Abstract

Differential phase measurement between radially polarized (RP) and azimuthally polarized (AP) beams is an important technique in microscopic surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensors as reported in our earlier works [Opt. Lett.37, 2091 (2012); Appl. Phys. Lett.102, 011114 (2013)]. However, such a technique suffers complex beam splitting, detection, and data processing procedures for RP and AP beams which may lower the accuracy of phase measurement. In this Letter, a novel plasmonic petal-shaped vector beam is proposed instead of RP and AP beams, greatly simplifying the sensor system and enabling single measurement in differential interferometry. Moreover, an improved ultrahigh sensitivity on the order of 10−7 refractive index units (RIUs) is experimentally verified in the proposed system.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. D. Boardman, ed. Electromagnetic Surface Modes (Wiley, 1982).
  2. H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings, Vol. 111 of Springer Tracts in Modern Physics (Springer, 1988).
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    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Homola, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 377, 528 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Karlsson, J. Mol. Recognit. 17, 151 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 35, 187 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. N. Grigorenko, P. I. Nikitin, and A. V. Kabashin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3917 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. G. Notcovich, V. Zhuk, and S. G. Lipson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1665 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Y. Wu, H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, Opt. Lett. 29, 2378 (2004).
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  10. Y. H. Huang, H. P. Ho, S. Y. Wu, S. K. Kong, W. W. Wong, and P. Shum, Opt. Lett. 36, 4092 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. P. Ho, W. W. Lam, and S. Y. Wu, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 3534 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. E. Wolf, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 253, 349 (1959).
    [CrossRef]
  17. B. Richards and E. Wolf, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 253, 358 (1959).
    [CrossRef]
  18. L. P. Du, “SPP/LSP coupled hybrid mode directed multi-functional surface-enhanced Raman system,” Ph.D. thesis (Nanyang Technological University, 2013).

2013 (1)

C. L. Zhang, R. Wang, C. J. Min, S. W. Zhu, and X. C. Yuan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 011114 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

K. J. Moh, X. C. Yuan, J. Bu, D. K. Y. Low, and R. E. Burge, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

2003 (1)

J. Homola, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 377, 528 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

H. P. Ho, W. W. Lam, and S. Y. Wu, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 3534 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

A. G. Notcovich, V. Zhuk, and S. G. Lipson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1665 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

A. N. Grigorenko, P. I. Nikitin, and A. V. Kabashin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3917 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, Sens. Actuators B 54, 3 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 35, 187 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1959 (2)

E. Wolf, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 253, 349 (1959).
[CrossRef]

B. Richards and E. Wolf, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 253, 358 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Bu, J.

K. J. Moh, X. C. Yuan, J. Bu, R. E. Burge, and B. Z. Gao, Appl. Opt. 46, 7544 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Moh, X. C. Yuan, J. Bu, D. K. Y. Low, and R. E. Burge, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Burge, R. E.

K. J. Moh, X. C. Yuan, J. Bu, R. E. Burge, and B. Z. Gao, Appl. Opt. 46, 7544 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Moh, X. C. Yuan, J. Bu, D. K. Y. Low, and R. E. Burge, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Du, L. P.

L. P. Du, “SPP/LSP coupled hybrid mode directed multi-functional surface-enhanced Raman system,” Ph.D. thesis (Nanyang Technological University, 2013).

Gao, B. Z.

Gauglitz, G.

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, Sens. Actuators B 54, 3 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Grigorenko, A. N.

A. N. Grigorenko, P. I. Nikitin, and A. V. Kabashin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3917 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ho, H. P.

Homola, J.

J. Homola, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 377, 528 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, Sens. Actuators B 54, 3 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y. H.

Johnston, K. S.

S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 35, 187 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kabashin, A. V.

A. N. Grigorenko, P. I. Nikitin, and A. V. Kabashin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3917 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, R.

R. Karlsson, J. Mol. Recognit. 17, 151 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kong, S. K.

Lam, W. W.

H. P. Ho, W. W. Lam, and S. Y. Wu, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 3534 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Law, W. C.

Lin, C.

Lipson, S. G.

A. G. Notcovich, V. Zhuk, and S. G. Lipson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1665 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Low, D. K. Y.

K. J. Moh, X. C. Yuan, J. Bu, D. K. Y. Low, and R. E. Burge, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Min, C. J.

C. L. Zhang, R. Wang, C. J. Min, S. W. Zhu, and X. C. Yuan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 011114 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Moh, K. J.

K. J. Moh, X. C. Yuan, J. Bu, R. E. Burge, and B. Z. Gao, Appl. Opt. 46, 7544 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Moh, X. C. Yuan, J. Bu, D. K. Y. Low, and R. E. Burge, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, S. G.

S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 35, 187 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nikitin, P. I.

A. N. Grigorenko, P. I. Nikitin, and A. V. Kabashin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3917 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Notcovich, A. G.

A. G. Notcovich, V. Zhuk, and S. G. Lipson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1665 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Raether, H.

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings, Vol. 111 of Springer Tracts in Modern Physics (Springer, 1988).

Richards, B.

B. Richards and E. Wolf, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 253, 358 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Shum, P.

Wang, R.

C. L. Zhang, R. Wang, C. J. Min, S. W. Zhu, and X. C. Yuan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 011114 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. Wang, C. L. Zhang, Y. Yang, S. W. Zhu, and X. C. Yuan, Opt. Lett. 37, 2091 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, E.

B. Richards and E. Wolf, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 253, 358 (1959).
[CrossRef]

E. Wolf, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 253, 349 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Wong, W. W.

Wu, S. Y.

Yang, Y.

Yee, S. S.

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, Sens. Actuators B 54, 3 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 35, 187 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, X. C.

C. L. Zhang, R. Wang, C. J. Min, S. W. Zhu, and X. C. Yuan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 011114 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. Wang, C. L. Zhang, Y. Yang, S. W. Zhu, and X. C. Yuan, Opt. Lett. 37, 2091 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Moh, X. C. Yuan, J. Bu, R. E. Burge, and B. Z. Gao, Appl. Opt. 46, 7544 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Moh, X. C. Yuan, J. Bu, D. K. Y. Low, and R. E. Burge, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C. L.

C. L. Zhang, R. Wang, C. J. Min, S. W. Zhu, and X. C. Yuan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 011114 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. Wang, C. L. Zhang, Y. Yang, S. W. Zhu, and X. C. Yuan, Opt. Lett. 37, 2091 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, S. W.

C. L. Zhang, R. Wang, C. J. Min, S. W. Zhu, and X. C. Yuan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 011114 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. Wang, C. L. Zhang, Y. Yang, S. W. Zhu, and X. C. Yuan, Opt. Lett. 37, 2091 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhuk, V.

A. G. Notcovich, V. Zhuk, and S. G. Lipson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1665 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Bioanal. Chem. (1)

J. Homola, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 377, 528 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

K. J. Moh, X. C. Yuan, J. Bu, D. K. Y. Low, and R. E. Burge, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Zhang, R. Wang, C. J. Min, S. W. Zhu, and X. C. Yuan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 011114 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. N. Grigorenko, P. I. Nikitin, and A. V. Kabashin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3917 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Notcovich, V. Zhuk, and S. G. Lipson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1665 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol. Recognit. (1)

R. Karlsson, J. Mol. Recognit. 17, 151 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A (2)

E. Wolf, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 253, 349 (1959).
[CrossRef]

B. Richards and E. Wolf, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 253, 358 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

H. P. Ho, W. W. Lam, and S. Y. Wu, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 3534 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B (2)

S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 35, 187 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, Sens. Actuators B 54, 3 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

L. P. Du, “SPP/LSP coupled hybrid mode directed multi-functional surface-enhanced Raman system,” Ph.D. thesis (Nanyang Technological University, 2013).

A. D. Boardman, ed. Electromagnetic Surface Modes (Wiley, 1982).

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings, Vol. 111 of Springer Tracts in Modern Physics (Springer, 1988).

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