Abstract

Observation of the plasmonic Rashba effect manifested by a polarization helicity degeneracy removal in a surface wave excitation via an inversion asymmetric metamaterial is reported. By designing the metasurface symmetry using anisotropic nanoantennas with space-variant orientations, we govern the light–matter interaction via the local field distribution arising in a wavelength and a photon spin control. The broken spatial inversion symmetry is experimentally manifested by a directional excitation of surface wave jets observed via a decoupling slit as well as by the quantum dot fluorescence. Rashba-type plasmonic metasurfaces provide a route for spin-based nanoscale devices controlled by the metamaterial symmetry and usher in a new era of light manipulation.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Drezet, D. Koller, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, Nano Lett. 7, 1697 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  18. O. Hosten and P. Kwiat, Science 319, 787 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  19. K. Y. Bliokh, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nat. Photonics 2, 748 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  20. N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nano Lett. 11, 2038 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  21. N. Shitrit, S. Nechayev, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nano Lett. 12, 1620 (2012).
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  24. H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (3)

N. Shitrit, I. Yulevich, E. Maguid, D. Ozeri, D. Veksler, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Science 340, 724 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, Science 339, 1232009 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Yin, Z. Ye, J. Rho, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, Science 339, 1405 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (2)

N. Shitrit, S. Nechayev, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nano Lett. 12, 1620 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. M. Litchinitser, Science 337, 1054 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nano Lett. 11, 2038 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Frischwasser, I. Yulevich, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Express 19, 23475 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, Nat. Mater. 10, 521 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

N. Dahan, Y. Gorodetski, K. Frischwasser, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 136402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

O. Hosten and P. Kwiat, Science 319, 787 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Bliokh, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nat. Photonics 2, 748 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Bliokh, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 030404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

A. Drezet, D. Koller, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, Nano Lett. 7, 1697 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

E. Hasman, V. Kleiner, G. Biener, and A. Niv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 328 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. Bomzon, G. Biener, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Lett. 27, 1141 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Hasman, Z. Bomzon, A. Niv, G. Biener, and V. Kleiner, Opt. Commun. 209, 45 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1992 (1)

V. S. Liberman and B. Y. Zel’dovich, Phys. Rev. A 46, 5199 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

M. V. Berry, J. Mod. Opt. 34, 1401 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1960 (1)

E. I. Rashba, Sov. Phys. Solid State 2, 1224 (1960).

1956 (1)

S. Pancharatnam, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. Sect. A 44, 247 (1956).

Arita, R.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, Nat. Mater. 10, 521 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Aussenegg, F. R.

A. Drezet, D. Koller, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, Nano Lett. 7, 1697 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bahramy, M. S.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, Nat. Mater. 10, 521 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Berry, M. V.

M. V. Berry, J. Mod. Opt. 34, 1401 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Biener, G.

E. Hasman, V. Kleiner, G. Biener, and A. Niv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 328 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Z. Bomzon, G. Biener, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Lett. 27, 1141 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Hasman, Z. Bomzon, A. Niv, G. Biener, and V. Kleiner, Opt. Commun. 209, 45 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Hasman, G. Biener, A. Niv, and V. Kleiner, Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, 2005), Vol. 47, p. 215.

Bliokh, K. Y.

K. Y. Bliokh, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 030404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Bliokh, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nat. Photonics 2, 748 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Boltasseva, A.

A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, Science 339, 1232009 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Bomzon, Z.

Bretner, I.

N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nano Lett. 11, 2038 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dahan, N.

N. Dahan, Y. Gorodetski, K. Frischwasser, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 136402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ditlbacher, H.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Drezet, A.

A. Drezet, D. Koller, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, Nano Lett. 7, 1697 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Felidj, N.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Frischwasser, K.

K. Frischwasser, I. Yulevich, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Express 19, 23475 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Dahan, Y. Gorodetski, K. Frischwasser, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 136402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gorodetski, Y.

N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nano Lett. 11, 2038 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Dahan, Y. Gorodetski, K. Frischwasser, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 136402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Bliokh, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 030404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hasman, E.

N. Shitrit, I. Yulevich, E. Maguid, D. Ozeri, D. Veksler, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Science 340, 724 (2013).
[CrossRef]

N. Shitrit, S. Nechayev, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nano Lett. 12, 1620 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nano Lett. 11, 2038 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Frischwasser, I. Yulevich, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Express 19, 23475 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Dahan, Y. Gorodetski, K. Frischwasser, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 136402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Bliokh, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 030404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Bliokh, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nat. Photonics 2, 748 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Hasman, V. Kleiner, G. Biener, and A. Niv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 328 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Z. Bomzon, G. Biener, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Lett. 27, 1141 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Hasman, Z. Bomzon, A. Niv, G. Biener, and V. Kleiner, Opt. Commun. 209, 45 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. Bomzon, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Lett. 26, 1424 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Hasman, G. Biener, A. Niv, and V. Kleiner, Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, 2005), Vol. 47, p. 215.

Hohenau, A.

A. Drezet, D. Koller, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, Nano Lett. 7, 1697 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hosten, O.

O. Hosten and P. Kwiat, Science 319, 787 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ishizaka, K.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, Nat. Mater. 10, 521 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kaneko, Y.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, Nat. Mater. 10, 521 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kildishev, A. V.

A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, Science 339, 1232009 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, A.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, Nat. Mater. 10, 521 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kleiner, V.

N. Shitrit, I. Yulevich, E. Maguid, D. Ozeri, D. Veksler, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Science 340, 724 (2013).
[CrossRef]

N. Shitrit, S. Nechayev, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nano Lett. 12, 1620 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nano Lett. 11, 2038 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Frischwasser, I. Yulevich, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Express 19, 23475 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Dahan, Y. Gorodetski, K. Frischwasser, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 136402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Bliokh, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 030404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Bliokh, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nat. Photonics 2, 748 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Hasman, V. Kleiner, G. Biener, and A. Niv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 328 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Z. Bomzon, G. Biener, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Lett. 27, 1141 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Hasman, Z. Bomzon, A. Niv, G. Biener, and V. Kleiner, Opt. Commun. 209, 45 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. Bomzon, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Lett. 26, 1424 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Hasman, G. Biener, A. Niv, and V. Kleiner, Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, 2005), Vol. 47, p. 215.

Kobayashi, K.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, Nat. Mater. 10, 521 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Koizumi, K.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, Nat. Mater. 10, 521 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Koller, D.

A. Drezet, D. Koller, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, Nano Lett. 7, 1697 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Krenn, J. R.

A. Drezet, D. Koller, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, Nano Lett. 7, 1697 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kumai, R.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, Nat. Mater. 10, 521 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kwiat, P.

O. Hosten and P. Kwiat, Science 319, 787 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lamprecht, B.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Leitner, A.

A. Drezet, D. Koller, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, Nano Lett. 7, 1697 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liberman, V. S.

V. S. Liberman and B. Y. Zel’dovich, Phys. Rev. A 46, 5199 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Litchinitser, N. M.

N. M. Litchinitser, Science 337, 1054 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Maguid, E.

N. Shitrit, I. Yulevich, E. Maguid, D. Ozeri, D. Veksler, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Science 340, 724 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Miyahara, H.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, Nat. Mater. 10, 521 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Miyamoto, K.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, Nat. Mater. 10, 521 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Murakami, Y.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, Nat. Mater. 10, 521 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Murakawa, H.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, Nat. Mater. 10, 521 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nagaosa, N.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, Nat. Mater. 10, 521 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Namatame, H.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, Nat. Mater. 10, 521 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nechayev, S.

N. Shitrit, S. Nechayev, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nano Lett. 12, 1620 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Niv, A.

K. Y. Bliokh, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nat. Photonics 2, 748 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Hasman, V. Kleiner, G. Biener, and A. Niv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 328 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. Hasman, Z. Bomzon, A. Niv, G. Biener, and V. Kleiner, Opt. Commun. 209, 45 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Hasman, G. Biener, A. Niv, and V. Kleiner, Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, 2005), Vol. 47, p. 215.

Okuda, T.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, Nat. Mater. 10, 521 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Onose, Y.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Rashba-type plasmonic metasurface. (a) Scanning electron microscopy image of the plasmonic quasi 1D antenna array. (b) Calculated spin-projected dispersion in the x direction via the SOMM condition. Red and blue lines correspond to σ± incident spin states, respectively. Modes are specified with indices (m,n). (c), (d) Vector summation representation of the SOMM condition for the spin-controlled unidirectional excitation at wavelengths of 780 and 870 nm, respectively. Note that kSPP is the complementary vector for the origin. Purple [in (c)] and green [in (d)] circles correspond to kSPP circles at high and low frequencies, respectively.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Observation of the ORE via spin-controlled plasmonics. (a), (b) Measured intensities of unidirectional SPP jets excited by the quasi 1D metasurface and decoupled via the slit for σ and σ+ illuminations, respectively, at a wavelength of 780 nm. Transverse cross sections of the intensity distribution at the center of the slit are depicted by the lines. The insets show finite difference time domain near-field calculations of the normal electric field magnitude. (c), (d) Measured intensities of unidirectional SPP jets for σ and σ+ illuminations, respectively, at a wavelength of 870 nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Fluorescent imaging of the plasmonic Rashba effect. (a) Calculated spin-projected dispersion at the x direction, where the gold-PMMA interface supports SPPs. (b) Fluorescent imaging experimental setup [beam splitter (BS); long-pass filter (LPF)]. (c), (d) Measured intensities of the QD photoluminescence from unidirectional SPP jets for σ and σ+ illuminations, respectively, at a wavelength of 632 nm. The antenna array is depicted by the black frame. (e) Cross sections of the spin-controlled QD photoluminescence along the SPP propagation direction. The inset shows the schematic sample’s configuration.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Illustration of the concept of plasmonic Pancharatnam–Berry phase optical elements. The encompassed area Ω on the Poincaré sphere due to an excitation of space-variant oriented nanoantennas with an electric polarizability p generates the geometric phase of ϕg, which arises in the Rashba correction term. Red (top) and blue (bottom) geodesic triangles correspond to incident optical spins of σ±, respectively.

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