Abstract

In this Letter, we demonstrate the pulsed and CW operation of the Dy:PbGa2S4 laser directly pumped by the 1.7 μm laser diode. In the pulsed regime (pulse duration 5 ms; repetition rate 20 Hz), the maximum mean output power of 9.5 mW was obtained with the slope efficiency of 9.3% with respect to the absorbed pump power. The generated wavelength was 4.32 μm, and the laser beam cross section was approximately Gaussian on both axes. Stable CW laser generation was also successfully obtained with the maximum output power of 67 mW and the slope efficiency of 8%. Depopulation of the lower laser level by 1.7 μm pump radiation absorption followed by 1.3 μm upconversion fluorescence was demonstrated. These results show the possibility of construction of the compact diode-pumped solid-state pulsed or CW laser generating at 4.3 μm in the power level of tens mW operating at room temperature.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. I. T. Sorokina and K. L. Vodopyanov, eds., Solid-State Mid-Infrared Laser Sources, Vol. 89 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer-Verlag, 2003).
  2. A. A. Kaminskii and B. M. Antipenko, Multilevel Operating Schemes of Crystalline Lasers (Nauka, 1989), p. 270.
  3. T. T. Basiev, M. E. Doroshenko, V. V. Osiko, and D. V. Badikov, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Vol. 98 of OSA Trends Optics Photonics (OSA, 2005), paper 75.
  4. K. Rademaker, Rare Earth-Doped Alkali-Lead-Halide Laser Crystals of Low-Phonon Energy (Cuvillier Verlag, 2005).
  5. N. P. Barnes, L. Esterowitz, and R. E. Allen, in CLEO Conference, Anaheim, CA (1984).
  6. N. P. Barnes and R. E. Allen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 277 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, and P. G. Schunemann, Opt. Lett. 24, 1215 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, J. Lumin. 82, 291 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, Opt. Lett. 35, 3051 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, in Advances in Optical Materials (OSA, 2011), paper AWA21.
  11. J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroschenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, in CLEO/Europe and EQEC (OSA, 2011), paper CA8-6.
  12. M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, in Advances in Optical Materials (OSA, 2011), paper AWA23.
  13. M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, M. Jelínek, M. Fibrich, and V. V. Badikov, Proc. SPIE 7578, 757825 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, M. Jelínek, J. Šulc, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 349 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. V. Badikov, D. Badikov, M. Doroshenko, V. Panyutin, V. I. Chizhikov, and G. Shevyrdyaeva, Opt. Mater. 31, 184 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, M. Jelínek, J. Šulc, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 349 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, M. Jelínek, M. Fibrich, and V. V. Badikov, Proc. SPIE 7578, 757825 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, Opt. Lett. 35, 3051 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

V. Badikov, D. Badikov, M. Doroshenko, V. Panyutin, V. I. Chizhikov, and G. Shevyrdyaeva, Opt. Mater. 31, 184 (2008).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, and P. G. Schunemann, Opt. Lett. 24, 1215 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, J. Lumin. 82, 291 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

N. P. Barnes and R. E. Allen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 277 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Allen, R. E.

N. P. Barnes and R. E. Allen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 277 (1991).
[CrossRef]

N. P. Barnes, L. Esterowitz, and R. E. Allen, in CLEO Conference, Anaheim, CA (1984).

Antipenko, B. M.

A. A. Kaminskii and B. M. Antipenko, Multilevel Operating Schemes of Crystalline Lasers (Nauka, 1989), p. 270.

Badikov, D.

V. Badikov, D. Badikov, M. Doroshenko, V. Panyutin, V. I. Chizhikov, and G. Shevyrdyaeva, Opt. Mater. 31, 184 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Badikov, D. V.

H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, M. Jelínek, J. Šulc, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 349 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, Opt. Lett. 35, 3051 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, in Advances in Optical Materials (OSA, 2011), paper AWA21.

T. T. Basiev, M. E. Doroshenko, V. V. Osiko, and D. V. Badikov, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Vol. 98 of OSA Trends Optics Photonics (OSA, 2005), paper 75.

M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, in Advances in Optical Materials (OSA, 2011), paper AWA23.

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroschenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, in CLEO/Europe and EQEC (OSA, 2011), paper CA8-6.

Badikov, V.

V. Badikov, D. Badikov, M. Doroshenko, V. Panyutin, V. I. Chizhikov, and G. Shevyrdyaeva, Opt. Mater. 31, 184 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Badikov, V. V.

H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, M. Jelínek, J. Šulc, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 349 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, Opt. Lett. 35, 3051 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, M. Jelínek, M. Fibrich, and V. V. Badikov, Proc. SPIE 7578, 757825 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, in Advances in Optical Materials (OSA, 2011), paper AWA21.

M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, in Advances in Optical Materials (OSA, 2011), paper AWA23.

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroschenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, in CLEO/Europe and EQEC (OSA, 2011), paper CA8-6.

Barnes, N. P.

N. P. Barnes and R. E. Allen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 277 (1991).
[CrossRef]

N. P. Barnes, L. Esterowitz, and R. E. Allen, in CLEO Conference, Anaheim, CA (1984).

Basiev, T. T.

H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, M. Jelínek, J. Šulc, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 349 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, M. Jelínek, M. Fibrich, and V. V. Badikov, Proc. SPIE 7578, 757825 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, Opt. Lett. 35, 3051 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, in Advances in Optical Materials (OSA, 2011), paper AWA21.

M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, in Advances in Optical Materials (OSA, 2011), paper AWA23.

T. T. Basiev, M. E. Doroshenko, V. V. Osiko, and D. V. Badikov, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Vol. 98 of OSA Trends Optics Photonics (OSA, 2005), paper 75.

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroschenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, in CLEO/Europe and EQEC (OSA, 2011), paper CA8-6.

Cassanho, A.

A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, J. Lumin. 82, 291 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chizhikov, V. I.

V. Badikov, D. Badikov, M. Doroshenko, V. Panyutin, V. I. Chizhikov, and G. Shevyrdyaeva, Opt. Mater. 31, 184 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Doroschenko, M. E.

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroschenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, in CLEO/Europe and EQEC (OSA, 2011), paper CA8-6.

Doroshenko, M.

V. Badikov, D. Badikov, M. Doroshenko, V. Panyutin, V. I. Chizhikov, and G. Shevyrdyaeva, Opt. Mater. 31, 184 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Doroshenko, M. E.

H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, M. Jelínek, J. Šulc, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 349 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, Opt. Lett. 35, 3051 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, M. Jelínek, M. Fibrich, and V. V. Badikov, Proc. SPIE 7578, 757825 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, in Advances in Optical Materials (OSA, 2011), paper AWA21.

T. T. Basiev, M. E. Doroshenko, V. V. Osiko, and D. V. Badikov, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Vol. 98 of OSA Trends Optics Photonics (OSA, 2005), paper 75.

M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, in Advances in Optical Materials (OSA, 2011), paper AWA23.

Esterowitz, L.

N. P. Barnes, L. Esterowitz, and R. E. Allen, in CLEO Conference, Anaheim, CA (1984).

Fibrich, M.

M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, M. Jelínek, M. Fibrich, and V. V. Badikov, Proc. SPIE 7578, 757825 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jelínek, M.

H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, M. Jelínek, J. Šulc, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 349 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, M. Jelínek, M. Fibrich, and V. V. Badikov, Proc. SPIE 7578, 757825 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jelínková, H.

H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, M. Jelínek, J. Šulc, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 349 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, M. Jelínek, M. Fibrich, and V. V. Badikov, Proc. SPIE 7578, 757825 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, Opt. Lett. 35, 3051 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, in Advances in Optical Materials (OSA, 2011), paper AWA21.

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroschenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, in CLEO/Europe and EQEC (OSA, 2011), paper CA8-6.

Jenssen, H. P.

A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, J. Lumin. 82, 291 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii and B. M. Antipenko, Multilevel Operating Schemes of Crystalline Lasers (Nauka, 1989), p. 270.

Krupke, W. F.

Nostrand, M. C.

Osiko, V. V.

H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, M. Jelínek, J. Šulc, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 349 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, M. Jelínek, M. Fibrich, and V. V. Badikov, Proc. SPIE 7578, 757825 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, Opt. Lett. 35, 3051 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, in Advances in Optical Materials (OSA, 2011), paper AWA21.

M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, in Advances in Optical Materials (OSA, 2011), paper AWA23.

T. T. Basiev, M. E. Doroshenko, V. V. Osiko, and D. V. Badikov, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Vol. 98 of OSA Trends Optics Photonics (OSA, 2005), paper 75.

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroschenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, in CLEO/Europe and EQEC (OSA, 2011), paper CA8-6.

Page, R. H.

Panyutin, V.

V. Badikov, D. Badikov, M. Doroshenko, V. Panyutin, V. I. Chizhikov, and G. Shevyrdyaeva, Opt. Mater. 31, 184 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

Rademaker, K.

K. Rademaker, Rare Earth-Doped Alkali-Lead-Halide Laser Crystals of Low-Phonon Energy (Cuvillier Verlag, 2005).

Schunemann, P. G.

Shevyrdyaeva, G.

V. Badikov, D. Badikov, M. Doroshenko, V. Panyutin, V. I. Chizhikov, and G. Shevyrdyaeva, Opt. Mater. 31, 184 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Šulc, J.

H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, M. Jelínek, J. Šulc, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 349 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, Opt. Lett. 35, 3051 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, M. Jelínek, M. Fibrich, and V. V. Badikov, Proc. SPIE 7578, 757825 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, in Advances in Optical Materials (OSA, 2011), paper AWA21.

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroschenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, in CLEO/Europe and EQEC (OSA, 2011), paper CA8-6.

Toncelli, A.

A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, J. Lumin. 82, 291 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tonelli, M.

A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, J. Lumin. 82, 291 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

N. P. Barnes and R. E. Allen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 277 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, J. Lumin. 82, 291 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, M. Jelínek, J. Šulc, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 349 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. (1)

V. Badikov, D. Badikov, M. Doroshenko, V. Panyutin, V. I. Chizhikov, and G. Shevyrdyaeva, Opt. Mater. 31, 184 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, M. Jelínek, M. Fibrich, and V. V. Badikov, Proc. SPIE 7578, 757825 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (8)

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, in Advances in Optical Materials (OSA, 2011), paper AWA21.

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroschenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, in CLEO/Europe and EQEC (OSA, 2011), paper CA8-6.

M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, in Advances in Optical Materials (OSA, 2011), paper AWA23.

I. T. Sorokina and K. L. Vodopyanov, eds., Solid-State Mid-Infrared Laser Sources, Vol. 89 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer-Verlag, 2003).

A. A. Kaminskii and B. M. Antipenko, Multilevel Operating Schemes of Crystalline Lasers (Nauka, 1989), p. 270.

T. T. Basiev, M. E. Doroshenko, V. V. Osiko, and D. V. Badikov, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Vol. 98 of OSA Trends Optics Photonics (OSA, 2005), paper 75.

K. Rademaker, Rare Earth-Doped Alkali-Lead-Halide Laser Crystals of Low-Phonon Energy (Cuvillier Verlag, 2005).

N. P. Barnes, L. Esterowitz, and R. E. Allen, in CLEO Conference, Anaheim, CA (1984).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Dy:PGS absorption coefficient spectrum.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Laser diode pumped Dy:PGS laser system schematic: PM, M: T>90% at 1.7 μm and R>99.5% at 4–5 μm; OC: R=87%, 93%, or 97% at 4.3 μm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Direct laser diode pumped Dy:PGS laser output power at 4.3 μm with respect to the absorbed pump power in the pulsed regime. Inset shows the output beam spatial profile.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Dy:PGS laser output radiation temporal characteristics in the pulsed regime at different pumping levels.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Direct laser diode pumped Dy:PGS laser output power at 4.3 μm with respect to the absorbed pump power in the CW regime.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Dy:PGS laser output radiation temporal characteristics in the CW regime at the maximum pumping.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Dy:PGS upconversion fluorescence intensity for two excitation levels of 3.5 and 7.5 W of the laser diode pump power.

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