Abstract

We report on the direct writing of waveguide structures using an axicon lens to focus a 40 fs laser pulse within BK7 glass. The written structures are characterized for waveguiding action: waveguiding action for 635 and 1550 nm light and propagation loss as low as 0.19dB/cm is measured. Loss values decrease with laser exposure time for incident energy of 300 μJ, indicating enhancement of index contrast. At higher energies, a reverse trend is obtained: higher loss values are obtained as index contrast degrades with an increase in exposure time.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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