Abstract

Super-resolution in imaging through a transparent spherical microlens has attracted lots of attention because of recent promising experimental results with remarkable resolution improvement. To provide physical insight for this super-resolution phenomenon, previous studies adopted a phenomenological explanation mainly based on the super-focusing effect of a photonic nanojet, while a direct imaging calculation with classical imaging theory has rarely been studied. Here we theoretically model the imaging process through a microlens with vectorial electromagnetic analysis, and then exclude the previously plausible explanation of super-resolution based on the super-focusing effect. The results showed that, in the context of classical imaging theory subject to the two-point resolution criterion, a microlens with a perfect spherical shape cannot achieve the experimentally verified sub-100 nm resolution. Therefore, there must be some other physical mechanisms that contribute to the reported ultrahigh resolution but have not been revealed in theory.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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H. Wang, C. J. R. Sheppard, K. Ravi, S. T. Ho, and G. Vienne, Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 354 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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Z. Wang, W. Guo, L. Li, B. Luk’yanchuk, A. Khan, Z. Liu, Z. Chen, and M. Hong, Nat. Commun. 2, 218 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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2000

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[CrossRef]

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C. Sheppard, Optik 48, 329 (1977).

Backman, V.

Bose, R.

J. Y. Lee, B. H. Hong, W. Y. Kim, S. K. Min, Y. Kim, M. V. Jouravlev, R. Bose, K. S. Kim, I. C. Hwang, and L. J. Kaufman, Nature 460, 498 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z.

Z. Wang, W. Guo, L. Li, B. Luk’yanchuk, A. Khan, Z. Liu, Z. Chen, and M. Hong, Nat. Commun. 2, 218 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, Z. Chen, A. Taflove, and V. Backman, Opt. Express 13, 526 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Guo, W.

Z. Wang, W. Guo, L. Li, B. Luk’yanchuk, A. Khan, Z. Liu, Z. Chen, and M. Hong, Nat. Commun. 2, 218 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Heifetz, A.

Ho, S. T.

H. Wang, C. J. R. Sheppard, K. Ravi, S. T. Ho, and G. Vienne, Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 354 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hong, B. H.

J. Y. Lee, B. H. Hong, W. Y. Kim, S. K. Min, Y. Kim, M. V. Jouravlev, R. Bose, K. S. Kim, I. C. Hwang, and L. J. Kaufman, Nature 460, 498 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hong, M.

Z. Wang, W. Guo, L. Li, B. Luk’yanchuk, A. Khan, Z. Liu, Z. Chen, and M. Hong, Nat. Commun. 2, 218 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Z. Wang, W. Guo, L. Li, B. Luk’yanchuk, A. Khan, Z. Liu, Z. Chen, and M. Hong, Nat. Commun. 2, 218 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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D. R. Mason, M. V. Jouravlev, and K. S. Kim, Opt. Lett. 35, 2007 (2010).
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[CrossRef]

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J. Y. Lee, B. H. Hong, W. Y. Kim, S. K. Min, Y. Kim, M. V. Jouravlev, R. Bose, K. S. Kim, I. C. Hwang, and L. J. Kaufman, Nature 460, 498 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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J. Y. Lee, B. H. Hong, W. Y. Kim, S. K. Min, Y. Kim, M. V. Jouravlev, R. Bose, K. S. Kim, I. C. Hwang, and L. J. Kaufman, Nature 460, 498 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kong, S.-C.

Lee, J. Y.

J. Y. Lee, B. H. Hong, W. Y. Kim, S. K. Min, Y. Kim, M. V. Jouravlev, R. Bose, K. S. Kim, I. C. Hwang, and L. J. Kaufman, Nature 460, 498 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Z. Wang, W. Guo, L. Li, B. Luk’yanchuk, A. Khan, Z. Liu, Z. Chen, and M. Hong, Nat. Commun. 2, 218 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

Liu, Z.

Z. Wang, W. Guo, L. Li, B. Luk’yanchuk, A. Khan, Z. Liu, Z. Chen, and M. Hong, Nat. Commun. 2, 218 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Luk’yanchuk, B.

Z. Wang, W. Guo, L. Li, B. Luk’yanchuk, A. Khan, Z. Liu, Z. Chen, and M. Hong, Nat. Commun. 2, 218 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mason, D. R.

Min, S. K.

J. Y. Lee, B. H. Hong, W. Y. Kim, S. K. Min, Y. Kim, M. V. Jouravlev, R. Bose, K. S. Kim, I. C. Hwang, and L. J. Kaufman, Nature 460, 498 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ravi, K.

H. Wang, C. J. R. Sheppard, K. Ravi, S. T. Ho, and G. Vienne, Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 354 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sheppard, C.

C. Sheppard, Optik 48, 329 (1977).

Sheppard, C. J. R.

H. Wang, C. J. R. Sheppard, K. Ravi, S. T. Ho, and G. Vienne, Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 354 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, J. J.

Taflove, A.

Vienne, G.

H. Wang, C. J. R. Sheppard, K. Ravi, S. T. Ho, and G. Vienne, Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 354 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

H. Wang, C. J. R. Sheppard, K. Ravi, S. T. Ho, and G. Vienne, Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 354 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, W. Guo, L. Li, B. Luk’yanchuk, A. Khan, Z. Liu, Z. Chen, and M. Hong, Nat. Commun. 2, 218 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Laser Photon. Rev.

H. Wang, C. J. R. Sheppard, K. Ravi, S. T. Ho, and G. Vienne, Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 354 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Commun.

Z. Wang, W. Guo, L. Li, B. Luk’yanchuk, A. Khan, Z. Liu, Z. Chen, and M. Hong, Nat. Commun. 2, 218 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nature

J. Y. Lee, B. H. Hong, W. Y. Kim, S. K. Min, Y. Kim, M. V. Jouravlev, R. Bose, K. S. Kim, I. C. Hwang, and L. J. Kaufman, Nature 460, 498 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Optik

C. Sheppard, Optik 48, 329 (1977).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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