Abstract

We propose and numerically demonstrate a method for obtaining high-harmonic radiation with desirable elliptical polarization. Atoms are shined by a combination of a strong linearly-polarized laser field and an additional weak field, which is elliptically polarized in a plane perpendicular to the polarization direction of the strong field. The strong driver ionizes and recollides electrons with their parent ion, while the weak field perturbatively drives the electrons away from “head-on” collision. Upon recombination, new elliptically polarized harmonics with same ellipticity as the weak driver are emitted at efficiency which linearly depends on the intensity of the weak beam, but is independent of its elilipticity.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012 (1)

2011 (4)

2010 (1)

Y. Mairesse, J. Higuet, N. Dudovich, D. Shafir, B. Fabre, E. Mével, E. Constant, S. Patchkovskii, Z. Walters, M. Y. Ivanov, and O. Smirnova, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 213601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

X. Zhou, R. Lock, N. Wagner, W. Li, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 073902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

A. Fleischer, Phys. Rev. A 78, 053413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

X. M. Tong and S. I. Chu, Phys. Rev. A 58, R2656(1998).
[CrossRef]

O. E. Alon, V. Averbukh, and N. Moiseyev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3743 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

F. A. Weihe, S. K. Dutta, G. Korn, D. Du, P. H. Bucksbaum, and P. L. Shkolnikov, Phys. Rev. A 51, R3433 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. Long, W. Becker, and J. K. McIver, Phys. Rev. A 52, 2262 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

P. Dietrich, N. H. Burnett, M. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 50, R3585 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Alon, O. E.

O. E. Alon, V. Averbukh, and N. Moiseyev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3743 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Averbukh, V.

O. E. Alon, V. Averbukh, and N. Moiseyev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3743 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Balcou, P.

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bandrauk, A.

K. J. Yuan and A. Bandrauk, Phys. Rev. A 84, 023410 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Becker, W.

S. Long, W. Becker, and J. K. McIver, Phys. Rev. A 52, 2262 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bucksbaum, P. H.

F. A. Weihe, S. K. Dutta, G. Korn, D. Du, P. H. Bucksbaum, and P. L. Shkolnikov, Phys. Rev. A 51, R3433 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Burnett, N. H.

P. Dietrich, N. H. Burnett, M. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 50, R3585 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S. I.

X. M. Tong and S. I. Chu, Phys. Rev. A 58, R2656(1998).
[CrossRef]

Constant, E.

Y. Mairesse, J. Higuet, N. Dudovich, D. Shafir, B. Fabre, E. Mével, E. Constant, S. Patchkovskii, Z. Walters, M. Y. Ivanov, and O. Smirnova, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 213601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

P. Dietrich, N. H. Burnett, M. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 50, R3585 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Delmotte, F.

Dietrich, P.

P. Dietrich, N. H. Burnett, M. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 50, R3585 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Du, D.

F. A. Weihe, S. K. Dutta, G. Korn, D. Du, P. H. Bucksbaum, and P. L. Shkolnikov, Phys. Rev. A 51, R3433 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dudovich, N.

Y. Mairesse, J. Higuet, N. Dudovich, D. Shafir, B. Fabre, E. Mével, E. Constant, S. Patchkovskii, Z. Walters, M. Y. Ivanov, and O. Smirnova, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 213601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dutta, S. K.

F. A. Weihe, S. K. Dutta, G. Korn, D. Du, P. H. Bucksbaum, and P. L. Shkolnikov, Phys. Rev. A 51, R3433 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fabre, B.

Y. Mairesse, J. Higuet, N. Dudovich, D. Shafir, B. Fabre, E. Mével, E. Constant, S. Patchkovskii, Z. Walters, M. Y. Ivanov, and O. Smirnova, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 213601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fleischer, A.

A. Fleischer, Phys. Rev. A 78, 053413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gautier, J.

Gonoskov, A. A.

V. V. Strelkov, A. A. Gonoskov, I. A. Gonoskov, and M. Y. Ryabikin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 043902 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gonoskov, I. A.

V. V. Strelkov, A. A. Gonoskov, I. A. Gonoskov, and M. Y. Ryabikin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 043902 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, J.

Higuet, J.

Y. Mairesse, J. Higuet, N. Dudovich, D. Shafir, B. Fabre, E. Mével, E. Constant, S. Patchkovskii, Z. Walters, M. Y. Ivanov, and O. Smirnova, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 213601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hooker, S. M.

Husakou, A.

Iaquaniello, G.

Ivanov, M.

P. Dietrich, N. H. Burnett, M. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 50, R3585 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, M. Y.

Y. Mairesse, J. Higuet, N. Dudovich, D. Shafir, B. Fabre, E. Mével, E. Constant, S. Patchkovskii, Z. Walters, M. Y. Ivanov, and O. Smirnova, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 213601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

X. Zhou, R. Lock, N. Wagner, W. Li, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 073902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kelkensberg, F.

Korn, G.

F. A. Weihe, S. K. Dutta, G. Korn, D. Du, P. H. Bucksbaum, and P. L. Shkolnikov, Phys. Rev. A 51, R3433 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L’Huillier, A.

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lambert, G.

Lewenstein, M.

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Li, W.

X. Zhou, R. Lock, N. Wagner, W. Li, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 073902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, L. Z.

Lock, R.

X. Zhou, R. Lock, N. Wagner, W. Li, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 073902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Long, S.

S. Long, W. Becker, and J. K. McIver, Phys. Rev. A 52, 2262 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lozano, M.

Lüning, J.

Mairesse, Y.

Y. Mairesse, J. Higuet, N. Dudovich, D. Shafir, B. Fabre, E. Mével, E. Constant, S. Patchkovskii, Z. Walters, M. Y. Ivanov, and O. Smirnova, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 213601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

McIver, J. K.

S. Long, W. Becker, and J. K. McIver, Phys. Rev. A 52, 2262 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mével, E.

Y. Mairesse, J. Higuet, N. Dudovich, D. Shafir, B. Fabre, E. Mével, E. Constant, S. Patchkovskii, Z. Walters, M. Y. Ivanov, and O. Smirnova, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 213601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Moiseyev, N.

O. E. Alon, V. Averbukh, and N. Moiseyev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3743 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

X. Zhou, R. Lock, N. Wagner, W. Li, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 073902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O’Keeffe, K.

Patchkovskii, S.

Y. Mairesse, J. Higuet, N. Dudovich, D. Shafir, B. Fabre, E. Mével, E. Constant, S. Patchkovskii, Z. Walters, M. Y. Ivanov, and O. Smirnova, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 213601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ryabikin, M. Y.

V. V. Strelkov, A. A. Gonoskov, I. A. Gonoskov, and M. Y. Ryabikin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 043902 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sardinha, A. B.

Sebban, S.

Shafir, D.

Y. Mairesse, J. Higuet, N. Dudovich, D. Shafir, B. Fabre, E. Mével, E. Constant, S. Patchkovskii, Z. Walters, M. Y. Ivanov, and O. Smirnova, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 213601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shkolnikov, P. L.

F. A. Weihe, S. K. Dutta, G. Korn, D. Du, P. H. Bucksbaum, and P. L. Shkolnikov, Phys. Rev. A 51, R3433 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Smirnova, O.

Y. Mairesse, J. Higuet, N. Dudovich, D. Shafir, B. Fabre, E. Mével, E. Constant, S. Patchkovskii, Z. Walters, M. Y. Ivanov, and O. Smirnova, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 213601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Strelkov, V. V.

V. V. Strelkov, A. A. Gonoskov, I. A. Gonoskov, and M. Y. Ryabikin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 043902 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tong, X. M.

X. M. Tong and S. I. Chu, Phys. Rev. A 58, R2656(1998).
[CrossRef]

Valentin, C.

Vodungbo, B.

Vrakking, M. J. J.

Wagner, N.

X. Zhou, R. Lock, N. Wagner, W. Li, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 073902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Walters, Z.

Y. Mairesse, J. Higuet, N. Dudovich, D. Shafir, B. Fabre, E. Mével, E. Constant, S. Patchkovskii, Z. Walters, M. Y. Ivanov, and O. Smirnova, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 213601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Weihe, F. A.

F. A. Weihe, S. K. Dutta, G. Korn, D. Du, P. H. Bucksbaum, and P. L. Shkolnikov, Phys. Rev. A 51, R3433 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, K. J.

K. J. Yuan and A. Bandrauk, Phys. Rev. A 84, 023410 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zeitoun, P.

Zhou, X.

X. Zhou, R. Lock, N. Wagner, W. Li, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 073902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (7)

P. Dietrich, N. H. Burnett, M. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 50, R3585 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Fleischer, Phys. Rev. A 78, 053413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. Long, W. Becker, and J. K. McIver, Phys. Rev. A 52, 2262 (1995).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Tong and S. I. Chu, Phys. Rev. A 58, R2656(1998).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Yuan and A. Bandrauk, Phys. Rev. A 84, 023410 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. A. Weihe, S. K. Dutta, G. Korn, D. Du, P. H. Bucksbaum, and P. L. Shkolnikov, Phys. Rev. A 51, R3433 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

V. V. Strelkov, A. A. Gonoskov, I. A. Gonoskov, and M. Y. Ryabikin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 043902 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhou, R. Lock, N. Wagner, W. Li, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 073902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mairesse, J. Higuet, N. Dudovich, D. Shafir, B. Fabre, E. Mével, E. Constant, S. Patchkovskii, Z. Walters, M. Y. Ivanov, and O. Smirnova, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 213601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. E. Alon, V. Averbukh, and N. Moiseyev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3743 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Generation of circularly polarized HHs (see text). Harmonic generation spectra (upper panel), phase [α(Ω), middle panel] and ellipticity (|Ex(Ω)/Ey(Ω)|, lower panel), respectively, of the emitted HHs polarized in the xy plane for 13.3 nm (squared-solid blue curve), 80 nm (circled-solid green curve), and 200 nm (dotted-solid red curve) weak circular driver. Harmonic generation spectra of harmonics that are linearly polarized in the z-direction with cutoff frequency around 51ω, is shown in the black curve for comparison.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Generation of EPHHs. (a) Harmonic generation spectra of harmonics that are linearly polarized in the z-direction (black curve), and the newly obtained HHs when using a λ=532nm weak driver of ellipticity 1 or 0.7 (red curve) or a λ=640nm weak driver of ellipticity 0.5 (green curve). (b) and (c) Phase and ellipticity, respectively, of the emitted Ω(+) HHs with the λ=532nm driver of ellipticity 1 (diamond-solid red curve), the λ=532nm driver of ellipticity 0.7 (hexagram-solid green curve), and the λ=640nm driver of ellipticity 0.5 (crossed-solid blue curve). (d) and (e) Same as panels (b) and (c), but for the Ω() HHs obtained with the λ=532nm driver of ellipticity 1 (+-solid red curve), the λ=532nm driver of ellipticity 0.7 (circled-solid green curve), and the λ=640nm driver of ellipticity 0.5 (dotted-solid blue curve).

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