Abstract

An optical technique is proposed for the accurate calibration of pulsed high magnetic fields utilizing the magnetic field dependent photoluminescence (PL) properties in an Er3+:YVO4 single crystal at 80 K. Bright green PL emissions are excited by a 487.5 nm laser line and can be enhanced greatly by a magnetic field at certain field values (Bc). Since the Bc’s under 10 T are extremely stable for a given sample at a certain temperature, and the FWHM of the enhancement peaks are less than 0.9 T, an Er3+:YVO4 single crystal is proven to be a good candidate for pulsed high magnetic field calibration. The detailed processes and numerous advantages of the technique are presented in this work.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. Kido, N. Miura, K. Kawauchi, I. Oguro, and S. Chikazumi, J. Phys. E 9, 587 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. Afrousheh, P. Bohlouli-Zanjani, J. D. Carter, A. Mugford, and J. D. D. Martin, Phys. Rev. A 73, 063403 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Husmann, J. B. Betts, G. S. Boebinger, A. Migliori, T. F. Rosenbaum, and M. L. Saboungi, Nature 417, 421 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Eckert, R. Grössinger, M. Doerr, F. Fischer, A. Handstein, D. Hinz, H. Siegel, P. Verges, and K.-H. Müller, Physica B 294–295, 705 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Maes, K. Iakoubovskii, M. Hayne, A. Stesmans, and V. V. Moshchalkov, J. Phys. D 37, 1102 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. P. Felcher and R. Kleb, Europhys. Lett. 36, 455 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. A. Dabkowska and A. B. Dabkowski, in Springer Handbook of Crystal Growth, G. Dhanaraj, K. Byrappa, V. Prasad, and M. Dudley, eds. (Springer, 2010), pp. 367–391.
  8. X. L. Yan, X. Wu, J. F. Zhou, Z. Zhang, and J. Wang, J. Cryst. Growth 220, 543 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Mortier, P. Gredin, G. Patriarche, C. Gorller-Walrand, and V. V. Moshchalkov, Opt. Express 16, 14544 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. P. Zhang, Z. W. Ma, J. B. Han, G. H. Du, Y. L. Zhou, L. Li, and Z. Cheng, J. Lumin. 144, 53 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. A. Capobianco, P. Kabro, F. S. Ermeneux, R. Moncorgé, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, Chem. Phys. 214, 329 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. V. K. Tikhomirov, L. F. Chibotaru, D. Saurel, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, and V. V. Moshchalkov, Nano Lett. 9, 721 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. J. Mohr and B. N. Taylor, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 28, 1713 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

J. P. Zhang, Z. W. Ma, J. B. Han, G. H. Du, Y. L. Zhou, L. Li, and Z. Cheng, J. Lumin. 144, 53 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

V. K. Tikhomirov, L. F. Chibotaru, D. Saurel, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, and V. V. Moshchalkov, Nano Lett. 9, 721 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2006 (1)

K. Afrousheh, P. Bohlouli-Zanjani, J. D. Carter, A. Mugford, and J. D. D. Martin, Phys. Rev. A 73, 063403 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

J. Maes, K. Iakoubovskii, M. Hayne, A. Stesmans, and V. V. Moshchalkov, J. Phys. D 37, 1102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. Husmann, J. B. Betts, G. S. Boebinger, A. Migliori, T. F. Rosenbaum, and M. L. Saboungi, Nature 417, 421 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

D. Eckert, R. Grössinger, M. Doerr, F. Fischer, A. Handstein, D. Hinz, H. Siegel, P. Verges, and K.-H. Müller, Physica B 294–295, 705 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

X. L. Yan, X. Wu, J. F. Zhou, Z. Zhang, and J. Wang, J. Cryst. Growth 220, 543 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

P. J. Mohr and B. N. Taylor, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 28, 1713 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

J. A. Capobianco, P. Kabro, F. S. Ermeneux, R. Moncorgé, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, Chem. Phys. 214, 329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

G. P. Felcher and R. Kleb, Europhys. Lett. 36, 455 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

G. Kido, N. Miura, K. Kawauchi, I. Oguro, and S. Chikazumi, J. Phys. E 9, 587 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Afrousheh, K.

K. Afrousheh, P. Bohlouli-Zanjani, J. D. Carter, A. Mugford, and J. D. D. Martin, Phys. Rev. A 73, 063403 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bettinelli, M.

J. A. Capobianco, P. Kabro, F. S. Ermeneux, R. Moncorgé, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, Chem. Phys. 214, 329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Betts, J. B.

A. Husmann, J. B. Betts, G. S. Boebinger, A. Migliori, T. F. Rosenbaum, and M. L. Saboungi, Nature 417, 421 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Boebinger, G. S.

A. Husmann, J. B. Betts, G. S. Boebinger, A. Migliori, T. F. Rosenbaum, and M. L. Saboungi, Nature 417, 421 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bohlouli-Zanjani, P.

K. Afrousheh, P. Bohlouli-Zanjani, J. D. Carter, A. Mugford, and J. D. D. Martin, Phys. Rev. A 73, 063403 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Capobianco, J. A.

J. A. Capobianco, P. Kabro, F. S. Ermeneux, R. Moncorgé, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, Chem. Phys. 214, 329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Carter, J. D.

K. Afrousheh, P. Bohlouli-Zanjani, J. D. Carter, A. Mugford, and J. D. D. Martin, Phys. Rev. A 73, 063403 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cavalli, E.

J. A. Capobianco, P. Kabro, F. S. Ermeneux, R. Moncorgé, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, Chem. Phys. 214, 329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Z.

J. P. Zhang, Z. W. Ma, J. B. Han, G. H. Du, Y. L. Zhou, L. Li, and Z. Cheng, J. Lumin. 144, 53 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chibotaru, L. F.

V. K. Tikhomirov, L. F. Chibotaru, D. Saurel, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, and V. V. Moshchalkov, Nano Lett. 9, 721 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chikazumi, S.

G. Kido, N. Miura, K. Kawauchi, I. Oguro, and S. Chikazumi, J. Phys. E 9, 587 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Dabkowska, H. A.

H. A. Dabkowska and A. B. Dabkowski, in Springer Handbook of Crystal Growth, G. Dhanaraj, K. Byrappa, V. Prasad, and M. Dudley, eds. (Springer, 2010), pp. 367–391.

Dabkowski, A. B.

H. A. Dabkowska and A. B. Dabkowski, in Springer Handbook of Crystal Growth, G. Dhanaraj, K. Byrappa, V. Prasad, and M. Dudley, eds. (Springer, 2010), pp. 367–391.

Doerr, M.

D. Eckert, R. Grössinger, M. Doerr, F. Fischer, A. Handstein, D. Hinz, H. Siegel, P. Verges, and K.-H. Müller, Physica B 294–295, 705 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Du, G. H.

J. P. Zhang, Z. W. Ma, J. B. Han, G. H. Du, Y. L. Zhou, L. Li, and Z. Cheng, J. Lumin. 144, 53 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Eckert, D.

D. Eckert, R. Grössinger, M. Doerr, F. Fischer, A. Handstein, D. Hinz, H. Siegel, P. Verges, and K.-H. Müller, Physica B 294–295, 705 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ermeneux, F. S.

J. A. Capobianco, P. Kabro, F. S. Ermeneux, R. Moncorgé, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, Chem. Phys. 214, 329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Felcher, G. P.

G. P. Felcher and R. Kleb, Europhys. Lett. 36, 455 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, F.

D. Eckert, R. Grössinger, M. Doerr, F. Fischer, A. Handstein, D. Hinz, H. Siegel, P. Verges, and K.-H. Müller, Physica B 294–295, 705 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gorller-Walrand, C.

Gredin, P.

V. K. Tikhomirov, L. F. Chibotaru, D. Saurel, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, and V. V. Moshchalkov, Nano Lett. 9, 721 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Mortier, P. Gredin, G. Patriarche, C. Gorller-Walrand, and V. V. Moshchalkov, Opt. Express 16, 14544 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Grössinger, R.

D. Eckert, R. Grössinger, M. Doerr, F. Fischer, A. Handstein, D. Hinz, H. Siegel, P. Verges, and K.-H. Müller, Physica B 294–295, 705 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Han, J. B.

J. P. Zhang, Z. W. Ma, J. B. Han, G. H. Du, Y. L. Zhou, L. Li, and Z. Cheng, J. Lumin. 144, 53 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Handstein, A.

D. Eckert, R. Grössinger, M. Doerr, F. Fischer, A. Handstein, D. Hinz, H. Siegel, P. Verges, and K.-H. Müller, Physica B 294–295, 705 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hayne, M.

J. Maes, K. Iakoubovskii, M. Hayne, A. Stesmans, and V. V. Moshchalkov, J. Phys. D 37, 1102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hinz, D.

D. Eckert, R. Grössinger, M. Doerr, F. Fischer, A. Handstein, D. Hinz, H. Siegel, P. Verges, and K.-H. Müller, Physica B 294–295, 705 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Husmann, A.

A. Husmann, J. B. Betts, G. S. Boebinger, A. Migliori, T. F. Rosenbaum, and M. L. Saboungi, Nature 417, 421 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Iakoubovskii, K.

J. Maes, K. Iakoubovskii, M. Hayne, A. Stesmans, and V. V. Moshchalkov, J. Phys. D 37, 1102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kabro, P.

J. A. Capobianco, P. Kabro, F. S. Ermeneux, R. Moncorgé, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, Chem. Phys. 214, 329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kawauchi, K.

G. Kido, N. Miura, K. Kawauchi, I. Oguro, and S. Chikazumi, J. Phys. E 9, 587 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kido, G.

G. Kido, N. Miura, K. Kawauchi, I. Oguro, and S. Chikazumi, J. Phys. E 9, 587 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kleb, R.

G. P. Felcher and R. Kleb, Europhys. Lett. 36, 455 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

J. P. Zhang, Z. W. Ma, J. B. Han, G. H. Du, Y. L. Zhou, L. Li, and Z. Cheng, J. Lumin. 144, 53 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Z. W.

J. P. Zhang, Z. W. Ma, J. B. Han, G. H. Du, Y. L. Zhou, L. Li, and Z. Cheng, J. Lumin. 144, 53 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Maes, J.

J. Maes, K. Iakoubovskii, M. Hayne, A. Stesmans, and V. V. Moshchalkov, J. Phys. D 37, 1102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Martin, J. D. D.

K. Afrousheh, P. Bohlouli-Zanjani, J. D. Carter, A. Mugford, and J. D. D. Martin, Phys. Rev. A 73, 063403 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Migliori, A.

A. Husmann, J. B. Betts, G. S. Boebinger, A. Migliori, T. F. Rosenbaum, and M. L. Saboungi, Nature 417, 421 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Miura, N.

G. Kido, N. Miura, K. Kawauchi, I. Oguro, and S. Chikazumi, J. Phys. E 9, 587 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Mohr, P. J.

P. J. Mohr and B. N. Taylor, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 28, 1713 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Moncorgé, R.

J. A. Capobianco, P. Kabro, F. S. Ermeneux, R. Moncorgé, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, Chem. Phys. 214, 329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mortier, M.

V. K. Tikhomirov, L. F. Chibotaru, D. Saurel, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, and V. V. Moshchalkov, Nano Lett. 9, 721 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Mortier, P. Gredin, G. Patriarche, C. Gorller-Walrand, and V. V. Moshchalkov, Opt. Express 16, 14544 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Moshchalkov, V. V.

V. K. Tikhomirov, L. F. Chibotaru, D. Saurel, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, and V. V. Moshchalkov, Nano Lett. 9, 721 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Mortier, P. Gredin, G. Patriarche, C. Gorller-Walrand, and V. V. Moshchalkov, Opt. Express 16, 14544 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Maes, K. Iakoubovskii, M. Hayne, A. Stesmans, and V. V. Moshchalkov, J. Phys. D 37, 1102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mugford, A.

K. Afrousheh, P. Bohlouli-Zanjani, J. D. Carter, A. Mugford, and J. D. D. Martin, Phys. Rev. A 73, 063403 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Müller, K.-H.

D. Eckert, R. Grössinger, M. Doerr, F. Fischer, A. Handstein, D. Hinz, H. Siegel, P. Verges, and K.-H. Müller, Physica B 294–295, 705 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Oguro, I.

G. Kido, N. Miura, K. Kawauchi, I. Oguro, and S. Chikazumi, J. Phys. E 9, 587 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Patriarche, G.

Rosenbaum, T. F.

A. Husmann, J. B. Betts, G. S. Boebinger, A. Migliori, T. F. Rosenbaum, and M. L. Saboungi, Nature 417, 421 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Saboungi, M. L.

A. Husmann, J. B. Betts, G. S. Boebinger, A. Migliori, T. F. Rosenbaum, and M. L. Saboungi, Nature 417, 421 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Saurel, D.

V. K. Tikhomirov, L. F. Chibotaru, D. Saurel, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, and V. V. Moshchalkov, Nano Lett. 9, 721 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Siegel, H.

D. Eckert, R. Grössinger, M. Doerr, F. Fischer, A. Handstein, D. Hinz, H. Siegel, P. Verges, and K.-H. Müller, Physica B 294–295, 705 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Stesmans, A.

J. Maes, K. Iakoubovskii, M. Hayne, A. Stesmans, and V. V. Moshchalkov, J. Phys. D 37, 1102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, B. N.

P. J. Mohr and B. N. Taylor, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 28, 1713 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tikhomirov, V. K.

V. K. Tikhomirov, L. F. Chibotaru, D. Saurel, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, and V. V. Moshchalkov, Nano Lett. 9, 721 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Mortier, P. Gredin, G. Patriarche, C. Gorller-Walrand, and V. V. Moshchalkov, Opt. Express 16, 14544 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Verges, P.

D. Eckert, R. Grössinger, M. Doerr, F. Fischer, A. Handstein, D. Hinz, H. Siegel, P. Verges, and K.-H. Müller, Physica B 294–295, 705 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

X. L. Yan, X. Wu, J. F. Zhou, Z. Zhang, and J. Wang, J. Cryst. Growth 220, 543 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.

X. L. Yan, X. Wu, J. F. Zhou, Z. Zhang, and J. Wang, J. Cryst. Growth 220, 543 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yan, X. L.

X. L. Yan, X. Wu, J. F. Zhou, Z. Zhang, and J. Wang, J. Cryst. Growth 220, 543 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. P.

J. P. Zhang, Z. W. Ma, J. B. Han, G. H. Du, Y. L. Zhou, L. Li, and Z. Cheng, J. Lumin. 144, 53 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

X. L. Yan, X. Wu, J. F. Zhou, Z. Zhang, and J. Wang, J. Cryst. Growth 220, 543 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J. F.

X. L. Yan, X. Wu, J. F. Zhou, Z. Zhang, and J. Wang, J. Cryst. Growth 220, 543 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y. L.

J. P. Zhang, Z. W. Ma, J. B. Han, G. H. Du, Y. L. Zhou, L. Li, and Z. Cheng, J. Lumin. 144, 53 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. (1)

J. A. Capobianco, P. Kabro, F. S. Ermeneux, R. Moncorgé, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, Chem. Phys. 214, 329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

G. P. Felcher and R. Kleb, Europhys. Lett. 36, 455 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

X. L. Yan, X. Wu, J. F. Zhou, Z. Zhang, and J. Wang, J. Cryst. Growth 220, 543 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

J. P. Zhang, Z. W. Ma, J. B. Han, G. H. Du, Y. L. Zhou, L. Li, and Z. Cheng, J. Lumin. 144, 53 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data (1)

P. J. Mohr and B. N. Taylor, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 28, 1713 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D (1)

J. Maes, K. Iakoubovskii, M. Hayne, A. Stesmans, and V. V. Moshchalkov, J. Phys. D 37, 1102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. E (1)

G. Kido, N. Miura, K. Kawauchi, I. Oguro, and S. Chikazumi, J. Phys. E 9, 587 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

V. K. Tikhomirov, L. F. Chibotaru, D. Saurel, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, and V. V. Moshchalkov, Nano Lett. 9, 721 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

A. Husmann, J. B. Betts, G. S. Boebinger, A. Migliori, T. F. Rosenbaum, and M. L. Saboungi, Nature 417, 421 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

K. Afrousheh, P. Bohlouli-Zanjani, J. D. Carter, A. Mugford, and J. D. D. Martin, Phys. Rev. A 73, 063403 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Physica B (1)

D. Eckert, R. Grössinger, M. Doerr, F. Fischer, A. Handstein, D. Hinz, H. Siegel, P. Verges, and K.-H. Müller, Physica B 294–295, 705 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

H. A. Dabkowska and A. B. Dabkowski, in Springer Handbook of Crystal Growth, G. Dhanaraj, K. Byrappa, V. Prasad, and M. Dudley, eds. (Springer, 2010), pp. 367–391.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scheme of the experimental setup. A probe consisting of a fiber and the sample is put at the center of the magnet. An argon ion laser and a CCD spectrometer are used in the magnetic field dependent photoluminescence (PL) measurements. The inset is a photograph of the sample.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Absorption and (b) PL spectra of an Er3+:YVO4 single crystal sample taken at RT and 80 K, respectively. The inset of (a) is the full scale absorption spectrum, and that of (b) is a scheme of PL related energy levels without showing the crystal field splitting in it.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) PL spectra and (b) revolutions of peaks 1, 6, and 7 under a varying pulsed magnetic field up to 40.6 T. Different solid symbols in (b) represent photon energies of different subpeaks under magnetic fields, and the solid lines are linear fit curves of them.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Time integrated U(t) with XY axes exchanged deliberately, with the inset demonstrating the U(t) profile from which the rise and fall time of the field are determined as 20 and 270 ms, respectively, (b) integrated PL intensity as a function of the field at 80 K, and (c) calibration curve serving as an example, with the unit of Seff converted into mm2. Data points and parameters, such as Bc, tc, and UIc, that are related to the enhancement peaks in (b), are indicated by the numbered arrows and solid square dots or by the brown shot dashed auxiliary lines.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Comparison of Different Calibration Techniques for a Pulsed High Magnetic Field

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

U(t)=Seff·dB/dt,
Seff=|0tcU(t)dtBc|=UIcBc.

Metrics