Abstract

We report multicasting data from a single orbital angular momentum (OAM) spatial channel onto multiple OAM channels of equally spaced OAM charge numbers. The designed sliced phase patterns for multicasting are loaded on the spatial light modulator. By optimizing the design of the phase pattern, the power of multicasted OAM channels can be equalized. We experimentally demonstrate multicasting five and seven OAM channels from a single-input OAM channel carrying a 100Gbit/s quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) data stream.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521 (2012).
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  9. J. P. Macker, J. E. Klinker, and M. S. Corson, in Proceedings of IEEE MILCOM’96, McLean, USA (1996), Vol. 2, pp. 399–403.
  10. Y. Yan, Y. Yue, H. Huang, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, A. Willner, and S. Dolinar, European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.2.D.1.
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  12. B. Jack, M. J. Padgett, and S. Franke-Arnold, New. J. Phys. 10, 103013 (2008).
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2013

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, Science 340, 1545 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

2011

2010

2008

B. Jack, M. J. Padgett, and S. Franke-Arnold, New. J. Phys. 10, 103013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

S. Watanabe, J. Opt. Fiber. Commun. Rep. 3, 1 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

G. Contestabile, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1775 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1992

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ahmed, N.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Hao, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yan, Y. Yue, H. Huang, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, A. Willner, and S. Dolinar, European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.2.D.1.

Allen, L.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Barnett, S.

Beijersbergen, M. W.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bergman, K.

Biberman, A.

Bolle, C.

Bozinovic, N.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, Science 340, 1545 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Burrows, E. C.

Ciaramella, E.

G. Contestabile, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1775 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Contestabile, G.

G. Contestabile, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1775 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Corson, M. S.

J. P. Macker, J. E. Klinker, and M. S. Corson, in Proceedings of IEEE MILCOM’96, McLean, USA (1996), Vol. 2, pp. 399–403.

Courtial, J.

Dolinar, S.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Hao, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yan, Y. Yue, H. Huang, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, A. Willner, and S. Dolinar, European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.2.D.1.

Esmaeelpour, M.

Essiambre, R.

Fazal, I. M.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Hao, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Foster, M. A.

Franke-Arnold, S.

B. Jack, M. J. Padgett, and S. Franke-Arnold, New. J. Phys. 10, 103013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, J. Courtial, S. Barnett, and M. Padgett, Opt. Express 14, 9071 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

Gnauck, A. H.

Hao, H.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Hao, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Huang, H.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, Science 340, 1545 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yan, Y. Yue, H. Huang, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, A. Willner, and S. Dolinar, European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.2.D.1.

Jack, B.

B. Jack, M. J. Padgett, and S. Franke-Arnold, New. J. Phys. 10, 103013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Klinker, J. E.

J. P. Macker, J. E. Klinker, and M. S. Corson, in Proceedings of IEEE MILCOM’96, McLean, USA (1996), Vol. 2, pp. 399–403.

Kristensen, P.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, Science 340, 1545 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B. G.

Lingle, R.

Lipson, M.

Macker, J. P.

J. P. Macker, J. E. Klinker, and M. S. Corson, in Proceedings of IEEE MILCOM’96, McLean, USA (1996), Vol. 2, pp. 399–403.

McCurdy, A. H.

Mumtaz, S.

Padgett, M.

Padgett, M. J.

A. M. Yao and M. J. Padgett, Adv. Opt. Photon. 3, 161 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Jack, M. J. Padgett, and S. Franke-Arnold, New. J. Phys. 10, 103013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Peckham, D. W.

Presi, M.

G. Contestabile, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1775 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ramachandran, S.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, Science 340, 1545 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Randel, S.

Ren, Y.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, Science 340, 1545 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Hao, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yan, Y. Yue, H. Huang, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, A. Willner, and S. Dolinar, European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.2.D.1.

Ryf, R.

Sierra, A.

Spreeuw, R. J. C.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tur, M.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, Science 340, 1545 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Hao, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Turner-Foster, A. C.

Wang, J.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Hao, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, S.

S. Watanabe, J. Opt. Fiber. Commun. Rep. 3, 1 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Hao, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yan, Y. Yue, H. Huang, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, A. Willner, and S. Dolinar, European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.2.D.1.

Willner, A. E.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, Science 340, 1545 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Winzer, P. J.

Woerdman, J. P.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yan, Y.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Hao, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yan, Y. Yue, H. Huang, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, A. Willner, and S. Dolinar, European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.2.D.1.

Yang, J.-Y.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Hao, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yao, A. M.

Yao, E.

Yue, Y.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, Science 340, 1545 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Hao, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yan, Y. Yue, H. Huang, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, A. Willner, and S. Dolinar, European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.2.D.1.

Adv. Opt. Photon.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

G. Contestabile, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1775 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Fiber. Commun. Rep.

S. Watanabe, J. Opt. Fiber. Commun. Rep. 3, 1 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Hao, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

New. J. Phys.

B. Jack, M. J. Padgett, and S. Franke-Arnold, New. J. Phys. 10, 103013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Phys. Rev. A

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Science

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, Science 340, 1545 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Other

J. P. Macker, J. E. Klinker, and M. S. Corson, in Proceedings of IEEE MILCOM’96, McLean, USA (1996), Vol. 2, pp. 399–403.

Y. Yan, Y. Yue, H. Huang, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, A. Willner, and S. Dolinar, European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.2.D.1.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Concept of the multicasting function in an OAM multiplexing system.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

OAM multicasting approach using an all-phase pattern with a combination of two amplitudes and a sliced phase pattern. Left: input OAM state spectrum; middle: amplitude and phase patterns for multicasting; right: OAM spectrum after multicasting.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experiment’s setup of the OAM mode multicasting of 100Gbit/s QPSK (SLM, spatial light modulator; Col, collimator; PC, polarization controller). The OAM multicasting block includes OAM mode generation, multicasting input single mode to multiple OAM mode, and OAM mode demultiplexing.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Data multicasting from one (OAM+15) to five OAM channels (OAM+6, OAM+9, OAM+12, OAM+15, OAM+18). (a) Left: the intensity of the input OAM+15 beam; middle: phase pattern used for multicasting; right: beam intensity after OAM multicasting. (b) The standard deviation over mean of the power of the five multicast OAM channels as a function of β0. The arrows point out the minimum values. (c) The experimental results of the OAM power spectrum before OAM multicasting. (d) The theoretical and experimental results of the OAM power spectrum after five-OAM multicasting. (e) The bit error rate (BER) versus optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) curves of the data channels after five-OAM multicasting.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Data multicasting from one to multiple OAM beams. (a) Left: the intensity of the input OAM beam (l=+15); middle: the phase pattern for multicasting; right: the intensity of the beam after multicasting. (b) Intensity of beams after demultiplexing by SLM-3. (c) The standard deviation over mean of the power of seven multicast OAM channels as a function of β1 and β2. (d) The OAM charge spectrum before multicasting. (e) The theoretical and experimental results of the OAM charge spectrum after multicasting. (f) The BER curve of seven OAM multicast channels with <3dB power variations.

Equations (5)

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|A(l+Δl)|2={(θc2π)2sinc2(θc2Δl),Δl=0,±N,±2N0,otherwise.
φ(θ)={β0region16θregion20θ<360°.
M(β0)=σ(p1,p2,p3,p4,p5)μ(p1,p2,p3,p4,p5).
φ(θ)={0region1β19θregion2β2+9θregion30θ<360°.
M(β1,β2)=σ(p1,p2,p7)μ(p1,p2p7).

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