Abstract

Highly birefringent (Hi-Bi) microfiber-based fiber loop mirrors (FLMs) were studied for tunable comb filters and refractive index (RI) sensors. The use of two cascaded Hi-Bi microfibers instead of a single microfiber allows more flexibility in controlling the transmission/reflection characteristics of the FLM. The length of Hi-Bi microfibers is of the order of centimeters, one or even more than two orders of magnitude shorter than the conventional Hi-Bi fiber-based FLM devices. The transmission/reflection spectra are sensitive to the RI surrounding the microfibers, and RI sensitivity of 20,745nm/RIU was experimentally demonstrated.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

J. W. Wu, X. D. Tian, and H. B. Bao, Prog. Electromagn. Res. 76, 127 (2007).

X. S. Jiang, Y. Chen, G. Vienne, and L. M. Tong, Opt. Lett. 32, 1710 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

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[CrossRef]

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P. Schiebener, J. Straub, J. M. H. Levelt Sengers, and J. S. Gallagher, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 19, 677 (1990).
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[CrossRef]

Ashcom, J. B.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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J. W. Wu, X. D. Tian, and H. B. Bao, Prog. Electromagn. Res. 76, 127 (2007).

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Blumenthal, D. J.

G. Rossi, O. Jerphagnon, B. E. Olsson, and D. J. Blumenthal, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 897 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cardenas-Sevilla, G. A.

Chen, Y.

Chung, Y.

Demarest, K.

X. Fang, K. Demarest, H. Ji, C. T. Allen, and L. Pelz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1490 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fang, X.

X. Fang, K. Demarest, H. Ji, C. T. Allen, and L. Pelz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1490 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gallagher, J. S.

P. Schiebener, J. Straub, J. M. H. Levelt Sengers, and J. S. Gallagher, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 19, 677 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Gattass, R. R.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Han, W. T.

He, S. L.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hu, S.

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jerphagnon, O.

G. Rossi, O. Jerphagnon, B. E. Olsson, and D. J. Blumenthal, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 897 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ji, H.

X. Fang, K. Demarest, H. Ji, C. T. Allen, and L. Pelz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1490 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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Jiang, X. S.

Jin, W.

Ju, J.

Leon-Saval, S.

Levelt Sengers, J. M. H.

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[CrossRef]

Li, J.

Li, W.

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[CrossRef]

Lin, A. X.

Liu, L.

Lou, J. Y.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Luo, S. Y.

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Martinez-Rios, A.

Mason, M.

Maxwell, I.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, E.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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Moon, D. S.

Olsson, B. E.

G. Rossi, O. Jerphagnon, B. E. Olsson, and D. J. Blumenthal, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 897 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pelz, L.

X. Fang, K. Demarest, H. Ji, C. T. Allen, and L. Pelz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1490 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Peng, J.

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G. Rossi, O. Jerphagnon, B. E. Olsson, and D. J. Blumenthal, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 897 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

Salceda-Delgado, G.

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P. Schiebener, J. Straub, J. M. H. Levelt Sengers, and J. S. Gallagher, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 19, 677 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shen, M. Y.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y. J.

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Straub, J.

P. Schiebener, J. Straub, J. M. H. Levelt Sengers, and J. S. Gallagher, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 19, 677 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sun, G. Y.

Tian, X. D.

J. W. Wu, X. D. Tian, and H. B. Bao, Prog. Electromagn. Res. 76, 127 (2007).

Tong, L. M.

Y. Chen, Z. Ma, Q. Yang, and L. M. Tong, Opt. Lett. 33, 2565 (2008).

X. S. Jiang, Y. Chen, G. Vienne, and L. M. Tong, Opt. Lett. 32, 1710 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vienne, G.

Villatoro, J.

Wadsworth, W.

Wang, J.

Wu, J. W.

J. W. Wu, X. D. Tian, and H. B. Bao, Prog. Electromagn. Res. 76, 127 (2007).

Xia, Y. X.

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xuan, H.

Yang, Q.

Zhan, L.

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, K.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

X. Fang, K. Demarest, H. Ji, C. T. Allen, and L. Pelz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1490 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Rossi, O. Jerphagnon, B. E. Olsson, and D. J. Blumenthal, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 897 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data (1)

P. Schiebener, J. Straub, J. M. H. Levelt Sengers, and J. S. Gallagher, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 19, 677 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Prog. Electromagn. Res. (1)

J. W. Wu, X. D. Tian, and H. B. Bao, Prog. Electromagn. Res. 76, 127 (2007).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the femtosecond IR laser system. Insets: artistic view of the idealized “processed” SMF section to be tapered down to (a) a single Hi-Bi microfiber and (b) two cascaded Hi-Bi microfibers.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Microscope images of (a) the entire “processed” SMF section, (b) side view, and (c) cross section of the “processed” section.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Schematic diagram showing a FLM with two cascaded sections of Hi-Bi microfibers.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Transmission spectrum of a FLM containing one section of Hi-Bi microfiber. The inset shows the cross-sectional microscope image of the Hi-Bi microfiber. (b) Wavelength of a dip as a function of water RI when temperature is varied from 30°C to 80°C.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Calculated reflection spectra for (a) L1=L2=1cm, θ1+θ3=60° and (b) L1=L2=2cm, θ2=30°.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) Experiment setup to twist one section of Hi-Bi microfibers and (b) transmission and reflection spectra.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

(a) Measured transmission and reflection spectra for a FLM containing two cascaded Hi-Bi microfibers. (b) Wavelength of a dip as functions of RI. The RI variation is achieved by varying water temperature from 30°C to 80°C. One section (red circle) and both sections (black square) immersed in water.

Equations (2)

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T=[cos(πΔn1L1+πΔn2L2λ)cosθ2sin(θ1+θ3)+cos(πΔn1L1πΔn2L2λ)sinθ2cos(θ1+θ3)]2,
R=1T,

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