Abstract

We investigated experimentally the influence of 1D rectangular Au gratings on fluorescence. The formation of a bandgap in the dispersion relation is confirmed by our experiment. At the edge of this bandgap, the fluorescence of the dye can be strongly enhanced due to the surface plasmon polaritons’ large density of states. By structural design we tuned the plasmonic band edges to the wavelength of the fluorescence of the dye molecules. An optimized Au grating structure with a duty ratio of 3/4 is found to achieve up to 120 times stronger fluorescence than that of a planar metal surface.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. Raether, Surface-Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings, Vol. 111 of Springer Tracts in Modern Physics (Springer, 1988).
  2. W. Knoll, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 49, 569 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. Fort and S. Grésillon, J. Phys. D 41, 013001 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, N. Bonod, E. Devaux, E. Popov, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, Nano Lett. 11, 637 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, E. Devaux, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, Nano Lett. 11, 2400 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. V. Boriskina and L. Dal Negro, Opt. Lett. 35, 538 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. A. Hobson, S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, Adv. Mater. 14, 1393 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Wedge, A. Giannattasio, and W. L. Barnes, Org. Electron. 8, 136 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Dostálek and W. Knoll, Biointerphases 3, FD12 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. X. Q. Cui, K. Tawa, K. Kintaka, and J. Nishii, Adv. Funct. Mater. 20, 945 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. X. Q. Cui, K. Tawa, H. Hori, and J. Nishii, Adv. Funct. Mater. 20, 546 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Kim, Y. Oh, W. Lee, and D. Kim, Opt. Lett. 35, 3501 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. I. Gontijo, M. Boroditsky, E. Yablonovitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. D. Neal, K. Okamoto, and A. Scherer, Opt. Express 13, 5522 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Kocabas, S. S. Senlik, and A. Aydinli, Phys. Rev. B 77, 195130 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Y. Fujiwara, K. Murata, M. Ojima, Y. Ogawa, H. Kubo, H. Yoshida, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 19, 571 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  17. K. Murata, M. Ojima, Y. Ogawa, Y. Fujiwara, H. Kubo, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, Appl. Phys. Express 3, 041601 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Y. F. Shen, X. H. Liu, Y. F. Tang, Y. F. Chen, and J. Zi, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 17, L287 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. Gao, A. M. Sarangan, and Q. W. Zhan, Opt. Lett. 37, 2640 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  20. S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. B 52, 11441 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  21. W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. B 54, 6227 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  22. Y. Jiang, H. Y. Wang, H. Wang, B. R. Gao, Y. W. Hao, Y. Jin, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 12636 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  23. G. P. Wiederrecht, J. E. Hall, and A. Bouhelier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 083001 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  24. T. Okamoto, J. Simonen, and S. Kawata, Opt. Express 17, 8294 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  25. A. Salomon, R. J. Gordon, Y. Prior, T. Seideman, and M. Sukharev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 073002 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  26. W. Y. Wismanto, R. Hidayat, M. O. Tjia, Y. Fujiwara, K. Murata, Y. Ogawa, H. Yoshida, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 21, 1250013 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2012

A. Salomon, R. J. Gordon, Y. Prior, T. Seideman, and M. Sukharev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 073002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Y. Wismanto, R. Hidayat, M. O. Tjia, Y. Fujiwara, K. Murata, Y. Ogawa, H. Yoshida, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 21, 1250013 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Gao, A. M. Sarangan, and Q. W. Zhan, Opt. Lett. 37, 2640 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

Y. Jiang, H. Y. Wang, H. Wang, B. R. Gao, Y. W. Hao, Y. Jin, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 12636 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, N. Bonod, E. Devaux, E. Popov, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, Nano Lett. 11, 637 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, E. Devaux, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, Nano Lett. 11, 2400 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

X. Q. Cui, K. Tawa, K. Kintaka, and J. Nishii, Adv. Funct. Mater. 20, 945 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Q. Cui, K. Tawa, H. Hori, and J. Nishii, Adv. Funct. Mater. 20, 546 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujiwara, K. Murata, M. Ojima, Y. Ogawa, H. Kubo, H. Yoshida, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 19, 571 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Murata, M. Ojima, Y. Ogawa, Y. Fujiwara, H. Kubo, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, Appl. Phys. Express 3, 041601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Boriskina and L. Dal Negro, Opt. Lett. 35, 538 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Kim, Y. Oh, W. Lee, and D. Kim, Opt. Lett. 35, 3501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

A. Kocabas, S. S. Senlik, and A. Aydinli, Phys. Rev. B 77, 195130 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Dostálek and W. Knoll, Biointerphases 3, FD12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Fort and S. Grésillon, J. Phys. D 41, 013001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

S. Wedge, A. Giannattasio, and W. L. Barnes, Org. Electron. 8, 136 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Wiederrecht, J. E. Hall, and A. Bouhelier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 083001 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

T. D. Neal, K. Okamoto, and A. Scherer, Opt. Express 13, 5522 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Shen, X. H. Liu, Y. F. Tang, Y. F. Chen, and J. Zi, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 17, L287 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002

P. A. Hobson, S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, Adv. Mater. 14, 1393 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999

I. Gontijo, M. Boroditsky, E. Yablonovitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

W. Knoll, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 49, 569 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. B 54, 6227 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. B 52, 11441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Aouani, H.

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, N. Bonod, E. Devaux, E. Popov, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, Nano Lett. 11, 637 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, E. Devaux, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, Nano Lett. 11, 2400 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Aydinli, A.

A. Kocabas, S. S. Senlik, and A. Aydinli, Phys. Rev. B 77, 195130 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

S. Wedge, A. Giannattasio, and W. L. Barnes, Org. Electron. 8, 136 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Hobson, S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, Adv. Mater. 14, 1393 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. B 54, 6227 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. B 52, 11441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bonod, N.

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, N. Bonod, E. Devaux, E. Popov, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, Nano Lett. 11, 637 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Boriskina, S. V.

Boroditsky, M.

I. Gontijo, M. Boroditsky, E. Yablonovitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bouhelier, A.

G. P. Wiederrecht, J. E. Hall, and A. Bouhelier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 083001 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Q. D.

Y. Jiang, H. Y. Wang, H. Wang, B. R. Gao, Y. W. Hao, Y. Jin, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 12636 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

Y. F. Shen, X. H. Liu, Y. F. Tang, Y. F. Chen, and J. Zi, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 17, L287 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cui, X. Q.

X. Q. Cui, K. Tawa, H. Hori, and J. Nishii, Adv. Funct. Mater. 20, 546 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Q. Cui, K. Tawa, K. Kintaka, and J. Nishii, Adv. Funct. Mater. 20, 945 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dal Negro, L.

DenBaars, S. P.

I. Gontijo, M. Boroditsky, E. Yablonovitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Devaux, E.

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, N. Bonod, E. Devaux, E. Popov, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, Nano Lett. 11, 637 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, E. Devaux, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, Nano Lett. 11, 2400 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dostálek, J.

J. Dostálek and W. Knoll, Biointerphases 3, FD12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, E. Devaux, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, Nano Lett. 11, 2400 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, N. Bonod, E. Devaux, E. Popov, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, Nano Lett. 11, 637 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fort, E.

E. Fort and S. Grésillon, J. Phys. D 41, 013001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fujii, A.

W. Y. Wismanto, R. Hidayat, M. O. Tjia, Y. Fujiwara, K. Murata, Y. Ogawa, H. Yoshida, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 21, 1250013 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujiwara, K. Murata, M. Ojima, Y. Ogawa, H. Kubo, H. Yoshida, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 19, 571 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Murata, M. Ojima, Y. Ogawa, Y. Fujiwara, H. Kubo, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, Appl. Phys. Express 3, 041601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, Y.

W. Y. Wismanto, R. Hidayat, M. O. Tjia, Y. Fujiwara, K. Murata, Y. Ogawa, H. Yoshida, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 21, 1250013 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Murata, M. Ojima, Y. Ogawa, Y. Fujiwara, H. Kubo, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, Appl. Phys. Express 3, 041601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujiwara, K. Murata, M. Ojima, Y. Ogawa, H. Kubo, H. Yoshida, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 19, 571 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gao, B. R.

Y. Jiang, H. Y. Wang, H. Wang, B. R. Gao, Y. W. Hao, Y. Jin, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 12636 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gao, J.

Giannattasio, A.

S. Wedge, A. Giannattasio, and W. L. Barnes, Org. Electron. 8, 136 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gontijo, I.

I. Gontijo, M. Boroditsky, E. Yablonovitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, R. J.

A. Salomon, R. J. Gordon, Y. Prior, T. Seideman, and M. Sukharev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 073002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Grésillon, S.

E. Fort and S. Grésillon, J. Phys. D 41, 013001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. E.

G. P. Wiederrecht, J. E. Hall, and A. Bouhelier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 083001 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hao, Y. W.

Y. Jiang, H. Y. Wang, H. Wang, B. R. Gao, Y. W. Hao, Y. Jin, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 12636 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hidayat, R.

W. Y. Wismanto, R. Hidayat, M. O. Tjia, Y. Fujiwara, K. Murata, Y. Ogawa, H. Yoshida, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 21, 1250013 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hobson, P. A.

P. A. Hobson, S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, Adv. Mater. 14, 1393 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hori, H.

X. Q. Cui, K. Tawa, H. Hori, and J. Nishii, Adv. Funct. Mater. 20, 546 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Y.

Y. Jiang, H. Y. Wang, H. Wang, B. R. Gao, Y. W. Hao, Y. Jin, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 12636 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jin, Y.

Y. Jiang, H. Y. Wang, H. Wang, B. R. Gao, Y. W. Hao, Y. Jin, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 12636 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kawata, S.

Keller, S.

I. Gontijo, M. Boroditsky, E. Yablonovitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D.

Kim, K.

Kintaka, K.

X. Q. Cui, K. Tawa, K. Kintaka, and J. Nishii, Adv. Funct. Mater. 20, 945 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kitson, S. C.

W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. B 54, 6227 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. B 52, 11441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Knoll, W.

J. Dostálek and W. Knoll, Biointerphases 3, FD12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Knoll, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 49, 569 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kocabas, A.

A. Kocabas, S. S. Senlik, and A. Aydinli, Phys. Rev. B 77, 195130 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kubo, H.

Y. Fujiwara, K. Murata, M. Ojima, Y. Ogawa, H. Kubo, H. Yoshida, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 19, 571 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Murata, M. Ojima, Y. Ogawa, Y. Fujiwara, H. Kubo, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, Appl. Phys. Express 3, 041601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, W.

Liu, X. H.

Y. F. Shen, X. H. Liu, Y. F. Tang, Y. F. Chen, and J. Zi, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 17, L287 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mahboub, O.

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, N. Bonod, E. Devaux, E. Popov, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, Nano Lett. 11, 637 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, E. Devaux, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, Nano Lett. 11, 2400 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mishra, U. K.

I. Gontijo, M. Boroditsky, E. Yablonovitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Murata, K.

W. Y. Wismanto, R. Hidayat, M. O. Tjia, Y. Fujiwara, K. Murata, Y. Ogawa, H. Yoshida, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 21, 1250013 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujiwara, K. Murata, M. Ojima, Y. Ogawa, H. Kubo, H. Yoshida, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 19, 571 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Murata, M. Ojima, Y. Ogawa, Y. Fujiwara, H. Kubo, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, Appl. Phys. Express 3, 041601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Neal, T. D.

Nishii, J.

X. Q. Cui, K. Tawa, H. Hori, and J. Nishii, Adv. Funct. Mater. 20, 546 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Q. Cui, K. Tawa, K. Kintaka, and J. Nishii, Adv. Funct. Mater. 20, 945 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, Y.

W. Y. Wismanto, R. Hidayat, M. O. Tjia, Y. Fujiwara, K. Murata, Y. Ogawa, H. Yoshida, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 21, 1250013 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Murata, M. Ojima, Y. Ogawa, Y. Fujiwara, H. Kubo, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, Appl. Phys. Express 3, 041601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujiwara, K. Murata, M. Ojima, Y. Ogawa, H. Kubo, H. Yoshida, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 19, 571 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Oh, Y.

Ojima, M.

K. Murata, M. Ojima, Y. Ogawa, Y. Fujiwara, H. Kubo, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, Appl. Phys. Express 3, 041601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujiwara, K. Murata, M. Ojima, Y. Ogawa, H. Kubo, H. Yoshida, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 19, 571 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

Okamoto, T.

Ozaki, M.

W. Y. Wismanto, R. Hidayat, M. O. Tjia, Y. Fujiwara, K. Murata, Y. Ogawa, H. Yoshida, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 21, 1250013 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujiwara, K. Murata, M. Ojima, Y. Ogawa, H. Kubo, H. Yoshida, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 19, 571 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Murata, M. Ojima, Y. Ogawa, Y. Fujiwara, H. Kubo, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, Appl. Phys. Express 3, 041601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Popov, E.

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, N. Bonod, E. Devaux, E. Popov, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, Nano Lett. 11, 637 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Preist, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. B 54, 6227 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Prior, Y.

A. Salomon, R. J. Gordon, Y. Prior, T. Seideman, and M. Sukharev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 073002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Raether, H.

H. Raether, Surface-Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings, Vol. 111 of Springer Tracts in Modern Physics (Springer, 1988).

Rigneault, H.

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, E. Devaux, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, Nano Lett. 11, 2400 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, N. Bonod, E. Devaux, E. Popov, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, Nano Lett. 11, 637 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sage, I.

P. A. Hobson, S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, Adv. Mater. 14, 1393 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Salomon, A.

A. Salomon, R. J. Gordon, Y. Prior, T. Seideman, and M. Sukharev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 073002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sambles, J. R.

W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. B 54, 6227 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. B 52, 11441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sarangan, A. M.

Scherer, A.

Seideman, T.

A. Salomon, R. J. Gordon, Y. Prior, T. Seideman, and M. Sukharev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 073002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Senlik, S. S.

A. Kocabas, S. S. Senlik, and A. Aydinli, Phys. Rev. B 77, 195130 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. F.

Y. F. Shen, X. H. Liu, Y. F. Tang, Y. F. Chen, and J. Zi, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 17, L287 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Simonen, J.

Sukharev, M.

A. Salomon, R. J. Gordon, Y. Prior, T. Seideman, and M. Sukharev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 073002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H. B.

Y. Jiang, H. Y. Wang, H. Wang, B. R. Gao, Y. W. Hao, Y. Jin, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 12636 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Y. F.

Y. F. Shen, X. H. Liu, Y. F. Tang, Y. F. Chen, and J. Zi, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 17, L287 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tawa, K.

X. Q. Cui, K. Tawa, H. Hori, and J. Nishii, Adv. Funct. Mater. 20, 546 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Q. Cui, K. Tawa, K. Kintaka, and J. Nishii, Adv. Funct. Mater. 20, 945 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tjia, M. O.

W. Y. Wismanto, R. Hidayat, M. O. Tjia, Y. Fujiwara, K. Murata, Y. Ogawa, H. Yoshida, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 21, 1250013 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

Y. Jiang, H. Y. Wang, H. Wang, B. R. Gao, Y. W. Hao, Y. Jin, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 12636 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H. Y.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic diagram of the three-layer structure with a constant grating period and Au film thickness (P=600nm, H=200nm). (b) The scanning electron microscope (SEM) image of an Au grating with a period of 600 nm and groove width of 150 nm. (c) The fluorescence spectra of the dye molecule. The inset shows the molecule’s structure and formula.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Calculated and simulated results for Au gratings (P=600nm, h=20nm) without PMMA film. The solid squares denote the calculated relationship between the 2K Fourier coefficients and the groove width. The solid circles represent the simulated results of bandgap width versus groove width.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a)–(c) Dispersion curves of SPPs on gratings simulated by Rsoft software. (d)–(h) The field and corresponding charge distribution at the bandgap edges or the center of the band cross for different structures.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a)–(c) Simulated and (d)–(f) experimental results of the dispersion relation for 50 nm PMMA-coated gratings with different duty ratios. (g)–(i) The measured fluorescence enhancement ratios. The inset shows the simulated reflectivity (R).

Equations (1)

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Γp(ω)=2πd⃗·E⃗2g(ω).

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