Abstract

A continuously tunable microwave photonic (MWP) phase shifter based on birefringence effects in a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) is presented and the theoretical fundamentals of the design are explained. This proposed device provides a high efficiency phase-shift tuning range beyond 2πrad by controlling the SOA launch power. A prototype of the MWP phase shifter with a frequency of 10 GHz and 2πrad tuning range is experimentally demonstrated.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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  10. W. Xue, S. Sales, J. Capmany, and J. Mørk, in Slow and Fast Light (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper SMB6.
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    [CrossRef]
  18. T. Kita, N. Tamura, O. Wada, M. Sugawara, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, and Y. Arakawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 211106 (2006).

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (3)

2006 (5)

T. Kita, N. Tamura, O. Wada, M. Sugawara, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, and Y. Arakawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 211106 (2006).

X. Chen, Z. Deng, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 804 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Rideout, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2344 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Winzer and René-Jean Essiambre, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4711 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Fisher and S. L. Chuang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1714 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

J. Han, H. Erlig, D. Chang, M. C. Oh, H. Zhang, C. Zhang, W. Steier, and H. Fetterman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 531 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, and G. A. Knight, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 45, 1003 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

M. L. van Blaricum, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 36, 30 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, and D. M. Bloom, Electron. Lett. 19, 491 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Alouini, M.

Arakawa, Y.

T. Kita, N. Tamura, O. Wada, M. Sugawara, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, and Y. Arakawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 211106 (2006).

Berger, P.

Bloom, D. M.

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, and D. M. Bloom, Electron. Lett. 19, 491 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Bourderionnet, J.

Bretenaker, F.

Capmany, J.

J. Sancho, J. Lloret, I. Gasulla, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, Opt. Express 19, 17421 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Xue, S. Sales, J. Capmany, and J. Mørk, in Slow and Fast Light (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper SMB6.

Chang, D.

J. Han, H. Erlig, D. Chang, M. C. Oh, H. Zhang, C. Zhang, W. Steier, and H. Fetterman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 531 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

X. Chen, Z. Deng, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 804 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Cheng, T. H.

Chuang, S. L.

M. R. Fisher and S. L. Chuang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1714 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Deng, Z.

X. Chen, Z. Deng, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 804 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dolfi, D.

Dong, Y.

Dúill, S. Ó.

Ebe, H.

T. Kita, N. Tamura, O. Wada, M. Sugawara, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, and Y. Arakawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 211106 (2006).

Eisenstein, G.

Ekawa, M.

Erlig, H.

J. Han, H. Erlig, D. Chang, M. C. Oh, H. Zhang, C. Zhang, W. Steier, and H. Fetterman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 531 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Essiambre, René-Jean

Fetterman, H.

J. Han, H. Erlig, D. Chang, M. C. Oh, H. Zhang, C. Zhang, W. Steier, and H. Fetterman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 531 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fisher, M. R.

M. R. Fisher and S. L. Chuang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1714 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gasulla, I.

Goldberg, L.

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, and D. M. Bloom, Electron. Lett. 19, 491 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Han, J.

J. Han, H. Erlig, D. Chang, M. C. Oh, H. Zhang, C. Zhang, W. Steier, and H. Fetterman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 531 (2002).
[CrossRef]

He, H.

Honzatko, P.

Hu, W.

Kita, T.

T. Kita, N. Tamura, O. Wada, M. Sugawara, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, and Y. Arakawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 211106 (2006).

Knight, G. A.

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, and G. A. Knight, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 45, 1003 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kuang, W.

Kumpera, A.

Li, Z.

Lindsay, A. C.

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, and G. A. Knight, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 45, 1003 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lloret, J.

Lu, C.

Morito, K.

Mørk, J.

W. Xue, Y. Chen, F. Öhman, S. Sales, and J. Mørk, Opt. Lett. 33, 1084 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Xue, S. Sales, J. Capmany, and J. Mørk, in Slow and Fast Light (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper SMB6.

Nakata, Y.

T. Kita, N. Tamura, O. Wada, M. Sugawara, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, and Y. Arakawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 211106 (2006).

Novak, D.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oh, M. C.

J. Han, H. Erlig, D. Chang, M. C. Oh, H. Zhang, C. Zhang, W. Steier, and H. Fetterman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 531 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Öhman, F.

Paquet, S.

H. Rideout, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2344 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rideout, H.

H. Rideout, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2344 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sales, S.

Sancho, J.

Seregelyi, J.

H. Rideout, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2344 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Skoda, P.

Steier, W.

J. Han, H. Erlig, D. Chang, M. C. Oh, H. Zhang, C. Zhang, W. Steier, and H. Fetterman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 531 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sugawara, M.

T. Kita, N. Tamura, O. Wada, M. Sugawara, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, and Y. Arakawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 211106 (2006).

Tamura, N.

T. Kita, N. Tamura, O. Wada, M. Sugawara, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, and Y. Arakawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 211106 (2006).

Taylor, H. F.

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, and D. M. Bloom, Electron. Lett. 19, 491 (1983).
[CrossRef]

van Blaricum, M. L.

M. L. van Blaricum, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 36, 30 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wada, O.

T. Kita, N. Tamura, O. Wada, M. Sugawara, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, and Y. Arakawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 211106 (2006).

Wang, Q.

Wang, Y.

Watanabe, T.

Weller, J. F.

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, and D. M. Bloom, Electron. Lett. 19, 491 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Wen, Y. J.

Winnall, S. T.

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, and G. A. Knight, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 45, 1003 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Winzer, P. J.

Xue, W.

W. Xue, Y. Chen, F. Öhman, S. Sales, and J. Mørk, Opt. Lett. 33, 1084 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Xue, S. Sales, J. Capmany, and J. Mørk, in Slow and Fast Light (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper SMB6.

Yao, J. P.

J. P. Yao, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 314 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Chen, Z. Deng, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 804 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Rideout, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2344 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

J. Han, H. Erlig, D. Chang, M. C. Oh, H. Zhang, C. Zhang, W. Steier, and H. Fetterman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 531 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

J. Han, H. Erlig, D. Chang, M. C. Oh, H. Zhang, C. Zhang, W. Steier, and H. Fetterman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 531 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Kita, N. Tamura, O. Wada, M. Sugawara, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, and Y. Arakawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 211106 (2006).

Electron. Lett. (1)

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, and D. M. Bloom, Electron. Lett. 19, 491 (1983).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

H. Rideout, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2344 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Fisher and S. L. Chuang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1714 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Han, H. Erlig, D. Chang, M. C. Oh, H. Zhang, C. Zhang, W. Steier, and H. Fetterman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 531 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. (1)

M. L. van Blaricum, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 36, 30 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (2)

X. Chen, Z. Deng, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 804 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, and G. A. Knight, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 45, 1003 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Nat. Photonics (1)

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (1)

W. Xue, S. Sales, J. Capmany, and J. Mørk, in Slow and Fast Light (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper SMB6.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup for the MWP phase shifter based on birefringence effects in a SOA.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured optical spectrums for the orthogonal polarization and the combined MWP signals.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured and fitted signal gain as a function of SOA output power.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured π/2 and π radian phase shifting by controlling launch power.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured and fitted phase shifts as a function of launch power.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ESSB(t)=x^·(A1ejωct+A2ej(ωcωRF)t),
EPBC(t)=x^·A1ejωct+y^·A2ej(ωcωRF)t.
ESOA(t)=x^·A1ejωct+φ1+y^·A2ej(ωcωRF)t+φ2,
EP(t)=22·x^(A1ejωct+φ1+A2ej(ωcωRF)t+φ2).
iAC(t)=ηRG2A1A2·cos(ωRFt+Δφ),

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