Abstract

A recently reported variant of asynchronous optical sampling compatible with arbitrary unstabilized laser repetition rates is applied to pump-probe spectroscopy. This makes possible the use of a 5.1 MHz chirped pulse oscillator as the pump laser, thus extending the available time window to almost 200 ns with a time resolution as good as about 320 fs. The method is illustrated with the measurement in a single experiment of the complete charge transfer dynamics of the reaction center from Rhodobacter sphaeroides.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012

2011

2009

K. Gibasiewicz, M. Pajzderska, M. Ziolek, J. Karolczak, and A. Dobek, J. Phys. Chem. B 113, 11023 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2006

A. Bartels, F. Hudert, C. Janke, T. Dekorsy, and K. Kohler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

1998

K. E. McAuley-Hecht, P. K. Fyfe, J. P. Ridge, S. M. Prince, C. N. Hunter, N. W. Isaacs, R. J. Cogdell, and M. R. Jones, Biochemistry 37, 4740 (1998).

1997

M. H. Vos, J. Breton, and J.-L. Martin, J. Phys. Chem. 101, 9820 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

G. Sucha, M. E. Fermann, D. J. Harter, and M. Hofer, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 605 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992

1987

1986

J.-L. Martin, J. Breton, A. J. Hoff, A. Migus, and A. Antonetti, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83, 957 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1977

E. Lill, S. Schneider, and F. Dorr, Appl. Phys. 14, 399 (1977).
[CrossRef]

W. W. Parson and T. G. Monger, Brookhaven Symp. Biol. 28, 195 (1977).

1968

M. A. Duguay and J. W. Hansen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 13, 178 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Antonetti, A.

J.-L. Martin, J. Breton, A. J. Hoff, A. Migus, and A. Antonetti, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83, 957 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Antonucci, L.

Apolonski, A.

Bagnell, M.

Bartels, A.

A. Bartels, F. Hudert, C. Janke, T. Dekorsy, and K. Kohler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bonvalet, A.

Breton, J.

M. H. Vos, J. Breton, and J.-L. Martin, J. Phys. Chem. 101, 9820 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J.-L. Martin, J. Breton, A. J. Hoff, A. Migus, and A. Antonetti, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83, 957 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Brettel, K.

K. Gibasiewicz, M. Pajzderska, A. Dobek, K. Brettel, and M. R. Jones, “Analysis of the kinetics of P+HA- recombination in membrane-embedded wild-type and mutant Rhodobacter sphaeroides reaction centers between 298 and 77 K indicates that the adjacent negatively charged QA ubiquinone modulates the free energy of P+HA- and may influence the rate of the protein dielectric response,” J. Phys. Chem. B (to be published).

Cogdell, R. J.

K. E. McAuley-Hecht, P. K. Fyfe, J. P. Ridge, S. M. Prince, C. N. Hunter, N. W. Isaacs, R. J. Cogdell, and M. R. Jones, Biochemistry 37, 4740 (1998).

Davila-Rodriguez, J.

Dekorsy, T.

A. Bartels, F. Hudert, C. Janke, T. Dekorsy, and K. Kohler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Delfyett, P. J.

Dobek, A.

K. Gibasiewicz, M. Pajzderska, M. Ziolek, J. Karolczak, and A. Dobek, J. Phys. Chem. B 113, 11023 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Gibasiewicz, M. Pajzderska, A. Dobek, K. Brettel, and M. R. Jones, “Analysis of the kinetics of P+HA- recombination in membrane-embedded wild-type and mutant Rhodobacter sphaeroides reaction centers between 298 and 77 K indicates that the adjacent negatively charged QA ubiquinone modulates the free energy of P+HA- and may influence the rate of the protein dielectric response,” J. Phys. Chem. B (to be published).

Dorr, F.

E. Lill, S. Schneider, and F. Dorr, Appl. Phys. 14, 399 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Duguay, M. A.

M. A. Duguay and J. W. Hansen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 13, 178 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Elzinga, P. A.

Fermann, M. E.

G. Sucha, M. E. Fermann, D. J. Harter, and M. Hofer, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 605 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fernandez, A.

Fuji, T.

Fürbach, A.

Fyfe, P. K.

K. E. McAuley-Hecht, P. K. Fyfe, J. P. Ridge, S. M. Prince, C. N. Hunter, N. W. Isaacs, R. J. Cogdell, and M. R. Jones, Biochemistry 37, 4740 (1998).

Gibasiewicz, K.

K. Gibasiewicz, M. Pajzderska, M. Ziolek, J. Karolczak, and A. Dobek, J. Phys. Chem. B 113, 11023 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Gibasiewicz, M. Pajzderska, A. Dobek, K. Brettel, and M. R. Jones, “Analysis of the kinetics of P+HA- recombination in membrane-embedded wild-type and mutant Rhodobacter sphaeroides reaction centers between 298 and 77 K indicates that the adjacent negatively charged QA ubiquinone modulates the free energy of P+HA- and may influence the rate of the protein dielectric response,” J. Phys. Chem. B (to be published).

Gohle, C.

Hansen, J. W.

M. A. Duguay and J. W. Hansen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 13, 178 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Harter, D. J.

G. Sucha, M. E. Fermann, D. J. Harter, and M. Hofer, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 605 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hofer, M.

G. Sucha, M. E. Fermann, D. J. Harter, and M. Hofer, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 605 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hoff, A. J.

J.-L. Martin, J. Breton, A. J. Hoff, A. Migus, and A. Antonetti, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83, 957 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Holzwarth, R.

Hudert, F.

A. Bartels, F. Hudert, C. Janke, T. Dekorsy, and K. Kohler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hunter, C. N.

K. E. McAuley-Hecht, P. K. Fyfe, J. P. Ridge, S. M. Prince, C. N. Hunter, N. W. Isaacs, R. J. Cogdell, and M. R. Jones, Biochemistry 37, 4740 (1998).

Isaacs, N. W.

K. E. McAuley-Hecht, P. K. Fyfe, J. P. Ridge, S. M. Prince, C. N. Hunter, N. W. Isaacs, R. J. Cogdell, and M. R. Jones, Biochemistry 37, 4740 (1998).

Janke, C.

A. Bartels, F. Hudert, C. Janke, T. Dekorsy, and K. Kohler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Y.

Joffre, M.

Jones, M. R.

K. E. McAuley-Hecht, P. K. Fyfe, J. P. Ridge, S. M. Prince, C. N. Hunter, N. W. Isaacs, R. J. Cogdell, and M. R. Jones, Biochemistry 37, 4740 (1998).

K. Gibasiewicz, M. Pajzderska, A. Dobek, K. Brettel, and M. R. Jones, “Analysis of the kinetics of P+HA- recombination in membrane-embedded wild-type and mutant Rhodobacter sphaeroides reaction centers between 298 and 77 K indicates that the adjacent negatively charged QA ubiquinone modulates the free energy of P+HA- and may influence the rate of the protein dielectric response,” J. Phys. Chem. B (to be published).

Kafka, J. D.

Karolczak, J.

K. Gibasiewicz, M. Pajzderska, M. Ziolek, J. Karolczak, and A. Dobek, J. Phys. Chem. B 113, 11023 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Keilmann, F.

King, G. B.

Kneisler, R. J.

Kohler, K.

A. Bartels, F. Hudert, C. Janke, T. Dekorsy, and K. Kohler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

Laurendeau, N. M.

Lill, E.

E. Lill, S. Schneider, and F. Dorr, Appl. Phys. 14, 399 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Lytle, F. E.

Martin, J.-L.

M. H. Vos, J. Breton, and J.-L. Martin, J. Phys. Chem. 101, 9820 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J.-L. Martin, J. Breton, A. J. Hoff, A. Migus, and A. Antonetti, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83, 957 (1986).
[CrossRef]

McAuley-Hecht, K. E.

K. E. McAuley-Hecht, P. K. Fyfe, J. P. Ridge, S. M. Prince, C. N. Hunter, N. W. Isaacs, R. J. Cogdell, and M. R. Jones, Biochemistry 37, 4740 (1998).

Migus, A.

J.-L. Martin, J. Breton, A. J. Hoff, A. Migus, and A. Antonetti, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83, 957 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Monger, T. G.

W. W. Parson and T. G. Monger, Brookhaven Symp. Biol. 28, 195 (1977).

Pajzderska, M.

K. Gibasiewicz, M. Pajzderska, M. Ziolek, J. Karolczak, and A. Dobek, J. Phys. Chem. B 113, 11023 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Gibasiewicz, M. Pajzderska, A. Dobek, K. Brettel, and M. R. Jones, “Analysis of the kinetics of P+HA- recombination in membrane-embedded wild-type and mutant Rhodobacter sphaeroides reaction centers between 298 and 77 K indicates that the adjacent negatively charged QA ubiquinone modulates the free energy of P+HA- and may influence the rate of the protein dielectric response,” J. Phys. Chem. B (to be published).

Parson, W. W.

W. W. Parson and T. G. Monger, Brookhaven Symp. Biol. 28, 195 (1977).

Pieterse, J. W.

Poppe, A.

Prince, S. M.

K. E. McAuley-Hecht, P. K. Fyfe, J. P. Ridge, S. M. Prince, C. N. Hunter, N. W. Isaacs, R. J. Cogdell, and M. R. Jones, Biochemistry 37, 4740 (1998).

Ridge, J. P.

K. E. McAuley-Hecht, P. K. Fyfe, J. P. Ridge, S. M. Prince, C. N. Hunter, N. W. Isaacs, R. J. Cogdell, and M. R. Jones, Biochemistry 37, 4740 (1998).

Schneider, S.

E. Lill, S. Schneider, and F. Dorr, Appl. Phys. 14, 399 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Solinas, X.

Sucha, G.

G. Sucha, M. E. Fermann, D. J. Harter, and M. Hofer, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 605 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vos, M. H.

M. H. Vos, J. Breton, and J.-L. Martin, J. Phys. Chem. 101, 9820 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Watts, M. L.

Williams, C.

Ziolek, M.

K. Gibasiewicz, M. Pajzderska, M. Ziolek, J. Karolczak, and A. Dobek, J. Phys. Chem. B 113, 11023 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys.

E. Lill, S. Schneider, and F. Dorr, Appl. Phys. 14, 399 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. Bartels, F. Hudert, C. Janke, T. Dekorsy, and K. Kohler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Duguay and J. W. Hansen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 13, 178 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Biochemistry

K. E. McAuley-Hecht, P. K. Fyfe, J. P. Ridge, S. M. Prince, C. N. Hunter, N. W. Isaacs, R. J. Cogdell, and M. R. Jones, Biochemistry 37, 4740 (1998).

Brookhaven Symp. Biol.

W. W. Parson and T. G. Monger, Brookhaven Symp. Biol. 28, 195 (1977).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

G. Sucha, M. E. Fermann, D. J. Harter, and M. Hofer, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 605 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Phys. Chem.

M. H. Vos, J. Breton, and J.-L. Martin, J. Phys. Chem. 101, 9820 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B

K. Gibasiewicz, M. Pajzderska, M. Ziolek, J. Karolczak, and A. Dobek, J. Phys. Chem. B 113, 11023 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA

J.-L. Martin, J. Breton, A. J. Hoff, A. Migus, and A. Antonetti, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83, 957 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Other

K. Gibasiewicz, M. Pajzderska, A. Dobek, K. Brettel, and M. R. Jones, “Analysis of the kinetics of P+HA- recombination in membrane-embedded wild-type and mutant Rhodobacter sphaeroides reaction centers between 298 and 77 K indicates that the adjacent negatively charged QA ubiquinone modulates the free energy of P+HA- and may influence the rate of the protein dielectric response,” J. Phys. Chem. B (to be published).

Since the time resolution of the experiment—limited by other factors discussed in the text—is more than five times longer than the specified laser pulse durations, an accurate measurement of the actual pulse durations at the time of the experiment was considered unnecessary.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup for AD-ASOPS pump-probe spectroscopy, including the free-space pump-probe experiment and the fiber-based coincidence detection setup. The inset shows the setup used for characterizing the time resolution of the experiment, where a nonlinear BBO crystal is used in place of the sample.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Cross-correlation signal obtained from sum-frequency mixing in a type-I BBO crystal. The blue circles (resp. red diamonds) are the data measured by selecting coincidence events closer than 0.5 ms (resp. 1 ms). The solid lines correspond to Gaussian fits, indicating a FWHM time resolution of 318 fs (resp. 606 fs).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Time-resolved differential absorbance signal measured in RC. The horizontal axis is linear in the time interval [20 ps, 40 ps] and logarithmic in the time interval [40 ps, 196 ns]. Blue dots correspond to the data averaged in time bins of width 700 fs in the linear part of the plot and of increasing size in the logarithmic part of the plot, hence the improvement in signal-to-noise ratio with increasing time delay. The solid line shows a fit, with an exponential rising time of 3.7 ps and a three-exponential decay with 2.0 ns (53%), 8 ns (42%), and 43 ns (5%) time constants.

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