Abstract

In this Letter, we use a reconfigurable hologram to dynamically control the position of incidence of the pump beam onto a liquid-crystal dye-based laser. The results show that there is an increase in the stability of the laser output with time and the average power when compared with the output of the same laser when it is optically excited using a static pump beam. This technique also provides additional functionality, such as wavelength tuning and spatial shaping of the pump beam, both of which are demonstrated here.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. E. P. Schafer, ed., Dye Lasers, 3rd ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1990).
  2. F. J. Duarte and L. W. Hillman, eds., Dye Laser Principles (Academic, 1990).
  3. O. G. Peterson, S. A. Tuccio, and B. B. Snavely, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 245 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Bornemann, U. Lemmer, and E. Thiel, Opt. Lett. 31, 1669 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Costela, I. Garc-Moreno, R. Sastre, D. W. Coutts, and C. E. Webb, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 452 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. For a recent review, see H. J. Coles and S. M. Morris, Nat. Photonics 4, 676 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. Yablonovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. John, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. P. Dowling, M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, and C. M. Bowden, J. Appl. Phys. 75, 1896 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Schmidtke and W. Stille, Eur. Phys. J. B 31, 179 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. M. Bendickson, J. P. Dowling, and M. Scalora, Phys. Rev. E 53, 4107 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, and J. H. Boyer, Opt. Commun. 70, 425 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Mowatt, S. M. Morris, H. M. Song, T. D. Wilkinson, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 043101 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, M. N. Pivnenko, and H. J. Coles, J. Opt. A 7, 215 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. W. Gerchberg and W. O. Saxton, Optik 35, 237 (1972).
  16. J. R. Fienup, Appl. Opt. 52, 45 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, C. Gillespie, M. N. Pivnenko, O. Hadeler, and H. J. Coles, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 14, 565 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, S. Findeisen-Tandel, R. H. Cole, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, Opt. Express 16, 18828 (2008).
  19. P. J. W. Hands, S. M. Morris, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, Opt. Lett. 33, 515 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

2010 (2)

For a recent review, see H. J. Coles and S. M. Morris, Nat. Photonics 4, 676 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Mowatt, S. M. Morris, H. M. Song, T. D. Wilkinson, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 043101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

P. J. W. Hands, S. M. Morris, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, Opt. Lett. 33, 515 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, S. Findeisen-Tandel, R. H. Cole, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, Opt. Express 16, 18828 (2008).

2006 (2)

R. Bornemann, U. Lemmer, and E. Thiel, Opt. Lett. 31, 1669 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, C. Gillespie, M. N. Pivnenko, O. Hadeler, and H. J. Coles, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 14, 565 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, M. N. Pivnenko, and H. J. Coles, J. Opt. A 7, 215 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

J. Schmidtke and W. Stille, Eur. Phys. J. B 31, 179 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

A. Costela, I. Garc-Moreno, R. Sastre, D. W. Coutts, and C. E. Webb, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 452 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

J. M. Bendickson, J. P. Dowling, and M. Scalora, Phys. Rev. E 53, 4107 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

J. P. Dowling, M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, and C. M. Bowden, J. Appl. Phys. 75, 1896 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, and J. H. Boyer, Opt. Commun. 70, 425 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

E. Yablonovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
[CrossRef]

S. John, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

R. W. Gerchberg and W. O. Saxton, Optik 35, 237 (1972).

1970 (1)

O. G. Peterson, S. A. Tuccio, and B. B. Snavely, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 245 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Bendickson, J. M.

J. M. Bendickson, J. P. Dowling, and M. Scalora, Phys. Rev. E 53, 4107 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bloemer, M. J.

J. P. Dowling, M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, and C. M. Bowden, J. Appl. Phys. 75, 1896 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bornemann, R.

Bowden, C. M.

J. P. Dowling, M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, and C. M. Bowden, J. Appl. Phys. 75, 1896 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Boyer, J. H.

T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, and J. H. Boyer, Opt. Commun. 70, 425 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Cole, R. H.

S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, S. Findeisen-Tandel, R. H. Cole, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, Opt. Express 16, 18828 (2008).

Coles, H. J.

For a recent review, see H. J. Coles and S. M. Morris, Nat. Photonics 4, 676 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Mowatt, S. M. Morris, H. M. Song, T. D. Wilkinson, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 043101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. J. W. Hands, S. M. Morris, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, Opt. Lett. 33, 515 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, S. Findeisen-Tandel, R. H. Cole, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, Opt. Express 16, 18828 (2008).

S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, C. Gillespie, M. N. Pivnenko, O. Hadeler, and H. J. Coles, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 14, 565 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, M. N. Pivnenko, and H. J. Coles, J. Opt. A 7, 215 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Costela, A.

A. Costela, I. Garc-Moreno, R. Sastre, D. W. Coutts, and C. E. Webb, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 452 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Coutts, D. W.

A. Costela, I. Garc-Moreno, R. Sastre, D. W. Coutts, and C. E. Webb, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 452 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dowling, J. P.

J. M. Bendickson, J. P. Dowling, and M. Scalora, Phys. Rev. E 53, 4107 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Dowling, M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, and C. M. Bowden, J. Appl. Phys. 75, 1896 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fienup, J. R.

Findeisen-Tandel, S.

S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, S. Findeisen-Tandel, R. H. Cole, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, Opt. Express 16, 18828 (2008).

Ford, A. D.

S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, C. Gillespie, M. N. Pivnenko, O. Hadeler, and H. J. Coles, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 14, 565 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, M. N. Pivnenko, and H. J. Coles, J. Opt. A 7, 215 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Friend, R. H.

C. Mowatt, S. M. Morris, H. M. Song, T. D. Wilkinson, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 043101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Garc-Moreno, I.

A. Costela, I. Garc-Moreno, R. Sastre, D. W. Coutts, and C. E. Webb, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 452 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gerchberg, R. W.

R. W. Gerchberg and W. O. Saxton, Optik 35, 237 (1972).

Gillespie, C.

S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, C. Gillespie, M. N. Pivnenko, O. Hadeler, and H. J. Coles, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 14, 565 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hadeler, O.

S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, C. Gillespie, M. N. Pivnenko, O. Hadeler, and H. J. Coles, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 14, 565 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hands, P. J. W.

P. J. W. Hands, S. M. Morris, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, Opt. Lett. 33, 515 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, S. Findeisen-Tandel, R. H. Cole, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, Opt. Express 16, 18828 (2008).

John, S.

S. John, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Lemmer, U.

Morris, S. M.

For a recent review, see H. J. Coles and S. M. Morris, Nat. Photonics 4, 676 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Mowatt, S. M. Morris, H. M. Song, T. D. Wilkinson, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 043101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. J. W. Hands, S. M. Morris, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, Opt. Lett. 33, 515 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, S. Findeisen-Tandel, R. H. Cole, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, Opt. Express 16, 18828 (2008).

S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, C. Gillespie, M. N. Pivnenko, O. Hadeler, and H. J. Coles, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 14, 565 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, M. N. Pivnenko, and H. J. Coles, J. Opt. A 7, 215 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mowatt, C.

C. Mowatt, S. M. Morris, H. M. Song, T. D. Wilkinson, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 043101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pavlopoulos, T. G.

T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, and J. H. Boyer, Opt. Commun. 70, 425 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Peterson, O. G.

O. G. Peterson, S. A. Tuccio, and B. B. Snavely, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 245 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Pivnenko, M. N.

S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, C. Gillespie, M. N. Pivnenko, O. Hadeler, and H. J. Coles, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 14, 565 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, M. N. Pivnenko, and H. J. Coles, J. Opt. A 7, 215 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sastre, R.

A. Costela, I. Garc-Moreno, R. Sastre, D. W. Coutts, and C. E. Webb, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 452 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Saxton, W. O.

R. W. Gerchberg and W. O. Saxton, Optik 35, 237 (1972).

Scalora, M.

J. M. Bendickson, J. P. Dowling, and M. Scalora, Phys. Rev. E 53, 4107 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Dowling, M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, and C. M. Bowden, J. Appl. Phys. 75, 1896 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Schmidtke, J.

J. Schmidtke and W. Stille, Eur. Phys. J. B 31, 179 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shah, M.

T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, and J. H. Boyer, Opt. Commun. 70, 425 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Snavely, B. B.

O. G. Peterson, S. A. Tuccio, and B. B. Snavely, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 245 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Song, H. M.

C. Mowatt, S. M. Morris, H. M. Song, T. D. Wilkinson, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 043101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stille, W.

J. Schmidtke and W. Stille, Eur. Phys. J. B 31, 179 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Thiel, E.

Tuccio, S. A.

O. G. Peterson, S. A. Tuccio, and B. B. Snavely, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 245 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Webb, C. E.

A. Costela, I. Garc-Moreno, R. Sastre, D. W. Coutts, and C. E. Webb, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 452 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wilkinson, T. D.

C. Mowatt, S. M. Morris, H. M. Song, T. D. Wilkinson, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 043101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. J. W. Hands, S. M. Morris, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, Opt. Lett. 33, 515 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, S. Findeisen-Tandel, R. H. Cole, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, Opt. Express 16, 18828 (2008).

Yablonovitch, E.

E. Yablonovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. Costela, I. Garc-Moreno, R. Sastre, D. W. Coutts, and C. E. Webb, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 452 (2001).
[CrossRef]

O. G. Peterson, S. A. Tuccio, and B. B. Snavely, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 245 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. B (1)

J. Schmidtke and W. Stille, Eur. Phys. J. B 31, 179 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

J. P. Dowling, M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, and C. M. Bowden, J. Appl. Phys. 75, 1896 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. Mowatt, S. M. Morris, H. M. Song, T. D. Wilkinson, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 043101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A (1)

S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, M. N. Pivnenko, and H. J. Coles, J. Opt. A 7, 215 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Soc. Inf. Disp. (1)

S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, C. Gillespie, M. N. Pivnenko, O. Hadeler, and H. J. Coles, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 14, 565 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

For a recent review, see H. J. Coles and S. M. Morris, Nat. Photonics 4, 676 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, and J. H. Boyer, Opt. Commun. 70, 425 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, S. Findeisen-Tandel, R. H. Cole, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, Opt. Express 16, 18828 (2008).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Optik (1)

R. W. Gerchberg and W. O. Saxton, Optik 35, 237 (1972).

Phys. Rev. E (1)

J. M. Bendickson, J. P. Dowling, and M. Scalora, Phys. Rev. E 53, 4107 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

E. Yablonovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
[CrossRef]

S. John, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

E. P. Schafer, ed., Dye Lasers, 3rd ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1990).

F. J. Duarte and L. W. Hillman, eds., Dye Laser Principles (Academic, 1990).

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: MP4 (910 KB)     

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup and example hologram. (a) Illustration of the principle of dynamic optical pumping using computer-generated holograms. (b) Phase CGH (gray scale) used for the generation of six first-order spots in the replay field (768×768 pixels). (c) The ideal replay field.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Optically pumping a dye-doped LC laser using the replay field of a multilevel phase CGH. (a) Combined emission spectrum of a LC laser pumped by two spots in the replay field (inset: 3D intensity profile showing two spatially separated LC lasers). (b) 2D intensity profile for a LC laser array that is created using a CGH that generates 12 LC lasers (six spots plus the conjugate image).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Accessing higher repetition rates using dynamic pumping. The energy was recorded for each pulse, but in (a)–(c), the results are averaged over 2 s. The output energies are normalized to that recorded for the first pulse. (a) Dynamic pumping at 600 Hz with different SLM frame rates: 1 fps (▪), 2 fps (•), and 10 fps (blue ▴). (b) Static pumping of a LC laser at different repetition rates. (c) Dynamic pumping with 2 fps at different repetition rates. In (b) and (c): 200 Hz (▪), 300 Hz (•), 400 Hz (blue ▴), 600 Hz (pink ▾). (d) Total average output power over 1 min for different repetition rates for both the static (▪) and dynamic (•) case.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Multicolor laser arrays and dynamic wavelength tuning. (a) Four spots (one zero order, two first order, and one second order) corresponding to different colors from red to green. (b) Emission spectra from different regions of the cell, obtained by static addressing of different spatial regions.

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