Abstract

We demonstrate that random lasers provide an outstanding strobe light source for time-resolved microscopy. Utilizing a random laser to illuminate a commercially available microscope enables single exposure, speckle-free time-resolved imaging. Aside from conventional optical transmission microscopy, we also perform time-resolved investigations in phase contrast mode. We apply this method to the monitoring of fs-laser-induced microdot formation in bulk a-SIO2. Time-resolved investigations show that microdot formation lasts over several microseconds after laser excitation.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. I. Bastiaens and A. Squire, Trends Cell Biol. 9, 48 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Young, R. C. Y. Auyeung, A. pique, D. B. Chrisey, and D. D. Dlott, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3169 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Brown, N. Kattamis, and C. Arnold, Microfluid. Nanofluid. 11, 199 (2011).
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    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Unger, J. Koch, L. Overmeyer, and B. N. Chichkov, Opt. Express 20, 24864 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Mermillod-Blondin, C. Mauclair, J. Bonse, R. Stoian, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, and I. V. Hertel, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 033703 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Vogel, I. Apitz, S. Freidank, and R. Dijkink, Opt. Lett. 31, 1812 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. R. Hard, R. Zeh, and R. Allen, J. Cell Sci. 23, 335 (1977).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2012 (2)

C. Unger, J. Koch, L. Overmeyer, and B. N. Chichkov, Opt. Express 20, 24864 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, Nat. Photonics 6, 497 (2012).

2011 (4)

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, Opt. Lett. 36, 3404 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Mermillod-Blondin, C. Mauclair, J. Bonse, R. Stoian, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, and I. V. Hertel, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 033703 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Unger, M. Gruene, L. Koch, J. Koch, and B. Chichkov, Appl. Phys. A 103, 271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Brown, N. Kattamis, and C. Arnold, Microfluid. Nanofluid. 11, 199 (2011).

2010 (1)

2008 (2)

A. Mermillod-Blondin, I. M. Burakov, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. M. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, I. V. Hertel, and R. Stoian, Phys. Rev. B 77, 1042052008).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Wiersma, Nat. Phys. 4, 359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

J. Bonse, G. Bachelier, J. Siegel, and J. Solis, Phys. Rev. B 74, 134106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Vogel, I. Apitz, S. Freidank, and R. Dijkink, Opt. Lett. 31, 1812 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

Y. Shimotsuma, P. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 2474052003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

D. Young, R. C. Y. Auyeung, A. pique, D. B. Chrisey, and D. D. Dlott, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

P. I. Bastiaens and A. Squire, Trends Cell Biol. 9, 48 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

P. Audebert, P. Daguzan, A. Dos Santos, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, S. Guizard, G. Hamoniaux, K. Krastev, P. Martin, G. Petite, and A. Antonetti, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1990 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1990 (1)

C. Itoh, T. Suzuki, and N. Itoh, Phys. Rev. B 41, 3794 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

R. Hard, R. Zeh, and R. Allen, J. Cell Sci. 23, 335 (1977).

Allen, R.

R. Hard, R. Zeh, and R. Allen, J. Cell Sci. 23, 335 (1977).

Antonetti, A.

P. Audebert, P. Daguzan, A. Dos Santos, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, S. Guizard, G. Hamoniaux, K. Krastev, P. Martin, G. Petite, and A. Antonetti, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1990 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Apitz, I.

Arnold, C.

M. Brown, N. Kattamis, and C. Arnold, Microfluid. Nanofluid. 11, 199 (2011).

Audebert, P.

P. Audebert, P. Daguzan, A. Dos Santos, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, S. Guizard, G. Hamoniaux, K. Krastev, P. Martin, G. Petite, and A. Antonetti, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1990 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Audouard, E.

A. Mermillod-Blondin, C. Mauclair, J. Bonse, R. Stoian, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, and I. V. Hertel, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 033703 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Mermillod-Blondin, I. M. Burakov, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. M. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, I. V. Hertel, and R. Stoian, Phys. Rev. B 77, 1042052008).
[CrossRef]

Auyeung, R. C. Y.

D. Young, R. C. Y. Auyeung, A. pique, D. B. Chrisey, and D. D. Dlott, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bachelier, G.

J. Bonse, G. Bachelier, J. Siegel, and J. Solis, Phys. Rev. B 74, 134106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bastiaens, P. I.

P. I. Bastiaens and A. Squire, Trends Cell Biol. 9, 48 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Beresna, M.

Bonse, J.

A. Mermillod-Blondin, C. Mauclair, J. Bonse, R. Stoian, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, and I. V. Hertel, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 033703 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Bonse, G. Bachelier, J. Siegel, and J. Solis, Phys. Rev. B 74, 134106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Brown, M.

M. Brown, N. Kattamis, and C. Arnold, Microfluid. Nanofluid. 11, 199 (2011).

Bulgakova, N. M.

A. Mermillod-Blondin, I. M. Burakov, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. M. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, I. V. Hertel, and R. Stoian, Phys. Rev. B 77, 1042052008).
[CrossRef]

Burakov, I. M.

A. Mermillod-Blondin, I. M. Burakov, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. M. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, I. V. Hertel, and R. Stoian, Phys. Rev. B 77, 1042052008).
[CrossRef]

Cao, H.

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, Nat. Photonics 6, 497 (2012).

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, Opt. Lett. 36, 3404 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chichkov, B.

C. Unger, M. Gruene, L. Koch, J. Koch, and B. Chichkov, Appl. Phys. A 103, 271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chichkov, B. N.

Choma, M. A.

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, Nat. Photonics 6, 497 (2012).

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, Opt. Lett. 36, 3404 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chrisey, D. B.

D. Young, R. C. Y. Auyeung, A. pique, D. B. Chrisey, and D. D. Dlott, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Daguzan, P.

P. Audebert, P. Daguzan, A. Dos Santos, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, S. Guizard, G. Hamoniaux, K. Krastev, P. Martin, G. Petite, and A. Antonetti, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1990 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dijkink, R.

Dlott, D. D.

D. Young, R. C. Y. Auyeung, A. pique, D. B. Chrisey, and D. D. Dlott, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dos Santos, A.

P. Audebert, P. Daguzan, A. Dos Santos, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, S. Guizard, G. Hamoniaux, K. Krastev, P. Martin, G. Petite, and A. Antonetti, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1990 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Freidank, S.

Gauthier, J. C.

P. Audebert, P. Daguzan, A. Dos Santos, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, S. Guizard, G. Hamoniaux, K. Krastev, P. Martin, G. Petite, and A. Antonetti, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1990 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Geindre, J. P.

P. Audebert, P. Daguzan, A. Dos Santos, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, S. Guizard, G. Hamoniaux, K. Krastev, P. Martin, G. Petite, and A. Antonetti, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1990 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gruene, M.

C. Unger, M. Gruene, L. Koch, J. Koch, and B. Chichkov, Appl. Phys. A 103, 271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Guizard, S.

P. Audebert, P. Daguzan, A. Dos Santos, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, S. Guizard, G. Hamoniaux, K. Krastev, P. Martin, G. Petite, and A. Antonetti, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1990 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hamoniaux, G.

P. Audebert, P. Daguzan, A. Dos Santos, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, S. Guizard, G. Hamoniaux, K. Krastev, P. Martin, G. Petite, and A. Antonetti, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1990 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hard, R.

R. Hard, R. Zeh, and R. Allen, J. Cell Sci. 23, 335 (1977).

Hertel, I. V.

A. Mermillod-Blondin, C. Mauclair, J. Bonse, R. Stoian, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, and I. V. Hertel, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 033703 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Mermillod-Blondin, I. M. Burakov, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. M. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, I. V. Hertel, and R. Stoian, Phys. Rev. B 77, 1042052008).
[CrossRef]

Hirao, K.

Y. Shimotsuma, P. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 2474052003).
[CrossRef]

Husakou, A.

A. Mermillod-Blondin, I. M. Burakov, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. M. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, I. V. Hertel, and R. Stoian, Phys. Rev. B 77, 1042052008).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, C.

C. Itoh, T. Suzuki, and N. Itoh, Phys. Rev. B 41, 3794 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, N.

C. Itoh, T. Suzuki, and N. Itoh, Phys. Rev. B 41, 3794 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kattamis, N.

M. Brown, N. Kattamis, and C. Arnold, Microfluid. Nanofluid. 11, 199 (2011).

Kawata, S.

Kazansky, P.

Y. Shimotsuma, P. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 2474052003).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, P. G.

Koch, J.

C. Unger, J. Koch, L. Overmeyer, and B. N. Chichkov, Opt. Express 20, 24864 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Unger, M. Gruene, L. Koch, J. Koch, and B. Chichkov, Appl. Phys. A 103, 271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Koch, L.

C. Unger, M. Gruene, L. Koch, J. Koch, and B. Chichkov, Appl. Phys. A 103, 271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Krastev, K.

P. Audebert, P. Daguzan, A. Dos Santos, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, S. Guizard, G. Hamoniaux, K. Krastev, P. Martin, G. Petite, and A. Antonetti, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1990 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Martin, P.

P. Audebert, P. Daguzan, A. Dos Santos, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, S. Guizard, G. Hamoniaux, K. Krastev, P. Martin, G. Petite, and A. Antonetti, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1990 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mauclair, C.

A. Mermillod-Blondin, C. Mauclair, J. Bonse, R. Stoian, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, and I. V. Hertel, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 033703 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mermillod-Blondin, A.

A. Mermillod-Blondin, C. Mauclair, J. Bonse, R. Stoian, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, and I. V. Hertel, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 033703 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Mermillod-Blondin, I. M. Burakov, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. M. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, I. V. Hertel, and R. Stoian, Phys. Rev. B 77, 1042052008).
[CrossRef]

Meshcheryakov, Y. P.

A. Mermillod-Blondin, I. M. Burakov, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. M. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, I. V. Hertel, and R. Stoian, Phys. Rev. B 77, 1042052008).
[CrossRef]

Noda, T.

Overmeyer, L.

Petite, G.

P. Audebert, P. Daguzan, A. Dos Santos, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, S. Guizard, G. Hamoniaux, K. Krastev, P. Martin, G. Petite, and A. Antonetti, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1990 (1994).
[CrossRef]

pique, A.

D. Young, R. C. Y. Auyeung, A. pique, D. B. Chrisey, and D. D. Dlott, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

Y. Shimotsuma, P. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 2474052003).
[CrossRef]

Redding, B.

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, Nat. Photonics 6, 497 (2012).

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, Opt. Lett. 36, 3404 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rosenfeld, A.

A. Mermillod-Blondin, C. Mauclair, J. Bonse, R. Stoian, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, and I. V. Hertel, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 033703 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Mermillod-Blondin, I. M. Burakov, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. M. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, I. V. Hertel, and R. Stoian, Phys. Rev. B 77, 1042052008).
[CrossRef]

Shimotsuma, Y.

Y. Shimotsuma, P. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 2474052003).
[CrossRef]

Siegel, J.

J. Bonse, G. Bachelier, J. Siegel, and J. Solis, Phys. Rev. B 74, 134106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Solis, J.

J. Bonse, G. Bachelier, J. Siegel, and J. Solis, Phys. Rev. B 74, 134106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Squire, A.

P. I. Bastiaens and A. Squire, Trends Cell Biol. 9, 48 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stoian, R.

A. Mermillod-Blondin, C. Mauclair, J. Bonse, R. Stoian, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, and I. V. Hertel, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 033703 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Mermillod-Blondin, I. M. Burakov, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. M. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, I. V. Hertel, and R. Stoian, Phys. Rev. B 77, 1042052008).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

C. Itoh, T. Suzuki, and N. Itoh, Phys. Rev. B 41, 3794 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Unger, C.

C. Unger, J. Koch, L. Overmeyer, and B. N. Chichkov, Opt. Express 20, 24864 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Unger, M. Gruene, L. Koch, J. Koch, and B. Chichkov, Appl. Phys. A 103, 271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Vogel, A.

Wiersma, D. S.

D. S. Wiersma, Nat. Phys. 4, 359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Young, D.

D. Young, R. C. Y. Auyeung, A. pique, D. B. Chrisey, and D. D. Dlott, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zeh, R.

R. Hard, R. Zeh, and R. Allen, J. Cell Sci. 23, 335 (1977).

Appl. Phys. A (1)

C. Unger, M. Gruene, L. Koch, J. Koch, and B. Chichkov, Appl. Phys. A 103, 271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Young, R. C. Y. Auyeung, A. pique, D. B. Chrisey, and D. D. Dlott, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Cell Sci. (1)

R. Hard, R. Zeh, and R. Allen, J. Cell Sci. 23, 335 (1977).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Microfluid. Nanofluid. (1)

M. Brown, N. Kattamis, and C. Arnold, Microfluid. Nanofluid. 11, 199 (2011).

Nat. Photonics (1)

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, Nat. Photonics 6, 497 (2012).

Nat. Phys. (1)

D. S. Wiersma, Nat. Phys. 4, 359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. B (3)

A. Mermillod-Blondin, I. M. Burakov, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. M. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, I. V. Hertel, and R. Stoian, Phys. Rev. B 77, 1042052008).
[CrossRef]

C. Itoh, T. Suzuki, and N. Itoh, Phys. Rev. B 41, 3794 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Bonse, G. Bachelier, J. Siegel, and J. Solis, Phys. Rev. B 74, 134106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

Y. Shimotsuma, P. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 2474052003).
[CrossRef]

P. Audebert, P. Daguzan, A. Dos Santos, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, S. Guizard, G. Hamoniaux, K. Krastev, P. Martin, G. Petite, and A. Antonetti, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1990 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

A. Mermillod-Blondin, C. Mauclair, J. Bonse, R. Stoian, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, and I. V. Hertel, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 033703 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Trends Cell Biol. (1)

P. I. Bastiaens and A. Squire, Trends Cell Biol. 9, 48 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Implementation of the time-resolved microscope for PC investigations. Optical microscopy can be performed by replacing the PC objective by a conventional microscope objective. λ, central wavelength; τ, pulse duration at FWHM; f, focal length; EMCCD, electron multiplying charge coupled device.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Comparison of optical transmission (left column) and PCMs (right column) of a laser-induced microdot obtained with an illumination source consisting of (a) and (b) a LED, (c) and (d) a YAG laser, and (e) and (f) a random laser RL. The background contrast and the microdot contrast are indicated on each picture.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Optical transmission and (b) PC time-resolved micrographs of the laser-induced microdot shown in Fig. 2. A random laser provided the illumination source.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Optical transmission and (b) PC time-resolved micrographs of the laser-induced objects in the multipulse regime 100 ns after laser excitation (upper image) and after relaxation (lower image). N=100 laser pulses were accumulated.

Equations (1)

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CNR=I¯Ibkg¯0.5×(σI+σIbkg),

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