Abstract

Optical filters with an ultranarrow and rectangular spectral response are highly desired for high-resolution optical/electrical signal processing. An all-fiber optical filter based on a fiber Bragg grating with a large number of phase shifts is designed and fabricated. The measured spectral response shows a 3 dB bandwidth of 650 MHz and a rectangular shape factor of 0.513 at the 25 dB bandwidth. This is the narrowest rectangular bandpass response ever reported for an all-fiber filter, to the best of our knowledge. The filter has also the intrinsic advantages of an all-fiber implementation.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012 (2)

2011 (1)

W. Horn, S. Kroesen, and C. Denz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 241116 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

X. M. Liu, Opt. Commun. 280, 147 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

L. Xia, P. Shum, Y. Wang, and T. H. Cheng, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2162 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Blais and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2230 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

X. F. Chen, J. P. Yao, F. Zeng, and Z. Deng, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1390 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1997 (5)

F. Bakhti and P. Sansonetti, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1433 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Wei and J. W. Y. Lit, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1405 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Giles, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1391 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Komukai, K. Tamura, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 934 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Erdogan, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

L. Zhang, K. Sugden, I. Bennion, and A. Mology, Electron. Lett. 31, 477 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Zengerle and O. Leminger, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2354 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

J. Canning and M. G. Sceats, Electron. Lett. 30, 1344 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Agrawal and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 995 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1978 (1)

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Absil, P. P.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 995 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Andrés, M. V.

Bakhti, F.

F. Bakhti and P. Sansonetti, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1433 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

L. Zhang, K. Sugden, I. Bennion, and A. Mology, Electron. Lett. 31, 477 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Blais, S. R.

S. R. Blais and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2230 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Canning, J.

J. Canning and M. G. Sceats, Electron. Lett. 30, 1344 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

Chen, X. F.

X. F. Chen, J. P. Yao, F. Zeng, and Z. Deng, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1390 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, T. H.

L. Xia, P. Shum, Y. Wang, and T. H. Cheng, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2162 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S. T.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, J. L.

Deng, Z.

X. F. Chen, J. P. Yao, F. Zeng, and Z. Deng, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1390 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Denz, C.

W. Horn, S. Kroesen, and C. Denz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 241116 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Díez, A.

Edvell, L. G.

D. B. Hunter, L. G. Edvell, and M. A. Englund, in Proceedings of 2005 IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics, (IEEE, 2005), pp. 249–251.

Englund, M. A.

D. B. Hunter, L. G. Edvell, and M. A. Englund, in Proceedings of 2005 IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics, (IEEE, 2005), pp. 249–251.

Erdogan, T.

T. Erdogan, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fujii, Y.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Giles, C. R.

C. R. Giles, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1391 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gill, D.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Glenn, W. H.

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Hong, Y.

Horn, W.

W. Horn, S. Kroesen, and C. Denz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 241116 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hryniewicz, J. V.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hunter, D. B.

D. B. Hunter, L. G. Edvell, and M. A. Englund, in Proceedings of 2005 IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics, (IEEE, 2005), pp. 249–251.

Johnson, D. C.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, F. G.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kawasaki, B. S.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

King, O.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Komukai, T.

T. Komukai, K. Tamura, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 934 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kroesen, S.

W. Horn, S. Kroesen, and C. Denz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 241116 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Leminger, O.

R. Zengerle and O. Leminger, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2354 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lit, J. W. Y.

L. Wei and J. W. Y. Lit, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1405 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Little, B. E.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. M.

X. M. Liu, Opt. Commun. 280, 147 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Meltz, G.

Mology, A.

L. Zhang, K. Sugden, I. Bennion, and A. Mology, Electron. Lett. 31, 477 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Morey, M. M.

Nakazawa, M.

T. Komukai, K. Tamura, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 934 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pan, W.

Radic, S.

G. P. Agrawal and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 995 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sáez-Rodríguez, D.

Sansonetti, P.

F. Bakhti and P. Sansonetti, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1433 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sceats, M. G.

J. Canning and M. G. Sceats, Electron. Lett. 30, 1344 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Seiferth, F.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shum, P.

L. Xia, P. Shum, Y. Wang, and T. H. Cheng, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2162 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sugden, K.

L. Zhang, K. Sugden, I. Bennion, and A. Mology, Electron. Lett. 31, 477 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

T. Komukai, K. Tamura, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 934 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tao, Z.

Trakalo, M.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Van, V.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D.

Wang, F.

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, S. Zhang, D. Wang, Z. Tao, Y. Hong, and J. Chen, Opt. Lett. 37, 4059 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Xia, P. Shum, Y. Wang, and T. H. Cheng, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2162 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wei, L.

L. Wei and J. W. Y. Lit, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1405 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Xia, L.

L. Xia, P. Shum, Y. Wang, and T. H. Cheng, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2162 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J. P.

S. R. Blais and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2230 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Chen, J. P. Yao, F. Zeng, and Z. Deng, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1390 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, F.

X. F. Chen, J. P. Yao, F. Zeng, and Z. Deng, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1390 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zengerle, R.

R. Zengerle and O. Leminger, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2354 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, K. Sugden, I. Bennion, and A. Mology, Electron. Lett. 31, 477 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

Zou, X.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

W. Horn, S. Kroesen, and C. Denz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 241116 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

L. Zhang, K. Sugden, I. Bennion, and A. Mology, Electron. Lett. 31, 477 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Canning and M. G. Sceats, Electron. Lett. 30, 1344 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

S. R. Blais and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2230 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Chen, J. P. Yao, F. Zeng, and Z. Deng, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1390 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Komukai, K. Tamura, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 934 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Agrawal and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 995 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. Xia, P. Shum, Y. Wang, and T. H. Cheng, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2162 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

R. Zengerle and O. Leminger, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2354 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Bakhti and P. Sansonetti, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1433 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Wei and J. W. Y. Lit, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1405 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Giles, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1391 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Erdogan, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

X. M. Liu, Opt. Commun. 280, 147 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (1)

D. B. Hunter, L. G. Edvell, and M. A. Englund, in Proceedings of 2005 IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics, (IEEE, 2005), pp. 249–251.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Configuration of the optical filter and (b) its equivalent coupled-cavity model.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Numerically simulated spectral response of the filter.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measurement configuration in the electrical domain. MZM, Mach–Zehnder modulator; PD, photodetector; EVNA, electrical vector network analyzer.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Full view of the spectral response measured by the OVNA and (b) a zoom-in view of the passband with a resolution of 6 MHz, measured by the EVNA. (The different signal levels of stop band at corresponding offset frequencies in (a) and (b) mainly arise from the two different measurement methods used to obtain each plot.)

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Physical Parameters of the Designed Filter

Tables Icon

Table 2. Measured Specifications of the Optical Filter

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

[1/tr/t]=i=1N[1/ti(ri/ti)*ri/ti(1/ti)*]Li×[ejθi/200ejθi/2]θi×[1/tN+1(rN+1/tN+1)*rN+1/tN+1(1/tN+1)*]LN+1×[10],
Li=LN+1i,θ1=θ2==θN=π.

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