Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate an optical wireless integration system at the Q-band, in which up to 40Gb/s polarization multiplexing multilevel quadrature amplitude/phase modulation (PM-QAM) signal can be first transmitted over 20 km single-mode fiber-28 (SMF-28), then delivered over a 2 m 2×2 multiple-input multiple-output wireless link, and finally transmitted over another 20 km SMF-28. The PM-QAM modulated wireless millimeter-wave (mm-wave) signal at 40 GHz is generated based on the remote heterodyning technique, and demodulated by the radio-frequency transparent photonic technique based on homodyne coherent detection and baseband digital signal processing. The classic constant modulus algorithm equalization is used at the receiver to realize polarization demultiplexing of the PM-QAM signal. For the first time, to the best of our knowledge, we realize the conversion of the PM-QAM modulated wireless mm-wave signal to the optical signal as well as 20 km fiber transmission of the converted optical signal.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. NTT Group CSR Report 2011, http://www.ntt.co.jp/csr_e/2011report/ .
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2013 (3)

2012 (2)

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

R. Sambaraju, D. Zibar, A. Caballero, I. T. Monroy, R. Alemany, and J. Herrera, Photonics Technol. Lett. 22, 1650 (2010).

J. Yu and X. Zhou, IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S56 (2010).

2009 (1)

2003 (1)

Alemany, R.

R. Sambaraju, D. Zibar, A. Caballero, I. T. Monroy, R. Alemany, and J. Herrera, Photonics Technol. Lett. 22, 1650 (2010).

R. Sambaraju, D. Zibar, R. Alemany, A. Caballero, and J. Herrera, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2010), paper OML1.

Arlunno, V.

Birk, M.

J. Yu, X. Zhou, M. F. Huang, Y. Shao, D. Qian, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, P. Magill, L. Nelson, M. Birk, S. Ten, H. B. Matthew, and S. K. Mishra, in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2008), paper PDP: Th. 3. E. 2.

Borkowski, R.

Caballero, A.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, L. Deng, F. Karinou, F. Roubeau, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, Opt. Express 19, 24944 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Sambaraju, D. Zibar, A. Caballero, I. T. Monroy, R. Alemany, and J. Herrera, Photonics Technol. Lett. 22, 1650 (2010).

R. Sambaraju, D. Zibar, R. Alemany, A. Caballero, and J. Herrera, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2010), paper OML1.

Cao, Z.

Z. Dong, J. Yu, X. Li, G. K. Chang, and Z. Cao, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2013), paper OM3D.2.

Chang, G. K.

X. Li, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, Y. Shao, and G. K. Chang, Opt. Lett. 37, 5106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Dong, J. Yu, X. Li, G. K. Chang, and Z. Cao, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2013), paper OM3D.2.

Chi, N.

Cvijetic, M.

J. Yu, X. Zhou, M. F. Huang, Y. Shao, D. Qian, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, P. Magill, L. Nelson, M. Birk, S. Ten, H. B. Matthew, and S. K. Mishra, in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2008), paper PDP: Th. 3. E. 2.

Deng, L.

Dogadaev, A.

Dong, Z.

Harada, M.

Herrera, J.

R. Sambaraju, D. Zibar, A. Caballero, I. T. Monroy, R. Alemany, and J. Herrera, Photonics Technol. Lett. 22, 1650 (2010).

R. Sambaraju, D. Zibar, R. Alemany, A. Caballero, and J. Herrera, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2010), paper OML1.

Hirata, A.

Hosako, I.

A. Kanno, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yasumura, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2012), paper We.3.B.2.

Huang, M. F.

J. Yu, X. Zhou, M. F. Huang, Y. Shao, D. Qian, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, P. Magill, L. Nelson, M. Birk, S. Ten, H. B. Matthew, and S. K. Mishra, in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2008), paper PDP: Th. 3. E. 2.

Kanno, A.

A. Kanno, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yasumura, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2012), paper We.3.B.2.

Karinou, F.

Kawanishi, T.

A. Kanno, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yasumura, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2012), paper We.3.B.2.

Kitayama, K.

A. Kanno, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yasumura, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2012), paper We.3.B.2.

Kuri, T.

A. Kanno, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yasumura, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2012), paper We.3.B.2.

Li, F.

Li, X.

Magill, P.

J. Yu, X. Zhou, M. F. Huang, Y. Shao, D. Qian, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, P. Magill, L. Nelson, M. Birk, S. Ten, H. B. Matthew, and S. K. Mishra, in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2008), paper PDP: Th. 3. E. 2.

Matthew, H. B.

J. Yu, X. Zhou, M. F. Huang, Y. Shao, D. Qian, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, P. Magill, L. Nelson, M. Birk, S. Ten, H. B. Matthew, and S. K. Mishra, in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2008), paper PDP: Th. 3. E. 2.

Mishra, S. K.

J. Yu, X. Zhou, M. F. Huang, Y. Shao, D. Qian, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, P. Magill, L. Nelson, M. Birk, S. Ten, H. B. Matthew, and S. K. Mishra, in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2008), paper PDP: Th. 3. E. 2.

Monroy, I. T.

Nagatsuma, T.

Nelson, L.

J. Yu, X. Zhou, M. F. Huang, Y. Shao, D. Qian, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, P. Magill, L. Nelson, M. Birk, S. Ten, H. B. Matthew, and S. K. Mishra, in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2008), paper PDP: Th. 3. E. 2.

Pang, X.

Pedersen, J. S.

Qian, D.

J. Yu, X. Zhou, M. F. Huang, Y. Shao, D. Qian, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, P. Magill, L. Nelson, M. Birk, S. Ten, H. B. Matthew, and S. K. Mishra, in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2008), paper PDP: Th. 3. E. 2.

Roubeau, F.

Sambaraju, R.

R. Sambaraju, D. Zibar, A. Caballero, I. T. Monroy, R. Alemany, and J. Herrera, Photonics Technol. Lett. 22, 1650 (2010).

R. Sambaraju, D. Zibar, R. Alemany, A. Caballero, and J. Herrera, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2010), paper OML1.

Shao, Y.

J. Zhang, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, L. Tao, X. Li, and Y. Shao, Opt. Lett. 37, 4050 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, Y. Shao, and G. K. Chang, Opt. Lett. 37, 5106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, X. Zhou, M. F. Huang, Y. Shao, D. Qian, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, P. Magill, L. Nelson, M. Birk, S. Ten, H. B. Matthew, and S. K. Mishra, in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2008), paper PDP: Th. 3. E. 2.

Tao, L.

Ten, S.

J. Yu, X. Zhou, M. F. Huang, Y. Shao, D. Qian, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, P. Magill, L. Nelson, M. Birk, S. Ten, H. B. Matthew, and S. K. Mishra, in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2008), paper PDP: Th. 3. E. 2.

Wang, T.

J. Yu, X. Zhou, M. F. Huang, Y. Shao, D. Qian, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, P. Magill, L. Nelson, M. Birk, S. Ten, H. B. Matthew, and S. K. Mishra, in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2008), paper PDP: Th. 3. E. 2.

Yasumura, Y.

A. Kanno, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yasumura, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2012), paper We.3.B.2.

Yoshida, Y.

A. Kanno, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yasumura, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2012), paper We.3.B.2.

Yu, J.

Yu, X.

Zhang, J.

Zhou, X.

J. Yu and X. Zhou, IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S56 (2010).

X. Zhou and J. Yu, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 3641 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, X. Zhou, M. F. Huang, Y. Shao, D. Qian, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, P. Magill, L. Nelson, M. Birk, S. Ten, H. B. Matthew, and S. K. Mishra, in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2008), paper PDP: Th. 3. E. 2.

Zibar, D.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, L. Deng, F. Karinou, F. Roubeau, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, Opt. Express 19, 24944 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Sambaraju, D. Zibar, A. Caballero, I. T. Monroy, R. Alemany, and J. Herrera, Photonics Technol. Lett. 22, 1650 (2010).

R. Sambaraju, D. Zibar, R. Alemany, A. Caballero, and J. Herrera, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2010), paper OML1.

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

J. Yu and X. Zhou, IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S56 (2010).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

R. Sambaraju, D. Zibar, A. Caballero, I. T. Monroy, R. Alemany, and J. Herrera, Photonics Technol. Lett. 22, 1650 (2010).

Other (5)

J. Yu, X. Zhou, M. F. Huang, Y. Shao, D. Qian, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, P. Magill, L. Nelson, M. Birk, S. Ten, H. B. Matthew, and S. K. Mishra, in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2008), paper PDP: Th. 3. E. 2.

NTT Group CSR Report 2011, http://www.ntt.co.jp/csr_e/2011report/ .

A. Kanno, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yasumura, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2012), paper We.3.B.2.

Z. Dong, J. Yu, X. Li, G. K. Chang, and Z. Cao, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2013), paper OM3D.2.

R. Sambaraju, D. Zibar, R. Alemany, A. Caballero, and J. Herrera, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2010), paper OML1.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Principle of optical-wireless-optical link for PM-QAM signal transmission. Schematic optical spectra after (a) optical heterodyne upconversion, (b) optical carrier suppression (OCS) modulation, and (c) tunable optical filter (TOF).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup. Optical spectra (0.1 nm resolution) after (a) polarization diversity at the transmitter BS, (b) PBC at the receiver BS, and (c) second 20 km SMF-28 transmission.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Photos for (a) 2×2 MIMO wireless link at the Q-band, (b) transmitter HA array, and (c) receiver HA array.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

BER versus OSNR for 20Gb/s bit rate.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Received QAM constellations at the bit rate of 20Gb/s. X-polarization: (a) before clock extraction, (b) after clock extraction, (c) after CMA equalization, (d) after FOE, and (e) after CPE. Y-polarization: (f) before clock extraction, (g) after clock extraction, (h) after CMA equalization, (i) after FOE, and (j) after CPE.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

BER versus OSNR for 3050Gb/s bit rate with 2 m wireless delivery and (20+20)km SMF-28 transmission.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Received Y-polarization QAM constellations at the bit rate of 50Gb/s: (a) before clock extraction, (b) after clock extraction, (c) after CMA equalization, (d) after FOE, and (e) after CPE.

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