Abstract

We present, to the best of our knowledge, the first laser demonstration of an Yb-doped Gd2O3 cubic crystal. This crystal was obtained by the flux method using an original borate-based solvent, which was particularly well suited to the growth of rare earth sesquioxide crystals at half the working temperature of classical growth techniques. This flux method is a very interesting alternative for the production of laser sesquioxide crystals, not only because it provides access to new matrices of the cubic polymorph, but also because it permits high Yb3+-doping levels for these crystals. The first laser results of two highly Yb3+-doped sesquioxides, namely Gd2O3 and Y2O3, grown by this flux method are presented here, including the Ti:sapphire and diode pumping configurations. Laser efficiencies and emission spectra for these two crystals were studied and compared.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Fornasiero, S. Koch, E. Mix, V. Peters, and S. A. Basun, J. Lumin. 87–89, 973 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Yoshikawa and V. Chani, Mater. Res. Soc. Bull. 34, 266 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Kong, D. Y. Tang, C. C. Chan, J. Lu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, Opt. Lett. 32, 247 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Opt. Express 15, 7075 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Tokurakawa, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, K. Beil, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, Opt. Express 20, 10847 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2012 (3)

B. Weichelt, K. Wentsch, A. Voss, M. Abdou Ahmed, and Th. Graf, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Fukabori, V. Chani, K. Kamada, and A. Yoshikawa, J. Cryst. Growth 352, 124 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Tokurakawa, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, K. Beil, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, Opt. Express 20, 10847 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (4)

A. Pirri, G. Toci, and M. Vannini, Opt. Lett. 36, 4284 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Veber, M. Velázquez, V. Jubera, S. Pechev, and O. Viraphong, CrystEngComm 13, 5220 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. McMillen, D. Thomson, T. Tritt, and J. Kolis, Cryst. Growth Des. 11, 4386 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Fukabori, V. Chani, K. Kamada, F. Moretti, and A. Yoshikawa, Cryst. Growth Des. 11, 2404 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

W. Bo, M. Zinkevich, W. Chong, and F. Aldinger, Rare Met. 25, 549 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2001 (1)

L. Laversenne, Y. Guyot, C. Goutaudier, M.-Th. Cohen-Adad, and G. Boulon, Opt. Mater. 16, 475 (2001).

2000 (2)

L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Ceram. Int. 26, 589 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Fornasiero, S. Koch, E. Mix, V. Peters, and S. A. Basun, J. Lumin. 87–89, 973 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

V. Swamy, H. J. Seifert, and F. Aldinger, J. Alloys Compd. 269, 201 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

J. B. Ainscough, D. A. Moore, and S. C. Osborn, J. Nucl. Mater. 55, 229 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

M. Foex and J.-P. Traverse, Rev. Int. Hautes Temp. Réfract. 3, 429 (1966).

Abdou Ahmed, M.

B. Weichelt, K. Wentsch, A. Voss, M. Abdou Ahmed, and Th. Graf, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ainscough, J. B.

J. B. Ainscough, D. A. Moore, and S. C. Osborn, J. Nucl. Mater. 55, 229 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Aldinger, F.

W. Bo, M. Zinkevich, W. Chong, and F. Aldinger, Rare Met. 25, 549 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Swamy, H. J. Seifert, and F. Aldinger, J. Alloys Compd. 269, 201 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Baer, C. R. E.

Basun, S. A.

K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Fornasiero, S. Koch, E. Mix, V. Peters, and S. A. Basun, J. Lumin. 87–89, 973 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Beil, K.

Bo, W.

W. Bo, M. Zinkevich, W. Chong, and F. Aldinger, Rare Met. 25, 549 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Boulon, G.

L. Laversenne, Y. Guyot, C. Goutaudier, M.-Th. Cohen-Adad, and G. Boulon, Opt. Mater. 16, 475 (2001).

Chan, C. C.

Chani, V.

A. Fukabori, V. Chani, K. Kamada, and A. Yoshikawa, J. Cryst. Growth 352, 124 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Fukabori, V. Chani, K. Kamada, F. Moretti, and A. Yoshikawa, Cryst. Growth Des. 11, 2404 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Yoshikawa and V. Chani, Mater. Res. Soc. Bull. 34, 266 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chong, W.

W. Bo, M. Zinkevich, W. Chong, and F. Aldinger, Rare Met. 25, 549 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cohen-Adad, M.-Th.

L. Laversenne, Y. Guyot, C. Goutaudier, M.-Th. Cohen-Adad, and G. Boulon, Opt. Mater. 16, 475 (2001).

Foex, M.

M. Foex and J.-P. Traverse, Rev. Int. Hautes Temp. Réfract. 3, 429 (1966).

Fornasiero, L.

K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Fornasiero, S. Koch, E. Mix, V. Peters, and S. A. Basun, J. Lumin. 87–89, 973 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Ceram. Int. 26, 589 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fukabori, A.

A. Fukabori, V. Chani, K. Kamada, and A. Yoshikawa, J. Cryst. Growth 352, 124 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Fukabori, V. Chani, K. Kamada, F. Moretti, and A. Yoshikawa, Cryst. Growth Des. 11, 2404 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Golling, M.

Goutaudier, C.

L. Laversenne, Y. Guyot, C. Goutaudier, M.-Th. Cohen-Adad, and G. Boulon, Opt. Mater. 16, 475 (2001).

Graf, Th.

B. Weichelt, K. Wentsch, A. Voss, M. Abdou Ahmed, and Th. Graf, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Guyot, Y.

L. Laversenne, Y. Guyot, C. Goutaudier, M.-Th. Cohen-Adad, and G. Boulon, Opt. Mater. 16, 475 (2001).

Heckl, O. H.

Huber, G.

Jubera, V.

Ph. Veber, M. Velázquez, V. Jubera, S. Pechev, and O. Viraphong, CrystEngComm 13, 5220 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kamada, K.

A. Fukabori, V. Chani, K. Kamada, and A. Yoshikawa, J. Cryst. Growth 352, 124 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Fukabori, V. Chani, K. Kamada, F. Moretti, and A. Yoshikawa, Cryst. Growth Des. 11, 2404 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

Keller, U.

Koch, S.

K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Fornasiero, S. Koch, E. Mix, V. Peters, and S. A. Basun, J. Lumin. 87–89, 973 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kolis, J.

C. McMillen, D. Thomson, T. Tritt, and J. Kolis, Cryst. Growth Des. 11, 4386 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kong, J.

Kränkel, C.

Laversenne, L.

L. Laversenne, Y. Guyot, C. Goutaudier, M.-Th. Cohen-Adad, and G. Boulon, Opt. Mater. 16, 475 (2001).

Lu, J.

McMillen, C.

C. McMillen, D. Thomson, T. Tritt, and J. Kolis, Cryst. Growth Des. 11, 4386 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mix, E.

L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Ceram. Int. 26, 589 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Fornasiero, S. Koch, E. Mix, V. Peters, and S. A. Basun, J. Lumin. 87–89, 973 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Moore, D. A.

J. B. Ainscough, D. A. Moore, and S. C. Osborn, J. Nucl. Mater. 55, 229 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Moretti, F.

A. Fukabori, V. Chani, K. Kamada, F. Moretti, and A. Yoshikawa, Cryst. Growth Des. 11, 2404 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Noriyuki, M.

Osborn, S. C.

J. B. Ainscough, D. A. Moore, and S. C. Osborn, J. Nucl. Mater. 55, 229 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Pechev, S.

Ph. Veber, M. Velázquez, V. Jubera, S. Pechev, and O. Viraphong, CrystEngComm 13, 5220 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 35, 2302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Opt. Express 15, 7075 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Ceram. Int. 26, 589 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Fornasiero, S. Koch, E. Mix, V. Peters, and S. A. Basun, J. Lumin. 87–89, 973 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Peters, R.

Peters, V.

L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Ceram. Int. 26, 589 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Fornasiero, S. Koch, E. Mix, V. Peters, and S. A. Basun, J. Lumin. 87–89, 973 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pirri, A.

Saraceno, C. J.

Seifert, H. J.

V. Swamy, H. J. Seifert, and F. Aldinger, J. Alloys Compd. 269, 201 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shirakawa, A.

Südmeyer, T.

Swamy, V.

V. Swamy, H. J. Seifert, and F. Aldinger, J. Alloys Compd. 269, 201 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D. Y.

Thomson, D.

C. McMillen, D. Thomson, T. Tritt, and J. Kolis, Cryst. Growth Des. 11, 4386 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Toci, G.

Tokurakawa, M.

Traverse, J.-P.

M. Foex and J.-P. Traverse, Rev. Int. Hautes Temp. Réfract. 3, 429 (1966).

Tritt, T.

C. McMillen, D. Thomson, T. Tritt, and J. Kolis, Cryst. Growth Des. 11, 4386 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

Vannini, M.

Veber, Ph.

Ph. Veber, M. Velázquez, V. Jubera, S. Pechev, and O. Viraphong, CrystEngComm 13, 5220 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Velázquez, M.

Ph. Veber, M. Velázquez, V. Jubera, S. Pechev, and O. Viraphong, CrystEngComm 13, 5220 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Viraphong, O.

Ph. Veber, M. Velázquez, V. Jubera, S. Pechev, and O. Viraphong, CrystEngComm 13, 5220 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Voss, A.

B. Weichelt, K. Wentsch, A. Voss, M. Abdou Ahmed, and Th. Graf, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Weichelt, B.

B. Weichelt, K. Wentsch, A. Voss, M. Abdou Ahmed, and Th. Graf, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wentsch, K.

B. Weichelt, K. Wentsch, A. Voss, M. Abdou Ahmed, and Th. Graf, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yagi, H.

Yanagitani, T.

Yoshikawa, A.

A. Fukabori, V. Chani, K. Kamada, and A. Yoshikawa, J. Cryst. Growth 352, 124 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Fukabori, V. Chani, K. Kamada, F. Moretti, and A. Yoshikawa, Cryst. Growth Des. 11, 2404 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Yoshikawa and V. Chani, Mater. Res. Soc. Bull. 34, 266 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zinkevich, M.

W. Bo, M. Zinkevich, W. Chong, and F. Aldinger, Rare Met. 25, 549 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ceram. Int. (1)

L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Ceram. Int. 26, 589 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cryst. Growth Des. (2)

C. McMillen, D. Thomson, T. Tritt, and J. Kolis, Cryst. Growth Des. 11, 4386 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Fukabori, V. Chani, K. Kamada, F. Moretti, and A. Yoshikawa, Cryst. Growth Des. 11, 2404 (2011).
[CrossRef]

CrystEngComm (1)

Ph. Veber, M. Velázquez, V. Jubera, S. Pechev, and O. Viraphong, CrystEngComm 13, 5220 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

V. Swamy, H. J. Seifert, and F. Aldinger, J. Alloys Compd. 269, 201 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

A. Fukabori, V. Chani, K. Kamada, and A. Yoshikawa, J. Cryst. Growth 352, 124 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Fornasiero, S. Koch, E. Mix, V. Peters, and S. A. Basun, J. Lumin. 87–89, 973 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Nucl. Mater. (1)

J. B. Ainscough, D. A. Moore, and S. C. Osborn, J. Nucl. Mater. 55, 229 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

B. Weichelt, K. Wentsch, A. Voss, M. Abdou Ahmed, and Th. Graf, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Res. Soc. Bull. (1)

A. Yoshikawa and V. Chani, Mater. Res. Soc. Bull. 34, 266 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. (1)

L. Laversenne, Y. Guyot, C. Goutaudier, M.-Th. Cohen-Adad, and G. Boulon, Opt. Mater. 16, 475 (2001).

Rare Met. (1)

W. Bo, M. Zinkevich, W. Chong, and F. Aldinger, Rare Met. 25, 549 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Int. Hautes Temp. Réfract. (1)

M. Foex and J.-P. Traverse, Rev. Int. Hautes Temp. Réfract. 3, 429 (1966).

Other (1)

O. Knacke, O. Kubaschewski, and K. Hesselmann, eds., Thermochemical Properties of Inorganic Substances, 2nd ed., Vol. 1 and 2 (Springer-Verlag, 1991).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(Top) Cavity setup for the Ti:Sa pumping and tunability experiment. (Bottom) Pictures of crystals and their holders.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Absorption for 1 mm long 14% Yb-doped Gd2O3 and 6.5% Yb-doped Y2O3 crystals.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(Top) Experimental setup of the diode-pumped cavity and associated laser beam profile. (Bottom) Laser powers for Yb:Gd2O3 and Yb:Y2O3 versus diode pump power.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Laser emission spectra for highly doped Yb:Gd2O3 and Yb:Y2O3.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Emission and absorption cross sections for Yb:Gd2O3 and Yb:Y2O3.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Laser tunability for Yb:Gd2O3 and Yb:Y2O3.

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