Abstract

An optical fiber magnetic field sensor based on the single-mode–multimode–single-mode (SMS) structure and magnetic fluid (MF) is proposed and demonstrated. By using a piece of no-core fiber as the multimode waveguide in the SMS structure and MF sealed in a capillary tube as the magnetic sensitive media, which totally immersing the no-core fiber, an all-fiber magnetic sensor was fabricated. Interrogation of the magnetic field strength can be achieved either by measuring the dip wavelength shift of the transmission spectrum or by detecting the transmission loss at a specific wavelength. A demonstration sensor with sensitivities up to 905pm/mT and 0.748dB/mT was fabricated and investigated. A theoretical model for the design of the proposed device was developed and numerical simulations were performed.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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Gu, X.

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Hong, C.-Y.

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Jin, Y.

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H. V. Thakur, S. M. Nalawade, S. Gupta, R. Kitture, and S. Kale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 161101 (2011).
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H. V. Thakur, S. M. Nalawade, S. Gupta, R. Kitture, and S. Kale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 161101 (2011).
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R. X. Gao, Q. Wang, F. Zhao, B. Meng, and S. L. Qu, Opt. Commun. 283, 3149 (2010).
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H. V. Thakur, S. M. Nalawade, S. Gupta, R. Kitture, and S. Kale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 161101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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Wang, P.

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[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, G. Farrell, and W. Yan, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 512 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wei, T.

Wong, W. C.

Wu, Q.

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S. Pu, X. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Xu, W. Liao, L. Chen, and Y. Xia, J. Appl. Phys. 99, 093516 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, H.

Xu, G.

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S. Pu, X. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Xu, W. Liao, L. Chen, and Y. Xia, J. Appl. Phys. 99, 093516 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Yang, H.

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R. X. Gao, Q. Wang, F. Zhao, B. Meng, and S. L. Qu, Opt. Commun. 283, 3149 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zu, P.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. V. Thakur, S. M. Nalawade, S. Gupta, R. Kitture, and S. Kale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 161101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

T. Z. Lei Gao, M. Deng, K. S. Chiang, and X. Sun, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 2095 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

P. Childs, A. Candiani, and S. Pissadakis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 929 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Magn. (1)

N. Inaba, H. Miyajima, H. Takahashi, S. Taketomi, and S. Chikazumi, IEEE Trans. Magn. 25, 3866 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

S. Pu, X. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Xu, W. Liao, L. Chen, and Y. Xia, J. Appl. Phys. 99, 093516 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Ruddy, B. MacCraith, and J. Murphy, J. Appl. Phys. 67, 6070 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. X. Gao, Q. Wang, F. Zhao, B. Meng, and S. L. Qu, Opt. Commun. 283, 3149 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (6)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the magnetic field sensor.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experiment setup. GS, gaussmeter; BBS, broadband light source; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Response of the transmission spectra of the sensor to magnetic field strength, (b) dip wavelength, and (c) transmission loss change as a function of magnetic field strength.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Simulated spectra under different magnetic field strength and (b)–(d) the comparison between measurements and simulation results at 0, 80, and 120 Oe, respectively.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E(r,0)=m=1Mcmψm(r),
cm=0E(r,0)ψm(r)rdr0ψm(r)ψm(r)rdr.
E(r,z)=m=1Mcmψm(r)exp(γmz)exp(iβmz),
γm=αλλnfcosθmcotθm4πanc2cos2θcsin2θmsin2θc,
θm=sin1(βm/k),
T=10log10[|0E(r,L)E(r,0)rdr|20|E(r,L)|2rdr0|E(r,0)|2rdr].

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