Abstract

We present a design for spectral engineering in a metal dual distributed Bragg reflector (DBR)-based structure. Optical Tamm states and Fabry–Perot cavity mode, dual windows for light–matter interaction enhancement, can be excited simultaneously and tuned flexibly, including their respective bandwidth and resonant wavelength, due to the variable reflection phase from the outer DBR’s internal surface. The design can find applications in solar cells for light trappings. Via calculations of overall absorptivity, the proposed simpler dual-states-based scheme is demonstrated to be almost as effective as the coherent-light-trapping scheme, owing to the dual-states-induced broader-band absorption enhancement.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013

X. L. Zhang, J. F. Song, X. B. Li, J. Feng, and H. B. Sun, Org. Electron. 14, 1577 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. Xiang, W. Koo, F. So, H. Sasabe, and J. Kido, Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e74 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

Y. F. Liu, J. Feng, Y. G. Bi, J. F. Song, Y. Jin, Y. Bai, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, Opt. Lett. 37, 124 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Su, Y. F. Ke, S. L. Cai, and Q. Y. Yao, Light: Sci. Appl. 1, e14 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Brückner, M. Sudzius, S. I. Hintschich, H. Fröb, V. G. Lyssenko, M. A. Kaliteevski, I. Iorsh, R. A. Abram, A. V. Kavokin, and K. Leo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 062101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. Iorsh, P. V. Panicheva, I. A. Slovinskii, and M. A. Kaliteevski, Tech. Phys. Lett. 38, 351 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Zhang, J. F. Song, X. B. Li, J. Feng, and H. B. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 243901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2010

H. C. Zhou, G. Yang, K. Wang, H. Long, and P. X. Lu, Opt. Lett. 35, 4112 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Min, J. Li, G. Veronis, J. Y. Lee, S. Fan, and P. Peumans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 133302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

M. Kaliteevski, S. Brand, R. A. Abram, I. Iorsh, A. V. Kavokin, and I. A. Shelykh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 251108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

M. Kaliteevski, I. Iorsh, S. Brand, R. A. Abram, J. M. Chamberlain, A. V. Kavokin, and I. A. Shelykh, Phys. Rev. B 76, 165415 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2003

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1997

1993

1977

Abram, R. A.

R. Brückner, M. Sudzius, S. I. Hintschich, H. Fröb, V. G. Lyssenko, M. A. Kaliteevski, I. Iorsh, R. A. Abram, A. V. Kavokin, and K. Leo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 062101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Kaliteevski, S. Brand, R. A. Abram, I. Iorsh, A. V. Kavokin, and I. A. Shelykh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 251108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Kaliteevski, I. Iorsh, S. Brand, R. A. Abram, J. M. Chamberlain, A. V. Kavokin, and I. A. Shelykh, Phys. Rev. B 76, 165415 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Agrewal, M.

Bai, Y.

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Berkoff, T. A.

Bi, Y. G.

Birks, T. A.

Brand, S.

M. Kaliteevski, S. Brand, R. A. Abram, I. Iorsh, A. V. Kavokin, and I. A. Shelykh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 251108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Kaliteevski, I. Iorsh, S. Brand, R. A. Abram, J. M. Chamberlain, A. V. Kavokin, and I. A. Shelykh, Phys. Rev. B 76, 165415 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Brückner, R.

R. Brückner, M. Sudzius, S. I. Hintschich, H. Fröb, V. G. Lyssenko, M. A. Kaliteevski, I. Iorsh, R. A. Abram, A. V. Kavokin, and K. Leo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 062101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cai, S. L.

Y. H. Su, Y. F. Ke, S. L. Cai, and Q. Y. Yao, Light: Sci. Appl. 1, e14 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chamberlain, J. M.

M. Kaliteevski, I. Iorsh, S. Brand, R. A. Abram, J. M. Chamberlain, A. V. Kavokin, and I. A. Shelykh, Phys. Rev. B 76, 165415 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Q. D.

Cheung, G.

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

C. Min, J. Li, G. Veronis, J. Y. Lee, S. Fan, and P. Peumans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 133302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Feng, J.

X. L. Zhang, J. F. Song, X. B. Li, J. Feng, and H. B. Sun, Org. Electron. 14, 1577 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Liu, J. Feng, Y. G. Bi, J. F. Song, Y. Jin, Y. Bai, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, Opt. Lett. 37, 124 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Zhang, J. F. Song, X. B. Li, J. Feng, and H. B. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 243901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fröb, H.

R. Brückner, M. Sudzius, S. I. Hintschich, H. Fröb, V. G. Lyssenko, M. A. Kaliteevski, I. Iorsh, R. A. Abram, A. V. Kavokin, and K. Leo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 062101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hintschich, S. I.

R. Brückner, M. Sudzius, S. I. Hintschich, H. Fröb, V. G. Lyssenko, M. A. Kaliteevski, I. Iorsh, R. A. Abram, A. V. Kavokin, and K. Leo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 062101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hong, C. S.

Iorsh, I.

R. Brückner, M. Sudzius, S. I. Hintschich, H. Fröb, V. G. Lyssenko, M. A. Kaliteevski, I. Iorsh, R. A. Abram, A. V. Kavokin, and K. Leo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 062101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. Iorsh, P. V. Panicheva, I. A. Slovinskii, and M. A. Kaliteevski, Tech. Phys. Lett. 38, 351 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Kaliteevski, S. Brand, R. A. Abram, I. Iorsh, A. V. Kavokin, and I. A. Shelykh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 251108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Kaliteevski, I. Iorsh, S. Brand, R. A. Abram, J. M. Chamberlain, A. V. Kavokin, and I. A. Shelykh, Phys. Rev. B 76, 165415 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jacques, F.

Jin, Y.

Kaliteevski, M.

M. Kaliteevski, S. Brand, R. A. Abram, I. Iorsh, A. V. Kavokin, and I. A. Shelykh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 251108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Kaliteevski, I. Iorsh, S. Brand, R. A. Abram, J. M. Chamberlain, A. V. Kavokin, and I. A. Shelykh, Phys. Rev. B 76, 165415 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kaliteevski, M. A.

R. Brückner, M. Sudzius, S. I. Hintschich, H. Fröb, V. G. Lyssenko, M. A. Kaliteevski, I. Iorsh, R. A. Abram, A. V. Kavokin, and K. Leo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 062101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. Iorsh, P. V. Panicheva, I. A. Slovinskii, and M. A. Kaliteevski, Tech. Phys. Lett. 38, 351 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kavokin, A. V.

R. Brückner, M. Sudzius, S. I. Hintschich, H. Fröb, V. G. Lyssenko, M. A. Kaliteevski, I. Iorsh, R. A. Abram, A. V. Kavokin, and K. Leo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 062101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Kaliteevski, S. Brand, R. A. Abram, I. Iorsh, A. V. Kavokin, and I. A. Shelykh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 251108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Kaliteevski, I. Iorsh, S. Brand, R. A. Abram, J. M. Chamberlain, A. V. Kavokin, and I. A. Shelykh, Phys. Rev. B 76, 165415 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ke, Y. F.

Y. H. Su, Y. F. Ke, S. L. Cai, and Q. Y. Yao, Light: Sci. Appl. 1, e14 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kersey, A. D.

Kido, J.

C. Xiang, W. Koo, F. So, H. Sasabe, and J. Kido, Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e74 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Koo, W.

C. Xiang, W. Koo, F. So, H. Sasabe, and J. Kido, Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e74 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ku, J. F.

Lee, J. Y.

C. Min, J. Li, G. Veronis, J. Y. Lee, S. Fan, and P. Peumans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 133302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Leo, K.

R. Brückner, M. Sudzius, S. I. Hintschich, H. Fröb, V. G. Lyssenko, M. A. Kaliteevski, I. Iorsh, R. A. Abram, A. V. Kavokin, and K. Leo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 062101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

C. Min, J. Li, G. Veronis, J. Y. Lee, S. Fan, and P. Peumans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 133302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. B.

X. L. Zhang, J. F. Song, X. B. Li, J. Feng, and H. B. Sun, Org. Electron. 14, 1577 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Zhang, J. F. Song, X. B. Li, J. Feng, and H. B. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 243901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y. F.

Long, H.

Lu, P. X.

Lyssenko, V. G.

R. Brückner, M. Sudzius, S. I. Hintschich, H. Fröb, V. G. Lyssenko, M. A. Kaliteevski, I. Iorsh, R. A. Abram, A. V. Kavokin, and K. Leo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 062101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Min, C.

C. Min, J. Li, G. Veronis, J. Y. Lee, S. Fan, and P. Peumans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 133302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Morey, W. W.

Panicheva, P. V.

I. Iorsh, P. V. Panicheva, I. A. Slovinskii, and M. A. Kaliteevski, Tech. Phys. Lett. 38, 351 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Peumans, P.

C. Min, J. Li, G. Veronis, J. Y. Lee, S. Fan, and P. Peumans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 133302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Agrewal and P. Peumans, Opt. Express 16, 5385 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sasabe, H.

C. Xiang, W. Koo, F. So, H. Sasabe, and J. Kido, Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e74 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Shelykh, I. A.

M. Kaliteevski, S. Brand, R. A. Abram, I. Iorsh, A. V. Kavokin, and I. A. Shelykh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 251108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Kaliteevski, I. Iorsh, S. Brand, R. A. Abram, J. M. Chamberlain, A. V. Kavokin, and I. A. Shelykh, Phys. Rev. B 76, 165415 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Slovinskii, I. A.

I. Iorsh, P. V. Panicheva, I. A. Slovinskii, and M. A. Kaliteevski, Tech. Phys. Lett. 38, 351 (2012).
[CrossRef]

So, F.

C. Xiang, W. Koo, F. So, H. Sasabe, and J. Kido, Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e74 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Song, J. F.

X. L. Zhang, J. F. Song, X. B. Li, J. Feng, and H. B. Sun, Org. Electron. 14, 1577 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Liu, J. Feng, Y. G. Bi, J. F. Song, Y. Jin, Y. Bai, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, Opt. Lett. 37, 124 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Zhang, J. F. Song, X. B. Li, J. Feng, and H. B. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 243901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Su, Y. H.

Y. H. Su, Y. F. Ke, S. L. Cai, and Q. Y. Yao, Light: Sci. Appl. 1, e14 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sudzius, M.

R. Brückner, M. Sudzius, S. I. Hintschich, H. Fröb, V. G. Lyssenko, M. A. Kaliteevski, I. Iorsh, R. A. Abram, A. V. Kavokin, and K. Leo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 062101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H. B.

X. L. Zhang, J. F. Song, X. B. Li, J. Feng, and H. B. Sun, Org. Electron. 14, 1577 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Liu, J. Feng, Y. G. Bi, J. F. Song, Y. Jin, Y. Bai, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, Opt. Lett. 37, 124 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Zhang, J. F. Song, X. B. Li, J. Feng, and H. B. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 243901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Ku, Q. D. Chen, R. Zhang, and H. B. Sun, Opt. Lett. 36, 2871 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Veronis, G.

C. Min, J. Li, G. Veronis, J. Y. Lee, S. Fan, and P. Peumans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 133302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, K.

Xiang, C.

C. Xiang, W. Koo, F. So, H. Sasabe, and J. Kido, Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e74 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yang, G.

Yao, Q. Y.

Y. H. Su, Y. F. Ke, S. L. Cai, and Q. Y. Yao, Light: Sci. Appl. 1, e14 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

Yeh, P.

P. Yeh, A. Yariv, and C. S. Hong, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 423 (1977).
[CrossRef]

P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Layered Media (Wiley, 1988).

Zhang, R.

Zhang, X. L.

X. L. Zhang, J. F. Song, X. B. Li, J. Feng, and H. B. Sun, Org. Electron. 14, 1577 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Zhang, J. F. Song, X. B. Li, J. Feng, and H. B. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 243901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, H. C.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Kaliteevski, S. Brand, R. A. Abram, I. Iorsh, A. V. Kavokin, and I. A. Shelykh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 251108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Brückner, M. Sudzius, S. I. Hintschich, H. Fröb, V. G. Lyssenko, M. A. Kaliteevski, I. Iorsh, R. A. Abram, A. V. Kavokin, and K. Leo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 062101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Zhang, J. F. Song, X. B. Li, J. Feng, and H. B. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 243901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Min, J. Li, G. Veronis, J. Y. Lee, S. Fan, and P. Peumans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 133302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

Light: Sci. Appl.

Y. H. Su, Y. F. Ke, S. L. Cai, and Q. Y. Yao, Light: Sci. Appl. 1, e14 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Xiang, W. Koo, F. So, H. Sasabe, and J. Kido, Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e74 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nature

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Org. Electron.

X. L. Zhang, J. F. Song, X. B. Li, J. Feng, and H. B. Sun, Org. Electron. 14, 1577 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

M. Kaliteevski, I. Iorsh, S. Brand, R. A. Abram, J. M. Chamberlain, A. V. Kavokin, and I. A. Shelykh, Phys. Rev. B 76, 165415 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tech. Phys. Lett.

I. Iorsh, P. V. Panicheva, I. A. Slovinskii, and M. A. Kaliteevski, Tech. Phys. Lett. 38, 351 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other

FULLWAVE, Rsoft Design Group, Inc., www.rsoftdesign.com .

P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Layered Media (Wiley, 1988).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic of the metal dual DBR-based structure. (b) The reflectivity spectra from air upon each DBR surface. (c) The absorptivity spectrum and (d) the profiles of the electric field intensity enhancement of the metal-DBRs structure. In the calculations, normal TE-polarized incidence is applied, and the structure parameters are chosen as n1=n3=2.2, n2=n4=1.5, λB1=500nm, λB2=800nm, and NDBR1=NDBR2=4.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Variation trends of the absorptivity spectra of the metal-DBRs structure for normal incidence with various values of (a) NDBR2, (b) NDBR1, (c) λB1, and (d) λB2. The structure parameters are indicated in each figure.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Resonant wavelengths of OTSs (open symbols) and FP cavity modes (solid symbols) for normal incidence as a function of λB2 with various values of (a) λB1 and (b) NDBR1, where we fix (a) as NDBR1=NDBR2=4 and (b) as λB1=400nm, NDBR2=4.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Schematic of the CuPc-PTCBI based organic solar cells. Device A corresponds to a reference solar cell, and Device B is one with the proposed dual-states-based light trapping scheme. (b) The absorptivity spectra in the active layers for Device A and Device B. (c) The profiles of the electric field intensity enhancement for Device B. In these calculations, normal TE-polarized incidence is applied.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Overall absorptivity for normal incidence in Device A and Device B with various combinations of NDBR-A and NDBR-B. In each case, the DBRs’ thicknesses are optimally chosen in order to obtain the maximum overall absorptivity. (b) The overall absorptivity for Device B [solid circles in (a)] as a function of the incident angle. (c) The overall absorptivity for the device with the coherent-light-trapping scheme proposed in Ref. [19].

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

φ(rM)+φ(rDBR2)+2ωFPcNDBR1(n1d1+n2d2)=2Nπ,
ωFPπn3n3n4+(2N2)π2n1εbωp+πn3ωB2(n3n4)+2NDBR1(n1d1+n2d2)c.

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