Abstract

We report a direct diode-pumped all-fiber tunable laser source at 2 μm with a tuning range of more than 250 nm. A 3 dB power flatness of 200 nm with a maximum output power of 30 mW at 1930 nm was achieved. The laser has a high optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) of more than 40 dB across the whole tuning range.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013

Z. Li, A. M. Heidt, J. M. O. Daniel, Y. Jung, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 21, 9289 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Poletti, N. V. Wheeler, M. N. Petrovich, N. Baddela, E. Numkam, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, Z. Li, R. Slavík, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 7, 279 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

S. D. Jackson, Nat. Photonics 6, 423 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. H. V. Price, X. Feng, A. M. Heidt, G. Brambilla, P. Horak, F. Poletti, G. Ponzo, P. Petropoulos, M. Petrovich, J. Shi, M. Ibsen, W. H. Loh, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 327 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2009

S. D. Jackson, Laser Photonics Rev. 3, 466 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Godard, C. R. Phys. 8, 1100 (2007).

2006

2005

2002

2001

A. Bellemare, M. Karbsek, M. Karasek, C. Riviere, F. Babin, G. He, V. Roy, and G. W. Schinn, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 22 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1973

Alam, S. U.

Araki, S.

H. Nakagami, S. Araki, and H. Sakata, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 301 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Babin, F.

A. Bellemare, M. Karbsek, M. Karasek, C. Riviere, F. Babin, G. He, V. Roy, and G. W. Schinn, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 22 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Baddela, N.

F. Poletti, N. V. Wheeler, M. N. Petrovich, N. Baddela, E. Numkam, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, Z. Li, R. Slavík, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 7, 279 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, N. P.

Bellemare, A.

A. Bellemare, M. Karbsek, M. Karasek, C. Riviere, F. Babin, G. He, V. Roy, and G. W. Schinn, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 22 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bennetts, S.

Birks, T.

Brambilla, G.

J. H. V. Price, X. Feng, A. M. Heidt, G. Brambilla, P. Horak, F. Poletti, G. Ponzo, P. Petropoulos, M. Petrovich, J. Shi, M. Ibsen, W. H. Loh, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 327 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cheung, S.

M. Tokurakawa, J. M. O. Daniel, S. Cheung, H. Liang, and W. A. Clarkson, in CLEO/Europe-IQEC (2013), paper CJ-7.5.

Clarkson, W. A.

D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, Opt. Express 14, 6084 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Clarkson, N. P. Barnes, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Lett. 27, 1989 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. M. O. Daniel, M. Tokurakawa, and W. A. Clarkson, in 5th EPS-QEOD Europhoton Conference (2012), paper ThB.3.

M. Tokurakawa, J. M. O. Daniel, S. Cheung, H. Liang, and W. A. Clarkson, in CLEO/Europe-IQEC (2013), paper CJ-7.5.

Couny, F.

Daniel, J. M. O.

Z. Li, A. M. Heidt, J. M. O. Daniel, Y. Jung, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 21, 9289 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. M. O. Daniel, M. Tokurakawa, and W. A. Clarkson, in 5th EPS-QEOD Europhoton Conference (2012), paper ThB.3.

M. Tokurakawa, J. M. O. Daniel, S. Cheung, H. Liang, and W. A. Clarkson, in CLEO/Europe-IQEC (2013), paper CJ-7.5.

Farr, L.

Feng, X.

J. H. V. Price, X. Feng, A. M. Heidt, G. Brambilla, P. Horak, F. Poletti, G. Ponzo, P. Petropoulos, M. Petrovich, J. Shi, M. Ibsen, W. H. Loh, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 327 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Geng, J.

Godard, A.

A. Godard, C. R. Phys. 8, 1100 (2007).

Gray, D. R.

F. Poletti, N. V. Wheeler, M. N. Petrovich, N. Baddela, E. Numkam, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, Z. Li, R. Slavík, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 7, 279 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hale, G. M.

Hanna, D. C.

Haub, J.

Hayes, J. R.

F. Poletti, N. V. Wheeler, M. N. Petrovich, N. Baddela, E. Numkam, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, Z. Li, R. Slavík, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 7, 279 (2013).
[CrossRef]

He, G.

A. Bellemare, M. Karbsek, M. Karasek, C. Riviere, F. Babin, G. He, V. Roy, and G. W. Schinn, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 22 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Heidt, A. M.

Z. Li, A. M. Heidt, J. M. O. Daniel, Y. Jung, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 21, 9289 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. H. V. Price, X. Feng, A. M. Heidt, G. Brambilla, P. Horak, F. Poletti, G. Ponzo, P. Petropoulos, M. Petrovich, J. Shi, M. Ibsen, W. H. Loh, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 327 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hemming, A.

Horak, P.

J. H. V. Price, X. Feng, A. M. Heidt, G. Brambilla, P. Horak, F. Poletti, G. Ponzo, P. Petropoulos, M. Petrovich, J. Shi, M. Ibsen, W. H. Loh, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 327 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, K.

Ibsen, M.

J. H. V. Price, X. Feng, A. M. Heidt, G. Brambilla, P. Horak, F. Poletti, G. Ponzo, P. Petropoulos, M. Petrovich, J. Shi, M. Ibsen, W. H. Loh, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 327 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, S. D.

S. D. Jackson, Nat. Photonics 6, 423 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jackson, Laser Photonics Rev. 3, 466 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, S.

Jung, Y.

Karasek, M.

A. Bellemare, M. Karbsek, M. Karasek, C. Riviere, F. Babin, G. He, V. Roy, and G. W. Schinn, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 22 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Karbsek, M.

A. Bellemare, M. Karbsek, M. Karasek, C. Riviere, F. Babin, G. He, V. Roy, and G. W. Schinn, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 22 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J.

Lancaster, D. G.

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

F. Poletti, N. V. Wheeler, M. N. Petrovich, N. Baddela, E. Numkam, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, Z. Li, R. Slavík, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 7, 279 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, A. M. Heidt, J. M. O. Daniel, Y. Jung, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 21, 9289 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Liang, H.

M. Tokurakawa, J. M. O. Daniel, S. Cheung, H. Liang, and W. A. Clarkson, in CLEO/Europe-IQEC (2013), paper CJ-7.5.

Loh, W. H.

J. H. V. Price, X. Feng, A. M. Heidt, G. Brambilla, P. Horak, F. Poletti, G. Ponzo, P. Petropoulos, M. Petrovich, J. Shi, M. Ibsen, W. H. Loh, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 327 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mangan, B.

Mason, M.

Nakagami, H.

H. Nakagami, S. Araki, and H. Sakata, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 301 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

Numkam, E.

F. Poletti, N. V. Wheeler, M. N. Petrovich, N. Baddela, E. Numkam, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, Z. Li, R. Slavík, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 7, 279 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Petropoulos, P.

J. H. V. Price, X. Feng, A. M. Heidt, G. Brambilla, P. Horak, F. Poletti, G. Ponzo, P. Petropoulos, M. Petrovich, J. Shi, M. Ibsen, W. H. Loh, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 327 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Petrovich, M.

J. H. V. Price, X. Feng, A. M. Heidt, G. Brambilla, P. Horak, F. Poletti, G. Ponzo, P. Petropoulos, M. Petrovich, J. Shi, M. Ibsen, W. H. Loh, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 327 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Petrovich, M. N.

F. Poletti, N. V. Wheeler, M. N. Petrovich, N. Baddela, E. Numkam, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, Z. Li, R. Slavík, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 7, 279 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Poletti, F.

F. Poletti, N. V. Wheeler, M. N. Petrovich, N. Baddela, E. Numkam, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, Z. Li, R. Slavík, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 7, 279 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. H. V. Price, X. Feng, A. M. Heidt, G. Brambilla, P. Horak, F. Poletti, G. Ponzo, P. Petropoulos, M. Petrovich, J. Shi, M. Ibsen, W. H. Loh, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 327 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ponzo, G.

J. H. V. Price, X. Feng, A. M. Heidt, G. Brambilla, P. Horak, F. Poletti, G. Ponzo, P. Petropoulos, M. Petrovich, J. Shi, M. Ibsen, W. H. Loh, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 327 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Price, J. H. V.

J. H. V. Price, X. Feng, A. M. Heidt, G. Brambilla, P. Horak, F. Poletti, G. Ponzo, P. Petropoulos, M. Petrovich, J. Shi, M. Ibsen, W. H. Loh, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 327 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Querry, M. R.

Richardson, D. J.

F. Poletti, N. V. Wheeler, M. N. Petrovich, N. Baddela, E. Numkam, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, Z. Li, R. Slavík, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 7, 279 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, A. M. Heidt, J. M. O. Daniel, Y. Jung, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 21, 9289 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. H. V. Price, X. Feng, A. M. Heidt, G. Brambilla, P. Horak, F. Poletti, G. Ponzo, P. Petropoulos, M. Petrovich, J. Shi, M. Ibsen, W. H. Loh, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 327 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Riviere, C.

A. Bellemare, M. Karbsek, M. Karasek, C. Riviere, F. Babin, G. He, V. Roy, and G. W. Schinn, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 22 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, P.

Roy, V.

A. Bellemare, M. Karbsek, M. Karasek, C. Riviere, F. Babin, G. He, V. Roy, and G. W. Schinn, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 22 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

Rutt, H. N.

J. H. V. Price, X. Feng, A. M. Heidt, G. Brambilla, P. Horak, F. Poletti, G. Ponzo, P. Petropoulos, M. Petrovich, J. Shi, M. Ibsen, W. H. Loh, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 327 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sabella, A.

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sabert, H.

Sahu, J. K.

Sakata, H.

H. Nakagami, S. Araki, and H. Sakata, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 301 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Schinn, G. W.

A. Bellemare, M. Karbsek, M. Karasek, C. Riviere, F. Babin, G. He, V. Roy, and G. W. Schinn, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 22 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shen, D. Y.

Shi, J.

J. H. V. Price, X. Feng, A. M. Heidt, G. Brambilla, P. Horak, F. Poletti, G. Ponzo, P. Petropoulos, M. Petrovich, J. Shi, M. Ibsen, W. H. Loh, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 327 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Simakov, N.

Slavík, R.

F. Poletti, N. V. Wheeler, M. N. Petrovich, N. Baddela, E. Numkam, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, Z. Li, R. Slavík, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 7, 279 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Tokurakawa, M.

M. Tokurakawa, J. M. O. Daniel, S. Cheung, H. Liang, and W. A. Clarkson, in CLEO/Europe-IQEC (2013), paper CJ-7.5.

J. M. O. Daniel, M. Tokurakawa, and W. A. Clarkson, in 5th EPS-QEOD Europhoton Conference (2012), paper ThB.3.

Tomlinson, A.

Turner, P. W.

Wang, J.

Wang, Q.

Wheeler, N. V.

F. Poletti, N. V. Wheeler, M. N. Petrovich, N. Baddela, E. Numkam, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, Z. Li, R. Slavík, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 7, 279 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Williams, D.

Appl. Opt.

C. R. Phys.

A. Godard, C. R. Phys. 8, 1100 (2007).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

A. Bellemare, M. Karbsek, M. Karasek, C. Riviere, F. Babin, G. He, V. Roy, and G. W. Schinn, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 22 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Laser Photonics Rev.

S. D. Jackson, Laser Photonics Rev. 3, 466 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett.

H. Nakagami, S. Araki, and H. Sakata, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 301 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

S. D. Jackson, Nat. Photonics 6, 423 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Poletti, N. V. Wheeler, M. N. Petrovich, N. Baddela, E. Numkam, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, Z. Li, R. Slavík, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 7, 279 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Fiber Technol.

J. H. V. Price, X. Feng, A. M. Heidt, G. Brambilla, P. Horak, F. Poletti, G. Ponzo, P. Petropoulos, M. Petrovich, J. Shi, M. Ibsen, W. H. Loh, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 327 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

M. Tokurakawa, J. M. O. Daniel, S. Cheung, H. Liang, and W. A. Clarkson, in CLEO/Europe-IQEC (2013), paper CJ-7.5.

J. M. O. Daniel, M. Tokurakawa, and W. A. Clarkson, in 5th EPS-QEOD Europhoton Conference (2012), paper ThB.3.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the tunable TDFL. ISO, isolator; LD, laser diode; WDM, wavelength division multiplexer; TDF, thulium-doped fiber; PC, polarization controller.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Tunability of the TDFL. (a) Output power versus operating wavelength of the laser. The three tuning curves correspond to TDFLs with 2, 4, and 8 m of gain fiber, respectively. (b) Output optical spectra of the laser (with 4 m of TDF) operating at different wavelengths. From left to right, these are 1820, 1850, 1900, 1950, 2000, 2050, and 2077 nm, respectively. The OSA resolution was set at 0.5 nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output power of the TDFL (with 4 m of gain fiber) at 1930 nm as a function of total pump power. Red curve, tunable filter placed before the tap coupler (as shown in Fig. 1); black curve, tunable filter placed after the tap coupler.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Influence of the relative position of the tunable filter and the tap coupler. (a) Output power and OSNR of the TDFL (with 4 m of gain fiber) as a function of wavelength. (b) Output spectra (measured with 0.5 nm OSA resolution) of the TDFL at 1820, 1930, and 2070 nm. The solid/dotted lines correspond to the tunable filter being placed before/after the tap coupler. The pump lasers were fully powered up for all measurements, delivering 26.2 dBm pump power in total.

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