Abstract

The use of Yb3+ co-doping for the enhancement of Ho3+:I56I57 mid-IR (MIR) emissions was investigated in GGG crystal for the first time. It is established that Yb3+ highly increases Ho3+ 2.84 μm emissions by transforming pump energy from the Yb3+:F25/2 level to the laser upper level I56 of Ho3+. The energy-transfer efficiency from Yb3+:F25/2 to Ho3+:I56 is calculated to be 96.2%. The absorption cross section, emission cross section, and fluorescence quantum efficiency are estimated and discussed. It is concluded that the Yb, Ho:GGG crystal is promising material for an LD-pumped 2.84 μm laser application.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013 (2)

2012 (1)

2009 (1)

Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Y. Tu, J. Phys. D 42, 215406 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2003 (1)

I. T. Sorokina, Topics Appl. Phys. 89, 255 (2003).

1998 (1)

A. Diening, S. Kuck, and G. Huber, OSA TOPS Advanced Solid State Lasers 19, 221 (1998).

1974 (1)

J. C. Bourcett and F. K. Fong, J. Chem. Phys. 60, 34 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Bourcett, J. C.

J. C. Bourcett and F. K. Fong, J. Chem. Phys. 60, 34 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Bugge, F.

Chen, J. K.

Cheng, M. J.

Diening, A.

A. Diening, S. Kuck, and G. Huber, OSA TOPS Advanced Solid State Lasers 19, 221 (1998).

Erbert, G.

Fong, F. K.

J. C. Bourcett and F. K. Fong, J. Chem. Phys. 60, 34 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Hang, Y.

Huber, G.

A. Diening, S. Kuck, and G. Huber, OSA TOPS Advanced Solid State Lasers 19, 221 (1998).

Jackson, S. D.

Kang, H. X.

Kim, Y. S.

Kong, H. J.

Kuck, S.

A. Diening, S. Kuck, and G. Huber, OSA TOPS Advanced Solid State Lasers 19, 221 (1998).

Lee, D. W.

Li, J. F.

Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, and C. Y. Tu, Mater. Res. Bull. 48, 2969 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Y. Tu, J. Phys. D 42, 215406 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Luo, J. Q.

Ma, E.

Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Y. Tu, J. Phys. D 42, 215406 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Osiko, V. V.

Yu. D. Zavartsev, A. A. Zagumennyi, V. V. Osiko, P. A. Studenikin, I. A. Shcherbakov, and A. F. Umyskov, in OSA TOPS Advanced Solid State Lasers (1996), Vol. 1, p. 330.

Park, Y. H.

Shcherbakov, I. A.

Yu. D. Zavartsev, A. A. Zagumennyi, V. V. Osiko, P. A. Studenikin, I. A. Shcherbakov, and A. F. Umyskov, in OSA TOPS Advanced Solid State Lasers (1996), Vol. 1, p. 330.

Sorokina, I. T.

I. T. Sorokina, Topics Appl. Phys. 89, 255 (2003).

Studenikin, P. A.

Yu. D. Zavartsev, A. A. Zagumennyi, V. V. Osiko, P. A. Studenikin, I. A. Shcherbakov, and A. F. Umyskov, in OSA TOPS Advanced Solid State Lasers (1996), Vol. 1, p. 330.

Sun, D. L.

Tu, C. Y.

Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, and C. Y. Tu, Mater. Res. Bull. 48, 2969 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Y. Tu, J. Phys. D 42, 215406 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Umyskov, A. F.

Yu. D. Zavartsev, A. A. Zagumennyi, V. V. Osiko, P. A. Studenikin, I. A. Shcherbakov, and A. F. Umyskov, in OSA TOPS Advanced Solid State Lasers (1996), Vol. 1, p. 330.

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, and C. Y. Tu, Mater. Res. Bull. 48, 2969 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Y. Tu, J. Phys. D 42, 215406 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, J. Z.

Yin, S. T.

You, Z. Y.

Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, and C. Y. Tu, Mater. Res. Bull. 48, 2969 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Y. Tu, J. Phys. D 42, 215406 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zagumennyi, A. A.

Yu. D. Zavartsev, A. A. Zagumennyi, V. V. Osiko, P. A. Studenikin, I. A. Shcherbakov, and A. F. Umyskov, in OSA TOPS Advanced Solid State Lasers (1996), Vol. 1, p. 330.

Zavartsev, Yu. D.

Yu. D. Zavartsev, A. A. Zagumennyi, V. V. Osiko, P. A. Studenikin, I. A. Shcherbakov, and A. F. Umyskov, in OSA TOPS Advanced Solid State Lasers (1996), Vol. 1, p. 330.

Zhang, H. L.

Zhang, L. H.

Zhang, P. X.

Zhang, Q. L.

Zhu, Z. J.

Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, and C. Y. Tu, Mater. Res. Bull. 48, 2969 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Y. Tu, J. Phys. D 42, 215406 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

J. C. Bourcett and F. K. Fong, J. Chem. Phys. 60, 34 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. D (1)

Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Y. Tu, J. Phys. D 42, 215406 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Res. Bull. (1)

Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, and C. Y. Tu, Mater. Res. Bull. 48, 2969 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

OSA TOPS Advanced Solid State Lasers (1)

A. Diening, S. Kuck, and G. Huber, OSA TOPS Advanced Solid State Lasers 19, 221 (1998).

Topics Appl. Phys. (1)

I. T. Sorokina, Topics Appl. Phys. 89, 255 (2003).

Other (1)

Yu. D. Zavartsev, A. A. Zagumennyi, V. V. Osiko, P. A. Studenikin, I. A. Shcherbakov, and A. F. Umyskov, in OSA TOPS Advanced Solid State Lasers (1996), Vol. 1, p. 330.

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Figures (4)

Fig.1.
Fig.1.

Absorption spectra of Ho:GGG and Yb, Ho:GGG crystals.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Room temperature visible-to-near-IR upconversion fluorescence spectrum of Yb, Ho:GGG crystal.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Simplified energy-level diagram for Yb, Ho:GGG crystal. (b) Emission spectra of Ho:GGG and Yb, Ho:GGG crystals.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Fluorescence decay curves of Yb:GGG and Yb, Ho:GGG crystals.

Equations (2)

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σa=α/N0,
σem(λ)=βλ58πcn2τrI(λ)λI(λ)dλ,

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