Abstract

We propose a photonic crystal (PhC) nanofishbone (NFB) nanocavity, which confines an ultrahigh Q (1.8×107) transverse-magnetic (TM) mode. With thin slab thickness and only few PhC periods, the TM mode in NFB nanocavity shows higher Q, larger confinement factor and smaller mode volume than that in PhC nanobeam nanocavity, while the total etched-surface area is also significantly reduced. This PhC NFB nanocavity with very compact device size will be very beneficial for quantum cascade lasers, plasmonic nanolasers, and other applications needing high Q TM modes.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, X. Serey, R. Sarkar, P. Chen, and D. Erickson, Nano Lett. 12, 1633 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Lu, P. T. Lin, and P. T. Lee, Opt. Lett. 37, 569 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2010

Y. Zhang, M. Khan, Y. Huang, J. H. Ryou, P. B. Deotare, R. Dupuis, and M. Lončar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Wang, M. A. Dündar, R. Nötzel, F. Karouta, S. He, and R. W. van der Heijden, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 151105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chassagneux, R. Colombelli, W. Maineult, S. Barbieri, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 031104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

2007

2006

M. Barthaand and O. Benson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 253114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Andreani, L. C.

D. Mascoli, D. Gerace, and L. C. Andreani, Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 9, 63 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Asano, T.

Baba, T.

Bahriz, M.

Barbieri, S.

Y. Chassagneux, R. Colombelli, W. Maineult, S. Barbieri, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 031104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Barthaand, M.

M. Barthaand and O. Benson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 253114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Benson, O.

M. Barthaand and O. Benson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 253114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Burgess, I. B.

Chassagneux, Y.

Y. Chassagneux, R. Colombelli, W. Maineult, S. Barbieri, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 031104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, P.

Y. F. Chen, X. Serey, R. Sarkar, P. Chen, and D. Erickson, Nano Lett. 12, 1633 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

Y. F. Chen, X. Serey, R. Sarkar, P. Chen, and D. Erickson, Nano Lett. 12, 1633 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Colombelli, R.

Y. Chassagneux, R. Colombelli, W. Maineult, S. Barbieri, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 031104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bahriz, V. Moreau, R. Colombelli, O. Crisafulli, and O. Painter, Opt. Express 15, 5948 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Crisafulli, O.

Davies, A. G.

Y. Chassagneux, R. Colombelli, W. Maineult, S. Barbieri, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 031104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Deotare, P. B.

Y. Zhang, M. Khan, Y. Huang, J. H. Ryou, P. B. Deotare, R. Dupuis, and M. Lončar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Deotare, M. W. McCutcheon, I. W. Frank, M. Khan, and M. Lončar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 121106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dündar, M. A.

B. Wang, M. A. Dündar, R. Nötzel, F. Karouta, S. He, and R. W. van der Heijden, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 151105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dupuis, R.

Y. Zhang, M. Khan, Y. Huang, J. H. Ryou, P. B. Deotare, R. Dupuis, and M. Lončar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ellis, B.

B. Ellis, M. Mayer, G. Shambat, T. Sarmiento, E. Haller, J. S. Harris, and J. Vuckovic, Nat. Photonics 5, 297 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Endo, T.

Erickson, D.

Y. F. Chen, X. Serey, R. Sarkar, P. Chen, and D. Erickson, Nano Lett. 12, 1633 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Frank, I. W.

P. B. Deotare, M. W. McCutcheon, I. W. Frank, M. Khan, and M. Lončar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 121106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gerace, D.

D. Mascoli, D. Gerace, and L. C. Andreani, Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 9, 63 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hachuda, S.

Haller, E.

B. Ellis, M. Mayer, G. Shambat, T. Sarmiento, E. Haller, J. S. Harris, and J. Vuckovic, Nat. Photonics 5, 297 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Haret, L. D.

Harris, J. S.

B. Ellis, M. Mayer, G. Shambat, T. Sarmiento, E. Haller, J. S. Harris, and J. Vuckovic, Nat. Photonics 5, 297 (2011).
[CrossRef]

He, S.

B. Wang, M. A. Dündar, R. Nötzel, F. Karouta, S. He, and R. W. van der Heijden, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 151105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.

Y. Zhang, M. Khan, Y. Huang, J. H. Ryou, P. B. Deotare, R. Dupuis, and M. Lončar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Imai, Y.

Karouta, F.

B. Wang, M. A. Dündar, R. Nötzel, F. Karouta, S. He, and R. W. van der Heijden, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 151105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kawaguchi, Y.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Khan, M.

Y. Zhang, M. Khan, Y. Huang, J. H. Ryou, P. B. Deotare, R. Dupuis, and M. Lončar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Deotare, M. W. McCutcheon, I. W. Frank, M. Khan, and M. Lončar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 121106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Khanna, S. P.

Y. Chassagneux, R. Colombelli, W. Maineult, S. Barbieri, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 031104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M.

Kita, S.

Kuramochi, E.

Lakhani, A. M.

Lau, E. K.

Lee, P. T.

Lin, P. T.

Linfield, E. H.

Y. Chassagneux, R. Colombelli, W. Maineult, S. Barbieri, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 031104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Loncar, M.

Y. Zhang, M. Khan, Y. Huang, J. H. Ryou, P. B. Deotare, R. Dupuis, and M. Lončar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, M. W. McCutcheon, I. B. Burgess, and M. Lončar, Opt. Lett. 34, 2694 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Deotare, M. W. McCutcheon, I. W. Frank, M. Khan, and M. Lončar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 121106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lu, T. W.

Maineult, W.

Y. Chassagneux, R. Colombelli, W. Maineult, S. Barbieri, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 031104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mascoli, D.

D. Mascoli, D. Gerace, and L. C. Andreani, Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 9, 63 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Matsuo, S.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mayer, M.

B. Ellis, M. Mayer, G. Shambat, T. Sarmiento, E. Haller, J. S. Harris, and J. Vuckovic, Nat. Photonics 5, 297 (2011).
[CrossRef]

McCutcheon, M. W.

Y. Zhang, M. W. McCutcheon, I. B. Burgess, and M. Lončar, Opt. Lett. 34, 2694 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Deotare, M. W. McCutcheon, I. W. Frank, M. Khan, and M. Lončar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 121106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Misawa, H.

Moreau, V.

Nishijima, Y.

Noda, S.

Notomi, M.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. D. Haret, T. Tanabe, E. Kuramochi, and M. Notomi, Opt. Express 17, 21108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, and H. Taniyama, Opt. Express 16, 11095 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nötzel, R.

B. Wang, M. A. Dündar, R. Nötzel, F. Karouta, S. He, and R. W. van der Heijden, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 151105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nozaki, K.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Otsuka, S.

Painter, O.

Ryou, J. H.

Y. Zhang, M. Khan, Y. Huang, J. H. Ryou, P. B. Deotare, R. Dupuis, and M. Lončar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sarkar, R.

Y. F. Chen, X. Serey, R. Sarkar, P. Chen, and D. Erickson, Nano Lett. 12, 1633 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sarmiento, T.

B. Ellis, M. Mayer, G. Shambat, T. Sarmiento, E. Haller, J. S. Harris, and J. Vuckovic, Nat. Photonics 5, 297 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sato, T.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Segawa, T.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Serey, X.

Y. F. Chen, X. Serey, R. Sarkar, P. Chen, and D. Erickson, Nano Lett. 12, 1633 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shambat, G.

B. Ellis, M. Mayer, G. Shambat, T. Sarmiento, E. Haller, J. S. Harris, and J. Vuckovic, Nat. Photonics 5, 297 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shinya, A.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Song, B. S.

Suzaki, Y.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, R.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tanabe, T.

Taniyama, H.

van der Heijden, R. W.

B. Wang, M. A. Dündar, R. Nötzel, F. Karouta, S. He, and R. W. van der Heijden, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 151105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vuckovic, J.

B. Ellis, M. Mayer, G. Shambat, T. Sarmiento, E. Haller, J. S. Harris, and J. Vuckovic, Nat. Photonics 5, 297 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, B.

B. Wang, M. A. Dündar, R. Nötzel, F. Karouta, S. He, and R. W. van der Heijden, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 151105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wu, M. C.

Yamada, S.

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, M. Khan, Y. Huang, J. H. Ryou, P. B. Deotare, R. Dupuis, and M. Lončar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, M. W. McCutcheon, I. B. Burgess, and M. Lončar, Opt. Lett. 34, 2694 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Barthaand and O. Benson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 253114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chassagneux, R. Colombelli, W. Maineult, S. Barbieri, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 031104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Deotare, M. W. McCutcheon, I. W. Frank, M. Khan, and M. Lončar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 121106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, M. Khan, Y. Huang, J. H. Ryou, P. B. Deotare, R. Dupuis, and M. Lončar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Wang, M. A. Dündar, R. Nötzel, F. Karouta, S. He, and R. W. van der Heijden, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 151105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

Y. F. Chen, X. Serey, R. Sarkar, P. Chen, and D. Erickson, Nano Lett. 12, 1633 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

B. Ellis, M. Mayer, G. Shambat, T. Sarmiento, E. Haller, J. S. Harris, and J. Vuckovic, Nat. Photonics 5, 297 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl.

D. Mascoli, D. Gerace, and L. C. Andreani, Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 9, 63 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schemes and lattice parameters of 1D PhC NFB and NB. (b) The first three TM-like bands in 1D PhC NFB and (c) their theoretic mode profiles in Ez fields at kx=0.5(2π/a) via PWE method.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Design of 1D PhC NFB nanocavity with the tapered and outer mirrors. (b) Theoretic mode profiles at xy and yz planes of (top) TM10 (in |Ez| fields) and (bottom) TE00 (in |Et| fields) modes confined in 1D PhC NFB nanocavity.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Theoretic Q and γd factors of the TM10 modes in 1D PhC Si, SiC NFB nanocavities, and the TM00 modes in 1D PhC Si NB nanocavities as functions of (a) P and (b) tNFB. Theoretic Q mappings of the TM10 modes in 1D PhC (c) Si and (d) SiC NFB nanocavities as functions of w and r/a.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Theoretic TM00 mode profiles in |Ez| fields at xy and yz planes in 1D PhC NB nanocavity via 3D FEM. (b) Cross-sectional |Ez| field distributions with Gaussian fittings of the TM10 and TM00 modes in 1D PhC NFB and NB nanocavities with the same parameters. (c) Theoretic Aetch of 1D PhC NFB and NB nanocavities as a function of r/a ratio from 0.29 to 0.36 with fixed P of 13.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Comparisons of TM10 and TM00 Mode Properties in 1D PhC Si NFB and NB Nanocavities with Fixed r/a=0.34, w=a, and Compact Device Size (tNB=tNFB=0.90a, and P=13)

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