Abstract

We present unique spatial-mode switching in a cw Yb:CALGO laser when pumped at a multihundred-watts power level. It permits us to automatically stabilize to a TEM00 mode from a highly spatial multimode regime. This stabilization is achievable thanks to polarization-mode switching allowed by the particular spectroscopic and thermal properties of Yb:CALGO crystal. This atypical and unexpected behavior is studied in detail in this Letter and explained by analysis of the thermo-optical coefficients for CALGO.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. Y. Zaouter, J. Didierjean, F. Balembois, G. Lucas Leclin, F. Druon, P. Georges, J. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, Opt. Lett. 31, 119 (2006).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2013 (3)

2012 (4)

2011 (1)

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1217 (2004).

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1235 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Abdou-Ahmed, M.

Agnesi, A.

Aus der Au, J.

Balembois, F.

Y. Zaouter, J. Didierjean, F. Balembois, G. Lucas Leclin, F. Druon, P. Georges, J. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, Opt. Lett. 31, 119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Chénais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 89 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1217 (2004).

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1235 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Boudeile, J. Didierjean, F. Balembois, F. P. Druon, P. Georges, J. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, “High power diode pumped Yb3+:CaGdAlO4 laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper WE28.

Beil, K.

Biswal, S.

Boudeile, J.

D. N. Papadopoulos, F. Druon, J. Boudeile, I. Martial, M. Hanna, P. Georges, P. O. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, Opt. Lett. 34, 196 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Boudeile, F. Druon, M. Hanna, P. Georges, Y. Zaouter, E. Cormier, J. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, Opt. Lett. 32, 1962 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Boudeile, J. Didierjean, F. Balembois, F. P. Druon, P. Georges, J. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, “High power diode pumped Yb3+:CaGdAlO4 laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper WE28.

Bowman, S.

Chénais, S.

S. Chénais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 89 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1217 (2004).

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1235 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cormier, E.

Delaigue, M.

Deppe, B.

Didierjean, J.

Y. Zaouter, J. Didierjean, F. Balembois, G. Lucas Leclin, F. Druon, P. Georges, J. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, Opt. Lett. 31, 119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Boudeile, J. Didierjean, F. Balembois, F. P. Druon, P. Georges, J. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, “High power diode pumped Yb3+:CaGdAlO4 laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper WE28.

Druon, F.

Druon, F. P.

J. Boudeile, J. Didierjean, F. Balembois, F. P. Druon, P. Georges, J. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, “High power diode pumped Yb3+:CaGdAlO4 laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper WE28.

Filippov, V.

Forget, S.

S. Chénais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 89 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Georges, P.

S. Ricaud, A. Jaffres, K. Wentsch, A. Suganuma, B. Viana, P. Loiseau, B. Weichelt, M. Abdou-Ahmed, A. Voss, T. Graf, D. Rytz, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, P. Georges, and F. Druon, Opt. Lett. 37, 3984 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Ricaud, A. Jaffres, P. Loiseau, B. Viana, B. Weichelt, M. Abdou-Ahmed, A. Voss, T. Graf, D. Rytz, M. Delaigue, E. Mottay, P. Georges, and F. Druon, Opt. Lett. 36, 4134 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Papadopoulos, F. Druon, J. Boudeile, I. Martial, M. Hanna, P. Georges, P. O. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, Opt. Lett. 34, 196 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Boudeile, F. Druon, M. Hanna, P. Georges, Y. Zaouter, E. Cormier, J. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, Opt. Lett. 32, 1962 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zaouter, J. Didierjean, F. Balembois, G. Lucas Leclin, F. Druon, P. Georges, J. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, Opt. Lett. 31, 119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Chénais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 89 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1217 (2004).

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1235 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Boudeile, J. Didierjean, F. Balembois, F. P. Druon, P. Georges, J. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, “High power diode pumped Yb3+:CaGdAlO4 laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper WE28.

Ghosh, G.

G. Ghosh, Handbook of Thermo-Optic Coefficients of Optical Materials with Applications (Academic, 1998).

Goldner, P.

Graf, T.

Greborio, A.

Greborio, G.

A. Guandalini, G. Greborio, and J. Aus der Au, Proc. SPIE 8235, 823511 (2012).

Guandalini, A.

Hanna, M.

Hönninger, C.

Jaffres, A.

Kränkel, C.

Kuleshov, N.

Loiko, P.

Loiseau, P.

Lucas Leclin, G.

Lucas-Leclin, G.

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1217 (2004).

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1235 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Martial, I.

Matrosov, V.

Mottay, E.

O’Connor, S.

Papadopoulos, D. N.

Pavlyuk, A.

Petit, J.

J. Boudeile, F. Druon, M. Hanna, P. Georges, Y. Zaouter, E. Cormier, J. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, Opt. Lett. 32, 1962 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zaouter, J. Didierjean, F. Balembois, G. Lucas Leclin, F. Druon, P. Georges, J. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, Opt. Lett. 31, 119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Boudeile, J. Didierjean, F. Balembois, F. P. Druon, P. Georges, J. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, “High power diode pumped Yb3+:CaGdAlO4 laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper WE28.

Petit, P. O.

Pirzio, F.

Reali, G.

Ricaud, S.

Rytz, D.

Suganuma, A.

Ugolotti, E.

Viana, B.

Voss, A.

Weichelt, B.

Wentsch, K.

Yumashev, K.

Zaouter, Y.

Appl. Opt. (3)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1235 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1217 (2004).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. Guandalini, G. Greborio, and J. Aus der Au, Proc. SPIE 8235, 823511 (2012).

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Chénais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 89 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

G. Ghosh, Handbook of Thermo-Optic Coefficients of Optical Materials with Applications (Academic, 1998).

J. Boudeile, J. Didierjean, F. Balembois, F. P. Druon, P. Georges, J. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, “High power diode pumped Yb3+:CaGdAlO4 laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper WE28.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Laser cavity (left). Crystal geometry (right).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Beam profile evolution versus absorbed pump power.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(Top) Wavelength laser switching compared to the gain cross-section spectra (σ=red, π=blue) for a β=8% (corresponding to the Toc=10%). (Bottom) Gain cross sections for different population inversions demonstrating the increase, with β, of the gain difference between the two polarizations σ and π: examples taken for a β=5% (corresponding to the Toc=5%) and for a β=11% (corresponding to the Toc=15%).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Wavefront distortion analysis. Radius of curvature versus polarization of the probe (linearly polarized). 0° corresponds to a π-polarized probe and 90° to a σ-polarized probe. Two radii of curvature are measured along the principal axes of the crystal id est a⃗ and c⃗.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Evolution of the laser-beam profiles (top), before (left), and after (right) the switch and the associated measured wavefront distortion profiles (bottom). The mask of analysis is 870 μm in diameter.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Thermal lens nature in CALGO versus the laser-beam polarization going through it for 128 W of absorbed power. (Top) Optical dioptry of the lens. (Middle) Astigmatism of the lens. (Bottom) Eigen axis of this lens.

Equations (1)

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χσc⃗=χσa⃗,χπa⃗=0.46χσa⃗,χπc⃗=0.74χσa⃗.

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