Abstract

Sub-20-fs deep ultraviolet (DUV) pulses are generated by using nondegenerate, chirped-pulse four-wave mixing of the fundamental and second-harmonic pulses from a commercial Ti:sapphire amplifier in a CaF2 plate. The energy of the DUV pulses is 3.8 μJ, with a conversion efficiency from total pump energy to DUV of 3.8%. The DUV pulse is compressed using a pre-chirp, introduced via a fused silica window in the fundamental beam. The central wavelength of the DUV spectrum can be tuned from 257 to 277 nm by adjusting the cross angle between the two pump beams. The spectrum can reach a width of 16.8 nm, which can support a pulse duration of 8.7 fs.

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[CrossRef]

2011

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M. Beutler, M. Ghotbi, F. Noack, D. Brida, C. Manzoni, and G. Cerullo, Opt. Lett. 34, 710 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Middleton, K. L. Harpe, C. Su, Y. K. Law, C. E. C. Hernandez, and B. Kohler, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 60, 217 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu and T. Kobayashi, Opt. Lett. 34, 2402 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

2006

V. Hertel and W. Raldoff, Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 1897 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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C. E. Crespo-Hernández, B. Cohen, and B. Kohler, Nature 436, 1141 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1999

C. G. Durfee, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 24, 697 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaki, and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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R. M. Bowman, J. J. Gerdy, G. Roberts, and A. H. Zewail, J. Phys. Chem. 95, 4635 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Azzeer, A. M.

Backus, S.

Beutler, M.

Bowman, R. M.

R. M. Bowman, J. J. Gerdy, G. Roberts, and A. H. Zewail, J. Phys. Chem. 95, 4635 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Brida, D.

Cerullo, G.

Cohen, B.

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[CrossRef]

Crespo-Hernández, C. E.

C. E. Crespo-Hernández, B. Cohen, and B. Kohler, Nature 436, 1141 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Darginavicius, J.

Dubietis, A.

Durfee, C. G.

Fieß, M.

Fuji, T.

Gerdy, J. J.

R. M. Bowman, J. J. Gerdy, G. Roberts, and A. H. Zewail, J. Phys. Chem. 95, 4635 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ghotbi, M.

Goulielmakis, E.

Graf, U.

Harpe, K. L.

C. T. Middleton, K. L. Harpe, C. Su, Y. K. Law, C. E. C. Hernandez, and B. Kohler, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 60, 217 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hernandez, C. E. C.

C. T. Middleton, K. L. Harpe, C. Su, Y. K. Law, C. E. C. Hernandez, and B. Kohler, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 60, 217 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hertel, V.

V. Hertel and W. Raldoff, Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 1897 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Horio, T.

Kapteyn, H. C.

Karpowicz, N.

Kida, Y.

T. Kobayashi and Y. Kida, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 6200 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kida, J. Liu, T. Teramoto, and T. Kobayashi, Opt. Lett. 35, 1807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kienberger, R.

Kobayashi, T.

T. Kobayashi and Y. Kida, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 6200 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kida, J. Liu, T. Teramoto, and T. Kobayashi, Opt. Lett. 35, 1807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu and T. Kobayashi, Opt. Lett. 34, 2402 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaki, and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kohler, B.

C. T. Middleton, K. L. Harpe, C. Su, Y. K. Law, C. E. C. Hernandez, and B. Kohler, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 60, 217 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Crespo-Hernández, B. Cohen, and B. Kohler, Nature 436, 1141 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

Law, Y. K.

C. T. Middleton, K. L. Harpe, C. Su, Y. K. Law, C. E. C. Hernandez, and B. Kohler, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 60, 217 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

Manzoni, C.

Middleton, C. T.

C. T. Middleton, K. L. Harpe, C. Su, Y. K. Law, C. E. C. Hernandez, and B. Kohler, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 60, 217 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

Noack, F.

Piskarskas, A.

Raldoff, W.

V. Hertel and W. Raldoff, Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 1897 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Reiter, F.

Roberts, G.

R. M. Bowman, J. J. Gerdy, G. Roberts, and A. H. Zewail, J. Phys. Chem. 95, 4635 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sakane, I.

Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaki, and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schröder, H.

Schultze, M.

Schultze, R.

Schweinberger, W.

Shirakawa,

Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaki, and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Su, C.

C. T. Middleton, K. L. Harpe, C. Su, Y. K. Law, C. E. C. Hernandez, and B. Kohler, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 60, 217 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

Takasaki, M.

Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaki, and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tamošauskas, G.

Teramoto, T.

Trabs, P.

Zewail, A. H.

R. M. Bowman, J. J. Gerdy, G. Roberts, and A. H. Zewail, J. Phys. Chem. 95, 4635 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem.

C. T. Middleton, K. L. Harpe, C. Su, Y. K. Law, C. E. C. Hernandez, and B. Kohler, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 60, 217 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaki, and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem.

R. M. Bowman, J. J. Gerdy, G. Roberts, and A. H. Zewail, J. Phys. Chem. 95, 4635 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nature

C. E. Crespo-Hernández, B. Cohen, and B. Kohler, Nature 436, 1141 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.

T. Kobayashi and Y. Kida, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 6200 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rep. Prog. Phys.

V. Hertel and W. Raldoff, Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 1897 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the experimental setup. BS, beam splitter; VND, variable neutral density filter; HWP, half-wave plate; DM, dichroic mirror.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Spectral and temporal characteristics of the generated DUV pulse: (a) spectra and (b) pulse energy of the DUV pulse with the different cross angles of the two pump beams. Retrieved intensity profiles of (c) 28.9 fs and (d) 18.7 fs DUV pulses, corresponding to the spectra in green (18.7° cross angle) and cyan (17.0° cross angle) in (a), respectively.

Equations (4)

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ESH(t)exp{iωSHt+ϕSH(t)},
EF(t)exp{iωFt+ϕF(t)}.
EDUV(t)exp{i(2ωSHωF)t+2ϕSH(t)ϕF(t)}.
2ϕDUV(t)/t2=2(2ϕSH(t)ϕF(t))/t2=22ϕSH(t)/t22ϕF(t)/t2.

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