Abstract

A GeO2-SiO2-chitosan-medium (GSCM)-coated hollow optical fiber (HOF) is proposed. The HOF consists of three parts: the fiber core (air), cladding (SiO2), and coating (GSCM), which shows the highest refractive index of the three. The HOF’s luminescence properties and surface morphology are investigated. Their adsorption capacity for Rhodopseudomonas palustris CQK 01 is also assayed. We discovered that when the amount of 2GeO2-SiO2 sol dopant is 0.9 mass percent, the HOF exhibits the highest luminous intensity and uniform light distribution, and the adsorption capacity for the cell is 3.2 times higher than that of a normal solid optical fiber.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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Franco, M. A.

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D. D. Androga, E. Ozgur, U. Gunduz, M. Yucel, and I. Eroglua, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 36, 11369 (2011).
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C. L. Guo, X. Zhu, Q. Liao, Y. Z. Wang, R. Chen, and D. J. Lee, Biotechnol. Tech. 102, 8507 (2011).
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Hao, R. X.

A. H. Lu, Y. Li, S. Jin, X. Wang, X. L. Wu, C. P. Zeng, Y. Li, H. R. Ding, R. X. Hao, M. Lv, C. Q. Wang, Y. Q. Tang, and H. L. Dong, Nat. Commun. 3, 768 (2012).
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Heidepriem, H. E.

Hoffmann, P.

Hoiby, P. E.

Høiby, P. E.

G. Emiliyanov, P. E. Høiby, L. H. Pedersen, and O. Bang, Sensors 13, 3242 (2013).
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Jain, A.

Jansen, F.

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H.-J. Otto, T. Eidam, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, Light Sci. Appl. 1, e8 (2012).
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Jauregui, C.

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Jensen, J. B.

Jin, S.

A. H. Lu, Y. Li, S. Jin, X. Wang, X. L. Wu, C. P. Zeng, Y. Li, H. R. Ding, R. X. Hao, M. Lv, C. Q. Wang, Y. Q. Tang, and H. L. Dong, Nat. Commun. 3, 768 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D. J.

C. L. Guo, X. Zhu, Q. Liao, Y. Z. Wang, R. Chen, and D. J. Lee, Biotechnol. Tech. 102, 8507 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Liao, N. B. Zhong, X. Zhu, R. Chen, Y. Z. Wang, and D. J. Lee, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.04.146 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Léonard, A.

A. Léonard, P. Dandoy, E. Danloy, G. Leroux, C. F. Meunier, J. C. Rooke, and B. L. Su, Chem. Soc. Rev. 40, 860 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Leroux, G.

A. Léonard, P. Dandoy, E. Danloy, G. Leroux, C. F. Meunier, J. C. Rooke, and B. L. Su, Chem. Soc. Rev. 40, 860 (2011).
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Li, Y.

A. H. Lu, Y. Li, S. Jin, X. Wang, X. L. Wu, C. P. Zeng, Y. Li, H. R. Ding, R. X. Hao, M. Lv, C. Q. Wang, Y. Q. Tang, and H. L. Dong, Nat. Commun. 3, 768 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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H. Q. Yang, X. Wang, Y. F. Li, B. L. Zhang, L. Y. Zhang, and X. Yao, Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 178 (2002).

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N. B. Zhong, X. Zhu, Q. Liao, Y. Z. Wang, R. Chen, and Y. H. Sun, Appl. Opt. 52, 3937 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Guo, X. Zhu, Q. Liao, Y. Z. Wang, R. Chen, and D. J. Lee, Biotechnol. Tech. 102, 8507 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Liao, N. B. Zhong, X. Zhu, R. Chen, Y. Z. Wang, and D. J. Lee, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.04.146 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H.-J. Otto, T. Eidam, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, Light Sci. Appl. 1, e8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Llamas, R. G.

Lu, A. H.

A. H. Lu, Y. Li, S. Jin, X. Wang, X. L. Wu, C. P. Zeng, Y. Li, H. R. Ding, R. X. Hao, M. Lv, C. Q. Wang, Y. Q. Tang, and H. L. Dong, Nat. Commun. 3, 768 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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A. H. Lu, Y. Li, S. Jin, X. Wang, X. L. Wu, C. P. Zeng, Y. Li, H. R. Ding, R. X. Hao, M. Lv, C. Q. Wang, Y. Q. Tang, and H. L. Dong, Nat. Commun. 3, 768 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Matos, C. J.

Meunier, C. F.

A. Léonard, P. Dandoy, E. Danloy, G. Leroux, C. F. Meunier, J. C. Rooke, and B. L. Su, Chem. Soc. Rev. 40, 860 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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Moore, R. C.

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D. D. Androga, E. Ozgur, U. Gunduz, M. Yucel, and I. Eroglua, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 36, 11369 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pedersen, L. H.

Psaltis, D.

D. Erickson, D. Sinton, and D. Psaltis, Nat. Photonics 5, 583 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Regalado, L. E.

Rindorf, L.

Rooke, J. C.

A. Léonard, P. Dandoy, E. Danloy, G. Leroux, C. F. Meunier, J. C. Rooke, and B. L. Su, Chem. Soc. Rev. 40, 860 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ruan, Y. L.

Serrão, V. A.

Sinton, D.

D. Erickson, D. Sinton, and D. Psaltis, Nat. Photonics 5, 583 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sircilli, F.

Smith, S. W.

Stutzki, F.

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H.-J. Otto, T. Eidam, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, Light Sci. Appl. 1, e8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Su, B. L.

A. Léonard, P. Dandoy, E. Danloy, G. Leroux, C. F. Meunier, J. C. Rooke, and B. L. Su, Chem. Soc. Rev. 40, 860 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y. H.

Tang, Y. Q.

A. H. Lu, Y. Li, S. Jin, X. Wang, X. L. Wu, C. P. Zeng, Y. Li, H. R. Ding, R. X. Hao, M. Lv, C. Q. Wang, Y. Q. Tang, and H. L. Dong, Nat. Commun. 3, 768 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H.-J. Otto, T. Eidam, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, Light Sci. Appl. 1, e8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. Q.

A. H. Lu, Y. Li, S. Jin, X. Wang, X. L. Wu, C. P. Zeng, Y. Li, H. R. Ding, R. X. Hao, M. Lv, C. Q. Wang, Y. Q. Tang, and H. L. Dong, Nat. Commun. 3, 768 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

A. H. Lu, Y. Li, S. Jin, X. Wang, X. L. Wu, C. P. Zeng, Y. Li, H. R. Ding, R. X. Hao, M. Lv, C. Q. Wang, Y. Q. Tang, and H. L. Dong, Nat. Commun. 3, 768 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Q. Yang, X. Wang, Y. F. Li, B. L. Zhang, L. Y. Zhang, and X. Yao, Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 178 (2002).

Wang, Y. Z.

N. B. Zhong, X. Zhu, Q. Liao, Y. Z. Wang, R. Chen, and Y. H. Sun, Appl. Opt. 52, 3937 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Guo, X. Zhu, Q. Liao, Y. Z. Wang, R. Chen, and D. J. Lee, Biotechnol. Tech. 102, 8507 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Liao, N. B. Zhong, X. Zhu, R. Chen, Y. Z. Wang, and D. J. Lee, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.04.146 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X. L.

A. H. Lu, Y. Li, S. Jin, X. Wang, X. L. Wu, C. P. Zeng, Y. Li, H. R. Ding, R. X. Hao, M. Lv, C. Q. Wang, Y. Q. Tang, and H. L. Dong, Nat. Commun. 3, 768 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yang, A. H. J.

Yang, H. Q.

H. Q. Yang, X. Wang, Y. F. Li, B. L. Zhang, L. Y. Zhang, and X. Yao, Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 178 (2002).

Yao, X.

H. Q. Yang, X. Wang, Y. F. Li, B. L. Zhang, L. Y. Zhang, and X. Yao, Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 178 (2002).

Yucel, M.

D. D. Androga, E. Ozgur, U. Gunduz, M. Yucel, and I. Eroglua, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 36, 11369 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, C. P.

A. H. Lu, Y. Li, S. Jin, X. Wang, X. L. Wu, C. P. Zeng, Y. Li, H. R. Ding, R. X. Hao, M. Lv, C. Q. Wang, Y. Q. Tang, and H. L. Dong, Nat. Commun. 3, 768 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B. L.

H. Q. Yang, X. Wang, Y. F. Li, B. L. Zhang, L. Y. Zhang, and X. Yao, Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 178 (2002).

Zhang, L. Y.

H. Q. Yang, X. Wang, Y. F. Li, B. L. Zhang, L. Y. Zhang, and X. Yao, Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 178 (2002).

Zhong, N. B.

N. B. Zhong, X. Zhu, Q. Liao, Y. Z. Wang, R. Chen, and Y. H. Sun, Appl. Opt. 52, 3937 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Q. Liao, N. B. Zhong, X. Zhu, R. Chen, Y. Z. Wang, and D. J. Lee, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.04.146 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, X.

N. B. Zhong, X. Zhu, Q. Liao, Y. Z. Wang, R. Chen, and Y. H. Sun, Appl. Opt. 52, 3937 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Guo, X. Zhu, Q. Liao, Y. Z. Wang, R. Chen, and D. J. Lee, Biotechnol. Tech. 102, 8507 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Liao, N. B. Zhong, X. Zhu, R. Chen, Y. Z. Wang, and D. J. Lee, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.04.146 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Acta Phys. Sin.

H. Q. Yang, X. Wang, Y. F. Li, B. L. Zhang, L. Y. Zhang, and X. Yao, Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 178 (2002).

Appl. Opt.

Biotechnol. Tech.

C. L. Guo, X. Zhu, Q. Liao, Y. Z. Wang, R. Chen, and D. J. Lee, Biotechnol. Tech. 102, 8507 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Soc. Rev.

A. Léonard, P. Dandoy, E. Danloy, G. Leroux, C. F. Meunier, J. C. Rooke, and B. L. Su, Chem. Soc. Rev. 40, 860 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Hydrogen Energy

D. D. Androga, E. Ozgur, U. Gunduz, M. Yucel, and I. Eroglua, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 36, 11369 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Light Sci. Appl.

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H.-J. Otto, T. Eidam, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, Light Sci. Appl. 1, e8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Commun.

A. H. Lu, Y. Li, S. Jin, X. Wang, X. L. Wu, C. P. Zeng, Y. Li, H. R. Ding, R. X. Hao, M. Lv, C. Q. Wang, Y. Q. Tang, and H. L. Dong, Nat. Commun. 3, 768 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

D. Erickson, D. Sinton, and D. Psaltis, Nat. Photonics 5, 583 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Sensors

G. Emiliyanov, P. E. Høiby, L. H. Pedersen, and O. Bang, Sensors 13, 3242 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Other

Q. Liao, N. B. Zhong, X. Zhu, R. Chen, Y. Z. Wang, and D. J. Lee, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.04.146 (2013).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Structure of the SOF and the HOF. (1) Coating, (2) cladding, (3) core, (4) hemispherical tip, (5) pit, and (6) GeO2.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic diagram of light transmission modes in HOF.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Luminous intensity curves. (a) Luminous intensity at fiber surface along the axial direction (fiber length). (b) Luminous intensity along the radial direction at axial distance of 90 mm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Environmental scanning electron microscope (ESEM) images (8.00 KX) of HOF surfaces.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Luminous intensity curves. (a) Luminous intensity along the axial direction. (b) Luminous intensity along the radial direction at an axial length of 90 mm.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Biofilm dry weights and thicknesses on different fibers (support materials).

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Picture and ESEM images (8.00 KX) of biofilms on fibers’ surfaces. (a) Picture of biofilms on fibers. (b) ESEM image of biofilm on HOF_1. (c) ESEM image of biofilm on HOF_3_II. (d) ESEM image of biofilm on SOF.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Compositions of Fibers’ Coatings

Tables Icon

Table 2. Characteristic Parameters of HOFs

Metrics