Abstract

We demonstrate a reconfigurable optical transmitter of higher-order modulation formats including pulse-amplitude-modulation (PAM) signals and quadrature-amplitude-modulation (QAM) signals. We generated six different modulation formats by multiplexing 10  Gbit/s on–off-keying (OOK) signals (10 Gbaud binary phase-shift keying, 4-PAM, 8-PAM quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK), 16-QAM and 16-star-QAM with error-vector magnitudes (EVMs) of 8.1%, 7.5%, 7.8%, 8.2%, 7.2%, and 6.9%, respectively) and 80  Gbit/s 16-QAM with an EVM of 8.5%, as well as 120  Gbit/s 64-QAM with an EVM of 7.1%, using two or three 40  Gbit/s QPSK signals, respectively. We also successfully transmitted the generated 16-QAM signals through a 100 km transmission line with negligible power penalty.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013 (1)

2012 (4)

2010 (3)

R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, M. Winter, J. Meyer, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Sakamoto and A. Chiba, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1140 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dai, Y. Okawachi, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and C. Xu, Opt. Express 18, 333 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

Ahmed, N.

S. Khaleghi, O. F. Yilmaz, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Tur, N. Ahmed, S. Nuccio, I. Fazel, X. Wu, M. W. Haney, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1220 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bakhtiari, Z.

Z. Bakhtiari, M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, M. Ziyadi, Z. Ma, L. Paraschis, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2012), paper CTh1H.3.

Becker, J.

R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, M. Winter, J. Meyer, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Charlet, G.

Chiba, A.

T. Sakamoto and A. Chiba, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1140 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chitgarha, M. R.

S. Khaleghi, O. F. Yilmaz, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Tur, N. Ahmed, S. Nuccio, I. Fazel, X. Wu, M. W. Haney, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1220 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Bakhtiari, M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, M. Ziyadi, Z. Ma, L. Paraschis, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2012), paper CTh1H.3.

M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, Z. Ma, M. Ziyadi, O. Gerstel, L. Paraschis, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, and A. Willner, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2012), paper P3.14.

Dai, Y.

Dreschmann, M.

R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, M. Winter, J. Meyer, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dupuy, J.-Y.

Fazel, I.

S. Khaleghi, O. F. Yilmaz, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Tur, N. Ahmed, S. Nuccio, I. Fazel, X. Wu, M. W. Haney, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1220 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M.

M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, Z. Ma, M. Ziyadi, O. Gerstel, L. Paraschis, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, and A. Willner, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2012), paper P3.14.

Fejer, M. M.

S. Khaleghi, O. F. Yilmaz, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Tur, N. Ahmed, S. Nuccio, I. Fazel, X. Wu, M. W. Haney, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1220 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Bakhtiari, M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, M. Ziyadi, Z. Ma, L. Paraschis, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2012), paper CTh1H.3.

Freude, W.

R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, M. Winter, J. Meyer, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

Gerstel, O.

M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, Z. Ma, M. Ziyadi, O. Gerstel, L. Paraschis, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, and A. Willner, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2012), paper P3.14.

Gnauck, A. H.

Haney, M. W.

S. Khaleghi, O. F. Yilmaz, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Tur, N. Ahmed, S. Nuccio, I. Fazel, X. Wu, M. W. Haney, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1220 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hellwarth, R.

Z. Bakhtiari, M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, M. Ziyadi, Z. Ma, L. Paraschis, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2012), paper CTh1H.3.

Hillerkuss, D.

R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, M. Winter, J. Meyer, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, G.

Huang, H.

X. Wu, J. Wang, H. Huang, and A. E. Willner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2011), paper CThH4.

Huebner, M.

R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, M. Winter, J. Meyer, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ishihara, K.

A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, K. Ishihara, H. Masuda, S. Yamamoto, K. Mori, E. Yamazaki, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, T. Yamada, and H. Yamazaki, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), paper PD2.4.

Jorge, F.

Kawanishi, T.

Khaleghi, S.

S. Khaleghi, O. F. Yilmaz, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Tur, N. Ahmed, S. Nuccio, I. Fazel, X. Wu, M. W. Haney, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1220 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, Z. Ma, M. Ziyadi, O. Gerstel, L. Paraschis, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, and A. Willner, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2012), paper P3.14.

Z. Bakhtiari, M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, M. Ziyadi, Z. Ma, L. Paraschis, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2012), paper CTh1H.3.

Kitayama, K.-I.

Kobayashi, T.

A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, K. Ishihara, H. Masuda, S. Yamamoto, K. Mori, E. Yamazaki, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, T. Yamada, and H. Yamazaki, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), paper PD2.4.

Koizumi, Y.

Konczykowska, A.

Koos, C.

R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, M. Winter, J. Meyer, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Langrock, C.

S. Khaleghi, O. F. Yilmaz, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Tur, N. Ahmed, S. Nuccio, I. Fazel, X. Wu, M. W. Haney, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1220 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, Z. Ma, M. Ziyadi, O. Gerstel, L. Paraschis, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, and A. Willner, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2012), paper P3.14.

Z. Bakhtiari, M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, M. Ziyadi, Z. Ma, L. Paraschis, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2012), paper CTh1H.3.

Leuthold, J.

R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, M. Winter, J. Meyer, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

Lipson, M.

Lu, G.-W.

Ma, Z.

Z. Bakhtiari, M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, M. Ziyadi, Z. Ma, L. Paraschis, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2012), paper CTh1H.3.

M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, Z. Ma, M. Ziyadi, O. Gerstel, L. Paraschis, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, and A. Willner, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2012), paper P3.14.

Maruta, A.

Masuda, H.

A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, K. Ishihara, H. Masuda, S. Yamamoto, K. Mori, E. Yamazaki, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, T. Yamada, and H. Yamazaki, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), paper PD2.4.

Meyer, J.

R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, M. Winter, J. Meyer, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Miyamoto, Y.

A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, K. Ishihara, H. Masuda, S. Yamamoto, K. Mori, E. Yamazaki, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, T. Yamada, and H. Yamazaki, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), paper PD2.4.

Miyoshi, Y.

Mori, K.

A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, K. Ishihara, H. Masuda, S. Yamamoto, K. Mori, E. Yamazaki, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, T. Yamada, and H. Yamazaki, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), paper PD2.4.

Nakazawa, M.

Nebendahl, B.

R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, M. Winter, J. Meyer, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nuccio, S.

S. Khaleghi, O. F. Yilmaz, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Tur, N. Ahmed, S. Nuccio, I. Fazel, X. Wu, M. W. Haney, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1220 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Okawachi, Y.

Paraschis, L.

Z. Bakhtiari, M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, M. Ziyadi, Z. Ma, L. Paraschis, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2012), paper CTh1H.3.

M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, Z. Ma, M. Ziyadi, O. Gerstel, L. Paraschis, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, and A. Willner, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2012), paper P3.14.

Peckham, D. W.

Riet, M.

Sakamoto, T.

G.-W. Lu, T. Sakamoto, and T. Kawanishi, Opt. Express 21, 6213 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Sakamoto and A. Chiba, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1140 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sano, A.

A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, K. Ishihara, H. Masuda, S. Yamamoto, K. Mori, E. Yamazaki, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, T. Yamada, and H. Yamazaki, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), paper PD2.4.

Schmogrow, R.

R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, M. Winter, J. Meyer, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Toyoda, K.

Tur, M.

S. Khaleghi, O. F. Yilmaz, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Tur, N. Ahmed, S. Nuccio, I. Fazel, X. Wu, M. W. Haney, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1220 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Turner-Foster, A. C.

Wang, J.

X. Wu, J. Wang, H. Huang, and A. E. Willner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2011), paper CThH4.

Willner, A.

M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, Z. Ma, M. Ziyadi, O. Gerstel, L. Paraschis, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, and A. Willner, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2012), paper P3.14.

Willner, A. E.

S. Khaleghi, O. F. Yilmaz, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Tur, N. Ahmed, S. Nuccio, I. Fazel, X. Wu, M. W. Haney, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1220 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Wu, J. Wang, H. Huang, and A. E. Willner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2011), paper CThH4.

Z. Bakhtiari, M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, M. Ziyadi, Z. Ma, L. Paraschis, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2012), paper CTh1H.3.

Winter, M.

R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, M. Winter, J. Meyer, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Winzer, P. J.

Wu, X.

S. Khaleghi, O. F. Yilmaz, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Tur, N. Ahmed, S. Nuccio, I. Fazel, X. Wu, M. W. Haney, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1220 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Wu, J. Wang, H. Huang, and A. E. Willner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2011), paper CThH4.

Xu, C.

Yamada, T.

A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, K. Ishihara, H. Masuda, S. Yamamoto, K. Mori, E. Yamazaki, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, T. Yamada, and H. Yamazaki, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), paper PD2.4.

Yamamoto, S.

A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, K. Ishihara, H. Masuda, S. Yamamoto, K. Mori, E. Yamazaki, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, T. Yamada, and H. Yamazaki, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), paper PD2.4.

Yamazaki, E.

A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, K. Ishihara, H. Masuda, S. Yamamoto, K. Mori, E. Yamazaki, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, T. Yamada, and H. Yamazaki, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), paper PD2.4.

Yamazaki, H.

A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, K. Ishihara, H. Masuda, S. Yamamoto, K. Mori, E. Yamazaki, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, T. Yamada, and H. Yamazaki, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), paper PD2.4.

Yilmaz, O. F.

S. Khaleghi, O. F. Yilmaz, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Tur, N. Ahmed, S. Nuccio, I. Fazel, X. Wu, M. W. Haney, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1220 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, E.

A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, K. Ishihara, H. Masuda, S. Yamamoto, K. Mori, E. Yamazaki, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, T. Yamada, and H. Yamazaki, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), paper PD2.4.

Yoshida, M.

Yoshida, Y.

Zhu, B.

Ziyadi, M.

M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, Z. Ma, M. Ziyadi, O. Gerstel, L. Paraschis, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, and A. Willner, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2012), paper P3.14.

Z. Bakhtiari, M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, M. Ziyadi, Z. Ma, L. Paraschis, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2012), paper CTh1H.3.

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Sakamoto and A. Chiba, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1140 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

S. Khaleghi, O. F. Yilmaz, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Tur, N. Ahmed, S. Nuccio, I. Fazel, X. Wu, M. W. Haney, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1220 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, M. Winter, J. Meyer, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (3)

Other (4)

X. Wu, J. Wang, H. Huang, and A. E. Willner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2011), paper CThH4.

Z. Bakhtiari, M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, M. Ziyadi, Z. Ma, L. Paraschis, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2012), paper CTh1H.3.

M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, Z. Ma, M. Ziyadi, O. Gerstel, L. Paraschis, C. Langrock, M. Fejer, and A. Willner, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2012), paper P3.14.

A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, K. Ishihara, H. Masuda, S. Yamamoto, K. Mori, E. Yamazaki, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, T. Yamada, and H. Yamazaki, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), paper PD2.4.

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