Abstract

We report on supercontinuum generation (SG) in a hexagonal lattice tellurite photonic crystal fiber (PCF). The fiber has a regular lattice with a lattice constant Λ=2μm, linear filling factor d/Λ=0.75, and a solid core 2.7 μm in diameter. Dispersion, calculated from scanning electron microscope (SEM) image of drawn fiber, has zero dispersion wavelength (ZDW) at 1410 and 4236 nm with a maximum of 193ps/nm/km at 2800 nm. Under pumping with 150fs/36nJ/1580nm pulses, supercontinuum spectrum in a bandwidth from 800 nm to over 2500 nm was observed in a 2 cm long PCF sample, which is comparable to results reported for suspended core tellurite PCFs pumped at wavelengths over 1800 nm. Measured spectrum is analyzed numerically with good agreement, and observed spectral broadening is interpreted. To our best knowledge, tellurite glass, regular lattice PCFs for successful SG in this bandwidth have not been reported before.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. P. Domachuk, N. A. Wolchover, M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Wang, A. K. George, C. M. B. Cordeiro, J. C. Knight, and F. G. Omenetto, Opt. Express 16, 7161 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. I. Savelii, O. Mouawad, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, F. Désévédavy, G. Gadret, J.-C. Jules, P.-Y. Bony, H. Kawashima, W. Gao, T. Kohoutek, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, Opt. Express 20, 27083 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  3. I. Savelii, F. Desevedavy, J.-Ch. Jules, G. Gadret, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, H. Kawashima, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, Opt. Mater. 35, 1595 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Liao, X. Yan, G. Qin, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Opt. Express 17, 15481 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. Wang, T. Jiang, C. Li, H. Yang, A. Wang, and Z. Zhang, Opt. Express 21, 4703 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  6. X. Feng, W. H. Loh, J. C. Flanagan, A. Camerlingo, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, P. Horak, K. E. Frampton, N. M. White, J. H. V. Price, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 16, 13651 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, M. Matsumoto, and T. Misumi, Opt. Express 17, 21608 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Stepien, R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, I. Kujawa, A. Filipkowski, M. Mirkowska, and R. Diduszko, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 873 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. Stepien, R. Buczynskia, D. Pysz, and I. Kujawa, Proc. SPIE 8010, 80100G (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Stepien, R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, I. Kujawa, and M. Mirkowska, Photonics Lett. Pol. 2, 16 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. Lorenc, M. Aranyosiova, R. Buczynski, R. Stepien, I. Bugar, A. Vincze, and D. Velic, Appl. Phys. B 93, 531 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. C. Travers, M. H. Frosz, and J. M. Dudley, in Supercontinuum Generation in Optical Fibers, J. M. Dudley and R. Taylor, eds. (Cambridge University, 2010).
  13. J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Herrmann and A. Nazarkin, Opt. Lett. 19, 2065 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. H. Stolen, E. P. Ippen, and A. R. Tynes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 62 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. H. Frosz, T. Sørensen, and O. Bang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1692 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. M. Kobtsev and S. V. Smirnov, Opt. Express 13, 6912 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. N. Islam, G. Sucha, I. Bar-Joseph, M. Wegener, J. P. Gordon, and D. S. Chemla, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1149 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. H. Frosz, O. Bang, and A. Bjarklev, Opt. Express 14, 9391 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (2)

I. Savelii, F. Desevedavy, J.-Ch. Jules, G. Gadret, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, H. Kawashima, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, Opt. Mater. 35, 1595 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, T. Jiang, C. Li, H. Yang, A. Wang, and Z. Zhang, Opt. Express 21, 4703 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

R. Stepien, R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, I. Kujawa, A. Filipkowski, M. Mirkowska, and R. Diduszko, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 873 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Stepien, R. Buczynskia, D. Pysz, and I. Kujawa, Proc. SPIE 8010, 80100G (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

R. Stepien, R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, I. Kujawa, and M. Mirkowska, Photonics Lett. Pol. 2, 16 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2008 (3)

2007 (1)

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

2005 (1)

1994 (1)

1989 (1)

1972 (1)

R. H. Stolen, E. P. Ippen, and A. R. Tynes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 62 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Aranyosiova, M.

D. Lorenc, M. Aranyosiova, R. Buczynski, R. Stepien, I. Bugar, A. Vincze, and D. Velic, Appl. Phys. B 93, 531 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bang, O.

Bar-Joseph, I.

Bjarklev, A.

Bony, P.-Y.

Brambilla, G.

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Buczynski, R.

R. Stepien, R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, I. Kujawa, A. Filipkowski, M. Mirkowska, and R. Diduszko, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 873 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Stepien, R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, I. Kujawa, and M. Mirkowska, Photonics Lett. Pol. 2, 16 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Lorenc, M. Aranyosiova, R. Buczynski, R. Stepien, I. Bugar, A. Vincze, and D. Velic, Appl. Phys. B 93, 531 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Buczynskia, R.

R. Stepien, R. Buczynskia, D. Pysz, and I. Kujawa, Proc. SPIE 8010, 80100G (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bugar, I.

D. Lorenc, M. Aranyosiova, R. Buczynski, R. Stepien, I. Bugar, A. Vincze, and D. Velic, Appl. Phys. B 93, 531 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Camerlingo, A.

Chaudhari, C.

Chemla, D. S.

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cordeiro, C. M. B.

Cronin-Golomb, M.

Dasgupta, S.

Desevedavy, F.

I. Savelii, F. Desevedavy, J.-Ch. Jules, G. Gadret, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, H. Kawashima, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, Opt. Mater. 35, 1595 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Désévédavy, F.

Diduszko, R.

R. Stepien, R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, I. Kujawa, A. Filipkowski, M. Mirkowska, and R. Diduszko, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 873 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Domachuk, P.

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Travers, M. H. Frosz, and J. M. Dudley, in Supercontinuum Generation in Optical Fibers, J. M. Dudley and R. Taylor, eds. (Cambridge University, 2010).

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fatome, J.

Feng, X.

X. Feng, W. H. Loh, J. C. Flanagan, A. Camerlingo, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, P. Horak, K. E. Frampton, N. M. White, J. H. V. Price, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 16, 13651 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Filipkowski, A.

R. Stepien, R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, I. Kujawa, A. Filipkowski, M. Mirkowska, and R. Diduszko, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 873 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Finazzi, V.

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Flanagan, J. C.

X. Feng, W. H. Loh, J. C. Flanagan, A. Camerlingo, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, P. Horak, K. E. Frampton, N. M. White, J. H. V. Price, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 16, 13651 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Frampton, K. E.

Frosz, M. H.

M. H. Frosz, O. Bang, and A. Bjarklev, Opt. Express 14, 9391 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Frosz, T. Sørensen, and O. Bang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1692 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Travers, M. H. Frosz, and J. M. Dudley, in Supercontinuum Generation in Optical Fibers, J. M. Dudley and R. Taylor, eds. (Cambridge University, 2010).

Gadret, G.

Gao, W.

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

George, A. K.

Gordon, J. P.

Herrmann, J.

Horak, P.

X. Feng, W. H. Loh, J. C. Flanagan, A. Camerlingo, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, P. Horak, K. E. Frampton, N. M. White, J. H. V. Price, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 16, 13651 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

R. H. Stolen, E. P. Ippen, and A. R. Tynes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 62 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Islam, M. N.

Jiang, T.

Jules, J.-C.

Jules, J.-Ch.

I. Savelii, F. Desevedavy, J.-Ch. Jules, G. Gadret, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, H. Kawashima, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, Opt. Mater. 35, 1595 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kawashima, H.

Kibler, B.

Kito, C.

Knight, J. C.

Kobtsev, S. M.

Kohoutek, T.

Kujawa, I.

R. Stepien, R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, I. Kujawa, A. Filipkowski, M. Mirkowska, and R. Diduszko, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 873 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Stepien, R. Buczynskia, D. Pysz, and I. Kujawa, Proc. SPIE 8010, 80100G (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Stepien, R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, I. Kujawa, and M. Mirkowska, Photonics Lett. Pol. 2, 16 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Leong, J. Y. Y.

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

Liao, M.

Loh, W. H.

Lorenc, D.

D. Lorenc, M. Aranyosiova, R. Buczynski, R. Stepien, I. Bugar, A. Vincze, and D. Velic, Appl. Phys. B 93, 531 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Matsumoto, M.

Mirkowska, M.

R. Stepien, R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, I. Kujawa, A. Filipkowski, M. Mirkowska, and R. Diduszko, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 873 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Stepien, R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, I. Kujawa, and M. Mirkowska, Photonics Lett. Pol. 2, 16 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Misumi, T.

Monro, T. M.

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mouawad, O.

Nazarkin, A.

Ohishi, Y.

Omenetto, F. G.

Petropoulos, P.

X. Feng, W. H. Loh, J. C. Flanagan, A. Camerlingo, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, P. Horak, K. E. Frampton, N. M. White, J. H. V. Price, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 16, 13651 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Poletti, F.

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Price, J. H. V.

X. Feng, W. H. Loh, J. C. Flanagan, A. Camerlingo, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, P. Horak, K. E. Frampton, N. M. White, J. H. V. Price, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 16, 13651 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pysz, D.

R. Stepien, R. Buczynskia, D. Pysz, and I. Kujawa, Proc. SPIE 8010, 80100G (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Stepien, R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, I. Kujawa, A. Filipkowski, M. Mirkowska, and R. Diduszko, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 873 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Stepien, R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, I. Kujawa, and M. Mirkowska, Photonics Lett. Pol. 2, 16 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Qin, G.

Richardson, D. J.

X. Feng, W. H. Loh, J. C. Flanagan, A. Camerlingo, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, P. Horak, K. E. Frampton, N. M. White, J. H. V. Price, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 16, 13651 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rutt, H. N.

Savelii, I.

Smektala, F.

Smirnov, S. V.

Sørensen, T.

Stepien, R.

R. Stepien, R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, I. Kujawa, A. Filipkowski, M. Mirkowska, and R. Diduszko, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 873 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Stepien, R. Buczynskia, D. Pysz, and I. Kujawa, Proc. SPIE 8010, 80100G (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Stepien, R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, I. Kujawa, and M. Mirkowska, Photonics Lett. Pol. 2, 16 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Lorenc, M. Aranyosiova, R. Buczynski, R. Stepien, I. Bugar, A. Vincze, and D. Velic, Appl. Phys. B 93, 531 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

R. H. Stolen, E. P. Ippen, and A. R. Tynes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 62 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Sucha, G.

Suzuki, T.

Travers, J. C.

J. C. Travers, M. H. Frosz, and J. M. Dudley, in Supercontinuum Generation in Optical Fibers, J. M. Dudley and R. Taylor, eds. (Cambridge University, 2010).

Tynes, A. R.

R. H. Stolen, E. P. Ippen, and A. R. Tynes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 62 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Velic, D.

D. Lorenc, M. Aranyosiova, R. Buczynski, R. Stepien, I. Bugar, A. Vincze, and D. Velic, Appl. Phys. B 93, 531 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vincze, A.

D. Lorenc, M. Aranyosiova, R. Buczynski, R. Stepien, I. Bugar, A. Vincze, and D. Velic, Appl. Phys. B 93, 531 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, A.

Wang, G.

Wegener, M.

White, N. M.

Wolchover, N. A.

Yan, X.

Yang, H.

Zhang, Z.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. Lorenc, M. Aranyosiova, R. Buczynski, R. Stepien, I. Bugar, A. Vincze, and D. Velic, Appl. Phys. B 93, 531 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. H. Stolen, E. P. Ippen, and A. R. Tynes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 62 (1972).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

R. Stepien, R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, I. Kujawa, A. Filipkowski, M. Mirkowska, and R. Diduszko, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 873 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Express (8)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. (1)

I. Savelii, F. Desevedavy, J.-Ch. Jules, G. Gadret, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, H. Kawashima, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, Opt. Mater. 35, 1595 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Photonics Lett. Pol. (1)

R. Stepien, R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, I. Kujawa, and M. Mirkowska, Photonics Lett. Pol. 2, 16 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

R. Stepien, R. Buczynskia, D. Pysz, and I. Kujawa, Proc. SPIE 8010, 80100G (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

J. C. Travers, M. H. Frosz, and J. M. Dudley, in Supercontinuum Generation in Optical Fibers, J. M. Dudley and R. Taylor, eds. (Cambridge University, 2010).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Microstructure of fabricated tellurite PCF: large picture of photonic structure close-up with propagating mode as seen in a CCD camera, and SEM images of photonic structure.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Attenuation of tellurite glass used for fiber drawing. Attenuation of drawn PCF, measured at 1550 nm, was 6.2dB/m.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Calculated dispersion profile of the fabricated PCF.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimentally recorded supercontinuum spectra in the presented tellurite regular lattice PCF for incident pump pulse energy of 15, 25, and 35 nJ.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Supercontinuum spectrum recorded experimentally in our regular-lattice tellurite PCF (solid line) and reconstructed numerically (dashed line). Capital letters mark corresponding components of numerically generated output temporal pulse-shape, shown in Fig. 6.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Numerically generated temporal pulse-shape with capital letter markings corresponding to spectral components in Fig. 5.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Numerical reconstruction of evolution of spectrum along the PCF sample (right) and numerical spectrogram at the output of fiber (left).

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

FWM phase-matching curves calculated for input pulse energy of 2.3 nJ.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

dvdz=0.09|β2|ΩR2πTsol,
κ=2γP0(1fR)+2m=1β2m(2m)!ω2m,

Metrics