extreme channels modulated with 3 Gbaud DP-QPSK. The single channel (ECL) is shown for benchmarking the performance of these comb tones.

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