Abstract

We report on a diode-pumped Nd:YAG ceramic laser operating at 1442.8 nm for the first time. In our experiment, two different Nd:YAG ceramics with the Nd-doped concentrations of 1.0 and 0.6 at. % and a Nd:YAG with the Nd-doped concentration of 1.0 at. % were used as the laser gain mediums, respectively. At a pump power of 20.7 W, a maximum output power of up to 3.96 W with optical-to-optical efficiency of up to 19.1% was obtained by using the 1.0 at. % Nd-doped ceramic as the laser gain medium. To the best of our knowledge, this is the highest output power of a LD-pumped 1.44 μm Nd:YAG ceramic laser and the highest optical-to-optical efficiency of a LD-pumped 1.44 μm Nd-doped crystal laser.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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J. Šulc, J. Novák, H. Jelínková, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, Laser Phys. 20, 1288 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

T. Omatsu, A. Minassian, and M. J. Damzen, Opt. Commun. 282, 4784 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Li, D. Lin, L. X. Zhong, K. Ueda, A. Shirakawa, M. Musha, and W. B. Chen, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 711 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Tokunaga, S. C. Chu, H. Y. Hsiao, T. Ohtomo, and K. Otsuka, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Tark, J. E. Jung, and S. Y. Song, Lasers Surg. Med. 41, 721 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

J. Šulc, P. Arátor, H. Jelínková, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, Proc. SPIE 6451, 64511H (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

T. Omatsu, T. Isogami, A. Minassian, and M. J. Damzen, Opt. Commun. 249, 531 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

D. A. Sims and J. A. Gamon, Remote Sens. Environ. 84, 526 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

1994

V. Kubecek, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, and F. Louradour, Electron. Lett. 30, 2139 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Agnesi, A.

Arátor, P.

J. Šulc, P. Arátor, H. Jelínková, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, Proc. SPIE 6451, 64511H (2007).
[CrossRef]

Barthelemy, A.

V. Kubecek, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, and F. Louradour, Electron. Lett. 30, 2139 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Y. T.

Chen, W. B.

J. L. Li, D. Lin, L. X. Zhong, K. Ueda, A. Shirakawa, M. Musha, and W. B. Chen, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 711 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

Chu, S. C.

K. Tokunaga, S. C. Chu, H. Y. Hsiao, T. Ohtomo, and K. Otsuka, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Couderc, V.

V. Kubecek, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, and F. Louradour, Electron. Lett. 30, 2139 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Damzen, M. J.

T. Omatsu, A. Minassian, and M. J. Damzen, Opt. Commun. 282, 4784 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Omatsu, T. Isogami, A. Minassian, and M. J. Damzen, Opt. Commun. 249, 531 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dell’Acqua, S.

Gamon, J. A.

D. A. Sims and J. A. Gamon, Remote Sens. Environ. 84, 526 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gobbi, P. G.

Heine, F.

Hsiao, H. Y.

K. Tokunaga, S. C. Chu, H. Y. Hsiao, T. Ohtomo, and K. Otsuka, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huang, K. F.

Huang, Y. P.

Huber, G.

Isogami, T.

T. Omatsu, T. Isogami, A. Minassian, and M. J. Damzen, Opt. Commun. 249, 531 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jelínková, H.

J. Šulc, J. Novák, H. Jelínková, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, Laser Phys. 20, 1288 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Šulc, P. Arátor, H. Jelínková, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, Proc. SPIE 6451, 64511H (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jung, J. E.

K. C. Tark, J. E. Jung, and S. Y. Song, Lasers Surg. Med. 41, 721 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y. P.

H. C. Lee and Y. P. Kim, Opt. Laser Technol. 40, 901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kretschmann, H. M.

Kubecek, V.

V. Kubecek, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, and F. Louradour, Electron. Lett. 30, 2139 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. C.

H. C. Lee and Y. P. Kim, Opt. Laser Technol. 40, 901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Li, J. L.

J. L. Li, D. Lin, L. X. Zhong, K. Ueda, A. Shirakawa, M. Musha, and W. B. Chen, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 711 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lin, D.

J. L. Li, D. Lin, L. X. Zhong, K. Ueda, A. Shirakawa, M. Musha, and W. B. Chen, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 711 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Louradour, F.

V. Kubecek, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, and F. Louradour, Electron. Lett. 30, 2139 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lu, J.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Minassian, A.

T. Omatsu, A. Minassian, and M. J. Damzen, Opt. Commun. 282, 4784 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Omatsu, T. Isogami, A. Minassian, and M. J. Damzen, Opt. Commun. 249, 531 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Musha, M.

J. L. Li, D. Lin, L. X. Zhong, K. Ueda, A. Shirakawa, M. Musha, and W. B. Chen, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 711 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nejezchleb, K.

J. Šulc, J. Novák, H. Jelínková, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, Laser Phys. 20, 1288 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Šulc, P. Arátor, H. Jelínková, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, Proc. SPIE 6451, 64511H (2007).
[CrossRef]

Novák, J.

J. Šulc, J. Novák, H. Jelínková, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, Laser Phys. 20, 1288 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ohtomo, T.

K. Tokunaga, S. C. Chu, H. Y. Hsiao, T. Ohtomo, and K. Otsuka, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Omatsu, T.

T. Omatsu, A. Minassian, and M. J. Damzen, Opt. Commun. 282, 4784 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Omatsu, T. Isogami, A. Minassian, and M. J. Damzen, Opt. Commun. 249, 531 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ostroumov, V. G.

Otsuka, K.

K. Tokunaga, S. C. Chu, H. Y. Hsiao, T. Ohtomo, and K. Otsuka, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pennacchio, C.

Prabhu, M.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Reali, G.

Shirakawa, A.

J. L. Li, D. Lin, L. X. Zhong, K. Ueda, A. Shirakawa, M. Musha, and W. B. Chen, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 711 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sims, D. A.

D. A. Sims and J. A. Gamon, Remote Sens. Environ. 84, 526 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Škoda, V.

J. Šulc, J. Novák, H. Jelínková, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, Laser Phys. 20, 1288 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Šulc, P. Arátor, H. Jelínková, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, Proc. SPIE 6451, 64511H (2007).
[CrossRef]

Song, J.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Song, S. Y.

K. C. Tark, J. E. Jung, and S. Y. Song, Lasers Surg. Med. 41, 721 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Su, K. W.

Šulc, J.

J. Šulc, J. Novák, H. Jelínková, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, Laser Phys. 20, 1288 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Šulc, P. Arátor, H. Jelínková, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, Proc. SPIE 6451, 64511H (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tark, K. C.

K. C. Tark, J. E. Jung, and S. Y. Song, Lasers Surg. Med. 41, 721 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tokunaga, K.

K. Tokunaga, S. C. Chu, H. Y. Hsiao, T. Ohtomo, and K. Otsuka, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

J. L. Li, D. Lin, L. X. Zhong, K. Ueda, A. Shirakawa, M. Musha, and W. B. Chen, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 711 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yagi, H.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yanagitani, T.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, L. X.

J. L. Li, D. Lin, L. X. Zhong, K. Ueda, A. Shirakawa, M. Musha, and W. B. Chen, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 711 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

V. Kubecek, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, and F. Louradour, Electron. Lett. 30, 2139 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys.

J. Šulc, J. Novák, H. Jelínková, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, Laser Phys. 20, 1288 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett.

J. L. Li, D. Lin, L. X. Zhong, K. Ueda, A. Shirakawa, M. Musha, and W. B. Chen, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 711 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Tokunaga, S. C. Chu, H. Y. Hsiao, T. Ohtomo, and K. Otsuka, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lasers Surg. Med.

K. C. Tark, J. E. Jung, and S. Y. Song, Lasers Surg. Med. 41, 721 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

T. Omatsu, T. Isogami, A. Minassian, and M. J. Damzen, Opt. Commun. 249, 531 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Omatsu, A. Minassian, and M. J. Damzen, Opt. Commun. 282, 4784 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Laser Technol.

H. C. Lee and Y. P. Kim, Opt. Laser Technol. 40, 901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

J. Šulc, P. Arátor, H. Jelínková, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, Proc. SPIE 6451, 64511H (2007).
[CrossRef]

Remote Sens. Environ.

D. A. Sims and J. A. Gamon, Remote Sens. Environ. 84, 526 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Dependence of the absorption of liquid water (α) on wavelength in the range of 1000–2100 nm. The main Nd:YAG ceramic laser emission lines in this range are marked.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic of the experimental laser setup.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Optical spectra of the ceramic Nd:YAG laser.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Output power versus pumped power.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Optical-to-optical efficiency versus pumped power.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Thermal focal lengths of the Nd:YAG ceramic laser.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

(a) 3D distribution of the 1.0 at. % Nd:YAG ceramic laser beam. (b) 3D distribution of the 1.0 at. % Nd:YAG laser beam.

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