Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a synchronously pumped fiber optical parametric oscillator (FOPO) operating in the normal dispersion regime. The FOPO generates chirped pulses at the output, allowing significant pulse energy scaling potential without pulse breaking. The output average power of the FOPO at 1600 nm was 60mW (corresponding to 1.45 nJ pulse energy and 55% slope power conversion efficiency). The output pulses directly from the FOPO were highly chirped (3ps duration), and they could be compressed outside of the cavity to 180 fs by using a standard optical fiber compressor. Detailed numerical simulation was also performed to understand the pulse evolution dynamics around the laser cavity. We believe that the proposed design concept is useful for scaling up the pulse energy in the FOPO using different pumping wavelengths.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013

S. Balac and M. Fabrice, Comput. Phys. Commun. 184, 1211 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 429 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

2005

2004

F. Ö. Ilday, J. Buckley, W. Clark, and F. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002

1999

M. H. Dunn and M. Ebrahimzadeh, Science 286, 1513 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1993

Agrawal, G. P.

Y. Deng, Q. Lin, F. Lu, G. P. Agrawal, and W. H. Knox, Opt. Lett. 30, 1234 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

Alic, N.

Balac, S.

S. Balac and M. Fabrice, Comput. Phys. Commun. 184, 1211 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Boggio, J.

Buckley, J.

A. Chong, J. Buckley, W. Renninger, and F. Wise, Opt. Express 14, 10095 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Ö. Ilday, J. Buckley, W. Clark, and F. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, A. Y. H.

Cheung, K. K. Y.

Y. Zhou, K. K. Y. Cheung, S. Yang, P. C. Chui, and K. K. Y. Wong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1756 (2010).

Chong, A.

Chui, P. C.

Y. Zhou, K. K. Y. Cheung, S. Yang, P. C. Chui, and K. K. Y. Wong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1756 (2010).

Clark, W.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. Buckley, W. Clark, and F. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Deng, Y.

Dunn, M. H.

M. H. Dunn and M. Ebrahimzadeh, Science 286, 1513 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

M. H. Dunn and M. Ebrahimzadeh, Science 286, 1513 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fabrice, M.

S. Balac and M. Fabrice, Comput. Phys. Commun. 184, 1211 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Fini, J. M.

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 429 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Foster, M. A.

Gaeta, A. L.

Ghalmi, S.

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 429 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gu, C.

Harvey, J. D.

Haus, H. A.

Ilday, F. Ö.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. Buckley, W. Clark, and F. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Ö. Ilday and F. W. Wise, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 470 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Jauregui, C.

Kiani, L.

Kieu, K.

Knight, J. C.

Knox, W. H.

Kuo, B.

Lasri, J.

Leonhardt, R.

Limpert, J.

Lin, Q.

Lu, F.

Lyngnes, O.

Malik, R.

R. Malik and M. E. Marhic, in Proceedings of 36th European Conference on Optical Communication (2010), paper Th.10.C.5.

Mansuripur, M.

Marhic, M. E.

R. Malik and M. E. Marhic, in Proceedings of 36th European Conference on Optical Communication (2010), paper Th.10.C.5.

M. E. Marhic, Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers, Oscillators and Related Devices (Cambridge University, 2007).

Marie, V.

Mermelstein, M.

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 429 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Moro, S.

Murdoch, S. G.

Nelson, L. E.

Nicholson, J. W.

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 429 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pailo, C.

Radic, S.

Ramachandran, S.

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 429 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Renninger, W.

Renninger, W. H.

Russell, P. S. J.

Sanborn, J. R.

Sharping, J. E.

Steinmetz, A.

Stossel, B.

Tamura, K.

Tünnermann, A.

Vogel, K.

Wadsworth, W. J.

Wise, F.

Wise, F. W.

Wong, G. K. L.

Wong, K. K. Y.

Y. Zhou, K. K. Y. Cheung, S. Yang, P. C. Chui, and K. K. Y. Wong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1756 (2010).

Xu, Y. Q.

Yan, M. F.

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 429 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S.

Y. Zhou, K. K. Y. Cheung, S. Yang, P. C. Chui, and K. K. Y. Wong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1756 (2010).

Zhou, Y.

Y. Zhou, K. K. Y. Cheung, S. Yang, P. C. Chui, and K. K. Y. Wong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1756 (2010).

Comput. Phys. Commun.

S. Balac and M. Fabrice, Comput. Phys. Commun. 184, 1211 (2013).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Y. Zhou, K. K. Y. Cheung, S. Yang, P. C. Chui, and K. K. Y. Wong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1756 (2010).

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Laser Photon. Rev.

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 429 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. Buckley, W. Clark, and F. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Science

M. H. Dunn and M. Ebrahimzadeh, Science 286, 1513 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other

M. E. Marhic, Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers, Oscillators and Related Devices (Cambridge University, 2007).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

R. Malik and M. E. Marhic, in Proceedings of 36th European Conference on Optical Communication (2010), paper Th.10.C.5.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic diagram of the normal dispersion FOPO. PC, polarization controller; DSF, dispersion-shifted fiber; EDF, Er-doped fiber; ODL, optical delay line. (b) Dispersion map of the FOPO cavity. Inset: calculated phase-matching curves for the signal and idler wavelength as a function of the pump wavelength.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Evolution of the FOPO output power as a function of the pump power. (b) Evolution of the optical spectra (linear scale) of the pump, signal, and idler waves at different pump powers.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Generated ilder spectra (linear scale) as the FOPO cavity length was changed around the optimum point. Inset: calculated parametric gain profile of the DSF with 1560 nm pump. (b) FOPO output pulse duration measured at different lengths of the SMF28 used for dechirping outside of the cavity.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Simulation results: (a) evolution of the FOPO output power as function of the pump power. (b) Evolution of the optical spectra (linear scale) of the pump, signal, and idler waves. Inset of (a): evolution of pulse energy of the pump and the generated waves in the DSF.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Evolution of the pulse energy and the pulse duration of the generated idler (blue) and the pump (red) waves in the FOPO cavity. Right panel: time profiles of the pump and the idler pulses at three different points A (input of the EDF), B (input of the DSF), and C (output of the DSF) in the cavity, respectively.

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