Abstract

We report the simultaneous generation of conventional soliton (CS) and dissipative soliton (DS) in a mode-locked fiber laser exploiting chirped fiber Bragg grating and four-port circulator. The bandwidth and duration of the CS are 0.28 nm and 15.1 ps, respectively. However, the giant-chirp DS exhibits a quasi-rectangular spectrum with a bandwidth of 9.5 nm. The duration of the output DS is 7.3 ps and can be compressed to 0.55 ps external to the cavity. Our numerical results agree well with the experimental observations. The flexible all-fiber laser can provide three different pulse sources, which is convenient and attractive for practical applications.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  7. X. M. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 84, 053828 (2011).
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  8. L. Nelson, D. Jones, K. Tamura, H. Haus, and E. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. Grelu, F. Belhache, F. Gutty, and J. M. Soto-Crespo, Opt. Lett. 27, 966 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. Yun and X. Liu, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 512 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  19. E. Ding, P. Grelu, and J. Kutz, Opt. Lett. 36, 1146 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  20. X. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 81, 053819 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  21. X. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 82, 053808 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  23. H. Zhang, D. Tang, R. Knize, L. Zhao, Q. Bao, and K. Loh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111112 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  24. X. M. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 82, 063834 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  26. D. Han and X. Liu, Opt. Express 20, 27045 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  28. X. Liu, Opt. Express 17, 9549 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  29. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and P. Grelu, Phys. Lett. A 372, 3124 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  30. X. M. Liu and D. Mao, Opt. Express 18, 8847 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2012

2011

E. Ding, P. Grelu, and J. Kutz, Opt. Lett. 36, 1146 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, and Y. Fedotov, Laser Phys. 21, 283 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 84, 023835 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 84, 053828 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

B. Oktem, C. Ulgudur, and F. Ilday, Nat. Photonics 4, 307 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 81, 053819 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 82, 053808 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, D. Tang, R. Knize, L. Zhao, Q. Bao, and K. Loh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111112 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 82, 063834 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 81, 023811 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu and D. Mao, Opt. Express 18, 8847 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and P. Grelu, Phys. Lett. A 372, 3124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Wise, A. Chong, and W. Renninger, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 58 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2002

2000

1997

L. Nelson, D. Jones, K. Tamura, H. Haus, and E. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Akhmediev, N.

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, Nat. Photonics 6, 84 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and P. Grelu, Phys. Lett. A 372, 3124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Collings, S. Cundiff, N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. Knox, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 354 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Arif, R.

Bao, Q.

H. Zhang, D. Tang, R. Knize, L. Zhao, Q. Bao, and K. Loh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111112 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Belhache, F.

Bergman, K.

Chong, A.

F. Wise, A. Chong, and W. Renninger, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 58 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Collings, B.

Cundiff, S.

Denisov, V.

B. Nyushkov, A. Ivanenko, S. Kobtsev, S. Turitsyn, C. Mou, L. Zhang, V. Denisov, and V. Pivtsov, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 59 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ding, E.

Duan, L.

Fedotov, Y.

Ferrari, A. C.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Grelu, P.

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, Nat. Photonics 6, 84 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Ding, P. Grelu, and J. Kutz, Opt. Lett. 36, 1146 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and P. Grelu, Phys. Lett. A 372, 3124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Grelu, F. Belhache, F. Gutty, and J. M. Soto-Crespo, Opt. Lett. 27, 966 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gutty, F.

Han, D.

Haus, H.

L. Nelson, D. Jones, K. Tamura, H. Haus, and E. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hennrich, F.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Holtom, G.

Ilday, F.

B. Oktem, C. Ulgudur, and F. Ilday, Nat. Photonics 4, 307 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E.

L. Nelson, D. Jones, K. Tamura, H. Haus, and E. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ivanenko, A.

S. Smirnov, S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, and A. Ivanenko, Opt. Express 20, 27447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Nyushkov, A. Ivanenko, S. Kobtsev, S. Turitsyn, C. Mou, L. Zhang, V. Denisov, and V. Pivtsov, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 59 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D.

L. Nelson, D. Jones, K. Tamura, H. Haus, and E. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kataura, H.

Kieu, K.

Knize, R.

H. Zhang, D. Tang, R. Knize, L. Zhao, Q. Bao, and K. Loh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111112 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Knox, W.

Kobtsev, S.

S. Smirnov, S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, and A. Ivanenko, Opt. Express 20, 27447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fedotov, S. Kobtsev, R. Arif, A. Rozhin, C. Mou, and S. Turitsyn, Opt. Express 20, 17797 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Nyushkov, A. Ivanenko, S. Kobtsev, S. Turitsyn, C. Mou, L. Zhang, V. Denisov, and V. Pivtsov, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 59 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, and Y. Fedotov, Laser Phys. 21, 283 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kukarin, S.

S. Smirnov, S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, and A. Ivanenko, Opt. Express 20, 27447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, and Y. Fedotov, Laser Phys. 21, 283 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kutz, J.

Lecaplain, C.

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

L. Yun and X. Liu, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 512 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Mao, X. Liu, and H. Lu, Opt. Lett. 37, 2619 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Han and X. Liu, Opt. Express 20, 27045 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 81, 053819 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 82, 053808 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 81, 023811 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Opt. Express 17, 9549 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. M.

L. Duan, X. M. Liu, D. Mao, L. Wang, and G. Wang, Opt. Express 20, 265 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 84, 023835 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 84, 053828 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu and D. Mao, Opt. Express 18, 8847 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 82, 063834 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Loh, K.

H. Zhang, D. Tang, R. Knize, L. Zhao, Q. Bao, and K. Loh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111112 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lu, H.

Mao, D.

Milne, W. I.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mou, C.

Y. Fedotov, S. Kobtsev, R. Arif, A. Rozhin, C. Mou, and S. Turitsyn, Opt. Express 20, 17797 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Nyushkov, A. Ivanenko, S. Kobtsev, S. Turitsyn, C. Mou, L. Zhang, V. Denisov, and V. Pivtsov, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 59 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L.

L. Nelson, D. Jones, K. Tamura, H. Haus, and E. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nishizawa, N.

Nozaki, Y.

Nyushkov, B.

B. Nyushkov, A. Ivanenko, S. Kobtsev, S. Turitsyn, C. Mou, L. Zhang, V. Denisov, and V. Pivtsov, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 59 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Oktem, B.

B. Oktem, C. Ulgudur, and F. Ilday, Nat. Photonics 4, 307 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Omoda, E.

Pivtsov, V.

B. Nyushkov, A. Ivanenko, S. Kobtsev, S. Turitsyn, C. Mou, L. Zhang, V. Denisov, and V. Pivtsov, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 59 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Renninger, W.

F. Wise, A. Chong, and W. Renninger, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 58 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rozhin, A.

Rozhin, A. G.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Saar, B.

Sakakibara, Y.

Scardaci, V.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Smirnov, S.

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and P. Grelu, Phys. Lett. A 372, 3124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Grelu, F. Belhache, F. Gutty, and J. M. Soto-Crespo, Opt. Lett. 27, 966 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Collings, S. Cundiff, N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. Knox, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 354 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Z.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

L. Nelson, D. Jones, K. Tamura, H. Haus, and E. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D.

H. Zhang, D. Tang, R. Knize, L. Zhao, Q. Bao, and K. Loh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111112 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Turitsyn, S.

B. Nyushkov, A. Ivanenko, S. Kobtsev, S. Turitsyn, C. Mou, L. Zhang, V. Denisov, and V. Pivtsov, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 59 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fedotov, S. Kobtsev, R. Arif, A. Rozhin, C. Mou, and S. Turitsyn, Opt. Express 20, 17797 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ulgudur, C.

B. Oktem, C. Ulgudur, and F. Ilday, Nat. Photonics 4, 307 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, F.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G.

Wang, L.

White, I. H.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F.

K. Kieu, B. Saar, G. Holtom, X. Xie, and F. Wise, Opt. Lett. 34, 2051 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Wise, A. Chong, and W. Renninger, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 58 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xie, X.

Yun, L.

L. Yun and X. Liu, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 512 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, D. Tang, R. Knize, L. Zhao, Q. Bao, and K. Loh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111112 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

B. Nyushkov, A. Ivanenko, S. Kobtsev, S. Turitsyn, C. Mou, L. Zhang, V. Denisov, and V. Pivtsov, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 59 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, L.

H. Zhang, D. Tang, R. Knize, L. Zhao, Q. Bao, and K. Loh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111112 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

L. Nelson, D. Jones, K. Tamura, H. Haus, and E. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. Zhang, D. Tang, R. Knize, L. Zhao, Q. Bao, and K. Loh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111112 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J.

L. Yun and X. Liu, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 512 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Laser Photon. Rev.

F. Wise, A. Chong, and W. Renninger, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 58 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys.

S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, and Y. Fedotov, Laser Phys. 21, 283 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett.

B. Nyushkov, A. Ivanenko, S. Kobtsev, S. Turitsyn, C. Mou, L. Zhang, V. Denisov, and V. Pivtsov, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 59 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Nanotechnol.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 738 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, Nat. Photonics 6, 84 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Oktem, C. Ulgudur, and F. Ilday, Nat. Photonics 4, 307 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Lett. A

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and P. Grelu, Phys. Lett. A 372, 3124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

X. M. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 82, 063834 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 84, 023835 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 84, 053828 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 81, 053819 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 82, 053808 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 81, 023811 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other

S. Smirnov, S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, S. Turitsyn, and K. Jakubczak, ed., in Laser Systems for Applications (InTech, 2011), Chap. 3, pp. 39–58.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the fiber laser for simultaneous generation of CS and DS.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Optical spectrum (a) and RF spectrum (b) of the output pulses. Separated spectra and AC traces of the CS (c), (d) and DS (e), (f). The insets in Figs. 2(c) and (e) are the pulse trains of the CS and DS, respectively.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Pulse durations of CS and DS versus propagation distance in SMF. The solid lines in (a) are the fit to the experimental data. (b) AC trace of the dechirped DS.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Dynamic evolutions of CS (a) and (b) and DS (c) and (d) as a function of round trip numbers.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Optical spectra, temporal profiles and chirp characteristics of the CS (a) and (b) and DS (c) and (d).

Equations (1)

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uz=ik222ut2+g2u+iγ|u|2u+g2Ωg2ut2.

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