Abstract

We report here the generation of a three-dimensional (3D) dark focus from a single focused monochromatic Gaussian beam that undergoes conical refraction when it propagates along one of the optic axes of a biaxial crystal. We study the resulting ring intensity pattern behind the crystal as a function of the ratio between the ring radius and the beam waist and derive the particular parameter values for which a 3D dark focus with null intensity at the ring center is formed. We have performed experiments with a KGd(WO4)2 biaxial crystal, reporting the generation of a bottle beam in full agreement with our theoretical investigations.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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