Abstract

We report on the design, the fabrication, and the optical characterization of AlGaAs microdisks suspended on a GaAs pedestal, conceived for second-harmonic generation with a pump in the third telecom window. We discuss the results concerning the linear characterization of whispering gallery modes at fundamental and second-harmonic wavelengths, an essential step prior to the investigation of quasi-phase-matched processes in this type of microcavity.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Takahashi, Y. Inui, M. Chihara, T. Asano, R. Terawaki, and S. Noda, Nature 498, 470 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, Nat. Photonics 4, 535 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. J. Bijlani, P. Abolghasem, A. Reijnders, and A. S. Helmy, Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPA3.
  5. S. Azzini, D. Grassani, M. Galli, L. Andreani, M. Sorel, M. Strain, L. Helt, J. Sipe, M. Liscidini, and D. Bajoni, Opt. Lett. 37, 3807 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Rong, S. Xu, Y. Kuo, V. Sih, O. Cohen, O. Raday, and M. Paniccia, Nat. Photonics 1, 232 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Schlehahn, F. Albert, C. Schneider, S. Höfling, S. Reitzenstein, J. Wiersig, and M. Kamp, Opt. Express 21, 15951 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263903 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 113108 (2011).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2013

2012

2011

R. D. Kekatpure, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 253 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Rivoire, S. Buckley, and J. Vuckovic, Opt. Express 19, 22198 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 113108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263903 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, Nat. Photonics 4, 535 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Bravo-Abad, A. W. Rodriguez, J. D. Joannopoulos, P. T. Rakich, S. G. Johnson, and M. Soljačić, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 101110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Ding, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Proc. SPIE 7712, 771211 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Ding, C. Belacel, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Appl. Opt. 49, 2441 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

Z. Yang and J. E. Sipe, Opt. Lett. 32, 3296 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Michael, K. Srinivasan, T. J. Johnson, O. Painter, K. H. Lee, K. Hennessy, H. Kim, and E. Hu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Rong, S. Xu, Y. Kuo, V. Sih, O. Cohen, O. Raday, and M. Paniccia, Nat. Photonics 1, 232 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

Y. Dumeige and P. Feron, Phys. Rev. A 74, 063804 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

1982

S. Adachi, J. Electrochem. Soc. 129, 609 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Abolghasem, P.

B. J. Bijlani, P. Abolghasem, A. Reijnders, and A. S. Helmy, Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPA3.

Adachi, S.

S. Adachi, J. Electrochem. Soc. 129, 609 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Albert, F.

Andreani, L.

Andronico, A.

Asano, T.

Y. Takahashi, Y. Inui, M. Chihara, T. Asano, R. Terawaki, and S. Noda, Nature 498, 470 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Azzini, S.

Bajoni, D.

Baker, C.

L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 113108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263903 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Belacel, C.

Bijlani, B. J.

B. J. Bijlani, P. Abolghasem, A. Reijnders, and A. S. Helmy, Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPA3.

Bravo-Abad, J.

J. Bravo-Abad, A. W. Rodriguez, J. D. Joannopoulos, P. T. Rakich, S. G. Johnson, and M. Soljačić, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 101110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Buckley, S.

Carmon, T.

Chihara, M.

Y. Takahashi, Y. Inui, M. Chihara, T. Asano, R. Terawaki, and S. Noda, Nature 498, 470 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Claudon, J.

Cohen, O.

H. Rong, S. Xu, Y. Kuo, V. Sih, O. Cohen, O. Raday, and M. Paniccia, Nat. Photonics 1, 232 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ding, L.

L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 113108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Ding, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Proc. SPIE 7712, 771211 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263903 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Ding, C. Belacel, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Appl. Opt. 49, 2441 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ducci, S.

A. Andronico, S. Mariani, F. Ghiglieno, J. Claudon, M. Munsch, J. M. Gérard, I. Favero, S. Ducci, and G. Leo, Opt. Express 20, 17678 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 113108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Ding, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Proc. SPIE 7712, 771211 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263903 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Ding, C. Belacel, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Appl. Opt. 49, 2441 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dumeige, Y.

Y. Dumeige and P. Feron, Phys. Rev. A 74, 063804 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Favero, I.

A. Andronico, S. Mariani, F. Ghiglieno, J. Claudon, M. Munsch, J. M. Gérard, I. Favero, S. Ducci, and G. Leo, Opt. Express 20, 17678 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 113108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Ding, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Proc. SPIE 7712, 771211 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263903 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Ding, C. Belacel, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Appl. Opt. 49, 2441 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Andronico, I. Favero, and G. Leo, Opt. Lett. 33, 2026 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Feron, P.

Y. Dumeige and P. Feron, Phys. Rev. A 74, 063804 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Freude, W.

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, Nat. Photonics 4, 535 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Galli, M.

Gérard, J. M.

Ghiglieno, F.

Grassani, D.

Helmy, A. S.

B. J. Bijlani, P. Abolghasem, A. Reijnders, and A. S. Helmy, Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPA3.

Helt, L.

Hennessy, K.

C. P. Michael, K. Srinivasan, T. J. Johnson, O. Painter, K. H. Lee, K. Hennessy, H. Kim, and E. Hu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Höfling, S.

Hu, E.

C. P. Michael, K. Srinivasan, T. J. Johnson, O. Painter, K. H. Lee, K. Hennessy, H. Kim, and E. Hu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Inui, Y.

Y. Takahashi, Y. Inui, M. Chihara, T. Asano, R. Terawaki, and S. Noda, Nature 498, 470 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, W. C.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

J. Bravo-Abad, A. W. Rodriguez, J. D. Joannopoulos, P. T. Rakich, S. G. Johnson, and M. Soljačić, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 101110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, S. G.

J. Bravo-Abad, A. W. Rodriguez, J. D. Joannopoulos, P. T. Rakich, S. G. Johnson, and M. Soljačić, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 101110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, T. J.

C. P. Michael, K. Srinivasan, T. J. Johnson, O. Painter, K. H. Lee, K. Hennessy, H. Kim, and E. Hu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kamp, M.

Kekatpure, R. D.

Kim, H.

C. P. Michael, K. Srinivasan, T. J. Johnson, O. Painter, K. H. Lee, K. Hennessy, H. Kim, and E. Hu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koos, C.

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, Nat. Photonics 4, 535 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, P. S.

P. S. Kuo and G. S. Solomon, “Second-harmonic generation using 4-bar quasi-phasematching in a GaAs microdisk cavity,” arXiv:1210.1984 (2012).

P. S. Kuo and G. S. Solomon, Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics 2012 Technical Digest, San Jose, California, May6–11, 2012, paper CW3K.

Kuo, Y.

H. Rong, S. Xu, Y. Kuo, V. Sih, O. Cohen, O. Raday, and M. Paniccia, Nat. Photonics 1, 232 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. H.

C. P. Michael, K. Srinivasan, T. J. Johnson, O. Painter, K. H. Lee, K. Hennessy, H. Kim, and E. Hu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lemaitre, A.

L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 113108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Ding, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Proc. SPIE 7712, 771211 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263903 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Leo, G.

A. Andronico, S. Mariani, F. Ghiglieno, J. Claudon, M. Munsch, J. M. Gérard, I. Favero, S. Ducci, and G. Leo, Opt. Express 20, 17678 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 113108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Ding, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Proc. SPIE 7712, 771211 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263903 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Ding, C. Belacel, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Appl. Opt. 49, 2441 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Andronico, I. Favero, and G. Leo, Opt. Lett. 33, 2026 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Leuthold, J.

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, Nat. Photonics 4, 535 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Q.

Liscidini, M.

Lu, X.

Mariani, S.

Michael, C. P.

C. P. Michael, K. Srinivasan, T. J. Johnson, O. Painter, K. H. Lee, K. Hennessy, H. Kim, and E. Hu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Munsch, M.

Noda, S.

Y. Takahashi, Y. Inui, M. Chihara, T. Asano, R. Terawaki, and S. Noda, Nature 498, 470 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Painter, O.

C. P. Michael, K. Srinivasan, T. J. Johnson, O. Painter, K. H. Lee, K. Hennessy, H. Kim, and E. Hu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Paniccia, M.

H. Rong, S. Xu, Y. Kuo, V. Sih, O. Cohen, O. Raday, and M. Paniccia, Nat. Photonics 1, 232 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Raday, O.

H. Rong, S. Xu, Y. Kuo, V. Sih, O. Cohen, O. Raday, and M. Paniccia, Nat. Photonics 1, 232 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rakich, P. T.

J. Bravo-Abad, A. W. Rodriguez, J. D. Joannopoulos, P. T. Rakich, S. G. Johnson, and M. Soljačić, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 101110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Reijnders, A.

B. J. Bijlani, P. Abolghasem, A. Reijnders, and A. S. Helmy, Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPA3.

Reitzenstein, S.

Rivoire, K.

Rodriguez, A. W.

J. Bravo-Abad, A. W. Rodriguez, J. D. Joannopoulos, P. T. Rakich, S. G. Johnson, and M. Soljačić, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 101110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rong, H.

H. Rong, S. Xu, Y. Kuo, V. Sih, O. Cohen, O. Raday, and M. Paniccia, Nat. Photonics 1, 232 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schlehahn, A.

Schneider, C.

Senellart, P.

L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 113108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Ding, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Proc. SPIE 7712, 771211 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263903 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sih, V.

H. Rong, S. Xu, Y. Kuo, V. Sih, O. Cohen, O. Raday, and M. Paniccia, Nat. Photonics 1, 232 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J.

Sipe, J. E.

Soljacic, M.

J. Bravo-Abad, A. W. Rodriguez, J. D. Joannopoulos, P. T. Rakich, S. G. Johnson, and M. Soljačić, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 101110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Solomon, G. S.

P. S. Kuo and G. S. Solomon, “Second-harmonic generation using 4-bar quasi-phasematching in a GaAs microdisk cavity,” arXiv:1210.1984 (2012).

P. S. Kuo and G. S. Solomon, Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics 2012 Technical Digest, San Jose, California, May6–11, 2012, paper CW3K.

Sorel, M.

Srinivasan, K.

C. P. Michael, K. Srinivasan, T. J. Johnson, O. Painter, K. H. Lee, K. Hennessy, H. Kim, and E. Hu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Strain, M.

Sun, X.

X. Sun, X. Zhang, and H. X. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 173116 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, Y.

Y. Takahashi, Y. Inui, M. Chihara, T. Asano, R. Terawaki, and S. Noda, Nature 498, 470 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Tang, H. X.

X. Sun, X. Zhang, and H. X. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 173116 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Terawaki, R.

Y. Takahashi, Y. Inui, M. Chihara, T. Asano, R. Terawaki, and S. Noda, Nature 498, 470 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Vahala, K. J.

Vuckovic, J.

Wiersig, J.

Xu, S.

H. Rong, S. Xu, Y. Kuo, V. Sih, O. Cohen, O. Raday, and M. Paniccia, Nat. Photonics 1, 232 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, L.

Yang, Z.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, X.

X. Sun, X. Zhang, and H. X. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 173116 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. Bravo-Abad, A. W. Rodriguez, J. D. Joannopoulos, P. T. Rakich, S. G. Johnson, and M. Soljačić, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 101110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Michael, K. Srinivasan, T. J. Johnson, O. Painter, K. H. Lee, K. Hennessy, H. Kim, and E. Hu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 113108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Sun, X. Zhang, and H. X. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 173116 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Electrochem. Soc.

S. Adachi, J. Electrochem. Soc. 129, 609 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Nat. Photonics

H. Rong, S. Xu, Y. Kuo, V. Sih, O. Cohen, O. Raday, and M. Paniccia, Nat. Photonics 1, 232 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, Nat. Photonics 4, 535 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nature

Y. Takahashi, Y. Inui, M. Chihara, T. Asano, R. Terawaki, and S. Noda, Nature 498, 470 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

Y. Dumeige and P. Feron, Phys. Rev. A 74, 063804 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263903 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

L. Ding, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, Proc. SPIE 7712, 771211 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other

P. S. Kuo and G. S. Solomon, Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics 2012 Technical Digest, San Jose, California, May6–11, 2012, paper CW3K.

P. S. Kuo and G. S. Solomon, “Second-harmonic generation using 4-bar quasi-phasematching in a GaAs microdisk cavity,” arXiv:1210.1984 (2012).

B. J. Bijlani, P. Abolghasem, A. Reijnders, and A. S. Helmy, Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPA3.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scanning-electron microscope side-view picture of an AlGaAs disk suspended over a GaAs pedestal.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic of the experimental setup used for the characterization of the AlGaAs suspended microdisks.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Normalized transmission spectra for an AlGaAs microdisk with radius R=1.85μm, thickness h=155.4nm, and Al concentration of 47.4%. (a) Observed resonances between 1500 and 1600 nm. The dip at λFF=1508.9nm having a QFF=1.4×104 corresponds to the WGM with p=1 and m=12. (b) Observed resonances between 755 and 785 nm (1510/2 and 1570/2nm). The dip at 2λSH=1534.84nm having a QSH=4.9×102 corresponds to the WGM with p=2 and m=26. Both spectra cover the entire wavelength range available to our lasers.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Displacement of the resonance wavelengths as a function of the external power for (a) λFF and (b) λSH. From the linear fits we obtain the temperature dependence for both wavelengths.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Iov=ε0χijk(2)2Ei*(λSH)USHEj(λFF)Ek(λFF)UFFdv,
|dλFFdT2dλSHdT|dTdPPmaxΔ,

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