Abstract

Planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) and particle-image velocimetry (PIV) techniques that employ free-standing optics face severe challenges when implemented in harsh environments associated with practical combustion facilities because of limited optical access and restrictions on operation of sensitive laser systems. To circumvent this problem, we have developed and implemented a fiber-coupled, high-speed ultraviolet (UV) PLIF/PIV system for measuring hydroxyl radical (OH) concentration and velocity in a realistic 4 MW combustion rig. This system permits delivery of high-power, 10 kHz, nanosecond-duration OH-PLIF excitation pulses (283 nm) and PIV pulses (532 nm) through a common 6 m long, 600 μm core, deep-UV-enhanced multimode fiber. Simultaneous OH-PLIF and PIV imaging at a data-acquisition rate of 10 kHz is demonstrated in turbulent premixed flames behind a bluff body. The effects of delivering high-repetition-rate, intense UV and visible beams through a long optical fiber are investigated, and potential system improvements are discussed.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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2012

2011

2010

P. S. Hsu, A. K. Patnaik, J. R. Gord, T. R. Meyer, W. D. Kulatilaka, and S. Roy, Exp. Fluids 49, 969 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2005

R. J. Adrian, Exp. Fluids 39, 159 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

T. R. Meyer, G. J. Fiechtner, S. P. Gogineni, J. C. Rolon, C. D. Carter, and J. R. Gord, Exp. Fluids 36, 259 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000

H. Hu, T. Kobayashi, T. Saga, S. Segawa, and N. Taniguchi, Exp. Fluids 29, S141 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

D. P. Hand, J. D. Entwistle, R. R. J. Maier, A. Kuhn, C. A. Greated, and J. D. C. Jones, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

P. Karlitschek, F. Lewitzka, U. Bunting, M. Niederkruger, and G. Marowsky, Appl. Phys. B 67, 497 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Adrian, R. J.

R. J. Adrian, Exp. Fluids 39, 159 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bunting, U.

P. Karlitschek, F. Lewitzka, U. Bunting, M. Niederkruger, and G. Marowsky, Appl. Phys. B 67, 497 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Carter, C. D.

T. R. Meyer, G. J. Fiechtner, S. P. Gogineni, J. C. Rolon, C. D. Carter, and J. R. Gord, Exp. Fluids 36, 259 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Danehy, P. M.

Eckbreth, A. C.

A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species, 2nd ed. (Gordon and Breach, 1996).

Entwistle, J. D.

D. P. Hand, J. D. Entwistle, R. R. J. Maier, A. Kuhn, C. A. Greated, and J. D. C. Jones, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fiechtner, G. J.

T. R. Meyer, G. J. Fiechtner, S. P. Gogineni, J. C. Rolon, C. D. Carter, and J. R. Gord, Exp. Fluids 36, 259 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Franka, I. S.

Gogineni, S. P.

T. R. Meyer, G. J. Fiechtner, S. P. Gogineni, J. C. Rolon, C. D. Carter, and J. R. Gord, Exp. Fluids 36, 259 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gord, J. R.

S. Kostka, A. C. Lynch, B. C. Huelskamp, B. V. Kiel, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, Combust. Flame 159, 2872(2012).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Hsu, W. D. Kulatilaka, N. Jiang, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, Appl. Opt. 51, 4047 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. D. Kulatilaka, P. S. Hsu, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, Opt. Lett. 36, 1818 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Hsu, A. K. Patnaik, J. R. Gord, T. R. Meyer, W. D. Kulatilaka, and S. Roy, Exp. Fluids 49, 969 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Meyer, G. J. Fiechtner, S. P. Gogineni, J. C. Rolon, C. D. Carter, and J. R. Gord, Exp. Fluids 36, 259 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Greated, C. A.

D. P. Hand, J. D. Entwistle, R. R. J. Maier, A. Kuhn, C. A. Greated, and J. D. C. Jones, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hand, D. P.

D. P. Hand, J. D. Entwistle, R. R. J. Maier, A. Kuhn, C. A. Greated, and J. D. C. Jones, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, P. S.

Hu, H.

H. Hu, T. Kobayashi, T. Saga, S. Segawa, and N. Taniguchi, Exp. Fluids 29, S141 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Huelskamp, B. C.

S. Kostka, A. C. Lynch, B. C. Huelskamp, B. V. Kiel, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, Combust. Flame 159, 2872(2012).
[CrossRef]

Ivey, C. B.

Jiang, N.

Jones, J. D. C.

D. P. Hand, J. D. Entwistle, R. R. J. Maier, A. Kuhn, C. A. Greated, and J. D. C. Jones, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Joshi, S.

Karlitschek, P.

P. Karlitschek, F. Lewitzka, U. Bunting, M. Niederkruger, and G. Marowsky, Appl. Phys. B 67, 497 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kiel, B. V.

S. Kostka, A. C. Lynch, B. C. Huelskamp, B. V. Kiel, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, Combust. Flame 159, 2872(2012).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

H. Hu, T. Kobayashi, T. Saga, S. Segawa, and N. Taniguchi, Exp. Fluids 29, S141 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kostka, S.

S. Kostka, A. C. Lynch, B. C. Huelskamp, B. V. Kiel, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, Combust. Flame 159, 2872(2012).
[CrossRef]

Kuhn, A.

D. P. Hand, J. D. Entwistle, R. R. J. Maier, A. Kuhn, C. A. Greated, and J. D. C. Jones, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kulatilaka, W. D.

Lempert, W. R.

Lewitzka, F.

P. Karlitschek, F. Lewitzka, U. Bunting, M. Niederkruger, and G. Marowsky, Appl. Phys. B 67, 497 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Loccisano, F.

Lynch, A. C.

S. Kostka, A. C. Lynch, B. C. Huelskamp, B. V. Kiel, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, Combust. Flame 159, 2872(2012).
[CrossRef]

Maier, R. R. J.

D. P. Hand, J. D. Entwistle, R. R. J. Maier, A. Kuhn, C. A. Greated, and J. D. C. Jones, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Marowsky, G.

P. Karlitschek, F. Lewitzka, U. Bunting, M. Niederkruger, and G. Marowsky, Appl. Phys. B 67, 497 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Meyer, T. R.

N. Jiang, M. Webster, W. R. Lempert, J. D. Miller, T. R. Meyer, C. B. Ivey, and P. M. Danehy, Appl. Opt. 50, A20 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Hsu, A. K. Patnaik, J. R. Gord, T. R. Meyer, W. D. Kulatilaka, and S. Roy, Exp. Fluids 49, 969 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Meyer, G. J. Fiechtner, S. P. Gogineni, J. C. Rolon, C. D. Carter, and J. R. Gord, Exp. Fluids 36, 259 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Miller, J. D.

Niederkruger, M.

P. Karlitschek, F. Lewitzka, U. Bunting, M. Niederkruger, and G. Marowsky, Appl. Phys. B 67, 497 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Patnaik, A. K.

P. S. Hsu, A. K. Patnaik, J. R. Gord, T. R. Meyer, W. D. Kulatilaka, and S. Roy, Exp. Fluids 49, 969 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rolon, J. C.

T. R. Meyer, G. J. Fiechtner, S. P. Gogineni, J. C. Rolon, C. D. Carter, and J. R. Gord, Exp. Fluids 36, 259 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Roy, S.

S. Kostka, A. C. Lynch, B. C. Huelskamp, B. V. Kiel, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, Combust. Flame 159, 2872(2012).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Hsu, W. D. Kulatilaka, N. Jiang, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, Appl. Opt. 51, 4047 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. D. Kulatilaka, P. S. Hsu, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, Opt. Lett. 36, 1818 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Hsu, A. K. Patnaik, J. R. Gord, T. R. Meyer, W. D. Kulatilaka, and S. Roy, Exp. Fluids 49, 969 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Saga, T.

H. Hu, T. Kobayashi, T. Saga, S. Segawa, and N. Taniguchi, Exp. Fluids 29, S141 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Segawa, S.

H. Hu, T. Kobayashi, T. Saga, S. Segawa, and N. Taniguchi, Exp. Fluids 29, S141 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Taniguchi, N.

H. Hu, T. Kobayashi, T. Saga, S. Segawa, and N. Taniguchi, Exp. Fluids 29, S141 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Webster, M.

Wood, R. M.

R. M. Wood, Laser-Induced Damage of Optical Materials (Institute of Physics Publishing, 1986).

Yalin, A. P.

Yin, Z.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

P. Karlitschek, F. Lewitzka, U. Bunting, M. Niederkruger, and G. Marowsky, Appl. Phys. B 67, 497 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Combust. Flame

S. Kostka, A. C. Lynch, B. C. Huelskamp, B. V. Kiel, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, Combust. Flame 159, 2872(2012).
[CrossRef]

Exp. Fluids

R. J. Adrian, Exp. Fluids 39, 159 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Hu, T. Kobayashi, T. Saga, S. Segawa, and N. Taniguchi, Exp. Fluids 29, S141 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Meyer, G. J. Fiechtner, S. P. Gogineni, J. C. Rolon, C. D. Carter, and J. R. Gord, Exp. Fluids 36, 259 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Hsu, A. K. Patnaik, J. R. Gord, T. R. Meyer, W. D. Kulatilaka, and S. Roy, Exp. Fluids 49, 969 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol.

D. P. Hand, J. D. Entwistle, R. R. J. Maier, A. Kuhn, C. A. Greated, and J. D. C. Jones, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

R. M. Wood, Laser-Induced Damage of Optical Materials (Institute of Physics Publishing, 1986).

A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species, 2nd ed. (Gordon and Breach, 1996).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the combustion rig and the fiber-coupled, high-speed OH-PLIF/PIV system.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Transmission characteristics of the fiber-optic, 10 kHz, OH-PLIF/PIV beam-delivery system using a 6 m long fiber: (a) fiber transmission in UV, (b) long-term fiber transmission of low-power UV and visible laser beams, (c) long-term fiber transmission of high-power UV and visible beams.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Partial single-shot, simultaneous OH-PLIF/PIV image sequence from an atmospheric-pressure combustion rig with a V-gutter flame holder.

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