Abstract

We propose and analyze theoretically a trap-door optical buffer based on a coupled microrings flat-top add/drop filter (ADF). By tuning one of the microrings into and out of resonance we can effectively open and close the buffer trap door and, consequently, trap and release optical pulses. To attain a maximally flat filter we present a new design approach utilizing the concept of a white light cavity to attain an ADF that resonates over a wide spectral band. We show that the resulting ADF exhibits superior performance in terms of bandwidth and flatness compared to previous design approaches. We also present a realistic silicon-on-insulator-based design and a performance analysis, taking into consideration the realistic properties and limitations of the materials and the fabrication process, leading to delays exceeding 5 ns for an 80 GHz bandwidth and a corresponding delay–bandwidth product of approximately 400.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. B. Khurgin and R. S. Tucker, Slow Light: Science and Applications (CRC Press, 2009).
  2. J. Scheuer and M. Sumetsky, Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 465 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Y. Song, M. G. Herráez, and L. Thévenaz, Opt. Express 13, 82 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, and R. W. Boyd, Science 318, 1748 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, Science 301, 200 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P.-C. Ku, J. Kim, and S.-L. Chuang, Proc. IEEE 91, 1184 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. B. Khurgin, Opt. Lett. 32, 133 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. B. Khurgin, Opt. Lett. 31, 948 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. B. Khurgin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 1062 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. F. Yanik and S. H. Fan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 083901 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Yum, X. Liu, Y. J. Jang, M. E. Kim, and S. M. Shahriar, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 2698 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Q. Xu, P. Dong, and M. Lipson, Nat. Phys. 3, 406 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Scheuer, Europhys. Lett. 77, 44004 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. Scheuer, A. A. Sukhorukov, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 35, 3712 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  18. H. N. Yum, M. E. Kim, Y. J. Jang, and M. S. Shahriar, Opt. Express 19, 6705 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  19. H. N. Yum, X. Liu, P. R. Hemmer, J. Scheuer, and M. S. Shahriar, Opt. Commun. 305, 260 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  20. H. N. Yum, J. Scheuer, M. Salit, P. R. Hemmer, and M. S. Shahriar, “Demonstration of white light cavity effect using stimulated Brillouin scattering in a fiber loop,” arXiv:1307.5272v1 (2013).
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    [CrossRef]
  22. B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J.-P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  23. A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Photonics: Optical Electronics in Modern Communications, 6th ed. (Oxford University, 2010).
  24. R. H. Rinkleff and A. Wicht, Phys. Scr. T118, 85 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  25. A. Rocco, A. Wicht, R.-H. Rinkleff, and K. Danzmann, Phys. Rev. A 66, 053804 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  26. O. Kotlicki, J. Scheuer, and M. S. Shahriar, Opt. Express 20, 28234 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  27. G. S. Pati, M. Salit, K. Salit, and M. S. Shahriar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 133601 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  28. J. K. S. Poon, J. Scheuer, S. Mookherjea, G. T. Paloczi, Y. Huang, and A. Yariv, Opt. Express 12, 90 (2004).
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  29. J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, J. T. Robinson, K. Preston, L. Chen, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 17, 4752 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

H. N. Yum, X. Liu, P. R. Hemmer, J. Scheuer, and M. S. Shahriar, Opt. Commun. 305, 260 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (1)

2011 (3)

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2007 (6)

J. B. Khurgin, Opt. Lett. 32, 133 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, S. Manipatruni, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 430 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, and R. W. Boyd, Science 318, 1748 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, P. Dong, and M. Lipson, Nat. Phys. 3, 406 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Scheuer, Europhys. Lett. 77, 44004 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Pati, M. Salit, K. Salit, and M. S. Shahriar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 133601 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (6)

K. Y. Song, M. G. Herráez, and L. Thévenaz, Opt. Express 13, 82 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Khurgin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 1062 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, and A. Gaeta, Opt. Express 13, 6092 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Dahan and G. Eisenstein, Opt. Express 13, 6234 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Rinkleff and A. Wicht, Phys. Scr. T118, 85 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

2003 (2)

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, Science 301, 200 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P.-C. Ku, J. Kim, and S.-L. Chuang, Proc. IEEE 91, 1184 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. Rocco, A. Wicht, R.-H. Rinkleff, and K. Danzmann, Phys. Rev. A 66, 053804 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J.-P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bigelow, M. S.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, Science 301, 200 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, and R. W. Boyd, Science 318, 1748 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, Science 301, 200 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cardenas, J.

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P.-C. Ku, J. Kim, and S.-L. Chuang, Proc. IEEE 91, 1184 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

Chu, S. T.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J.-P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chuang, S.-L.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P.-C. Ku, J. Kim, and S.-L. Chuang, Proc. IEEE 91, 1184 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dahan, D.

Danzmann, K.

A. Rocco, A. Wicht, R.-H. Rinkleff, and K. Danzmann, Phys. Rev. A 66, 053804 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dong, P.

Q. Xu, P. Dong, and M. Lipson, Nat. Phys. 3, 406 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Eisenstein, G.

Fan, S. H.

M. F. Yanik and S. H. Fan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 083901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Foresi, J.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J.-P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A.

Gaeta, A. L.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gauthier, D. J.

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, and R. W. Boyd, Science 318, 1748 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J.-P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hemmer, P. R.

H. N. Yum, X. Liu, P. R. Hemmer, J. Scheuer, and M. S. Shahriar, Opt. Commun. 305, 260 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. N. Yum, J. Scheuer, M. Salit, P. R. Hemmer, and M. S. Shahriar, “Demonstration of white light cavity effect using stimulated Brillouin scattering in a fiber loop,” arXiv:1307.5272v1 (2013).

Herráez, M. G.

Huang, Y.

Jang, Y. J.

Khurgin, J. B.

Kim, J.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P.-C. Ku, J. Kim, and S.-L. Chuang, Proc. IEEE 91, 1184 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M. E.

Kivshar, Y. S.

Kotlicki, O.

Ku, P.-C.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P.-C. Ku, J. Kim, and S.-L. Chuang, Proc. IEEE 91, 1184 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Laine, J.-P.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J.-P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lepeshkin, N. N.

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, Science 301, 200 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

Little, B. E.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J.-P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

H. N. Yum, X. Liu, P. R. Hemmer, J. Scheuer, and M. S. Shahriar, Opt. Commun. 305, 260 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Yum, X. Liu, Y. J. Jang, M. E. Kim, and S. M. Shahriar, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 2698 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Manipatruni, S.

Mookherjea, S.

Okawachi, Y.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, and A. Gaeta, Opt. Express 13, 6092 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Paloczi, G. T.

Pati, G. S.

G. S. Pati, M. Salit, K. Salit, and M. S. Shahriar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 133601 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Poitras, C. B.

Poon, J. K. S.

Preston, K.

Rinkleff, R. H.

R. H. Rinkleff and A. Wicht, Phys. Scr. T118, 85 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rinkleff, R.-H.

A. Rocco, A. Wicht, R.-H. Rinkleff, and K. Danzmann, Phys. Rev. A 66, 053804 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, J. T.

Rocco, A.

A. Rocco, A. Wicht, R.-H. Rinkleff, and K. Danzmann, Phys. Rev. A 66, 053804 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Salit, K.

G. S. Pati, M. Salit, K. Salit, and M. S. Shahriar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 133601 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Salit, M.

G. S. Pati, M. Salit, K. Salit, and M. S. Shahriar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 133601 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. N. Yum, J. Scheuer, M. Salit, P. R. Hemmer, and M. S. Shahriar, “Demonstration of white light cavity effect using stimulated Brillouin scattering in a fiber loop,” arXiv:1307.5272v1 (2013).

Scheuer, J.

H. N. Yum, X. Liu, P. R. Hemmer, J. Scheuer, and M. S. Shahriar, Opt. Commun. 305, 260 (2013).
[CrossRef]

O. Kotlicki, J. Scheuer, and M. S. Shahriar, Opt. Express 20, 28234 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Scheuer and M. Sumetsky, Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 465 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Scheuer, A. A. Sukhorukov, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 35, 3712 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Scheuer, Europhys. Lett. 77, 44004 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. K. S. Poon, J. Scheuer, S. Mookherjea, G. T. Paloczi, Y. Huang, and A. Yariv, Opt. Express 12, 90 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. N. Yum, J. Scheuer, M. Salit, P. R. Hemmer, and M. S. Shahriar, “Demonstration of white light cavity effect using stimulated Brillouin scattering in a fiber loop,” arXiv:1307.5272v1 (2013).

Schmidt, B.

Schweinsberg, A.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shahriar, M. S.

H. N. Yum, X. Liu, P. R. Hemmer, J. Scheuer, and M. S. Shahriar, Opt. Commun. 305, 260 (2013).
[CrossRef]

O. Kotlicki, J. Scheuer, and M. S. Shahriar, Opt. Express 20, 28234 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. N. Yum, M. E. Kim, Y. J. Jang, and M. S. Shahriar, Opt. Express 19, 6705 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Pati, M. Salit, K. Salit, and M. S. Shahriar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 133601 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. N. Yum, J. Scheuer, M. Salit, P. R. Hemmer, and M. S. Shahriar, “Demonstration of white light cavity effect using stimulated Brillouin scattering in a fiber loop,” arXiv:1307.5272v1 (2013).

Shahriar, S. M.

Shakya, J.

Sharping, J.

Sharping, J. E.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Song, K. Y.

Sukhorukov, A. A.

Sumetsky, M.

J. Scheuer and M. Sumetsky, Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 465 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Thévenaz, L.

Tucker, R. S.

J. B. Khurgin and R. S. Tucker, Slow Light: Science and Applications (CRC Press, 2009).

Wicht, A.

R. H. Rinkleff and A. Wicht, Phys. Scr. T118, 85 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Rocco, A. Wicht, R.-H. Rinkleff, and K. Danzmann, Phys. Rev. A 66, 053804 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Q.

Yanik, M. F.

M. F. Yanik and S. H. Fan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 083901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

J. K. S. Poon, J. Scheuer, S. Mookherjea, G. T. Paloczi, Y. Huang, and A. Yariv, Opt. Express 12, 90 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Photonics: Optical Electronics in Modern Communications, 6th ed. (Oxford University, 2010).

Yeh, P.

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Photonics: Optical Electronics in Modern Communications, 6th ed. (Oxford University, 2010).

Yum, H.

Yum, H. N.

H. N. Yum, X. Liu, P. R. Hemmer, J. Scheuer, and M. S. Shahriar, Opt. Commun. 305, 260 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. N. Yum, M. E. Kim, Y. J. Jang, and M. S. Shahriar, Opt. Express 19, 6705 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. N. Yum, J. Scheuer, M. Salit, P. R. Hemmer, and M. S. Shahriar, “Demonstration of white light cavity effect using stimulated Brillouin scattering in a fiber loop,” arXiv:1307.5272v1 (2013).

Zhu, Z.

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, and R. W. Boyd, Science 318, 1748 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

J. Scheuer, Europhys. Lett. 77, 44004 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J.-P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Yum, X. Liu, Y. J. Jang, M. E. Kim, and S. M. Shahriar, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 2698 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

J. Scheuer and M. Sumetsky, Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 465 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

Q. Xu, P. Dong, and M. Lipson, Nat. Phys. 3, 406 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

H. N. Yum, X. Liu, P. R. Hemmer, J. Scheuer, and M. S. Shahriar, Opt. Commun. 305, 260 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (8)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. Rocco, A. Wicht, R.-H. Rinkleff, and K. Danzmann, Phys. Rev. A 66, 053804 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

G. S. Pati, M. Salit, K. Salit, and M. S. Shahriar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 133601 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Yanik and S. H. Fan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 083901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Scr. (1)

R. H. Rinkleff and A. Wicht, Phys. Scr. T118, 85 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P.-C. Ku, J. Kim, and S.-L. Chuang, Proc. IEEE 91, 1184 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, and R. W. Boyd, Science 318, 1748 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, Science 301, 200 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

J. B. Khurgin and R. S. Tucker, Slow Light: Science and Applications (CRC Press, 2009).

H. N. Yum, J. Scheuer, M. Salit, P. R. Hemmer, and M. S. Shahriar, “Demonstration of white light cavity effect using stimulated Brillouin scattering in a fiber loop,” arXiv:1307.5272v1 (2013).

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Photonics: Optical Electronics in Modern Communications, 6th ed. (Oxford University, 2010).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Trap-door buffer: (a) Closed state, (b) Open state. AFD: add/drop filter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

WLC-based flat-top ADF comprising three cascaded microrings.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Three-micoring ADF transmission function at the drop port for the Closed (solid blue) and the Open (dashed green) states. Inset, comparison between the drop transmission function of our design and that presented in [22].

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Three-micoring ADF transmission function at the drop port for the Closed state: WLC-based design (κ2=0.03; κ1=0.39, solid blue), and design based on Ref. [22] (κ2=0.03; κ1=0.49, dashed green). Dashed–dotted red curve, through-port response of the WLC approach.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Dependence of the pulse broadening in the buffer on the delay time for various pulse durations; Inset, drop port transmission function.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

D=κ1κ2exp(12iφ)1(1κ1)(1κ2)exp(iφ),
dθdω|ωres=Lc0nwg,
β=12α[1+α2+K(1α2)(1+α2+K[1α2])24α2],

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