Abstract

We present, to the best of our knowledge, the first demonstration of a narrow linewidth, waveguide-based Brillouin laser that is enabled by large Brillouin gain of a chalcogenide chip. The waveguides are equipped with vertical tapers for low-loss coupling. Due to optical feedback for the Stokes wave, the lasing threshold is reduced to 360 mW, which is five times lower than the calculated single-pass Brillouin threshold for the same waveguide. The slope efficiency of the laser is found to be 30%, and the linewidth of 100 kHz is measured using a self-heterodyne method.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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Besnard, P.

Brilland, L.

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Byrnes, A.

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Chen, T.

H. Lee, T. Chen, Jiang Li, K. Y. Yang, S. Jeon, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, Nat. Photonics 6, 369 (2012).
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Choi, D.

Choi, D.-Y.

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P. T. Rakich, C. Reinke, R. Camacho, P. Davids, and Z. Wang, Phys. Rev. X 2, 011008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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Debut, A.

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A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, Phys. Rev. A 62, 023803 (2000).
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T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photonics 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dolfi, D.

Eggleton, B. J.

Fortier, T. M.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photonics 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fresnel, S.

Frey, R.

Harris, M.

Hile, S.

Huignard, J.-P.

Ip, E.

Jeon, S.

H. Lee, T. Chen, Jiang Li, K. Y. Yang, S. Jeon, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, Nat. Photonics 6, 369 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Y.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photonics 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jin, Z.

Kabakova, I. V.

Kahn, J. M.

Karlsson, C.

Kirchner, M. S.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photonics 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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Kruger, M. S.

L. E. Richter, H. I. Mandelberg, M. S. Kruger, and P. A. McGrath, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 2070 (1986).
[CrossRef]

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Lee, H.

H. Lee, T. Chen, Jiang Li, K. Y. Yang, S. Jeon, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, Nat. Photonics 6, 369 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Leguillon, Y.

Lemke, N.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photonics 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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Levy, S.

Li, E.

Li, Jiang

H. Lee, T. Chen, Jiang Li, K. Y. Yang, S. Jeon, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, Nat. Photonics 6, 369 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ludlow, A.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photonics 5, 425 (2011).
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Oates, C. W.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photonics 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, F.

Painter, O.

H. Lee, T. Chen, Jiang Li, K. Y. Yang, S. Jeon, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, Nat. Photonics 6, 369 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pant, R.

Poulton, C. G.

Quinlan, F.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photonics 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rakich, P. T.

P. T. Rakich, C. Reinke, R. Camacho, P. Davids, and Z. Wang, Phys. Rev. X 2, 011008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Randoux, S.

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 556 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, Phys. Rev. A 62, 023803 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Reinke, C.

P. T. Rakich, C. Reinke, R. Camacho, P. Davids, and Z. Wang, Phys. Rev. X 2, 011008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Richter, L. E.

L. E. Richter, H. I. Mandelberg, M. S. Kruger, and P. A. McGrath, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 2070 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Rosenband, T.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photonics 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Scheuer, J.

Taylor, J.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photonics 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Thevenaz, L.

Tonda-Goldstein, S.

Toupin, P.

Tow, K. H.

Tregoat, D.

Troles, J.

Vahala, K. J.

H. Lee, T. Chen, Jiang Li, K. Y. Yang, S. Jeon, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, Nat. Photonics 6, 369 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

P. T. Rakich, C. Reinke, R. Camacho, P. Davids, and Z. Wang, Phys. Rev. X 2, 011008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Winful, H. G.

Yang, K. Y.

H. Lee, T. Chen, Jiang Li, K. Y. Yang, S. Jeon, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, Nat. Photonics 6, 369 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zadok, A.

Zemmouri, J.

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 556 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, Phys. Rev. A 62, 023803 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. E. Richter, H. I. Mandelberg, M. S. Kruger, and P. A. McGrath, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 2070 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photonics (2)

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photonics 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lee, T. Chen, Jiang Li, K. Y. Yang, S. Jeon, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, Nat. Photonics 6, 369 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, Phys. Rev. A 62, 023803 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. X (1)

P. T. Rakich, C. Reinke, R. Camacho, P. Davids, and Z. Wang, Phys. Rev. X 2, 011008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic of a BL based on photonic chip, (b) micrograph of the As2S3 waveguides (top view) with vertical tapers [13], and (c) numerically calculated acoustic and optical modes in the waveguide.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Stokes power versus input pump power (markers). The inset shows the backscattered OSA spectra taken from the 1% port of the C2 coupler. The two signals are the pump (P) and the Stokes (S), which grows dramatically for input coupled powers >0.36W.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Backscattered signal for the maximum coupled peak power (green curve in the inset of Fig. 3), but with broken feedback around the chip.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Schematic of the measurement setup used to obtain the BL linewidth. Notation used in the scheme: FBG, fiber Bragg grating; PC, polarization controller; IM, intensity modulator; RFG, radio frequency generator; PD, photodetector; RFA, radio frequency analyzer.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

FWHM of the BL measured using RF analyzer. The linewidth is measured at a 3 dB level of a Stokes pedestal.

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