Abstract

Using conventional melt-quenching and subsequent thermal treatment, Er3+ doped CaF2 transparent glass ceramic (GC) was prepared. X-ray diffraction and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy confirmed the formation and microstructure of CaF2 nanocrystals in glass. An energy-dispersive spectrometer was used to investigate the distribution of Er3+ ions and CaF2 nanocrystals in glass. It was found that Er3+ ions prefer to concentrate in the CaF2 nanocrystals rather than in a glass matrix, and the amount of Er3+ ions plays a key role in the formation of CaF2 nanocrystals in a glass matrix with the Er3+ ions as nucleating agent. An intense 2.7 μm emission due to Er3+: I11/24→I13/24 was achieved upon excitation at 980 nm with a laser diode, while the 2.7 μm emission can be neglected in the as-prepared glass counterpart, which confirmed the incorporation of Er3+ ions into CaF2 nanocrystals. An obvious enhancement of 2.7 μm emerged in the GC doped with 3% Er3+ and heat-treated at 620°C.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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Y. S. Xu, X. H. Zhang, S. X. Dai, B. Fan, H. L. Ma, J. L. Adam, J. Ren, and G. R. Chen, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 13056 (2011).
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G. Q. Chai, G. P. Dong, J. R. Qiu, Q. Y. Zhang, and Z. M. Yang, Sci. Rep. 3, 1598 (2013).
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G. Q. Chai, G. P. Dong, J. R. Qiu, Q. Y. Zhang, and Z. M. Yang, J. Phys. Chem. C 116, 19941 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y. L.

D. Q. Chen, Y. S. Wang, Y. L. Yu, and E. Ma, Mater. Chem. Phys. 101464 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Yuan, X. Q.

Zajac, A.

Zhang, J. J.

Zhang, L.

Zhang, Q. Y.

G. Q. Chai, G. P. Dong, J. R. Qiu, Q. Y. Zhang, and Z. M. Yang, Sci. Rep. 3, 1598 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. Q. Chai, G. P. Dong, J. R. Qiu, Q. Y. Zhang, and Z. M. Yang, J. Phys. Chem. C 116, 19941 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. H.

Y. S. Xu, X. H. Zhang, S. X. Dai, B. Fan, H. L. Ma, J. L. Adam, J. Ren, and G. R. Chen, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 13056 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

M. Eichhorn, Appl. Phys. B 93, 269 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc.

S. M. Shim, C. Liu, Y. K. Kwon, and J. Heo, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93, 3092 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

C. Liu, X. J. Xiu, and J. Heo, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 365, 1 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C

Y. S. Xu, X. H. Zhang, S. X. Dai, B. Fan, H. L. Ma, J. L. Adam, J. Ren, and G. R. Chen, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 13056 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Q. Chai, G. P. Dong, J. R. Qiu, Q. Y. Zhang, and Z. M. Yang, J. Phys. Chem. C 116, 19941 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Chem. Phys.

D. Q. Chen, Y. S. Wang, Y. L. Yu, E. Ma, F. Bao, Z. J. Hu, and Y. Cheng, Mater. Chem. Phys. 95, 264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Q. Chen, Y. S. Wang, Y. L. Yu, and E. Ma, Mater. Chem. Phys. 101464 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

B. C. Dickinson, P. S. Golding, M. Pollnau, T. A. King, and S. D. Jackson, Opt. Commun. 191, 315 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater.

V. K. Tikhomirov, J. Méndez-Ramos, V. D. Rodríguez, D. Furniss, and A. B. Seddon, Opt. Mater. 28, 1143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sci. Rep.

G. Q. Chai, G. P. Dong, J. R. Qiu, Q. Y. Zhang, and Z. M. Yang, Sci. Rep. 3, 1598 (2013).
[CrossRef]

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