A four-wavelength microdisk laser array laterally coupled with a bus waveguide is demonstrated numerically and experimentally. The coupled-mode characteristics as well as scattering loss in the bus waveguide caused by the connected microdisks are simulated by a 2D finite-difference time-domain technique. An AlGaInAs/InP microdisk laser array with circular radii of 10.1, 10.2, 10.3, and 10.4 μm is designed and fabricated by common photolithography and an inductively coupled-plasma etching technique. Continuous-wave electrically injected operation is realized at room temperature with the lowest threshold current of 3 mA. Four-wavelength lasing operation is realized with wavelength intervals of 3–4 nm and side mode suppression ratios larger than 25 dB. Finally, the influences of heating effect and thermal cross talk on lasing mode wavelength tuning are investigated experimentally.
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