Abstract

In this Letter, we show that digital optical phase conjugation might be utilized to construct a new kind of wavelength-selective switches. When incorporated with a multimode interferometer, these switches have wide bandwidth, high tolerance for fabrication error, and low polarization dependency. They might help to build large-scale multiwavelength nonblocking switching systems, or even to fabricate an optical cross-connecting or routing system on a chip.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. Q. Tao, F. Luo, D. Cai, Q. Liang, Z. Wan, X. Song, and X. Liu, Opt. Appl. XLI, 669 (2011).
  2. R. Schiek, R. Iwanow, G. Stegeman, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. H. Min, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011109 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. G. N. Nielson, D. Seneviratne, F. Lopez-Royo, P. T. Rakich, Y. Avrahami, M. R. Watts, H. A. Haus, H. L. Tuller, and G. Barbastathis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1190 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  11. L. Zhiyang, Opt. Commun. 293, 10 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2013

T. R. Hillman, T. Yamauchi, W. Choi, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, Y. K. Park, and Z. Yaqoob, Science Rep. 3, 1909 (2013).

L. Zhiyang, Opt. Commun. 293, 10 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

S. Ke, F. Reto, and C. Meng, Nat. Photonics 6, 657 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

Q. Tao, F. Luo, D. Cai, Q. Liang, Z. Wan, X. Song, and X. Liu, Opt. Appl. XLI, 669 (2011).

2010

2005

G. N. Nielson, D. Seneviratne, F. Lopez-Royo, P. T. Rakich, Y. Avrahami, M. R. Watts, H. A. Haus, H. L. Tuller, and G. Barbastathis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1190 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Schiek, R. Iwanow, G. Stegeman, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. H. Min, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jin, C. J. Kaalund, and G. Peng, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1548 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

J. Tsai, S. Huang, D. Hah, H. Toshiyoshi, and M. C. Wu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1041 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002

G. S. He, Prog. Quantum Electron. 26, 131 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

T. Goh, Proc. SPIE 4582, 49 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Bienstman and R. Baets, Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 327 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1995

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

Avrahami, Y.

G. N. Nielson, D. Seneviratne, F. Lopez-Royo, P. T. Rakich, Y. Avrahami, M. R. Watts, H. A. Haus, H. L. Tuller, and G. Barbastathis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1190 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bachmann, M.

Baets, R.

P. Bienstman and R. Baets, Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 327 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Barbastathis, G.

G. N. Nielson, D. Seneviratne, F. Lopez-Royo, P. T. Rakich, Y. Avrahami, M. R. Watts, H. A. Haus, H. L. Tuller, and G. Barbastathis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1190 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Besse, P. A.

Bienstman, P.

P. Bienstman and R. Baets, Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 327 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cai, D.

Q. Tao, F. Luo, D. Cai, Q. Liang, Z. Wan, X. Song, and X. Liu, Opt. Appl. XLI, 669 (2011).

Choi, W.

T. R. Hillman, T. Yamauchi, W. Choi, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, Y. K. Park, and Z. Yaqoob, Science Rep. 3, 1909 (2013).

Dasari, R. R.

T. R. Hillman, T. Yamauchi, W. Choi, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, Y. K. Park, and Z. Yaqoob, Science Rep. 3, 1909 (2013).

Feld, M. S.

T. R. Hillman, T. Yamauchi, W. Choi, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, Y. K. Park, and Z. Yaqoob, Science Rep. 3, 1909 (2013).

Goh, T.

T. Goh, Proc. SPIE 4582, 49 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Goto, N.

Hah, D.

J. Tsai, S. Huang, D. Hah, H. Toshiyoshi, and M. C. Wu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1041 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

G. N. Nielson, D. Seneviratne, F. Lopez-Royo, P. T. Rakich, Y. Avrahami, M. R. Watts, H. A. Haus, H. L. Tuller, and G. Barbastathis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1190 (2005).
[CrossRef]

He, G. S.

G. S. He, Prog. Quantum Electron. 26, 131 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hillman, T. R.

T. R. Hillman, T. Yamauchi, W. Choi, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, Y. K. Park, and Z. Yaqoob, Science Rep. 3, 1909 (2013).

Huang, S.

J. Tsai, S. Huang, D. Hah, H. Toshiyoshi, and M. C. Wu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1041 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Iwanow, R.

R. Schiek, R. Iwanow, G. Stegeman, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. H. Min, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jin, Z.

Z. Jin, C. J. Kaalund, and G. Peng, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1548 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kaalund, C. J.

Z. Jin, C. J. Kaalund, and G. Peng, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1548 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ke, S.

S. Ke, F. Reto, and C. Meng, Nat. Photonics 6, 657 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kimiya, K.

Kishikawa, H.

Lederer, F.

R. Schiek, R. Iwanow, G. Stegeman, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. H. Min, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liang, Q.

Q. Tao, F. Luo, D. Cai, Q. Liang, Z. Wan, X. Song, and X. Liu, Opt. Appl. XLI, 669 (2011).

Liu, X.

Q. Tao, F. Luo, D. Cai, Q. Liang, Z. Wan, X. Song, and X. Liu, Opt. Appl. XLI, 669 (2011).

Lopez-Royo, F.

G. N. Nielson, D. Seneviratne, F. Lopez-Royo, P. T. Rakich, Y. Avrahami, M. R. Watts, H. A. Haus, H. L. Tuller, and G. Barbastathis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1190 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Luo, F.

Q. Tao, F. Luo, D. Cai, Q. Liang, Z. Wan, X. Song, and X. Liu, Opt. Appl. XLI, 669 (2011).

Melchior, H.

Meng, C.

S. Ke, F. Reto, and C. Meng, Nat. Photonics 6, 657 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Min, Y. H.

R. Schiek, R. Iwanow, G. Stegeman, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. H. Min, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nielson, G. N.

G. N. Nielson, D. Seneviratne, F. Lopez-Royo, P. T. Rakich, Y. Avrahami, M. R. Watts, H. A. Haus, H. L. Tuller, and G. Barbastathis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1190 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y. K.

T. R. Hillman, T. Yamauchi, W. Choi, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, Y. K. Park, and Z. Yaqoob, Science Rep. 3, 1909 (2013).

Peng, G.

Z. Jin, C. J. Kaalund, and G. Peng, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1548 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pennings, E. C. M.

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pertsch, T.

R. Schiek, R. Iwanow, G. Stegeman, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. H. Min, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rakich, P. T.

G. N. Nielson, D. Seneviratne, F. Lopez-Royo, P. T. Rakich, Y. Avrahami, M. R. Watts, H. A. Haus, H. L. Tuller, and G. Barbastathis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1190 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Reto, F.

S. Ke, F. Reto, and C. Meng, Nat. Photonics 6, 657 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Schiek, R.

R. Schiek, R. Iwanow, G. Stegeman, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. H. Min, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Seneviratne, D.

G. N. Nielson, D. Seneviratne, F. Lopez-Royo, P. T. Rakich, Y. Avrahami, M. R. Watts, H. A. Haus, H. L. Tuller, and G. Barbastathis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1190 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sohler, W.

R. Schiek, R. Iwanow, G. Stegeman, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. H. Min, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Soldano, L. B.

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Song, X.

Q. Tao, F. Luo, D. Cai, Q. Liang, Z. Wan, X. Song, and X. Liu, Opt. Appl. XLI, 669 (2011).

Stegeman, G.

R. Schiek, R. Iwanow, G. Stegeman, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. H. Min, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tao, Q.

Q. Tao, F. Luo, D. Cai, Q. Liang, Z. Wan, X. Song, and X. Liu, Opt. Appl. XLI, 669 (2011).

Toshiyoshi, H.

J. Tsai, S. Huang, D. Hah, H. Toshiyoshi, and M. C. Wu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1041 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, J.

J. Tsai, S. Huang, D. Hah, H. Toshiyoshi, and M. C. Wu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1041 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tuller, H. L.

G. N. Nielson, D. Seneviratne, F. Lopez-Royo, P. T. Rakich, Y. Avrahami, M. R. Watts, H. A. Haus, H. L. Tuller, and G. Barbastathis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1190 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wan, Z.

Q. Tao, F. Luo, D. Cai, Q. Liang, Z. Wan, X. Song, and X. Liu, Opt. Appl. XLI, 669 (2011).

Watts, M. R.

G. N. Nielson, D. Seneviratne, F. Lopez-Royo, P. T. Rakich, Y. Avrahami, M. R. Watts, H. A. Haus, H. L. Tuller, and G. Barbastathis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1190 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wu, M. C.

J. Tsai, S. Huang, D. Hah, H. Toshiyoshi, and M. C. Wu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1041 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yamauchi, T.

T. R. Hillman, T. Yamauchi, W. Choi, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, Y. K. Park, and Z. Yaqoob, Science Rep. 3, 1909 (2013).

Yanagiya, S.-I.

Yaqoob, Z.

T. R. Hillman, T. Yamauchi, W. Choi, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, Y. K. Park, and Z. Yaqoob, Science Rep. 3, 1909 (2013).

Zhiyang, L.

L. Zhiyang, Opt. Commun. 293, 10 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhiyang, Opt. Commun. 283, 3646 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R. Schiek, R. Iwanow, G. Stegeman, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. H. Min, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Z. Jin, C. J. Kaalund, and G. Peng, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1548 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

G. N. Nielson, D. Seneviratne, F. Lopez-Royo, P. T. Rakich, Y. Avrahami, M. R. Watts, H. A. Haus, H. L. Tuller, and G. Barbastathis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1190 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Tsai, S. Huang, D. Hah, H. Toshiyoshi, and M. C. Wu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1041 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

H. Kishikawa, K. Kimiya, N. Goto, and S.-I. Yanagiya, J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 172 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

S. Ke, F. Reto, and C. Meng, Nat. Photonics 6, 657 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Appl.

Q. Tao, F. Luo, D. Cai, Q. Liang, Z. Wan, X. Song, and X. Liu, Opt. Appl. XLI, 669 (2011).

Opt. Commun.

L. Zhiyang, Opt. Commun. 293, 10 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhiyang, Opt. Commun. 283, 3646 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Quantum Electron.

P. Bienstman and R. Baets, Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 327 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

T. Goh, Proc. SPIE 4582, 49 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Quantum Electron.

G. S. He, Prog. Quantum Electron. 26, 131 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Science Rep.

T. R. Hillman, T. Yamauchi, W. Choi, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, Y. K. Park, and Z. Yaqoob, Science Rep. 3, 1909 (2013).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

General structure of an optical switch based on DOPC. AWS, adiabatic waveguide structure; Pm, phase modulation section; CPm, complementary phase modulation section for wavelength λm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Switching of a single wavelength λ=1555nm. On the right are 2D field distributions, and on the left, 1D field distributions along the X direction at the positions indicated by the white dotted lines at (a) Z=1.05, (b) 1.05, and (c) 10.57 μm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Simultaneous switching of the two wavelengths λ1=1543nm and λ2=1588nm. On the right are 2D field distributions, and on the left, 1D field distributions along the X direction at the positions indicated by the white dotted lines at (a) Z=10.64, (b) 18.27, and (c) 7.35 μm.

Equations (12)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Eright=TEleft,
T=(φ1,1φ1,2φ1,Mφ2,1φ2,2φ2,Mφi,jφN,1φN,2φN,M).
Eleft=TEright,
Eleftre=TE¯right.
Eleftre=TTE¯left.
E¯rightj=[φ¯1,j,φ¯2,j,,φ¯N,j]T.
E¯righti=[φ¯1,i,φ¯2,i,,φ¯N,i]T.
E¯rightj=E¯righti+ΔΨi,jT,
2πλmΔnk(2L)=φ¯k,jφ¯k,ik=1,2,,N.
φk,i={π4N(ik)(2Ni+k)+πifi+k=evenπ4N(i+k1)(2Nik+1)ifi+k=odd,
Ccross=10log(IundesiredIdesired)=10log(|Eundesired|2|Edesired|2),
2πλm(Δnk+Δcnk)(2L)=Constant.

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