Abstract

Photodarkening (PD) of Er/Yb-doped and undoped phosphate fibers caused by pulsed 193 nm irradiation from an ArF excimer laser to form Bragg grating mirrors is investigated. Doped and undoped phosphate fibers exhibit the same level of significant UV-induced PD loss, which is associated with the formation of a color center band at 467 nm. The UV-induced absorption extends into the NIR and creates a loss on the order of 1dB/cm across the C-band. Photo-bleaching by a high-power supercontinuum source, and thermal-bleaching processes are performed on photodarkened samples. Both bleaching processes are found effective to fully erase the UV-induced PD loss.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013 (1)

J. Fiebrandt, S. Jetschke, M. Leich, M. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 085102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (2)

R. Peretti, C. Gonnet, and A.-M. Jurdyc, J. Appl. Phys. 112, 093511 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Leich, J. Fiebrandt, A. Schwuchow, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Commun. 285, 4387 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (3)

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

J. Albert, A. Schülzgen, V. L. Temyanko, S. Honkanen, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Koponen, M. J. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, and S. K. T. Tammela, Opt. Express 14, 11539 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, B. Bureau, M. Le Floch, S. Jiang, T. Luo, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, Mater. Res. Bull. 40, 1433 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

Q. Zhou, L. Xu, L. Liu, W. Wang, C. Zhu, and F. Gan, Opt. Mater. 25, 313 (2004).

C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 57 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

D. Ehrt, P. Ebeling, and U. Natura, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263-264, 240 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, Opt. Mater. 11, 269 (1999).

1997 (1)

J. Canning, A. L. G. Carter, and M. G. Sceats, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1348 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

Aberg, D.

Albert, J.

A. Schülzgen, L. Li, D. Nguyen, C. Spiegelberg, R. M. Rogojan, A. Laronche, J. Albert, and N. Peyghambarian, Opt. Lett. 33, 614 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Albert, A. Schülzgen, V. L. Temyanko, S. Honkanen, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Atkins, G. R.

Bartelt, H.

J. Fiebrandt, S. Jetschke, M. Leich, M. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 085102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Leich, J. Fiebrandt, A. Schwuchow, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Commun. 285, 4387 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Basu, C.

Boyland, A. J.

Broer, M. M.

Bureau, B.

K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, B. Bureau, M. Le Floch, S. Jiang, T. Luo, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, Mater. Res. Bull. 40, 1433 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Y. W. Lee, S. Sinha, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, Electron. Lett. 44, 14 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Canning, J.

J. Canning, A. L. G. Carter, and M. G. Sceats, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1348 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Carter, A. L. G.

J. Canning, A. L. G. Carter, and M. G. Sceats, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1348 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. R. Atkins and A. L. G. Carter, Opt. Lett. 19, 874 (1994).
[CrossRef]

DiGiovanni, D. J.

Digonnet, M. J. F.

Y. W. Lee, S. Sinha, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, Electron. Lett. 44, 14 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ebeling, P.

D. Ehrt, P. Ebeling, and U. Natura, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263-264, 240 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ehrt, D.

D. Ehrt, P. Ebeling, and U. Natura, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263-264, 240 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Engholm, M.

Fiebrandt, J.

J. Fiebrandt, S. Jetschke, M. Leich, M. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 085102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Leich, J. Fiebrandt, A. Schwuchow, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Commun. 285, 4387 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gan, F.

Q. Zhou, L. Xu, L. Liu, W. Wang, C. Zhu, and F. Gan, Opt. Mater. 25, 313 (2004).

Geng, J.

Gonnet, C.

R. Peretti, C. Gonnet, and A.-M. Jurdyc, J. Appl. Phys. 112, 093511 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hoffman, H. J.

Honkanen, S.

Hotoleanu, M.

Hu, Y.

Jetschke, S.

J. Fiebrandt, S. Jetschke, M. Leich, M. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 085102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Leich, J. Fiebrandt, A. Schwuchow, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Commun. 285, 4387 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, S.

Y. W. Lee, S. Sinha, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, Electron. Lett. 44, 14 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, B. Bureau, M. Le Floch, S. Jiang, T. Luo, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, Mater. Res. Bull. 40, 1433 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 57 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jurdyc, A.-M.

R. Peretti, C. Gonnet, and A.-M. Jurdyc, J. Appl. Phys. 112, 093511 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kaneda, Y.

Kliner, D. A. V.

Koplow, J. P.

Koponen, J.

Koponen, J. J.

Krol, D. M.

Laporta, P.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, Opt. Mater. 11, 269 (1999).

Laronche, A.

Le Floch, M.

K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, B. Bureau, M. Le Floch, S. Jiang, T. Luo, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, Mater. Res. Bull. 40, 1433 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. W.

Y. W. Lee, S. Sinha, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, Electron. Lett. 44, 14 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Leich, M.

J. Fiebrandt, S. Jetschke, M. Leich, M. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 085102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Leich, J. Fiebrandt, A. Schwuchow, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Commun. 285, 4387 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

Liu, L.

Q. Zhou, L. Xu, L. Liu, W. Wang, C. Zhu, and F. Gan, Opt. Mater. 25, 313 (2004).

Longhi, S.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, Opt. Mater. 11, 269 (1999).

Lucas, J.

K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, B. Bureau, M. Le Floch, S. Jiang, T. Luo, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, Mater. Res. Bull. 40, 1433 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Luo, T.

K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, B. Bureau, M. Le Floch, S. Jiang, T. Luo, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, Mater. Res. Bull. 40, 1433 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Montiel i Ponsoda, J. J.

Natura, U.

D. Ehrt, P. Ebeling, and U. Natura, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263-264, 240 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, D.

Nilsson, J.

Norin, L.

Payne, D.

Peretti, R.

R. Peretti, C. Gonnet, and A.-M. Jurdyc, J. Appl. Phys. 112, 093511 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

A. Schülzgen, L. Li, D. Nguyen, C. Spiegelberg, R. M. Rogojan, A. Laronche, J. Albert, and N. Peyghambarian, Opt. Lett. 33, 614 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Albert, A. Schülzgen, V. L. Temyanko, S. Honkanen, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, B. Bureau, M. Le Floch, S. Jiang, T. Luo, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, Mater. Res. Bull. 40, 1433 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 57 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rogojan, R. M.

Rothhardt, M.

J. Fiebrandt, S. Jetschke, M. Leich, M. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 085102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J. K.

Sceats, M. G.

J. Canning, A. L. G. Carter, and M. G. Sceats, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1348 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schülzgen, A.

A. Schülzgen, L. Li, D. Nguyen, C. Spiegelberg, R. M. Rogojan, A. Laronche, J. Albert, and N. Peyghambarian, Opt. Lett. 33, 614 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Albert, A. Schülzgen, V. L. Temyanko, S. Honkanen, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schwuchow, A.

M. Leich, J. Fiebrandt, A. Schwuchow, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Commun. 285, 4387 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Seneschal, K.

K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, B. Bureau, M. Le Floch, S. Jiang, T. Luo, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, Mater. Res. Bull. 40, 1433 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sinha, S.

Y. W. Lee, S. Sinha, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, Electron. Lett. 44, 14 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Smektala, F.

K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, B. Bureau, M. Le Floch, S. Jiang, T. Luo, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, Mater. Res. Bull. 40, 1433 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Söderlund, M.

Söderlund, M. J.

Sones, C.

Spiegelberg, C.

Svelto, C.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, Opt. Mater. 11, 269 (1999).

Svelto, O.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, Opt. Mater. 11, 269 (1999).

Taccheo, S.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, Opt. Mater. 11, 269 (1999).

Tammela, S. K. T.

Temyanko, V. L.

J. Albert, A. Schülzgen, V. L. Temyanko, S. Honkanen, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tervonen, A.

Unger, S.

M. Leich, J. Fiebrandt, A. Schwuchow, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Commun. 285, 4387 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

Q. Zhou, L. Xu, L. Liu, W. Wang, C. Zhu, and F. Gan, Opt. Mater. 25, 313 (2004).

Xu, L.

Q. Zhou, L. Xu, L. Liu, W. Wang, C. Zhu, and F. Gan, Opt. Mater. 25, 313 (2004).

Ye, C.

Yoo, S.

Zhou, Q.

Q. Zhou, L. Xu, L. Liu, W. Wang, C. Zhu, and F. Gan, Opt. Mater. 25, 313 (2004).

Zhu, C.

Q. Zhou, L. Xu, L. Liu, W. Wang, C. Zhu, and F. Gan, Opt. Mater. 25, 313 (2004).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Albert, A. Schülzgen, V. L. Temyanko, S. Honkanen, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

Y. W. Lee, S. Sinha, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, Electron. Lett. 44, 14 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. Peretti, C. Gonnet, and A.-M. Jurdyc, J. Appl. Phys. 112, 093511 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

D. Ehrt, P. Ebeling, and U. Natura, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263-264, 240 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Fiebrandt, S. Jetschke, M. Leich, M. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 085102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Res. Bull. (1)

K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, B. Bureau, M. Le Floch, S. Jiang, T. Luo, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, Mater. Res. Bull. 40, 1433 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Leich, J. Fiebrandt, A. Schwuchow, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Commun. 285, 4387 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Opt. Mater. (2)

Q. Zhou, L. Xu, L. Liu, W. Wang, C. Zhu, and F. Gan, Opt. Mater. 25, 313 (2004).

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, Opt. Mater. 11, 269 (1999).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Transmission spectra of photodarkened phosphate fiber samples after 193 nm irradiation (Samples A-1, P-1, and AP-1 are measured with OSA1, and Samples A-2, P-2, and AP-2 are with OSA2). The inset shows the transmitted intensity spectra of a sample of Fiber A before and after UV irradiation.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

PD loss spectrum of Fiber A upon 100 pulses exposure, and the Gaussian fitting.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Transmission spectrum of the photodarkened Fiber A before, during (9 min) and after (40 min) of photo-bleaching.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Evolution of PD loss at 670 nm for phosphate fiber samples during the PD and photo-bleaching processes.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Evolution of the average PD loss across the C-band of Fiber A during the thermal bleaching. The inset shows the VIS–NIR transmission spectra (normalized by the transmission of the pristine sample) of a fiber sample before and after thermal bleaching. The actual temperature profile is also shown.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Phosphate Fibers Parameters

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