Abstract

In this Letter, the 1.5 μm polarization entanglement generation is realized in a silicon wire waveguide utilizing its birefringence. In this scheme, two orthogonal polarized correlated states are generated by scalar processes of spontaneous four-wave mixing (SFWM) in the quasi-transverse electrical and quasi-transverse magnetic modes, respectively. Meanwhile, the vector processes of SFWM are suppressed by the group birefringence in the waveguide. The maximum polarization entangled state is generated by optimizing the pump polarization, which is demonstrated by the experiments of two-photon interference and polarization indistinguishability at one side. The fringe visibilities of two-photon interferences are 96.8±4.7% and 86.0±3.7% under two nonorthogonal polarization detection settings, respectively. This scheme provides a simple way to realize silicon integrated sources for 1.5 μm polarization entanglement generation.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013

2012

N. Matsuda, H. Le Jeannic, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, W. J. Munro, K. Shimizu, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and H. Takesue, Sci. Rep. 2, 817 (2012).

2010

M. Medic, J. B. Altepeter, M. A. Hall, M. Patel, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 35, 802 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Harada, H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. Itabashi, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quant. Electron. 16, 325 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

2005

2004

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, Phys. Rev. A 70, 31802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

2002

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

A. Migdall, Phys. Today 52(1), 41 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992

C. H. Bennett and S. J. Wiesner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2881 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1977

D. N. Klyshko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 591 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Almeida, V. R.

Altepeter, J. B.

Asobe, M.

Baldi, P.

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bennett, C. H.

C. H. Bennett and S. J. Wiesner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2881 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bourgoin, J.-P.

Brainis, E.

E. Brainis, Phys. Rev. A 79, 023840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, J. R.

De Micheli, M.

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

De Riedmatten, H.

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, H.

N. Matsuda, H. Le Jeannic, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, W. J. Munro, K. Shimizu, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and H. Takesue, Sci. Rep. 2, 817 (2012).

K. Harada, H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. Itabashi, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quant. Electron. 16, 325 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. Itabashi, Opt. Express 16, 5721 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Shoji, M. Takahashi, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, and S. Itabashi, Opt. Express 13, 4629 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gisin, N.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hall, M. A.

Harada, K.

K. Harada, H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. Itabashi, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quant. Electron. 16, 325 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Higgins, B. L.

Hirano, M.

Huang, Y. D.

Inoue, K.

Itabashi, S.

Jennewein, T.

Klyshko, D. N.

D. N. Klyshko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 591 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

Kurtsiefer, C.

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kwiat, P. G.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Le Jeannic, H.

N. Matsuda, H. Le Jeannic, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, W. J. Munro, K. Shimizu, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and H. Takesue, Sci. Rep. 2, 817 (2012).

Lee, K. F.

Li, X.-Y.

X.-Y. Li and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 53601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

Malowicki, J.

Matsuda, N.

N. Matsuda, H. Le Jeannic, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, W. J. Munro, K. Shimizu, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and H. Takesue, Sci. Rep. 2, 817 (2012).

Mattle, K.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Medic, M.

Meyer-Scott, E.

Migdall, A.

A. Migdall, Phys. Today 52(1), 41 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Munro, W. J.

N. Matsuda, H. Le Jeannic, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, W. J. Munro, K. Shimizu, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and H. Takesue, Sci. Rep. 2, 817 (2012).

Nishida, Y.

Oberparleiter, M.

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ostrowsky, D. B.

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Panepucci, R. R.

Patel, M.

Peng, J.

Ribordy, G.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Roy, V.

Sergienko, A. V.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shalm, L. K.

Shih, Y. H.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, K.

N. Matsuda, H. Le Jeannic, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, W. J. Munro, K. Shimizu, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and H. Takesue, Sci. Rep. 2, 817 (2012).

Shoji, T.

Sua, Y. M.

Tadanaga, O.

Takahashi, J.

Takahashi, M.

Takesue, H.

N. Matsuda, H. Le Jeannic, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, W. J. Munro, K. Shimizu, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and H. Takesue, Sci. Rep. 2, 817 (2012).

K. Harada, H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. Itabashi, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quant. Electron. 16, 325 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. Itabashi, Opt. Express 16, 5721 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Takesue, K. Inoue, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, and M. Asobe, Opt. Lett. 30, 293 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, Phys. Rev. A 70, 31802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tanzilli, S.

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, W.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tokura, Y.

N. Matsuda, H. Le Jeannic, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, W. J. Munro, K. Shimizu, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and H. Takesue, Sci. Rep. 2, 817 (2012).

K. Harada, H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. Itabashi, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quant. Electron. 16, 325 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. Itabashi, Opt. Express 16, 5721 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchizawa, T.

N. Matsuda, H. Le Jeannic, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, W. J. Munro, K. Shimizu, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and H. Takesue, Sci. Rep. 2, 817 (2012).

K. Harada, H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. Itabashi, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quant. Electron. 16, 325 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. Itabashi, Opt. Express 16, 5721 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Shoji, M. Takahashi, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, and S. Itabashi, Opt. Express 13, 4629 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, T.

Weinfurter, H.

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wiesner, S. J.

C. H. Bennett and S. J. Wiesner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2881 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, K.

N. Matsuda, H. Le Jeannic, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, W. J. Munro, K. Shimizu, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and H. Takesue, Sci. Rep. 2, 817 (2012).

K. Harada, H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. Itabashi, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quant. Electron. 16, 325 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. Itabashi, Opt. Express 16, 5721 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Shoji, M. Takahashi, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, and S. Itabashi, Opt. Express 13, 4629 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zbinden, H.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zeilinger, A.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

Zhou, Q.

Electron. Lett.

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Select. Topics Quant. Electron.

K. Harada, H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. Itabashi, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quant. Electron. 16, 325 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

E. Brainis, Phys. Rev. A 79, 023840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, Phys. Rev. A 70, 31802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef]

X.-Y. Li and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 53601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Bennett and S. J. Wiesner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2881 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Today

A. Migdall, Phys. Today 52(1), 41 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sci. Rep.

N. Matsuda, H. Le Jeannic, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, W. J. Munro, K. Shimizu, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and H. Takesue, Sci. Rep. 2, 817 (2012).

Sov. J. Quantum Electron.

D. N. Klyshko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 591 (1977).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Photon pairs generation rates spectra of the scalar and vector processes in an SWW under θ=45°. Inset: detail of the spectra between 0 and 1 THz.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Generation rate of photon pairs under different pump polarization directions with input pump peak power of 200 mW and Ω=0.4THz.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental setup. VOA, variable optical attenuator; P, polarizer; HWP, half-wavelength plate; PC, polarization controller; DWDM, dense wavelength division multiplexing; PD, photon detector; SPD, single-photon detector; PM, power monitor.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experiment results of polarization entanglement demonstration: (a) coincidence count under different θi and (b) idler-side photon count and residue pump power under different θi.

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