Abstract

We demonstrate a high-power, picosecond, thulium-doped, all-fiber master oscillator power amplifier with average power of 120.4 W. The compact fiber oscillator is carefully designed with high repetition rate for the purpose of overcoming the detrimental effects of fiber nonlinearity in the later fiber amplifiers. The pulse duration of 16 ps at 333.75 MHz repetition rate results in a peak power of 22.5 kW in the final fiber power amplifier. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of average power exceeding 100 W from an ultrashort pulse laser at 2 μm wavelength. On the other hand, by decreasing the fiber oscillator repetition rate and pulse duration for enhancing the fiber nonlinearity effects, we also demonstrate a high-power supercontinuum source with average power of 36 W from 1.95 μm to beyond 2.4 μm in the final fiber power amplifier.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013 (5)

2012 (12)

2011 (3)

2010 (2)

2009 (4)

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Goodno, L. D. Book, and J. E. Rothenberg, Opt. Lett. 34, 1204 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, J. Geng, T. Luo, and S. Jiang, Opt. Lett. 34, 3616 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Kieu and F. W. Wise, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2005 (1)

Absi, A.

Akçaalan, Ö.

Alam, S. U.

Alexander, V. V.

Becker, M.

Boer, G. J.

Book, L. D.

Bradford, J. B.

Byer, R. L.

Carter, A. L. G.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chan, A.

Chen, S.

Chernov, A. I.

Dianov, E. M.

Eckerle, M.

Eichhorn, M.

Eken, K.

Elahi, P.

Engelbrecht, M.

Fejer, M. M.

Fermann, M.

Fermann, M. E.

Ferrari, A. C.

Freeman, M. J.

Frith, G.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Geng, J.

Goodno, G. D.

Gumenyuk, R.

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

Hasan, T.

Haxsen, F.

Heidt, A. M.

Hou, J.

Huang, C.

Ibsen, M.

Ifarraguerri, A.

Ilday, F. Ö.

Imeshev, G.

Islam, M. N.

Jackson, S. D.

Jiang, J.

Jiang, S.

Johnson, E. G.

Kadwani, P.

Kalaycioglu, H.

Ke, K.

Kelleher, E. J. R.

Kelly, B.

Kieleck, C.

Kieu, K.

K. Kieu and F. W. Wise, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Konov, V. I.

Kracht, D.

Kulkarni, O. P.

Kumar, M.

Langrock, C.

Leindecker, N.

Leonard, J.

Li, H.

Li, Z.

Liu, J.

P. Wan, L. Yang, and J. Liu, Opt. Express 21, 1798 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Q. Wang, and P. Wang, Opt. Express 20, 22442 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, S. Wu, J. Xu, Q. Wang, Q. Yang, and P. Wang, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2012, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JW2A.76.

Lobach, A. S.

Lu, Q.

Luo, T.

Marandi, A.

Mazé, G.

McComb, T. S.

Meola, J.

Mingareev, I.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 2095 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Morgner, U.

Moulton, P. F.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Neelakandan, M.

Neumann, J.

Obraztsova, E. D.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

Öktem, B.

Olowinsky, A.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 2095 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pelc, J. S.

Phelan, R.

Phillips, C. R.

Picqué, N.

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Popa, D.

Popov, S. V.

Poutous, M. K.

Pung, A.

Richardson, D. J.

Richardson, M.

Rines, G. A.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rothenberg, J. E.

Rothhardt, M.

Rudy, C. W.

Ruehl, A.

Sahu, J.

Samson, B.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schliesser, A.

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Schunemann, P. G.

Senel, Ç.

Shah, L.

Shardlow, P. C.

Shi, Z.

Sims, R. A.

Slobodtchikov, E. V.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Solodyankin, M. A.

Song, R.

Sudesh, V.

Sun, Z.

Swiderski, J.

Szalkowski, A. S.

Tang, Y.

Tausenev, A. V.

Taylor, J. R.

Terry, F. L.

Torrisi, F.

Tuovinen, H.

Vartiainen, I.

Vodopyanov, K. L.

Wall, K. F.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wan, P.

Wandt, D.

Wang, F.

Wang, P.

J. Liu, Q. Wang, and P. Wang, Opt. Express 20, 22442 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, S. Wu, J. Xu, Q. Wang, Q. Yang, and P. Wang, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2012, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JW2A.76.

Wang, Q.

J. Liu, Q. Wang, and P. Wang, Opt. Express 20, 22442 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, J. Geng, T. Luo, and S. Jiang, Opt. Lett. 34, 3616 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, S. Wu, J. Xu, Q. Wang, Q. Yang, and P. Wang, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2012, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JW2A.76.

Wang, S.

Weirauch, F.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 2095 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Willis, C. C. C.

Wise, F. W.

K. Kieu and F. W. Wise, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S.

J. Liu, S. Wu, J. Xu, Q. Wang, Q. Yang, and P. Wang, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2012, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JW2A.76.

Xu, J.

Y. Tang, C. Huang, S. Wang, H. Li, and J. Xu, Opt. Express 20, 17539 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, S. Wu, J. Xu, Q. Wang, Q. Yang, and P. Wang, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2012, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JW2A.76.

Yang, L.

Yang, Q.

J. Liu, S. Wu, J. Xu, Q. Wang, Q. Yang, and P. Wang, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2012, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JW2A.76.

Yang, W.

Yilmaz, S.

Zadnik, J.

Zhang, M.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. Kieu and F. W. Wise, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photonics (2)

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jackson, Nat. Photonics 6, 423 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (7)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 2095 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (15)

C. R. Phillips, C. Langrock, J. S. Pelc, M. M. Fejer, J. Jiang, M. E. Fermann, and I. Hartl, Opt. Lett. 36, 3912 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Eckerle, C. Kieleck, J. Świderski, S. D. Jackson, G. Mazé, and M. Eichhorn, Opt. Lett. 37, 512 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Haxsen, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, Opt. Lett. 37, 1014 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Engelbrecht, F. Haxsen, A. Ruehl, D. Wandt, and D. Kracht, Opt. Lett. 33, 690 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Solodyankin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, A. V. Tausenev, V. I. Konov, and E. M. Dianov, Opt. Lett. 33, 1336 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Goodno, L. D. Book, and J. E. Rothenberg, Opt. Lett. 34, 1204 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, J. Geng, T. Luo, and S. Jiang, Opt. Lett. 34, 3616 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Haxsen, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, Opt. Lett. 35, 2991 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Heidt, Z. Li, J. Sahu, P. C. Shardlow, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, M. Ibsen, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 38, 1615 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Alexander, Z. Shi, M. N. Islam, K. Ke, M. J. Freeman, A. Ifarraguerri, J. Meola, A. Absi, J. Leonard, J. Zadnik, A. S. Szalkowski, and G. J. Boer, Opt. Lett. 38, 2292 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Rudy, A. Marandi, K. L. Vodopyanov, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 38, 2865 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Sims, P. Kadwani, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 38, 121 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. Song, J. Hou, S. Chen, W. Yang, and Q. Lu, Opt. Lett. 37, 1529 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Elahi, S. Yılmaz, Ö. Akçaalan, H. Kalaycıoğlu, B. Öktem, Ç. Şenel, F. Ö. Ilday, and K. Eken, Opt. Lett. 37, 3042 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Gumenyuk, I. Vartiainen, H. Tuovinen, and O. G. Okhotnikov, Opt. Lett. 36, 609 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

J. Liu, S. Wu, J. Xu, Q. Wang, Q. Yang, and P. Wang, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2012, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JW2A.76.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic setup of the high average power picosecond, thulium-doped, all-fiber MOPA system.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

RF spectrum of the thulium-doped fiber oscillator. Insert, pulse train of the fiber oscillator at 333.75 MHz.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Optical spectrum of the first thulium-doped fiber preamplifier. Insert, autocorrelation trace of the pulse of first thulium-doped fiber preamplifier at average power of 120 mW.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Average output power of the thulium-doped LMA fiber power amplifier with the increase of incident pump power.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Autocorrelation trace of the pulse of the thulium-doped fiber power amplifier. Insert, optical spectrum of the thulium-doped fiber power amplifier at maximum average output power.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Average output power of the supercontinuum source with the increase of incident pump power. The pulse duration and repetition rate of the fiber oscillator were 7 ps and 70 MHz, respectively.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Optical spectrum of the supercontinuum source at different average output power.

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