Abstract

We report UV four-wave mixing in the LP02 mode of a photonic crystal fiber when pumped by a frequency-doubled 532 nm microchip laser in the normal dispersion regime. A pure LP02 mode was generated for the pump light by a broadband all-fiber mode converter. Ultraviolet signal wavelengths as short as 342 nm were generated.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013 (1)

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

2009 (3)

2008 (1)

E. Räikkönen, S. C. Buchter, and M. Kaivola, Appl. Phys. B 91, 461 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

V. Tombelaine, P. Leproux, V. Couderc, and A. Barthélémy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2466 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Wabnitz, A. Tonello, S. Pitois, G. Millot, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, J. Wójcik, A. Locatelli, M. Conforti, and C. De Angelis, Proc. SPIE 6612, 66120D (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

G. J. Pearce, T. D. Hedley, and D. M. Bird, Phys. Rev. B 71, 195108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

2003 (2)

2002 (3)

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

Andrekson, P. A.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Arriaga, J.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Barthélémy, A.

V. Tombelaine, P. Leproux, V. Couderc, and A. Barthélémy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2466 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bateman, S. A.

Biancalana, F.

Bird, D. M.

G. J. Pearce, T. D. Hedley, and D. M. Bird, Phys. Rev. B 71, 195108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

Buchter, S. C.

E. Räikkönen, S. C. Buchter, and M. Kaivola, Appl. Phys. B 91, 461 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chang, W. K.

Chau, A. H. L.

Chen, Y.

Chen, Z.

Coen, S.

Conforti, M.

S. Wabnitz, A. Tonello, S. Pitois, G. Millot, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, J. Wójcik, A. Locatelli, M. Conforti, and C. De Angelis, Proc. SPIE 6612, 66120D (2006).
[CrossRef]

Couderc, V.

V. Tombelaine, P. Leproux, V. Couderc, and A. Barthélémy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2466 (2006).
[CrossRef]

De Angelis, C.

S. Wabnitz, A. Tonello, S. Pitois, G. Millot, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, J. Wójcik, A. Locatelli, M. Conforti, and C. De Angelis, Proc. SPIE 6612, 66120D (2006).
[CrossRef]

Delgado-Pinar, M.

M. Delgado-Pinar, P. J. Mosley, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and W. J. Wadsworth, Nonlinear Photonics Topical MeetingKarlsruhe (2010), paper NWD3.

Dudley, J. M.

Dupriez, P.

Efimov, A.

Eggleton, B. J.

Grossard, N.

Haelterman, M.

Hansryd, J.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Harvey, J. D.

Hedekvist, P.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hedley, T. D.

G. J. Pearce, T. D. Hedley, and D. M. Bird, Phys. Rev. B 71, 195108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Horak, P.

Jauregui, C.

Jeong, Y.

Joly, N.

Joly, N. Y.

Kaivola, M.

E. Räikkönen, S. C. Buchter, and M. Kaivola, Appl. Phys. B 91, 461 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Lai, K.

Lavoute, L.

Leonhardt, R.

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Leproux, P.

V. Tombelaine, P. Leproux, V. Couderc, and A. Barthélémy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2466 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

Locatelli, A.

S. Wabnitz, A. Tonello, S. Pitois, G. Millot, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, J. Wójcik, A. Locatelli, M. Conforti, and C. De Angelis, Proc. SPIE 6612, 66120D (2006).
[CrossRef]

Maillotte, H.

Martynkien, T.

S. Wabnitz, A. Tonello, S. Pitois, G. Millot, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, J. Wójcik, A. Locatelli, M. Conforti, and C. De Angelis, Proc. SPIE 6612, 66120D (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mason, M. W.

Millot, G.

S. Wabnitz, A. Tonello, S. Pitois, G. Millot, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, J. Wójcik, A. Locatelli, M. Conforti, and C. De Angelis, Proc. SPIE 6612, 66120D (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mosley, P. J.

P. J. Mosley, S. A. Bateman, L. Lavoute, and W. J. Wadsworth, Opt. Express 19, 25337 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Delgado-Pinar, P. J. Mosley, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and W. J. Wadsworth, Nonlinear Photonics Topical MeetingKarlsruhe (2010), paper NWD3.

Nandi, P.

Nilsson, J.

Nodop, D.

Nold, J.

Omenetto, F. G.

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

Pearce, G. J.

G. J. Pearce, T. D. Hedley, and D. M. Bird, Phys. Rev. B 71, 195108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Petrovich, M. N.

Pitois, S.

S. Wabnitz, A. Tonello, S. Pitois, G. Millot, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, J. Wójcik, A. Locatelli, M. Conforti, and C. De Angelis, Proc. SPIE 6612, 66120D (2006).
[CrossRef]

Poletti, F.

Provino, L.

Räikkönen, E.

E. Räikkönen, S. C. Buchter, and M. Kaivola, Appl. Phys. B 91, 461 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Russell, P. St. J.

Russell, Ph. St. J.

Schimpf, D.

Taylor, A. J.

Tombelaine, V.

V. Tombelaine, P. Leproux, V. Couderc, and A. Barthélémy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2466 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tonello, A.

S. Wabnitz, A. Tonello, S. Pitois, G. Millot, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, J. Wójcik, A. Locatelli, M. Conforti, and C. De Angelis, Proc. SPIE 6612, 66120D (2006).
[CrossRef]

Travers, J. C.

Tünnermann, A.

Urbanczyk, W.

S. Wabnitz, A. Tonello, S. Pitois, G. Millot, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, J. Wójcik, A. Locatelli, M. Conforti, and C. De Angelis, Proc. SPIE 6612, 66120D (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wabnitz, S.

S. Wabnitz, A. Tonello, S. Pitois, G. Millot, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, J. Wójcik, A. Locatelli, M. Conforti, and C. De Angelis, Proc. SPIE 6612, 66120D (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wadsworth, W. J.

Y. Chen, Z. Chen, W. J. Wadsworth, and T. A. Birks, Opt. Express 21, 17786 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Mosley, S. A. Bateman, L. Lavoute, and W. J. Wadsworth, Opt. Express 19, 25337 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Lavoute, J. C. Knight, P. Dupriez, and W. J. Wadsworth, Opt. Express 18, 16193 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Nandi, Z. Chen, A. Witkowska, W. J. Wadsworth, T. A. Birks, and J. C. Knight, Opt. Lett. 34, 1123 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Xiong, Z. Chen, and W. J. Wadsworth, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 1638 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Lai, S. G. Leon-Saval, A. Witkowska, W. J. Wadsworth, and T. A. Birks, Opt. Lett. 32, 328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Leon-Saval, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and M. W. Mason, Opt. Express 12, 2864 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Wadsworth, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Express 12, 299 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Harvey, R. Leonhardt, S. Coen, R. Leonhardt, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and Ph. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 28, 2225 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Express 11, 910 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 753 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Delgado-Pinar, P. J. Mosley, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and W. J. Wadsworth, Nonlinear Photonics Topical MeetingKarlsruhe (2010), paper NWD3.

Westlund, M.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

Witkowska, A.

Wójcik, J.

S. Wabnitz, A. Tonello, S. Pitois, G. Millot, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, J. Wójcik, A. Locatelli, M. Conforti, and C. De Angelis, Proc. SPIE 6612, 66120D (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wong, G. K. L.

Xiong, C.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

E. Räikkönen, S. C. Buchter, and M. Kaivola, Appl. Phys. B 91, 461 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Tombelaine, P. Leproux, V. Couderc, and A. Barthélémy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2466 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Express (7)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

G. J. Pearce, T. D. Hedley, and D. M. Bird, Phys. Rev. B 71, 195108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

S. Wabnitz, A. Tonello, S. Pitois, G. Millot, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, J. Wójcik, A. Locatelli, M. Conforti, and C. De Angelis, Proc. SPIE 6612, 66120D (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

M. Delgado-Pinar, P. J. Mosley, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and W. J. Wadsworth, Nonlinear Photonics Topical MeetingKarlsruhe (2010), paper NWD3.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Calculated phase-matching curves for (a) the HE11 (LP01) mode and (b) the HE12 (LP02) mode of a strand of silica in air, giving the signal and idler wavelengths as functions of pump wavelength for particular diameters. The thicker curves are for diameters of (a) 0.952 μm and (b) 2.86 μm, in each case chosen to generate 400 and 800 nm light for a 532 nm pump. The thinner curves are for increments of 5% diameter of the thick curves, increasing from left to right [0.571 to 1.90 μm in (a) and 0.858 to 5.72 μm in (b)]. γP is set to an arbitrarily low value.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Nonlinear phase matching for fibers A, B, and C. Solid lines are calculations for peak pump powers of 500 and 2000 W. Points are experimental results for a 532 nm pump laser. Dashed lines are the ZDWs. Inset is an SEM image of fiber B.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental setup. HWP, half-wave plate; MF, mode filter; MC, mode converter. Inset: typical near-field mode pattern at 532 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Output spectra at different output powers in 2 m of fiber A. Resolution is 2 nm, each spectrum is vertically offset by 20 dB for clarity. Top row: output near-field patterns at selected wavelengths.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a), (b), (c) Signal spectra for fibers A, B, and C, respectively, at specific output powers. (a) and (b) were recorded by an OSA, (resolution 0.2 nm) while (c) was obtained by a UV spectrometer (resolution 1.3 nm). Insets: output near-field images at the signal wavelengths.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Theoretical (Th.) and Experimental (Exp.) Fiber Parameters and FWM Peaks

Equations (2)

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2βp=βs+βi+2γP
2ωp=ωs+ωi,

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