Abstract

We report the first demonstration, to our knowledge, of time-to-space conversion of subpicosecond pulses in a slab nonlinear waveguide. By vertically confining the nondegenerate sum-frequency generation interaction between a spatially dispersed 100 fs signal pulse at 1.55 μm and a reference pulse in a titanium indiffused planar periodically poled lithium niobate crystal waveguide, we have attained a conversion efficiency of 0.1% and a conversion efficiency slope of 4% per watt of reference beam power. This was achieved while maintaining high conversion resolution, with a measured time window of operation of 48 ps resulting in a serial-to-parallel demultiplexing factor of 90.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013 (1)

2012 (3)

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

R. Takahashi, T. Yasui, J. Seo, and H. Suzuki, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 92 (2007).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

Y. L. Lee, H. Suche, Y. H. Min, J. H. Lee, W. Grundkotter, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 978 (2003).

J.-H. Chung and A. M. Weiner, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 3323 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

Baby, V.

Choi, D.-Y.

Chung, J.-H.

Clausen, A. T.

E. Palushani, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, H. Hu, L. K. Oxenlowe, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 681 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Galili, J. Xu, H. C. Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, A. T. Clausen, P. Jeppesen, B. Luther-Davis, S. Madden, A. Rode, D.-Y. Choi, M. Pelusi, F. Luan, and B. J. Eggleton, Opt. Express 17, 2182 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dai, Y.

Densmore, A.

Du, J.

Eggleton, B. J.

Fainman, Y.

Foster, M. A.

Friedman, M.

Galili, M.

E. Palushani, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, H. Hu, L. K. Oxenlowe, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 681 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Galili, J. Xu, H. C. Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, A. T. Clausen, P. Jeppesen, B. Luther-Davis, S. Madden, A. Rode, D.-Y. Choi, M. Pelusi, F. Luan, and B. J. Eggleton, Opt. Express 17, 2182 (2009).
[Crossref]

Glesk, I.

Grundkotter, W.

Y. L. Lee, H. Suche, Y. H. Min, J. H. Lee, W. Grundkotter, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 978 (2003).

Herrmann, H.

D. Shayovitz, H. Herrmann, W. Sohler, R. Ricken, C. Silberhorn, and D. M. Marom, Opt. Express 20, 27388 (2012).

D. Shayovitz, H. Herrmann, W. Sohler, R. Ricken, C. Silberhorn, and D. M. Marom, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2013), OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper CTu3E.2.

Hu, H.

E. Palushani, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, H. Hu, L. K. Oxenlowe, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 681 (2012).
[Crossref]

Janz, S.

Jeppesen, P.

E. Palushani, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, H. Hu, L. K. Oxenlowe, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 681 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Galili, J. Xu, H. C. Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, A. T. Clausen, P. Jeppesen, B. Luther-Davis, S. Madden, A. Rode, D.-Y. Choi, M. Pelusi, F. Luan, and B. J. Eggleton, Opt. Express 17, 2182 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kan’an, A. M.

Lee, J. H.

Y. L. Lee, H. Suche, Y. H. Min, J. H. Lee, W. Grundkotter, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 978 (2003).

Lee, Y. L.

Y. L. Lee, H. Suche, Y. H. Min, J. H. Lee, W. Grundkotter, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 978 (2003).

Lei, G. K. P.

Li, F.

Luan, F.

Ludwig, R.

Luther-Davis, B.

Ma, R.

Madden, S.

Marom, D. M.

D. Shayovitz, H. Herrmann, W. Sohler, R. Ricken, C. Silberhorn, and D. M. Marom, Opt. Express 20, 27388 (2012).

D. Shayovitz and D. M. Marom, Opt. Lett. 36, 1957 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. M. Marom, D. Panasenko, P.-C. Sun, and Y. Fainman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 448 (2001).
[Crossref]

D. Shayovitz, H. Herrmann, W. Sohler, R. Ricken, C. Silberhorn, and D. M. Marom, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2013), OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper CTu3E.2.

Mazurenko, Y. T.

Min, Y. H.

Y. L. Lee, H. Suche, Y. H. Min, J. H. Lee, W. Grundkotter, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 978 (2003).

Molle, L.

Moss, D. J.

Mulvad, H. C.

Mulvad, H. C. H.

E. Palushani, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, H. Hu, L. K. Oxenlowe, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 681 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nolle, M.

Oxenlowe, L. K.

E. Palushani, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, H. Hu, L. K. Oxenlowe, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 681 (2012).
[Crossref]

Oxenløwe, L. K.

Palushani, E.

T. Richter, E. Palushani, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, L. Molle, M. Nolle, and C. Schubert, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 504 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Palushani, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, H. Hu, L. K. Oxenlowe, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 681 (2012).
[Crossref]

Panasenko, D.

Pelusi, M.

Petrillo, K. G.

Prucnal, P. R.

Quiring, V.

Y. L. Lee, H. Suche, Y. H. Min, J. H. Lee, W. Grundkotter, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 978 (2003).

Richter, T.

Ricken, R.

D. Shayovitz, H. Herrmann, W. Sohler, R. Ricken, C. Silberhorn, and D. M. Marom, Opt. Express 20, 27388 (2012).

D. Shayovitz, H. Herrmann, W. Sohler, R. Ricken, C. Silberhorn, and D. M. Marom, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2013), OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper CTu3E.2.

Rode, A.

Runser, R. J.

Schmidt-Langhorst, C.

Schubert, C.

Seo, J.

R. Takahashi, T. Yasui, J. Seo, and H. Suzuki, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 92 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shayovitz, D.

D. Shayovitz, H. Herrmann, W. Sohler, R. Ricken, C. Silberhorn, and D. M. Marom, Opt. Express 20, 27388 (2012).

D. Shayovitz and D. M. Marom, Opt. Lett. 36, 1957 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Shayovitz, H. Herrmann, W. Sohler, R. Ricken, C. Silberhorn, and D. M. Marom, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2013), OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper CTu3E.2.

Shu, C.

Silberhorn, C.

D. Shayovitz, H. Herrmann, W. Sohler, R. Ricken, C. Silberhorn, and D. M. Marom, Opt. Express 20, 27388 (2012).

D. Shayovitz, H. Herrmann, W. Sohler, R. Ricken, C. Silberhorn, and D. M. Marom, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2013), OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper CTu3E.2.

Sohler, W.

D. Shayovitz, H. Herrmann, W. Sohler, R. Ricken, C. Silberhorn, and D. M. Marom, Opt. Express 20, 27388 (2012).

Y. L. Lee, H. Suche, Y. H. Min, J. H. Lee, W. Grundkotter, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 978 (2003).

D. Shayovitz, H. Herrmann, W. Sohler, R. Ricken, C. Silberhorn, and D. M. Marom, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2013), OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper CTu3E.2.

Suche, H.

Y. L. Lee, H. Suche, Y. H. Min, J. H. Lee, W. Grundkotter, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 978 (2003).

Sun, P.-C.

Suzuki, H.

R. Takahashi, T. Yasui, J. Seo, and H. Suzuki, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 92 (2007).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, R.

R. Takahashi, T. Yasui, J. Seo, and H. Suzuki, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 92 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tong, W.

Wang, B. C.

Weiner, A. M.

Xu, D.-X.

Xu, J.

Xu, L.

Yasui, T.

R. Takahashi, T. Yasui, J. Seo, and H. Suzuki, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 92 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

R. Takahashi, T. Yasui, J. Seo, and H. Suzuki, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 92 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. Palushani, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, H. Hu, L. K. Oxenlowe, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 681 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. L. Lee, H. Suche, Y. H. Min, J. H. Lee, W. Grundkotter, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 978 (2003).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

D. Shayovitz, H. Herrmann, W. Sohler, R. Ricken, C. Silberhorn, and D. M. Marom, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2013), OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper CTu3E.2.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup (MLL, mode-locked laser; OPO, optical parametric oscillator; G1/G2, grating; f, Fourier lens; Cyl, vertical cylindrical lens; DM, dichroic mirror; slab WG PPLN, slab waveguide in PPLN). Inset: dispersed signal and reference beams at the slab WG PPLN.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Slab waveguide PPLN (not to scale) showing titanium indiffusion defined waveguiding region, spatially dispersed signal and reference beams vertically focused to the waveguide entrance facet and horizontally focused to the center of the crystal, and SFG light at the output facet.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) T-S converted signal pulse image with 532 fs FWHM, (b) 48 pulse images distributed throughout the T-S processor time window of 48 ps (composite image), and (c) pulse image intensity profiles showing shift in spatial position and intensity fall-off with increasing time delay.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

T-S conversion efficiency slope for slab waveguide PPLN (red triangles) compared to our previous result with bulk PPLN crystal (pink diamonds; see Ref. [15]).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Output SFG spectrum centered at 810 nm with a 3dB bandwidth of 0.1 nm (=46GHz); the optical spectrum analyzer resolution was set to 0.01 nm for this measurement.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Slab Waveguide PPLN and Bulk PPLN T-S Conversion Performance Parametersa

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