Abstract

We report the generation of mid-infrared supercontinua in a step-index fluoroindate-based fiber. The large core of the fluoroindate fiber allows the guiding of multiwatt laser power over a broad spectral range. These fibers exhibit zero dispersion at 1.83 μm, minimal loss of 0.1dB/m at 3.2 μm up to only 0.8dB/m at 5 μm. These specifications enable mid-infrared supercontinuum generation and propagation with low loss. By using mid-infrared ultrashort laser pulses from an optical parametric amplifier, we demonstrate generation of a 20 dB spectral flatness supercontinua from 2.7 to 4.7 μm in the fluoroindate fiber, which is twice the spectral broadening compared to a ZBLAN fiber under similar conditions.

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  1. J. Hu, C. R. Menyuk, L. B. Shaw, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, Opt. Lett. 35, 2907 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  17. B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, J. Phys. B 45, 074008 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2013

2012

J. Swiderski and M. Michalska, Appl. Phys. B 109, 177 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Tolstik, E. Sorokin, V. Kalashnikov, and I. Sorokina, Opt. Express 2, 1580 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, J. Phys. B 45, 074008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Agger, C. Petersen, S. Dupont, H. Steffensen, J. K. Lyngsø, C. L. Thomsen, J. Thøgersen, S. R. Keiding, and O. Bang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 635 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Yan, C. Kito, S. Miyoshi, M. Liao, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 29, 238 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2010

2009

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2006

C. Xia, M. Kumar, O. P. Kulkarni, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, M. Poulain, and G. Mazé, Opt. Lett. 31, 2553 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Monro and H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 36, 467 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Sanghera, I. D. Aggarwal, L. B. Shaw, C. M. Florea, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, F. Kung, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mat. 8, 2148 (2006).

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

1995

A. Soufiane, F. Can, H. L’Helgouach, and M. Poulain, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184, 36 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992

M. Asobe, K. Suzuki, T. Kanamori, and K. Kubodera, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1153 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, I. D.

J. Hu, C. R. Menyuk, L. B. Shaw, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, Opt. Express 18, 6722 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Hu, C. R. Menyuk, L. B. Shaw, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, Opt. Lett. 35, 2907 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Sanghera, I. D. Aggarwal, L. B. Shaw, C. M. Florea, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, F. Kung, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mat. 8, 2148 (2006).

J. S. Sanghera, I. D. Aggarwal, L. B. Shaw, C. M. Florea, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, F. Kung, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mat. 8, 2148 (2006).

Agger, C.

Alexander, V. V.

Asobe, M.

M. Asobe, K. Suzuki, T. Kanamori, and K. Kubodera, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1153 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bang, O.

Can, F.

A. Soufiane, F. Can, H. L’Helgouach, and M. Poulain, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184, 36 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chan, A.

Chaudhari, C.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, T.

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cordeiro, C. M. B.

Corkum, P. B.

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, J. Phys. B 45, 074008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cronin-Golomb, M.

Deng, D.

Domachuk, P.

Duan, Z.

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley and J. R. Taylor, Supercontinuum Generation in Optical Fibers (Cambridge University, 2010).

Dupont, S.

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

T. M. Monro and H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 36, 467 (2006).
[CrossRef]

El Amraoui, M.

Florea, C. M.

J. S. Sanghera, I. D. Aggarwal, L. B. Shaw, C. M. Florea, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, F. Kung, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mat. 8, 2148 (2006).

Freeman, M. J.

Gao, W.

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

George, A. K.

Giguère, M.

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, J. Phys. B 45, 074008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hu, J.

Islam, M. N.

Kalashnikov, V.

N. Tolstik, E. Sorokin, V. Kalashnikov, and I. Sorokina, Opt. Express 2, 1580 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kanamori, T.

M. Asobe, K. Suzuki, T. Kanamori, and K. Kubodera, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1153 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kawashima, H.

Keiding, S. R.

Kieffer, J.-C.

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, J. Phys. B 45, 074008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kito, C.

X. Yan, C. Kito, S. Miyoshi, M. Liao, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 29, 238 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Kubodera, K.

M. Asobe, K. Suzuki, T. Kanamori, and K. Kubodera, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1153 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kulkarni, O. P.

Kumar, M.

Kung, F.

J. S. Sanghera, I. D. Aggarwal, L. B. Shaw, C. M. Florea, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, F. Kung, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mat. 8, 2148 (2006).

L’Helgouach, H.

A. Soufiane, F. Can, H. L’Helgouach, and M. Poulain, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184, 36 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lassonde, P.

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, J. Phys. B 45, 074008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Légaré, F.

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, J. Phys. B 45, 074008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liao, M.

Lyngsø, J. K.

Mazé, G.

Menyuk, C. R.

Messaddeq, Y.

Michalska, M.

J. Swiderski and M. Michalska, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 035105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Swiderski and M. Michalska, Appl. Phys. B 109, 177 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Miyoshi, S.

Monro, T. M.

T. M. Monro and H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 36, 467 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Neelakandan, M.

Nguyen, V. Q.

J. S. Sanghera, I. D. Aggarwal, L. B. Shaw, C. M. Florea, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, F. Kung, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mat. 8, 2148 (2006).

Ohishi, Y.

Omenetto, F. G.

Petersen, C.

Peyghambarian, N.

X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, Adv. Optoelectron. 2010, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Poulain, M.

Pureza, P.

J. S. Sanghera, I. D. Aggarwal, L. B. Shaw, C. M. Florea, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, F. Kung, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mat. 8, 2148 (2006).

Qin, G.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sanghera, J. S.

J. Hu, C. R. Menyuk, L. B. Shaw, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, Opt. Express 18, 6722 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Hu, C. R. Menyuk, L. B. Shaw, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, Opt. Lett. 35, 2907 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Sanghera, I. D. Aggarwal, L. B. Shaw, C. M. Florea, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, F. Kung, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mat. 8, 2148 (2006).

Schmidt, B. E.

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, J. Phys. B 45, 074008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, L. B.

J. Hu, C. R. Menyuk, L. B. Shaw, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, Opt. Express 18, 6722 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Hu, C. R. Menyuk, L. B. Shaw, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, Opt. Lett. 35, 2907 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Sanghera, I. D. Aggarwal, L. B. Shaw, C. M. Florea, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, F. Kung, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mat. 8, 2148 (2006).

Shiner, A. D.

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, J. Phys. B 45, 074008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sorokin, E.

N. Tolstik, E. Sorokin, V. Kalashnikov, and I. Sorokina, Opt. Express 2, 1580 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sorokina, I.

N. Tolstik, E. Sorokin, V. Kalashnikov, and I. Sorokina, Opt. Express 2, 1580 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Soufiane, A.

A. Soufiane, F. Can, H. L’Helgouach, and M. Poulain, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184, 36 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Steffensen, H.

Suzuki, K.

M. Asobe, K. Suzuki, T. Kanamori, and K. Kubodera, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1153 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

Swiderski, J.

J. Swiderski and M. Michalska, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 035105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Swiderski and M. Michalska, Appl. Phys. B 109, 177 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

J. M. Dudley and J. R. Taylor, Supercontinuum Generation in Optical Fibers (Cambridge University, 2010).

Terry, F. L.

Terry, J.

Thøgersen, J.

Thomsen, C. L.

Tolstik, N.

N. Tolstik, E. Sorokin, V. Kalashnikov, and I. Sorokina, Opt. Express 2, 1580 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Trallero-Herrero, C. A.

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, J. Phys. B 45, 074008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, D. M.

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, J. Phys. B 45, 074008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, A.

Wolchover, N. A.

Xia, C.

Yan, X.

X. Yan, C. Kito, S. Miyoshi, M. Liao, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 29, 238 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, X.

X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, Adv. Optoelectron. 2010, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Optoelectron.

X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, Adv. Optoelectron. 2010, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Mater. Res.

T. M. Monro and H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 36, 467 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

J. Swiderski and M. Michalska, Appl. Phys. B 109, 177 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Asobe, K. Suzuki, T. Kanamori, and K. Kubodera, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1153 (1992).
[CrossRef]

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

A. Soufiane, F. Can, H. L’Helgouach, and M. Poulain, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184, 36 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mat.

J. S. Sanghera, I. D. Aggarwal, L. B. Shaw, C. M. Florea, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, F. Kung, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mat. 8, 2148 (2006).

J. Phys. B

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, J. Phys. B 45, 074008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett.

J. Swiderski and M. Michalska, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 035105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Rev. Mod. Phys.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other

J. M. Dudley and J. R. Taylor, Supercontinuum Generation in Optical Fibers (Cambridge University, 2010).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Attenuation spectrum of the fluoroindate-based fiber (black line) and ZBLAN fiber (red dash–dot).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Spectral evolution of SC as a function of measured energy per pulse injected in fluoroindate-based fiber. (b) SC generation in ZBLAN fiber.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Parameters of Fluoride Fibers

Equations (1)

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Lfiss=LDLN,

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