Abstract

In this Letter, we report the fabrication of a highly photosensitive, microstructured polymer optical fiber using benzyl dimethyl ketal as a dopant, as well as the inscription of a fiber Bragg grating in the fiber. A refractive index change in the core of at least 3.2×104 has been achieved, providing a grating with a strong transmission rejection of 23dB with an inscription time of only 13 min. The fabrication method has a big advantage compared to doping step index fiber since it enables doping of the fiber without using extra dopants to compensate for the index reduction in the core introduced by the photosensitive agent.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Othonos and K. Kalli, Fiber Bragg Grating: Fundamentals and Applications in Telecommunications and Sensing (Artech, 1999).
  3. M. C. J. Large, L. Poladian, J. W. Barton, and M. A. V. Eijkelenborg, Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibres (Springer Science and Business Media, 2008).
  4. S. Kiesel, P. van Vickle, K. Peters, O. Abdi, T. Hassan, and M. Kowalsky, Proc. SPIE 6174, 617435 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 763 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. C. J. Large, J. Moran, and L. Ye, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20034014 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Zhang, W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, Electron. Lett. 46, 643 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Y. Liu, H. B. Liu, and G.-D. Peng, Opt. Commun. 251, 37 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. Wochnowski, S. Metev, and G. Sepold, Appl. Surf. Sci. 154, 706 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Luo, Q. Zhang, H. Liu, and G.-D. Peng, Opt. Lett. 35, 751 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J.-M. Yu, X.-M. Tao, and H.-W. Tam, Opt. Lett. 29, 156 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. Oster, Polym. Lett. 2, 1181 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  13. W. J. Tomlinson, I. P. Kaminow, E. A. Chandross, R. L. Fork, and W. T. Silfvast, Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 486 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. J. Bowden, E. A. Chandross, and I. P. Kaminow, Appl. Opt. Technol. 13, 112 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  15. I. P. Kaminow, H. P. Weber, and E. A. Chandross, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 497 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  16. H. Dobb, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, A. Argyros, M. C. J. Large, and M. A. V. Eijkelenborg, Opt. Lett. 30, 3296 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  17. I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, Electron. Lett. 47, 271 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  18. W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 19, 19731 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  19. G. Harbach, “Fiber Bragg gratings in polymer optical fibers,” M.S. thesis (Ecole Polytechnique Federale De Lausanne, 2008).
  20. G. D. Peng, Z. Xiong, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 242 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  21. Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 352 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  22. H. Y. Liu, G. D. Peng, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Lett. 14, 935 (2002).
  23. H. Franke, Appl. Opt. 23, 2729 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  24. T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  25. J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  26. M. C. J. Large, S. Ponrathnam, A. Argyros, N. S. Pujari, and F. Cox, Opt. Express 12, 1966 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  27. A. Abang and D. J. Webb, Opt. Eng. 51, 080503 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (2)

A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 763 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Abang and D. J. Webb, Opt. Eng. 51, 080503 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 19, 19731 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, Electron. Lett. 47, 271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

C. Zhang, W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, Electron. Lett. 46, 643 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Luo, Q. Zhang, H. Liu, and G.-D. Peng, Opt. Lett. 35, 751 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

M. C. J. Large, J. Moran, and L. Ye, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20034014 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

S. Kiesel, P. van Vickle, K. Peters, O. Abdi, T. Hassan, and M. Kowalsky, Proc. SPIE 6174, 617435 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

2004 (2)

2002 (1)

H. Y. Liu, G. D. Peng, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Lett. 14, 935 (2002).

2000 (1)

C. Wochnowski, S. Metev, and G. Sepold, Appl. Surf. Sci. 154, 706 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

G. D. Peng, Z. Xiong, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 242 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 352 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1984 (1)

1978 (1)

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

M. J. Bowden, E. A. Chandross, and I. P. Kaminow, Appl. Opt. Technol. 13, 112 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

I. P. Kaminow, H. P. Weber, and E. A. Chandross, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 497 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

W. J. Tomlinson, I. P. Kaminow, E. A. Chandross, R. L. Fork, and W. T. Silfvast, Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 486 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1964 (1)

G. Oster, Polym. Lett. 2, 1181 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Abang, A.

A. Abang and D. J. Webb, Opt. Eng. 51, 080503 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Abdi, O.

S. Kiesel, P. van Vickle, K. Peters, O. Abdi, T. Hassan, and M. Kowalsky, Proc. SPIE 6174, 617435 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Andresen, S.

A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 763 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Argyros, A.

Bang, O.

A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 763 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, Electron. Lett. 47, 271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 19, 19731 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Barton, J. W.

M. C. J. Large, L. Poladian, J. W. Barton, and M. A. V. Eijkelenborg, Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibres (Springer Science and Business Media, 2008).

Birks, T. A.

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bowden, M. J.

M. J. Bowden, E. A. Chandross, and I. P. Kaminow, Appl. Opt. Technol. 13, 112 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Broeng, J.

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chandross, E. A.

M. J. Bowden, E. A. Chandross, and I. P. Kaminow, Appl. Opt. Technol. 13, 112 (1974).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Kaminow, H. P. Weber, and E. A. Chandross, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 497 (1971).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Tomlinson, I. P. Kaminow, E. A. Chandross, R. L. Fork, and W. T. Silfvast, Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 486 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Chu, P. L.

H. Y. Liu, G. D. Peng, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Lett. 14, 935 (2002).

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 352 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Peng, Z. Xiong, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 242 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cox, F.

Dobb, H.

Eijkelenborg, M. A. V.

H. Dobb, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, A. Argyros, M. C. J. Large, and M. A. V. Eijkelenborg, Opt. Lett. 30, 3296 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. C. J. Large, L. Poladian, J. W. Barton, and M. A. V. Eijkelenborg, Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibres (Springer Science and Business Media, 2008).

Fork, R. L.

W. J. Tomlinson, I. P. Kaminow, E. A. Chandross, R. L. Fork, and W. T. Silfvast, Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 486 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Franke, H.

Fujii, Y.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Harbach, G.

G. Harbach, “Fiber Bragg gratings in polymer optical fibers,” M.S. thesis (Ecole Polytechnique Federale De Lausanne, 2008).

Hassan, T.

S. Kiesel, P. van Vickle, K. Peters, O. Abdi, T. Hassan, and M. Kowalsky, Proc. SPIE 6174, 617435 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Herholdt-Rasmussen, N.

A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 763 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. C.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, I. P.

I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, Electron. Lett. 47, 271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kalli, K.

I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, Electron. Lett. 47, 271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 19, 19731 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Dobb, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, A. Argyros, M. C. J. Large, and M. A. V. Eijkelenborg, Opt. Lett. 30, 3296 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Othonos and K. Kalli, Fiber Bragg Grating: Fundamentals and Applications in Telecommunications and Sensing (Artech, 1999).

Kaminow, I. P.

M. J. Bowden, E. A. Chandross, and I. P. Kaminow, Appl. Opt. Technol. 13, 112 (1974).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Kaminow, H. P. Weber, and E. A. Chandross, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 497 (1971).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Tomlinson, I. P. Kaminow, E. A. Chandross, R. L. Fork, and W. T. Silfvast, Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 486 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Kawasaki, B. S.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Khan, L.

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 19, 19731 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, Electron. Lett. 47, 271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kiesel, S.

S. Kiesel, P. van Vickle, K. Peters, O. Abdi, T. Hassan, and M. Kowalsky, Proc. SPIE 6174, 617435 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kowalsky, M.

S. Kiesel, P. van Vickle, K. Peters, O. Abdi, T. Hassan, and M. Kowalsky, Proc. SPIE 6174, 617435 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Large, M. C. J.

M. C. J. Large, J. Moran, and L. Ye, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20034014 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Dobb, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, A. Argyros, M. C. J. Large, and M. A. V. Eijkelenborg, Opt. Lett. 30, 3296 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. C. J. Large, S. Ponrathnam, A. Argyros, N. S. Pujari, and F. Cox, Opt. Express 12, 1966 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. C. J. Large, L. Poladian, J. W. Barton, and M. A. V. Eijkelenborg, Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibres (Springer Science and Business Media, 2008).

Liu, H.

Liu, H. B.

H. Y. Liu, H. B. Liu, and G.-D. Peng, Opt. Commun. 251, 37 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. Y.

H. Y. Liu, H. B. Liu, and G.-D. Peng, Opt. Commun. 251, 37 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Liu, G. D. Peng, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Lett. 14, 935 (2002).

Luo, Y.

Metev, S.

C. Wochnowski, S. Metev, and G. Sepold, Appl. Surf. Sci. 154, 706 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Moran, J.

M. C. J. Large, J. Moran, and L. Ye, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20034014 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, K.

I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, Electron. Lett. 47, 271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Oster, G.

G. Oster, Polym. Lett. 2, 1181 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Othonos, A.

A. Othonos and K. Kalli, Fiber Bragg Grating: Fundamentals and Applications in Telecommunications and Sensing (Artech, 1999).

Peng, G. D.

H. Y. Liu, G. D. Peng, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Lett. 14, 935 (2002).

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 352 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Peng, Z. Xiong, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 242 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Peng, G.-D.

C. Zhang, W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, Electron. Lett. 46, 643 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Luo, Q. Zhang, H. Liu, and G.-D. Peng, Opt. Lett. 35, 751 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Liu, H. B. Liu, and G.-D. Peng, Opt. Commun. 251, 37 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Peters, K.

S. Kiesel, P. van Vickle, K. Peters, O. Abdi, T. Hassan, and M. Kowalsky, Proc. SPIE 6174, 617435 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Poladian, L.

M. C. J. Large, L. Poladian, J. W. Barton, and M. A. V. Eijkelenborg, Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibres (Springer Science and Business Media, 2008).

Ponrathnam, S.

Pujari, N. S.

Rasmussen, H. K.

I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, Electron. Lett. 47, 271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 19, 19731 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sepold, G.

C. Wochnowski, S. Metev, and G. Sepold, Appl. Surf. Sci. 154, 706 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Silfvast, W. T.

W. J. Tomlinson, I. P. Kaminow, E. A. Chandross, R. L. Fork, and W. T. Silfvast, Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 486 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Stefani, A.

A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 763 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, Electron. Lett. 47, 271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 19, 19731 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tam, H.-W.

Tao, X.-M.

Tomlinson, W. J.

W. J. Tomlinson, I. P. Kaminow, E. A. Chandross, R. L. Fork, and W. T. Silfvast, Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 486 (1970).
[CrossRef]

van Vickle, P.

S. Kiesel, P. van Vickle, K. Peters, O. Abdi, T. Hassan, and M. Kowalsky, Proc. SPIE 6174, 617435 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Webb, D. J.

A. Abang and D. J. Webb, Opt. Eng. 51, 080503 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, Electron. Lett. 47, 271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 19, 19731 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, Electron. Lett. 46, 643 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Dobb, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, A. Argyros, M. C. J. Large, and M. A. V. Eijkelenborg, Opt. Lett. 30, 3296 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Weber, H. P.

I. P. Kaminow, H. P. Weber, and E. A. Chandross, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 497 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Wochnowski, C.

C. Wochnowski, S. Metev, and G. Sepold, Appl. Surf. Sci. 154, 706 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B.

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 352 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, Z.

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 352 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Peng, Z. Xiong, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 242 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ye, L.

M. C. J. Large, J. Moran, and L. Ye, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20034014 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.-M.

Yuan, W.

A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 763 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, Electron. Lett. 47, 271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 19, 19731 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

C. Zhang, W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, Electron. Lett. 46, 643 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q.

Zhang, W.

C. Zhang, W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, Electron. Lett. 46, 643 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Opt. Technol. (1)

M. J. Bowden, E. A. Chandross, and I. P. Kaminow, Appl. Opt. Technol. 13, 112 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

I. P. Kaminow, H. P. Weber, and E. A. Chandross, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 497 (1971).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Tomlinson, I. P. Kaminow, E. A. Chandross, R. L. Fork, and W. T. Silfvast, Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 486 (1970).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

C. Wochnowski, S. Metev, and G. Sepold, Appl. Surf. Sci. 154, 706 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

C. Zhang, W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, Electron. Lett. 46, 643 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, Electron. Lett. 47, 271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 352 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 763 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

M. C. J. Large, J. Moran, and L. Ye, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20034014 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

H. Y. Liu, H. B. Liu, and G.-D. Peng, Opt. Commun. 251, 37 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

A. Abang and D. J. Webb, Opt. Eng. 51, 080503 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

G. D. Peng, Z. Xiong, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 242 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Polym. Lett. (1)

G. Oster, Polym. Lett. 2, 1181 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

S. Kiesel, P. van Vickle, K. Peters, O. Abdi, T. Hassan, and M. Kowalsky, Proc. SPIE 6174, 617435 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

G. Harbach, “Fiber Bragg gratings in polymer optical fibers,” M.S. thesis (Ecole Polytechnique Federale De Lausanne, 2008).

A. Othonos and K. Kalli, Fiber Bragg Grating: Fundamentals and Applications in Telecommunications and Sensing (Artech, 1999).

M. C. J. Large, L. Poladian, J. W. Barton, and M. A. V. Eijkelenborg, Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibres (Springer Science and Business Media, 2008).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Doped rod (a) 10 s and (b) 10 min after extraction from the solution. (c) Transverse structure of doped rod. (d) Microstructured preform with a larger central hole for the doped rod.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

In both images, the bright part is the doped region. (a) Doped cane. (b) Doped fiber.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Growth spectrum FBG. (a) First 13 min of inscription. (b) Inscription from 16 to 30 min.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Reflection against grating length. The solid line is the theory and dots the experimental results.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Time, Grating Length, and Coupling Coefficient for Every Trace of Fig. 3(a)

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

R=tanh2(K·L),K=π·Δn·ηλ,

Metrics