Abstract

The ability of helix arrays to filter circularly polarized light efficiently when the light propagates parallel to the helical axis has been demonstrated recently. In this Letter, we present a broadband linear-to-circular polarization transformer composed of metal microhelices. The device provides significant transformation performance combined with high transmittance over a broad infrared wave band. High performance is achieved through fine adjustment of a finite-element electromagnetic model. The array design assumes wave propagation perpendicular to the helical axis, which distinguishes it from well-studied analogous designs that filter light propagating parallel to the helical axis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time this scheme has been realized in the infrared range.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013

A. P. Balmakov, I. V. Semchenko, S. A. Khakhomov, and M. Nagatsu, Probl. Phys. Math. Tech. 1, 7 (2013).

2012

N. Vasilantonakis, K. Terzaki, I. Sakellari, V. Purlys, D. Gray, C. M. Soukoulis, M. Vamvakaki, M. Kafesaki, and M. Farsari, Adv. Mat. 24, 1101 (2012).

2011

C. Wu, H. Li, X. Yu, F. Li, H. Chen, and C. Chan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 1 (2011).

2010

2009

N. W. Roberts, T.-H. Chiou, N. J. Marshall, and T. W. Cronin, Nat. Photonics 189, 1038 (2009).

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2006

Bade, K.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Balanis, C. A.

C. A. Balanis, Antenna Theory, 2nd ed. (Wiley, 1996), p. 960.

Balmakov, A. P.

A. P. Balmakov, I. V. Semchenko, S. A. Khakhomov, and M. Nagatsu, Probl. Phys. Math. Tech. 1, 7 (2013).

Chan, C.

C. Wu, H. Li, X. Yu, F. Li, H. Chen, and C. Chan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 1 (2011).

Chen, H.

C. Wu, H. Li, X. Yu, F. Li, H. Chen, and C. Chan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 1 (2011).

Chiou, T.-H.

N. W. Roberts, T.-H. Chiou, N. J. Marshall, and T. W. Cronin, Nat. Photonics 189, 1038 (2009).

Cronin, T. W.

N. W. Roberts, T.-H. Chiou, N. J. Marshall, and T. W. Cronin, Nat. Photonics 189, 1038 (2009).

Decker, M.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Detlaf, A. A.

B. M. Yavorsky, A. A. Detlaf, and N. Weinstein, Handbook of Physics, 4th ed. (Central Books Ltd., 1973), p. 965.

Farsari, M.

N. Vasilantonakis, K. Terzaki, I. Sakellari, V. Purlys, D. Gray, C. M. Soukoulis, M. Vamvakaki, M. Kafesaki, and M. Farsari, Adv. Mat. 24, 1101 (2012).

Gallot, G.

Gansel, J. K.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gray, D.

N. Vasilantonakis, K. Terzaki, I. Sakellari, V. Purlys, D. Gray, C. M. Soukoulis, M. Vamvakaki, M. Kafesaki, and M. Farsari, Adv. Mat. 24, 1101 (2012).

Kafesaki, M.

N. Vasilantonakis, K. Terzaki, I. Sakellari, V. Purlys, D. Gray, C. M. Soukoulis, M. Vamvakaki, M. Kafesaki, and M. Farsari, Adv. Mat. 24, 1101 (2012).

Khakhomov, S. A.

A. P. Balmakov, I. V. Semchenko, S. A. Khakhomov, and M. Nagatsu, Probl. Phys. Math. Tech. 1, 7 (2013).

Li, F.

C. Wu, H. Li, X. Yu, F. Li, H. Chen, and C. Chan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 1 (2011).

Li, H.

C. Wu, H. Li, X. Yu, F. Li, H. Chen, and C. Chan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 1 (2011).

Linden, S.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lu, P. X.

Lu, Y. F.

Marshall, N. J.

N. W. Roberts, T.-H. Chiou, N. J. Marshall, and T. W. Cronin, Nat. Photonics 189, 1038 (2009).

Masson, J.

Nagatsu, M.

A. P. Balmakov, I. V. Semchenko, S. A. Khakhomov, and M. Nagatsu, Probl. Phys. Math. Tech. 1, 7 (2013).

Purlys, V.

N. Vasilantonakis, K. Terzaki, I. Sakellari, V. Purlys, D. Gray, C. M. Soukoulis, M. Vamvakaki, M. Kafesaki, and M. Farsari, Adv. Mat. 24, 1101 (2012).

Rill, M. S.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, N. W.

N. W. Roberts, T.-H. Chiou, N. J. Marshall, and T. W. Cronin, Nat. Photonics 189, 1038 (2009).

Saile, V.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sakellari, I.

N. Vasilantonakis, K. Terzaki, I. Sakellari, V. Purlys, D. Gray, C. M. Soukoulis, M. Vamvakaki, M. Kafesaki, and M. Farsari, Adv. Mat. 24, 1101 (2012).

Semchenko, I. V.

A. P. Balmakov, I. V. Semchenko, S. A. Khakhomov, and M. Nagatsu, Probl. Phys. Math. Tech. 1, 7 (2013).

Soukoulis, C. M.

N. Vasilantonakis, K. Terzaki, I. Sakellari, V. Purlys, D. Gray, C. M. Soukoulis, M. Vamvakaki, M. Kafesaki, and M. Farsari, Adv. Mat. 24, 1101 (2012).

Terzaki, K.

N. Vasilantonakis, K. Terzaki, I. Sakellari, V. Purlys, D. Gray, C. M. Soukoulis, M. Vamvakaki, M. Kafesaki, and M. Farsari, Adv. Mat. 24, 1101 (2012).

Thiel, M.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vamvakaki, M.

N. Vasilantonakis, K. Terzaki, I. Sakellari, V. Purlys, D. Gray, C. M. Soukoulis, M. Vamvakaki, M. Kafesaki, and M. Farsari, Adv. Mat. 24, 1101 (2012).

Vasilantonakis, N.

N. Vasilantonakis, K. Terzaki, I. Sakellari, V. Purlys, D. Gray, C. M. Soukoulis, M. Vamvakaki, M. Kafesaki, and M. Farsari, Adv. Mat. 24, 1101 (2012).

von Freymann, G.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wegener, M.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Weinstein, N.

B. M. Yavorsky, A. A. Detlaf, and N. Weinstein, Handbook of Physics, 4th ed. (Central Books Ltd., 1973), p. 965.

Wu, C.

C. Wu, H. Li, X. Yu, F. Li, H. Chen, and C. Chan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 1 (2011).

Yang, Z. Y.

Yavorsky, B. M.

B. M. Yavorsky, A. A. Detlaf, and N. Weinstein, Handbook of Physics, 4th ed. (Central Books Ltd., 1973), p. 965.

Yu, X.

C. Wu, H. Li, X. Yu, F. Li, H. Chen, and C. Chan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 1 (2011).

Zhao, M.

Adv. Mat.

N. Vasilantonakis, K. Terzaki, I. Sakellari, V. Purlys, D. Gray, C. M. Soukoulis, M. Vamvakaki, M. Kafesaki, and M. Farsari, Adv. Mat. 24, 1101 (2012).

Nat. Photonics

N. W. Roberts, T.-H. Chiou, N. J. Marshall, and T. W. Cronin, Nat. Photonics 189, 1038 (2009).

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

C. Wu, H. Li, X. Yu, F. Li, H. Chen, and C. Chan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 1 (2011).

Probl. Phys. Math. Tech.

A. P. Balmakov, I. V. Semchenko, S. A. Khakhomov, and M. Nagatsu, Probl. Phys. Math. Tech. 1, 7 (2013).

Science

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other

C. A. Balanis, Antenna Theory, 2nd ed. (Wiley, 1996), p. 960.

B. M. Yavorsky, A. A. Detlaf, and N. Weinstein, Handbook of Physics, 4th ed. (Central Books Ltd., 1973), p. 965.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the helix array composed of seven layers (A–G). A half-turn helical segment defines the most important parameters of the helix and its cross-section profile (inset).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Ellipticity of transmitted flux (blue squares) and transmittance (red triangles) versus frequency.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Transmittance of LHCP and RHCP modes.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Ellipticity of transmitted flux (blue squares) and transmittance (red triangles) versus frequency for the quasi-periodic array.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Transmittance of LHCP and RHCP modes for the quasi-periodic array.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a)–(c) Several important frequency resonances in the array. (d) One pitch fragment of the helix at the near-λ1 resonance. An electric current induced by the incident harmonic field produces the electric p and magnetic m responses in the helix, which give rise to the scattered fields E on the left.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

A=[12(Ex2+Ey2[Ex4+Ey4+2Ex2Ey2cos(2Δφ)]1/2)]1/2,
B=[12(Ex2+Ey2+[Ex4+Ey4+2Ex2Ey2cos(2Δφ)]1/2)]1/2.
p=(V)eηS(l)dV,
m=12(V)(r×j)dV.
Ep=μ04πR0(p¨k×nk)×nk,
Em=μ04πcR0nk×m¨k.

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