Abstract

We report optical frequency comb generation by a continuous-wave pumped optical parametric oscillator (OPO) without any active modulation. The OPO is configured as singly resonant with an additional nonlinear crystal (periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3) placed inside the OPO for phase mismatched second harmonic generation (SHG) of the resonating signal beam. The phase mismatched SHG causes cascading χ(2) nonlinearities, which can substantially increase the effective χ(3) nonlinearity in MgO:LiNbO3, leading to spectral broadening of the OPO signal beam via self-phase modulation. The OPO generates a stable 4 THz wide (30dB) frequency comb centered at 1.56 μm.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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T. Herr, K. Hartinger, J. Riemensberger, C. Y. Wang, E. Gavartin, R. Holzwarth, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Photonics 6, 480 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. J. Wu, Y. Ming, F. Xu, and Y. Q. Lu, Opt. Express 20, 17192 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

2010 (2)

2008 (3)

2007 (1)

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2003 (2)

1999 (1)

1997 (2)

1996 (1)

G. I. Stegeman, D. J. Hagan, and L. Torner, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 1691 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

Arcizet, O.

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Arie, A.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, Appl. Phys. B 91, 343 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ashihara, S.

Bahbah, S.

Brasch, V.

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Temporal solitons in optical microresonators,” arXiv:1211.0733v3 (2013).

Bretenaker, F.

Byer, R. L.

Cha, M.

Cundiff, S. T.

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Del’Haye, P.

C. Y. Wang, T. Herr, P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, J. Hofer, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, N. Picque, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Commun. 4, 1345 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. Del’Haye, T. Herr, E. Gavartin, M. L. Gorodetsky, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 063901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Desalvo, R.

Diddams, S. A.

Drag, C.

Fejer, M. M.

Fermann, M. E.

Forget, N.

Foster, M. A.

Gaeta, A. L.

Galun, E.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, Appl. Phys. B 91, 343 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gavartin, E.

T. Herr, K. Hartinger, J. Riemensberger, C. Y. Wang, E. Gavartin, R. Holzwarth, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Photonics 6, 480 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Del’Haye, T. Herr, E. Gavartin, M. L. Gorodetsky, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 063901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gayer, O.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, Appl. Phys. B 91, 343 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Godard, A.

Gorodetsky, M. L.

T. Herr, K. Hartinger, J. Riemensberger, C. Y. Wang, E. Gavartin, R. Holzwarth, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Photonics 6, 480 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Del’Haye, T. Herr, E. Gavartin, M. L. Gorodetsky, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 063901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Temporal solitons in optical microresonators,” arXiv:1211.0733v3 (2013).

Hagan, D. J.

Hall, J. L.

Halonen, L.

Hansch, T. W.

C. Y. Wang, T. Herr, P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, J. Hofer, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, N. Picque, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Commun. 4, 1345 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Harren, F. J. M.

Hartinger, K.

T. Herr, K. Hartinger, J. Riemensberger, C. Y. Wang, E. Gavartin, R. Holzwarth, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Photonics 6, 480 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

Herr, T.

C. Y. Wang, T. Herr, P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, J. Hofer, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, N. Picque, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Commun. 4, 1345 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Herr, K. Hartinger, J. Riemensberger, C. Y. Wang, E. Gavartin, R. Holzwarth, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Photonics 6, 480 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Del’Haye, T. Herr, E. Gavartin, M. L. Gorodetsky, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 063901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Temporal solitons in optical microresonators,” arXiv:1211.0733v3 (2013).

Hofer, J.

C. Y. Wang, T. Herr, P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, J. Hofer, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, N. Picque, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Commun. 4, 1345 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Holzwarth, R.

C. Y. Wang, T. Herr, P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, J. Hofer, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, N. Picque, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Commun. 4, 1345 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Herr, K. Hartinger, J. Riemensberger, C. Y. Wang, E. Gavartin, R. Holzwarth, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Photonics 6, 480 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Del’Haye, T. Herr, E. Gavartin, M. L. Gorodetsky, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 063901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ito, R.

Johnson, A. R.

Jost, J. D.

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Temporal solitons in optical microresonators,” arXiv:1211.0733v3 (2013).

Khurgin, J.

Kippenberg, T. J.

C. Y. Wang, T. Herr, P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, J. Hofer, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, N. Picque, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Commun. 4, 1345 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Herr, K. Hartinger, J. Riemensberger, C. Y. Wang, E. Gavartin, R. Holzwarth, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Photonics 6, 480 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Del’Haye, T. Herr, E. Gavartin, M. L. Gorodetsky, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 063901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Temporal solitons in optical microresonators,” arXiv:1211.0733v3 (2013).

Kitamoto, A.

Kitamura, K.

Kondo, T.

Kondratiev, N. M.

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Temporal solitons in optical microresonators,” arXiv:1211.0733v3 (2013).

Kourogi, M.

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kurimura, S.

Kuroda, K.

Lamont, M. R. E.

Langrock, C.

Lefebvre, M.

Levy, J. S.

Liang, W.

Lipson, M.

Lu, Y. Q.

Ma, L.-S.

Maleki, L.

Matsko, A. B.

Melkonian, J. M.

Ming, Y.

Nakagawa, K.

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsu, M.

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Okawachi, Y.

Pelc, J. S.

Peltola, J.

Persijn, S.

Phillips, C. R.

Picque, N.

C. Y. Wang, T. Herr, P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, J. Hofer, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, N. Picque, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Commun. 4, 1345 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Riemensberger, J.

T. Herr, K. Hartinger, J. Riemensberger, C. Y. Wang, E. Gavartin, R. Holzwarth, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Photonics 6, 480 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ro, J. H.

Rosencher, E.

Sacks, Z.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, Appl. Phys. B 91, 343 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Saha, K.

Salem, R.

Savchenkov, A. A.

Schliesser, A.

C. Y. Wang, T. Herr, P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, J. Hofer, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, N. Picque, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Commun. 4, 1345 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sheikbahae, M.

Shim, B.

Shimura, T.

Shirane, M.

Shoji, I.

Stegeman, G.

Stegeman, G. I.

G. I. Stegeman, Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 9, 139 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. I. Stegeman, D. J. Hagan, and L. Torner, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 1691 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Torner, L.

G. I. Stegeman, D. J. Hagan, and L. Torner, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 1691 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vainio, M.

Vanherzeele, H.

Vanstryland, E. W.

Vodopyanov, K. L.

Wang, C. Y.

C. Y. Wang, T. Herr, P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, J. Hofer, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, N. Picque, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Commun. 4, 1345 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Herr, K. Hartinger, J. Riemensberger, C. Y. Wang, E. Gavartin, R. Holzwarth, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Photonics 6, 480 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Temporal solitons in optical microresonators,” arXiv:1211.0733v3 (2013).

Wilken, T.

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wong, S. T.

Wu, Z. J.

Xu, F.

Ye, J.

Yu, N. E.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, Appl. Phys. B 91, 343 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Nat. Commun. (1)

C. Y. Wang, T. Herr, P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, J. Hofer, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, N. Picque, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Commun. 4, 1345 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

T. Herr, K. Hartinger, J. Riemensberger, C. Y. Wang, E. Gavartin, R. Holzwarth, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Photonics 6, 480 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. I. Stegeman, D. J. Hagan, and L. Torner, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 1691 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

P. Del’Haye, T. Herr, E. Gavartin, M. L. Gorodetsky, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 063901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Semiclass. Opt. (1)

G. I. Stegeman, Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 9, 139 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Temporal solitons in optical microresonators,” arXiv:1211.0733v3 (2013).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Optical parametric oscillator with two nonlinear crystals (PPLN1 and PPLN2). The optical spectrum of the signal wave is recorded with an optical spectrum analyzer (OSA). Beat frequency measurements are recorded with a photodiode (PD) and a radio frequency (RF) spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Optical spectrum with a 4 THz width measured with an OSA. Λ1=30.5μm, T1=60°C, Λ2=19.7μm, and T2=60°C.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

High-resolution FTIR spectrum of the OPO signal beam with Λ1=30.5μm, Λ2=19.7μm, and T1&2=60°C. The close-up reveals a comb structure.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

RF spectrum recorded with a 30 kHz resolution bandwidth (RBW). The first beat note between the comb lines is at 208 MHz and the second at 416 MHz. The rest of the peaks are beats notes between the ECDL and the comb lines.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Interferometric autocorrelation of the signal wave. The OPO parameters were Λ1=30.5μm, T1=60°C, Λ2=19.7μm, and T2=60°C.

Equations (1)

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n2casc=1Δk4πdeff2nω2n2ωλε0c,

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